Two Arrows

The contest project of a new airport in Rosfov-on-Don - developed by "Asadov Architectural Bureau".

Anna Martovitskaya

Written by:
Anna Martovitskaya
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

06 November 2013
Andrey Asadov
Concept of the passenger terminal “Yuzhny” in Rostov-on-Don
Russia, Rostov-on-Don

Project Team:
A.Asadov, K.Shepeta, E.Didorenko, A.Geraskina, with input from T.Lebedeva and Yu.Shaletri


The results of the international architectural contest for the project of the airport complex "Yuzhny" ("Southern") were announced in Rostov-on-Don on the 10th of October. As was already reported by "Archi.ru", this contest was won by the British bureau "Twelve Architects". "Asadov Architectural Bureau" won the second place; we are publishing their project.

This contest of architectural concepts was all about finding the right building worthy of becoming the symbol of Russia's southern "air gate". As Andrew Asadov reminisces, his team from the very start set their minds on coming up with an image that would be simple and at the same time dramatic: according to the architects, an airport is by definition a large-scale structure that should also consist of large-scale comprehensible constituent parts that are equally easy to read from the ground and from the bull's eye of an airplane coming in for landing.

In the original version of the project, such elements were the gently sloping arches. They would blend into one another, tying into a single entity the roof, the walls, and the extended entrance marquee turned to the pedestrian-only square in front of the airport building. The intertwining arches created by "Asadov Architectural Bureau" got high critical acclaim from the judging panel, first breaking into the second round of the competition, and then into the super final when the experts started choosing between the British and the Russian projects, at the same time recommending their authors to develop their initial ideas, i.e., show what else they were capable of. In particular, the experts strongly recommended Asadov's team to make their project look a little bit more dramatic, as well as consider the possibility of creating a covered overpass to the car park located on the opposite side of the square. It was these particular guidelines that conditioned the end-result image of the "Yuzhny" airport. 

"We felt that stretching the usual-type awning from the airport to the car park would have been too much of an obvious choice, so we came up with what we call a "perimeter" awning that smoothly bleeds into the roof and skirts the part of the square that has on it a decorative creek with fountains" - Andrew Asadov explains. On the plan, this creek has the shape of an equilateral triangle that adjoins the airport building with its base and turns its opposite angle to the car park and the future railway terminal. Encasing it into an elegant "frame" of slender pillars supporting the pedestrian galleries, the architects thus highlight its geometrically perfect shape. Thus the Russian team came up with the image of an "arrow" that clearly reads on the plan: scaled-down, such triangular "arrow" signs are generally characteristic of airport info graphics, where the most important question is just in which direction to go. In this case, the "arrow" is pointed towards the city and in the direction of its communications - this is why the architects called it the "ground" arrow, deciding to balance it off with the "sky" one.


Another arrow that points in the direction of the takeoff is the same equilateral triangle, only it cuts not into the square before the airport building but its roof. The "sky arrow" is made up of triangular skylights - a multitude of tiny arrows pointed in the direction of the runway. Their direction accentuates the inclination of the roof that rises smoothly towards the boarding gates. And, so as to keep the direct sunlight from overheating the building, the architects propose to allot some of the zenith triangles for the solar batteries.

In the interior design, the architects also put a spin on the "arrow" theme. While from the outside the central part of the roof looks as if it is made up of multicolored scales, from the inside the roof lights look like imposing cones that draw the sky closer to those that are about to soar up to it. The bearing part of the roof consists of metallic crossbeams that the architects propose to decorate with the triangles of the acoustic screens. These "wooden" panels also have an "arrowed" shape - only they point downwards, to the ground.


It is generally worth mentioning that the "triangle" theme that was introduced at the finishing stage of the project, ultimately became the key one here. The architects assemble the shell of the terminal building also from triangular modules - they are the most rigid from the constructional standpoint and they are geometrically flexible at the same time - meaning, they allow the architects to create dramatic multi-layered surfaces. Combining, within the resulting framework, stained glass and "sandwich" panels, the authors achieve an interesting visual effect - the facades of the airport building look as if they were cut from paper and as if they are actually fluttering in the wind. This feeling is strengthened manifold at the expense of the outline of the roof that soars not only towards the runway but also towards the side facades of the building forming something that looks both like a giant wave and two wings, proudly spread.

Andrey Asadov
Concept of the passenger terminal “Yuzhny” in Rostov-on-Don
Russia, Rostov-on-Don

Project Team:
A.Asadov, K.Shepeta, E.Didorenko, A.Geraskina, with input from T.Lebedeva and Yu.Shaletri


06 November 2013

Anna Martovitskaya

Written by:

Anna Martovitskaya
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
​The Energy Family
The housing complex Symphony 34 will be built in Moscow’s Savelovsky district; it will consist of four towers from 36 to 54 stories high. Each of the towers has an image of its own, but they all are gathered into a single architectural ensemble – a fragment of a new high-rise urban space lying outside the Third Transport Ring.
The Fifth Element
The high-end residential development in the Vsevolozhsky Lane features a combination of expensive stone and metal textures, immersing them into a feast of ornaments. The house looks like a fantasy inspired by the theater of the Art Nouveau and Symbolism era; a kind of oriental fairy tale, which paradoxically allows it to avoid direct stylization and become a reflection of one of the aspects of modern Moscow life.
​Springboards and Patios
The central element of the manor house in the village of Antonovka, designed by Roman Leonidov, is the inner yard with pergolas, meant to remind its owner about his vacations in exotic countries. The exposed wooden structures emphasize the soaring diagonals of single-pitched roofs.
​Adding Up a Growing City
The housing quarter “1147” is located at the border between the old “Stalin” district in the north and the actively developing territories in the south. Its image responds to a difficult task: the compound brick facades of the neighboring sections are different, their height varying from 9 to 22 floors, and, if we are look from the street, it seems as though the front of the city development, consisting from long narrow elements, is forming some sophisticated array at this very moment in front of our eyes.
Agility of the Modular
In the Discovery housing complex that they designed, ADM architects proposed a modern version of structuralism: the form is based on modular cells, which, smoothly protruding and deepening, make the volumes display a kind of restrained flexibility, differentiated element by element. The lamellar and ledged facades are “stitched” with golden threads – they unite the volumes, emphasizing the textured character of the architectural solution.
Polyphony of a Chaste Style
The “ID Moskovskiy” housing project on St. Petersburg’s Moscow Avenue was designed by the team of Stepan Liphart in the past 2020. The ensemble of two buildings, joined by a colonnade, is executed in a generalized neoclassical style with elements of Art Deco.
​In Three Voices
The high-rise – 41 stories high – housing complex HIDE is being built on the bank of the Setun River, near the Poklonnaya Mountain. It consists of three towers of equal height, yet interpreted in three different ways. One of the towers, the most conspicuous one looks as if it was twisted in a spiral, composed of a multitude of golden bay windows.
​In the Space of Pobedy Park
In the project of a housing complex designed by Sergey Skuratov, which is now being built near the park of the Poklonnaya Hill, a multifunctional stylobate is turned into a compound city space with intriguing “access” slopes that also take on the role of mini-plazas. The architecture of the residential buildings responds to the proximity of the Pobedy Park, on the one hand, “dissolving in the air”, and, on the other hand, supporting the memorial complex rhythmically and color-wise.
​Dynamics of the Avenue
On Leningrad Avenue, not far away from the Sokol metro station, the construction of the A-Class business center Alcon II has been completed. ADM architects designed the main façade as three volumetric ribbons, as if the busy traffic of the avenue “shook” the matter sending large waves through it.
​Steamer at the Pier
An apartment hotel that looks like a ship with wide decks has been designed for a land plot on a lake shore in Moscow’s South Tushino. This “steamer” house, overlooking the lake and the river port, does indeed look as if it were ready to sail away.
The Magic of Rhythm or Ornament as a Theme
Designed by Sergey Tchoban, the housing complex Veren Place in St. Petersburg is the perfect example of inserting a new building into a historical city, and one the cases of implementing the strategy that the architect presented a few years ago in the book, which he coauthored with Vladimir Sedov, called “30:70. Architecture as a Balance of Forces”.
​Walking on Water
In the nearest future, the Marc Chagall Embankment will be turned into Moscow’s largest riverside park with green promenades, cycling and jogging trails, a spa center on water, a water garden, and sculptural pavilions designed in the spirit of the Russian avant-garde artists of the 1920, and, first of all, Chagall himself. In this issue, we are covering the second-stage project.
​Architectural Laboratory
A-Len has developed and patented the “Perfect Apartments” program, which totally eliminates “bad” apartment layouts. In this article, we are sharing how this program came around, what it is about, who can benefit from it, and how.
​“Architectural Archaeology of the Narkomfin Building”: the Recap
One of the most important events of 2020 has been the completion of the long-awaited restoration of the monument of Soviet avant-garde architecture – the Narkomfin Building, the progenitor of the typology of social housing in this country. The house retained its residential function as the main one, alongside with a number of artifacts and restoration clearances turned into living museum exhibits.
​LIFE on the Setun River
The area in the valley of the Setun River near the Vereiskaya Street got two new blocks of the “LIFE-Kutuzovsky” housing complex, designed by ADM architects. The two new blocks have a retail boulevard of their own, and a small riverside park.
​Celestial Tectonics
Three towers on a podium over the Ramenka River are the new dominant elements on the edge of a Soviet “microdistrict”. Their scale is quite modern: the height is 176 m – almost a skyscraper; the facades are made of glass and steel. Their graceful proportions are emphasized by a strict white grid, and the volumetric composition picks up the diagonal “grid of coordinates” that was once outlined in the southwest of Moscow by the architects of the 1970’s and 1980’s.
Clouds over the Railroad
In the stead of former warehouses near “Lyubertsy-1” station, a new housing complex has been built, which peacefully coexists with the railroad, with the flyover bridge, and with the diverse surrounding scenery, not only dominating over the latter, but improving it.
​Towers in a Forest
The authors of the housing complex “In the Heart of Pushkino” were faced with a difficult task: to preserve the already existing urban forest, at the same time building on it a compound of rather high density. This is how three towers at the edge of the forest appeared with highly developed public spaces in their podiums and graceful “tucks” in the crowning part of the 18-story volumes.
​The Towers of “Sputnik”
Six towers, which make up a large housing complex standing on the bank of the Moskva River at the very start of the Novorizhskoe Highway, provide the answers to a whole number of marketing requirements and meets a whole number of restrictions, offering a simple rhythm and a laconic formula for the houses that the developer preferred to see as “flashy”.
​The Starting Point
In this article, we are reviewing two retro projects: one is 20 years old, the other is 25. One of them is Saint Petersburg’s first-ever townhouse complex; the other became the first example of a high-end residential complex on Krestovsky Island. Both were designed and built by Evgeny Gerasimov and Partners.
The Path to New Ornamentation
The high-end residential complex “Aristocrat” situated next to a pine park at the start of the Rublev Highway presents a new stage of development of Moscow’s decorative historicist architecture: expensively decorated, yet largely based on light-colored tones, and masterfully using the romantic veneer of majolica inserts.
​Renovation: the Far East Style
The competition project of renovating two central city blocks of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, developed by UNK project, won the nomination “Architectural and planning solutions of city construction”.
​The Contact
The Istituto Centrale per la Grafica in Rome presents Sergei Tchoban’s exhibition “Imprint of the future. Destiny of Piranesi’s City”. The exhibition includes four etchings, based on Roman architectural views of the XVIII century complemented by futuristic insertions, as well as a lot of drawings that investigate the same topic, at times quite expressively. The exhibition poses questions, but does not seem to give any answers. Since going to Rome is pretty problematic now, let’s at least examine the pictures.
​In Search of Visual Clarity
In this article, we are reviewing a discussion devoted to the question of designing city space elements, which is quite complicated for the Russian expanses of land. The discussion was organized by the Genplan Institute of Moscow at the ArchMoscow convention in Gostiny Dvor.
​The City of the Sun
Jointly designed by Sergey Tchoban and Vladimir Plotkin, the VTB Arena Park complex can arguably be considered the perfect experiment on solving the centuries-old controversy between traditional architecture and modernism. The framework of the design code, combined with the creative character of the plastique-based dialogue between the buildings, formed an all-but-perfect fragment of the city fabric.
​...The Other Was Just Railroad Gin*
In their project of the third stage of “Ligovsky City” housing complex, located in the industrial “gray” belt of Saint Petersburg, the KCAP & Orange Architects & A-Len consortium set before themselves a task of keeping up the genius loci by preserving the contours of the railroad and likening the volumes of residential buildings to railroad containers, stacked up at the goods unloading station.
​Lions on Glass
While reconstructing the facades of Building 4 of Moscow Hospital #23, SPEECH architects applied a technique, already known from Saint Petersburg projects by Sergey Tchoban – cassettes with elements of classical architecture printed on glass. The project was developed gratis, as a help to the hospital.