По-русски

Health Constructor

In this issue, we are publishing the concept of a standard clinic designed by UNK Project, which took second place in the competition organized by the Union of Architects of Russia in collaboration with the Healthcare Ministry.

author pht

Written by:
Natalia Koriakovskaia
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

02 September 2020
Object
mainImg
Architect:
Yuliy Borisov
Firm:
UNK project
The typical and standardized projects, by and large, have been firmly standing their ground for the last seven decades, yet recently their agenda got a new development impulse. KB “Strelka” has conducted a competition of standardized housing projects; similar tasks were posed by the integrated home-building factories modernization program. A year ago, a competition was held for projects of nursing homes. Now new proposals have appeared about setting similar goals for hospital buildings. The concept by UNK Project is one of such proposals; it scored second place in this competition in the nomination “the largest hospital buildings for 400+ beds”.

Health Constructor
Copyright: © UNK project


Health Constructor
Copyright: © UNK project


The very name of the concept – “Health Constructor” – explains its two main goals and characteristics. “Constructor” implies that this project is flexible and can be scaled up to fit various conditions, while its structure can also be varied. “Health” implies the ideological basis of the image solution of the building, which is regarded not so much as a place for sick people as a place where people get well.

author photo

Julius Borisov, UKN Project

“People’s health is the cornerstone of our concept. For this, we developed special functional zoning, and the very architecture of the building, which is no longer of the “hospital” kind but rather looks like a health center. And, since this is still a project to be duplicated, we came up with a clear and simple solution, which can be scaled up and varied in order to avoid a situation when all of our cities will get look-alike hospitals”.


Scheme and function constructor

Let us start with the land site. Oftentimes, when a stock solution is “landed” on some specific territory, various difficulties pop up having to do with “tying it” to the specific location, entailing additional expenses. In order to avoid that, UNK Project scales up the “construction set” principle on the “game field” itself, i.e. proposes to functionally divide the land site in accordance with some certain logic. The territory of the clinic is divided into four zones – a private one for the hospital patients, a public space with guest parking spaces, isolated blocks (for example, the infection department), and the transport/maintenance zone. All of this is also tied in with the transport scheme: there are five independent drive entrances to the territory, which divide the flows of the visitors and the personnel, the ambulance stations, and the isolated departments.

Health Constructor. The planting diagram
Copyright: © UNK project


Health Constructor. The transport diagram
Copyright: © UNK project


The same kind of logic is used to present a “ready-made” or “pre-packed” landscaping concept: more abundant vegetation for smaller hospital yards, green “wing flats” for the anatomical/pathological unit, lawns in the area of the main pedestrian routes, convenient personnel parking places, loading bays, and the ambulance helicopter landing. 

Health Constructor. The functional zones
Copyright: © UNK project


Now about the construction set of the building itself: in order to have an opportunity to comparatively quickly fine-tune the project to different settings and surroundings – for example, to build a clinic in Yakutia or make its ward units larger in accordance with the current requirements – the structure of the volume is divided into 11 functional units that can be assembled pretty much like building blocks. At the same time, these blocks are independent enough; they can be taken out, or, on the other hand, added up, as well as divided in accordance with the construction priorities depending on the current task.

Health Constructor. Adaptation during design and operation
Copyright: © UNK project


Health Constructor. Adaptation during design and operation
Copyright: © UNK project


The nucleus of such a construction set is the central group of public spaces with a lobby and a management office, around which the other units are built up, both vertically and horizontally. These are groups of outpatient clinics – one for adults, and one for children – ward units, a maternity hospital, and another three isolated blocks, which technologically must stand at a certain distance from the others – the infection and pathological units, and the ambulance station.

Health Constructor
Copyright: © UNK project


The central group is not just an entrance with a reception desk, but a full-fledged public space where one can take a rest, visit with the patients, buy flowers, check into a drugstore, or have a bite to eat. By turning this rather spacious zone into the conceptual center of the clinic, UNK Project emphasizes a humanistic character of modern interpretation of the very hospital function – people get into clinics not to be sick and to suffer but to recover and get healthy. This is why on 3D renders the entrance group looks rather like the lobby of a health resort, or a fitness club, or a community center.

Health Constructor. The main entrance in an individual block
Copyright: © UNK project


Further on, the concept establishes some certain rules of unit arrangement – what to place where in order to facilitate navigation for doctors and patients, as well as reduce the time of them moving along the clinic’s corridors. The function provides for necessary division of flows of the patients and personnel.

Health Constructor. Construction set principle: 11 blocks
Copyright: © UNK project


On the first floor, next to the entrance block, the outpatient clinics and the first-aid station are placed, as well as an emergency room, admission departments of hospitals, and a department of palliative and outpatient oncological care. The second floor contains an auditorium, laboratories, situated at an equal distance from the other departments, functional diagnostics, and X-ray rooms. The third floor provides the connection between the hospitals and the operating theater and the intensive care wards. The fourth floor is occupied by the maternity center and the outpatient clinic for adults. The fifth floor is neurological; the sixth is cardiology. The underground level comprises the personnel premises such as cloakrooms, a canteen, a management office, and a gym.

Health Constructor. Assembling blocks and adapting solutions
Copyright: © UNK project


Health Constructor. Connections of the functional content of the blocks
Copyright: © UNK project


The benefits of standardization 

The complex and rigid technology of hospital construction requires special knowledge from the designers, and this is why hospitals lend themselves to standardized construction. But then again, according to the UNK idea, this does not keep the project from being flexible – its inherent modular character is ensured by a single construction pitch and a standardized width of the premises within the block. This, in turn, helps to adapt it to the current needs both at the design and operation stages. For example a 5400x4800 mm grid cell may contain two rooms 12 square meters each, or one 24-square-meter room, which means that you can easily reduce or increase the number of treatment rooms or hospital beds, if such need arises. The “construction set” also makes it possible to add extra ward departments, should this be necessary, or fine-tune the structure of the building to the specifics of the land site. 

Health Constructor. Adapting to various combinations of the land site
Copyright: © UNK project


Health Constructor. Simplified masterplan
Copyright: © UNK project


Identity and Standardization 

As for the architectural image of the building, it will not be compromised because of such a “standardized” approach either. The architects proposed not to leave the hospital buildings devoid of their regional identity by introducing a possibility of experimenting with the form making of the entrance group. Its architecture can also reflect both special functional requirements and the region-specific identity. The central group of the premises can be designed in the form of a nomads tent, an igloo, or a flock of houses with pitched roofs. Thus, the central “non-standardized” element of the building, the one that meets the visitors’ eyes more often than the others, solves the problem of the hideously look-alike standardized clinics.

Health Constructor. The entrance block reflects the specifics of the Russian regions
Copyright: © UNK project


This technique “lives” in the same ballpark with the industrial construction principle – the quick-mount technology is achieved by using a system of facade modules. They will be supplied to the construction site ready-made, which will fully ensure the required construction rate and efficiency. The absence of the scaffolding – and the modules are mounted from inside the building, which provides a possibility for mounting them parallel to building up the main bulk – can reduce the time required for the facade work down to 1.5-2 months.

Health Constructor. The facade modules
Copyright: © UNK project


The background pattern of the facades of the clinic is composed on the basis of an identical approach, from modules of three sizes: the width of the ward for the hospitals (3.6 m), 1.35 meters for outpatient clinics, which fits all types of rooms there, and an all-purpose 1.8 unit for all the other blocks. The height is the same everywhere (3.2 meters), and equals the height of the standard floor.

Health Constructor. The facade modules
Copyright: © UNK project


In addition, the facade pattern can be executed in different colors, and can have accentuated surfaces, upon which, according to Julius Borisov, “you can apply different types of ornaments, getting different meanings, taking into account the specifics of the geographic context, or the local mentality, or the local climate.” The modules also allow for changing the thickness of the heat-retention layer, changing the percentage of glazing, making balconies in the hospitals, and using different decoration materials – essentially, for constructing different buildings.

Health Constructor. The facade modules
Copyright: © UNK project


Thus, “Health Constructor” solves two main problems of standardized construction that have to do with finding the individual in the standard. First, due to its being flexible and adaptive, it makes it possible to avoid excessive (and expensive) fine-tuning, which oftentimes pops up when stock solutions are used. And, second, it helps prevent the monotony of hospitals where function often prevails over architecture. The modern interpretation of the reusable project from the UNK Project combines technology and architecture in a graceful integrated manner, based on the scheme of mutual arrangement of blocks, which is so convenient that it takes on universal features, endowing it, within the framework of this concept, with as much flexibility as possible, both on the macro and micro level. Which, as a consequence, possesses all of the necessary prerequisites for achieving the main goal stated by the authors – namely, that of turning the hospital into a human-friendly and efficient space: a place where people get healed.
  • zooming
    1 / 9
    Health Constructor. Plan of the underground floor
    Copyright: © UNK project
  • zooming
    2 / 9
    Health Constructor. Plan of the first floor
    Copyright: © UNK project
  • zooming
    3 / 9
    Health Constructor. Plan of the second floor
    Copyright: © UNK project
  • zooming
    4 / 9
    Health Constructor. Plan of the third floor
    Copyright: © UNK project
  • zooming
    5 / 9
    Health Constructor. Plan of the fourth floor
    Copyright: © UNK project
  • zooming
    6 / 9
    Health Constructor. Plan of the fifth floor
    Copyright: © UNK project
  • zooming
    7 / 9
    Health Constructor. Plan of the sixth floor
    Copyright: © UNK project
  • zooming
    8 / 9
    Health Constructor. Plan of the first floor of the ambulance station
    Copyright: © UNK project
  • zooming
    9 / 9
    Health Constructor. Plan of the second floor of the ambulance station
    Copyright: © UNK project


Architect:
Yuliy Borisov
Firm:
UNK project

02 September 2020

author pht

Written by:

Natalia Koriakovskaia
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
Park of Sentiments
The project of “Romantic Park Tuchkov Buyan”, which was developed by the consortium of Studio 44 and WEST 8, and has won an international competition, combines sculptural landscape design and wooden structures, variety of spatial features and an eventful agenda, designed for diverse audience, with a beautiful and complex passeist idea of a palace park, meant to evoke thoughts and feelings.
​Architecture as an Educational Tool
The concept of a charity school “Tochka Budushchego” (“Point of the Future”) in Irkutsk is based on cutting-edge educational programs, and is designed, among other things, for adapting orphaned children for independent life. An important role is played by the architecture of the building: its structure and different types of interconnected spaces.
​The Gallery Approach
In this article, we are covering the concept of a Central District Clinic for 240 patients, designed by Ginzburg Architects, which won at a competition organized by the Architects Union and the Healthcare Ministry.
Health Constructor
In this issue, we are publishing the concept of a standard clinic designed by UNK Project, which took second place in the competition organized by the Union of Architects of Russia in collaboration with the Healthcare Ministry.
From Foundation to Teaspoon
Based on the taste of their friendly clients, the architects Olga Budennaya and Roman Leonidov designed and built a house in the Moscow metropolitan area playing Art Nouveau. At the same time, they enriched the typology of a private house with modern functions of a garage loft and a children’s art studio.
Continuation and Development
The second “office” stage of Comcity, the most popular business park of the “New Moscow” area, continues the underground street of the already existing part of the complex, responding to its architectural identity.
​The Aperture Effect
For a housing complex built in the town of Pushkino in the Moscow metropolitan area, KPLN Architects designed facades that adjust the stream of light by using the wall geometry.
​A Comfortable City in Itself
The project that we are about to cover is seemingly impossible amidst human anthills, chaotically interspersed with old semi-neglected dachas. Meanwhile, the housing complex built on the Comcity business part does offer a comfortable environment of decent city: not excessively high-rise and moderately private as a version of the perfect modern urbanist solution.
Moving on the Edge
The housing complex “Litsa” (“Faces”) on Moscow’s Khodynka Field is one of the new grand-scale buildings that complement the construction around it. This particular building skillfully tackles the scale, subjugating it to the silhouette and the pattern; it also makes the most of the combination of a challenging land site and formidable square footage requirements, packing a whole number of features within one volume, so the house becomes an analogue of a city. And, to cap it all, it looks like a family that securely protects the children playing in the yard from... well, from everything, really.
Visual Stability Agent
A comparatively small house standing on the border of the Bolshevik Factory combines two diametrically opposite features: expensive materials and decorative character of Art Deco, and a wide-spaced, even somewhat brutal, facade grid that highlights a laminated attic.
The Faraday Cage
The project of the boutique apartment complex in the 1st Truzhenikov Lane is the architects’ attempt to squeeze a considerable volume into a tiny spot of land, at the same time making it look graceful and respectable. What came to their rescue was metal, stone, and curvilinear glass.
Color and Line
The new successful techniques developed by A.Len for designing a kindergarten under budget constraints: the mosaic of irregular windows and working with color.
The Union of Art and Technology
His interest for architecture of the 1930’s is pretty much the guiding star for Stepan Liphart. In his project of the “Amo” house on St. Petersburg’s Vasilyevsky Island, the architect based himself on Moscow Art Deco - aesthetically intricate and decorated in scratch-work technique. As a bonus, he developed the city block typology as an organic structure.
The Countdown
The project that Evgeniy Gerasimov and Partners developed for Moscow’s Leningrad Avenue: the tallest building in the company’s portfolio, continuing the tradition of Moscow’s Stalin architecture.
White Town
In the project that they developed for a southern region of Russia, OSA Architects use multilayered facades that create an image of seaside resort architecture, and, in the vein of the latest trends of today, mix up different social groups that the residents belong to.
​Just a Mirror for the Sun
The house that Sergey Skuratov designed in Nikolovorobinsky Alley is thought out down to the last detail. It adapts three historical facades, interprets a feeling of a complex city, is composed of many layers, and catches plenty of sunlight, from sunrises to sunsets. The architect himself believes that the main role of this house is creating a background for another nearby project of his, Art House in the Tessinsky Alley.
​Part of the Whole
On June 5, the winners of Moscow Architectural Award were announced. The winners list includes the project of a school in Troitsk for 2,100 students, with its own astronomy dome, IT testing ground, museum, and a greenhouse on the roof.
Pedagogical Architecture
Yet another project of a private school, in which Archimatika realizes the concept of aesthetic education and introduces a new tradition: combining Scandinavian and Soviet experience, turning to works of art, and implementing sustainable technologies.
​Rational Arrangement
In this article, we are examining a complex of buildings and interiors of the first stage of the project that has recently become extremely popular – the Kommunarka clinic.
​Parallel Universe
In the “Parallel House” residence that he designed in the Moscow metropolitan area, the architect Roman Leonidov created a dramatic sculptural composition from totally basic shapes – parallelepipeds, whose collision turned into an exciting show.
​Breakwater
In the Istra district of Moscow metropolitan area, the tandem of 4izmerenie and ARS-ST designed a sports complex – a monovolume that has the shape of a chamfered parallelepiped with a pointed “nose” like a ship’s bow.
​Stairway to Heaven
The project of a hotel in the settlement of Yantarny is an example of a new recreational complex typology, and a new format that unites the hotel, the business, and the cultural functions. All of this is complemented by 100% integration with nature.
​Cape of Good Hope
In this issue, we are showing all the seven projects that participated in a closed-door competition to create a concept for the headquarters of Gazprom Neft, as well as provide expert opinions on those projects.
​Waves of Sound
The conceptual design of a music school: proximity to an Alvar Aalto building, expressive organics, and an attempt to draw public attention to a “low-profile” competition.
​The Outer Space
Honoring the 300th anniversary of the Kuznetsk coal fields in 2021, a new passenger terminal of the Aleksey Leonov Airport in the city of Kemerovo will be built, designed by GK Spectrum and ASADOV Architectural Bureau.
​The Pivot of Narkomfin Building
Ginzburg Architects finished the restoration of the Narkomfin Building’s laundry unit – one of the most important elements of the famous monument of Soviet avant-garde architecture.
​Wicker Vitality
Next to the Dubrovka metro station, ADM has designed a Vitality housing complex with a polychrome mixture of Klinker brick on its ridged facades.
​Freedom Factory
The housing complex “Respublika” is so large that it can be arguably called a micro-town, yet, at the same time, it easily overcomes most of the problems that usually arise with mass housing construction. How could Archimatika achieve that? We are examining that on the example of the first stage of the complex.
​The Flowing Lines
The five houses of the “Svoboda” block belonging to the “Simvol” residential complex present a vivid example of all-rounded work performed by the architects on an integral fragment of the city, which became the embodiment of the approach to architecture that hitherto was not to be seen anywhere in Moscow: everything is subjected to the flow of lines – something like a stream, enhanced by the powerful pattern of the facades akin to “super-graphics”.
​A City by the Water
The concept of a large-scale housing development at the edge of Voronezh, near the city reservoir, or “the sea”, as it is locally called, uses the waterside height difference to create a sophisticated public space, paying a lot of attention to the distribution of masses that determine the look of the future complex if viewed from the opposite bank of the river.
A Journey to the Country of Art Deco
The “Little France” residential complex on the 20th line of the Vasilyevsky Island presents an interesting make-believe dialogue between its architect, Stepan Liphart, the architect of the New Hermitage, masters of the Silver Age, and Soviet Art Deco, about interesting professional topics, such as a house with a courtyard in the historical center of Saint Petersburg, and the balance between the wall and the stained glass in the architectonics of the facade. Here are the results of this make-believe conversation.
​A House in a Port
This housing complex on the Dvinskaya Street is the first case of modern architecture on the Gutuevsky Island. The architectural bureau “A-Len” thoroughly explores the context and creates a landmark for further transformations of this area of Saint Petersburg.
​Balance of Infill Development
Anatoly Stolyarchuk Architectural Studio is designing a house that inadvertently prevails over the surrounding buildings, yet still tries to peacefully coexist with the surrounding environment, taking it to a next level.
​The Precious Space
Evolution Design and T+T Architects reported about the completion of the interior design project of Sberbank headquarters on the Kutuzovsky Avenue. In the center of the atrium, hovers the “Diamant” meeting room; everything looks like a chest full of treasures, including the ones of a hi-tech kind.
​Big Little Victory
In a small-sized school located in Domodedovo in Moscow metropolitan area, ASADOV_ architects did a skillful job of tackling the constraints presented by the modest budget and strict spatial limitations – they designed sunlit classrooms, comfortable lounges, and even a multi-height atrium with an amphitheater, which became the center of school life.
​The Social Biology of Landscape
The list of new typologies of public spaces and public projects has been expanded yet again — thanks to Wowhaus. This time around, this company came up with a groundbreaking by Russian standards approach to creating a place where people and animals can communicate.
​Watched by the Angels from up Above
Held in the General Staff building of the Hermitage Museum, the anniversary exhibition of “Studio 44” is ambitious and diverse. The exhibition was designed to give a comprehensive showcase of the company’s architecture in a whole number of ways: through video, models, drawings, installations, and finally, through a real-life project, the Enfilade, which the exhibition opens up, intensifies, and makes work the way it was originally intended.
​A New Version of the Old City
The house at Malaya Ordynka, 19, fits in perfectly with the lineup of the street, looking even as if it straightened the street up a little, setting a new tone for it – a tone of texture, glitter, “sunny” warmth, and, at the same time, reserved balance of everything that makes the architecture of an expensive modern house.
Stepan Liphart: “Standing your ground is the right thing to do”
A descendant of German industrialists, “Jophan’s son”, and an architect, speaks about how studying architectural orders tempers one’s character, and how a team of just a few people can design grand-scale housing projects to be built in the center of Saint Petersburg. Also: Santa Claus appearing in a Stalin high-rise, an arch portal to the outer space, mannerism painting, and the palaces of Paris – all covered in an interview with Stepan Liphart.
​Honey and Copper
In the Moscow area, the architect Roman Leonidov designed the “Cool House” residence, very much in the spirit of Frank Lloyd Wright, spreading it parallel to the ground, and accentuating the horizontal lines in it. The color composition is based on juxtaposition of warm wood of a honey hue and cold copper blue.
​The Ring on the Saisara Lake
The building of the Philharmonic Hall and the Theater of Yakut Epos, standing on the shore of the sacred lake, is inscribed into an epic circle and contains three volumes, reminiscent of the traditional national housing. The roof is akin to the Alaas – a Yakut village standing around a lake. In spite of its rich conceptual agenda, the project remains volumetrically abstract, and keeps up a light form, making the most of its transparency, multiple layers, and reflections.
Architecture of Evanescence
On the Vernadskogo Avenue, next to the metro station, appeared a high-rise landmark that transformed the entire area: designed by UNK Project, the “Academic” business center uncovered, in the form of its architecture, the meanings of the local place names.
The Theater and Music Circles
The contest-winning ambitious grand-scale project of the main theater and concert complex of the Moscow area includes three auditoriums, a yard – a public area – a higher school of music, and a few hotels. It promises to become a high-profile center for the classical music festivals on a national scale.