По-русски

Optimally Green

In the Ukrainian city of Lviv, the firm “Archimatika” built the city’s first business center with a BREEAM certificate. Thanks to their ingenious solutions, the architects were able to make the building both aesthetic-looking and energy-efficient and cut down the energy consumption by almost 40%.

Written by:
Natalya Muradova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

16 August 2017
Object
mainImg

The business center “Optima-Plaza” was launched into operation in 2016. According to the BREEAM method of assessing, rating, and certifying the sustainability of buildings developed by the British company BRE, it was rated as “very good”.
 
The complex is situated in the south part of Lviv, at the crossing of Nauchnaya and Knyagini Olgi streets. On the one hand, this part of the city is notable for its highly developed infrastructure: the Knyagini Olgi Street alone has five shopping malls standing on it with an aqua park in the middle. “In addition, they are actively implementing the “smart city” technologies here: they put up the Wi-Fi towers here, make gadget charging points at the public transport stops; they introduced a reward system for sorting of household refuse, and there is a system of public notice about vacant parking spots” –the cofounder of Archimatika, Dmitry Vasilyev, elaborates on the topic. On the other hand, the organization of space is still far from friendly environment as we know it.
 
The developer turned to the architects with a request to comment on the already existing project of a business center with a corridor-type layout. “We analyzed the linear plan proposed by our predecessors, showed to the developer the place where the corridor would run, and he saw just how inefficient it would be. Such a planning solution for the office building is morally outdated, and no financial investments would save the situation”. Ultimately, Archimatika decided to come up with a project of a fundamentally new business center which would meet the requirements of our time not only by its formal outward qualities but also in its essence.
 
The architects were able to break away from the outdated linear architecture by breaking the single composition of the building into three independent volumes which give the building a rhythmic quality and go a long way to alleviate the impression of the building being excessively elongated. The side façades of each of the volumes are covered with metallic panels, while the north and the south façades sport panoramic glazing, forming a fashionable technique of “wrapping up the shape”, accentuating the contrast between the longitudinal and the traversal. On the roof of the podium between the three volumes, there are deep terraces with living trees.
 
"Optima-Plaza" office complex © Archimatika
The risalits (i.e. projections) step out as deep cantilevered structures; between them, terraces are formed - all together it falls into a space play that totally eliminates the "flat" perception of the facade. "Optima-Plaza" office complex © Archimatika


"Optima-Plaza" office complex. Trees on the terraces between the projections © Archimatika


The end-to-end panoramic glazing of the south façade is accentuated by the horizontal metallic lamellae of the shading system – they help to combine beauty and energy efficiency, protecting the offices from the summer heat and providing extra insolation in winter at the expense of special parametric features calculated by the architects. Similar lamellae are installed on the side façades as well: here they also protect the windows from direct sunlight but they form verticals instead of horizontals.

"Optima-Plaza" office complex. View from southeast © Archimatika


Diagram of protection from sunlight. "Optima-Plaza" office complex © Archimatika


The main tone of the façades is copper oxide green. “Originally we considered a reserved and businesslike gray tone for our color solution. Our client was good to go for it but then it seemed to us terribly boring. All the nearby buildings are this bleak gray color, finished with cement stucco. We wanted our building to be different from the soviet heritage and look fresh, all the more so because there are birch trees in front of it that create a great background. We decided to support the green color but to use a colder shade which better fits the implied function of the business center” – says Dmitry Vasiliev.

In the center of the north facade that faces the street, the lobby entrance is accentuated by the cantilever of the central rislait. "Optima-Plaza" office complex © Archimatika

 
One tier of the underground parking garage is added by a parking garage on the first floor from the yard side. On this side, the façade of the podium is covered with a metallic mesh which helped to provide natural ventilation and cut down on the expenses on installing the smoke exhaust system.

The facade that faces the yard and the slab of the soviet building of the Academy of Sciences (on the left). On this side, the podium hosts a parking garage; the glazing gives way to metallic bars. "Optima-Plaza" office complex © Archimatika


The north part of the podium is occupied by cafes and shops, the south part (facing the yard) hosts the parking garage. "Optima-Plaza" office complex © Archimatika

 
The useful area of the premises at each of the floors is about 1900 square meters. This is the optimum area for comfortable work of employees of a large company. The tripartite division of a floor into blocks helps to divide the space into smaller office units.

"Optima-Plaza" office complex © Archimatika


"Optima-Plaza" office complex © Archimatika

 
On the roof of “Optima-Plaza” there is system of photo-voltaic arrays whose power is enough to provide hot water to the entire business center. The water is heated up by an air source heat pump that also helps to heat the building if the temperature stays above –5 degrees centigrade. In the course of designing “Optima-Plaza”, Archimatika used these techniques for the first time around.
 
The architects also took care about public spaces: left and right of the podium’s lobby, there are spaces for cafes and shops that will help to make “Optima-Plaza” not only a comfortable place to work at but also a gravity center for the local people. Development of the district’s infrastructure will also be boosted by bicycle parking and the electric car charging stations that the architects designed next to the business center. The authors are sure that the building will raise the bar for the development of office property not only in Lviv but for entire Ukraine, corresponding to the ideas of “creative class” about comfortable life in the city.
Tier of the underground parking garage. "Optima-Plaza" office complex © Archimatika
zooming
"Optima-Plaza" office complex © Archimatika


16 August 2017

Written by:

Natalya Muradova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
comments powered by HyperComments
Headlines now
​Inside of a Drawn Grid
Designing the apartment complex PLAY in Danilovskaya Sloboda, ADM architects placed their bet on the imagery of construction. The area where it manifested itself the most vividly was the sophisticated grid of the facades.
​The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
​MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.
This Beetle Has Flown
The story of designing a business center in the Zhukov (“Beetle”) Drive: a number of attempts to preserve a hundred-year-old cold storage facility, at the same time introducing modern buildings interpreting the industrial theme. The project remained on paper, but the story behind it seems to be worth our attention.
​The Childhood Territory
The project of the educational complex within the second stage of “Spanish Quarters” was developed by ASADOV Architects. The project is all about creating a friendly and transparent environment that in itself educates and forms the personality of a child.
Man and the City
Designing this large-scale housing complex, GAFA architects accentuated two types of public spaces: bustling streets with shops and cafes – and a totally natural yard, visually separated as much as possible from the city. Making the most out of the contrast, both work together to make the life of the residents of EVER housing complex eventful and diverse.
​Andy Snow: “I aim for an architecture which is rational and poetic”
The British architect Andy Snow has recently become the chief architect at GENPRO Architects & Engineers. Projects, which Andy Snow did in the UK in collaboration with world-famous architectural firms, scored numerous international awards. In Russia, the architect took part in designing Moscow’s Stanislavsky Factory business center, iLove housing complex, and AFI2B business center on the 2nd Brestskaya Street. In our interview, Andy Snow compared the construction realities in Russia and the UK, and also shared his vision of architectural prospects in Russia.
​The Living Growth
The grand-scale housing complex AFI PARK Vorontsovsky in Moscow’s southwest consists of four towers, a “slab” house, and a kindergarten building. Interestingly, the plastique of the residential buildings is quite active – they seem to be growing before your eyes, responding to the natural context, and first of all opening the views of the nearby park. As for the kindergarten building, it is cute and lyrical, like a little sugar house.
Sergey Skuratov: “A skyscraper is a balance of technology, economic performance, and aesthetic...
In March, two buildings of the Capital Towers complex were built up to a 300-meter elevation mark. In this issue, we are speaking to the creator of Moscow’s cutting-edge skyscrapers: about heights and proportions, technologies and economics, laconicism and beauty of superslim houses, and about the boldest architectural proposal of recent years – the Le Corbusier Tower above the Tsentrosoyuz building.
​The Red Building
The area of Novoslobodskaya has received Maison Rouge – an apartment complex designed by ADM, which continues the wave of renovation, started by the Atmosphere business center, from the side of the Palikha Street.
​The Uplifting Effect
The project of Ostankino Business Park was developed for the land site lying between two metro stations (one operating and the other in construction), and because of that its public space is designed to equally cater for the city people and the office workers. The complex stands every chance of becoming the catalyst for development of the Butyrsky area.
​Binary Opposition
In this article, we are examining a rather rare and interesting case – two projects by Evgeny Gerasimov situated on one street and completed with a five years’ difference, presenting the perfect example of example for analyzing the overall trends and approaches practiced by the architectural company.
Raising the Yard
The housing complex Renome consists of two buildings: a modern stone house and a red-brick factory building of the end of the XIX century, reconstructed by measurements and original drafts. The two buildings are connected by an “inclined” yard – a rare, by Moscow standards, version of geoplastics that smoothly ascends to the roof of the stores lined up along a pedestrian street.
​Hearing the Tune of the Past
The Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist in the park near the Novodevichy Convent was conceived in 2012 in honor of the 200th anniversary of the victory over Napoleon. However, instead of declamatory grandeur and “fanfare”, the architect Ilia Utkin presented a concentrated and prayerful mood, combined with a respectful attitude of this tent-shaped church, which also includes some elements of architecture of orders. The basement floor hosts a museum of excavations found on the site of the church.
​Semantic Shift
The high-end residential complex STORY, situated near the Avtozavodskaya metro station and the former ZIL factory, is delicately inscribed in the contrastive context, while its shape, which combines a regular grid and a stunning “shift” of the main facade, seems to respond to the dramatic history of the place, at the same time, however, allowing for multiple interpretations.
​Yards and Towers: the Samara Experiment
The project of “Samara Arena Park”, proposed by Sergey Skuratov, scored second place in the competition. The project is essentially based on experimenting with typology of residential buildings and gallery/corridor-type city blocks combined with towers – as well as on sensitive response to the context and the urge to turn the complex into a full-fledged urban space providing a wide range of functions and experiences.
​The Fili Duo
The second phase of the Filicity housing complex, designed by ADM architects, is based on the contrast between a 57-story skyscraper 200 meters high and an 11-story brick house. The high-rise building sets a futuristic vector in Moscow housing architecture.
​The Wall and the Tower
The OSA architects have been searching for solutions that could be opposed to the low-rise construction in the center of Khabarovsk, as well as an opportunity to say a new word in the discourse about mass housing.
​The Energy Family
The housing complex Symphony 34 will be built in Moscow’s Savelovsky district; it will consist of four towers from 36 to 54 stories high. Each of the towers has an image of its own, but they all are gathered into a single architectural ensemble – a fragment of a new high-rise urban space lying outside the Third Transport Ring.
The Fifth Element
The high-end residential development in the Vsevolozhsky Lane features a combination of expensive stone and metal textures, immersing them into a feast of ornaments. The house looks like a fantasy inspired by the theater of the Art Nouveau and Symbolism era; a kind of oriental fairy tale, which paradoxically allows it to avoid direct stylization and become a reflection of one of the aspects of modern Moscow life.
​Springboards and Patios
The central element of the manor house in the village of Antonovka, designed by Roman Leonidov, is the inner yard with pergolas, meant to remind its owner about his vacations in exotic countries. The exposed wooden structures emphasize the soaring diagonals of single-pitched roofs.
​Adding Up a Growing City
The housing quarter “1147” is located at the border between the old “Stalin” district in the north and the actively developing territories in the south. Its image responds to a difficult task: the compound brick facades of the neighboring sections are different, their height varying from 9 to 22 floors, and, if we are look from the street, it seems as though the front of the city development, consisting from long narrow elements, is forming some sophisticated array at this very moment in front of our eyes.
Agility of the Modular
In the Discovery housing complex that they designed, ADM architects proposed a modern version of structuralism: the form is based on modular cells, which, smoothly protruding and deepening, make the volumes display a kind of restrained flexibility, differentiated element by element. The lamellar and ledged facades are “stitched” with golden threads – they unite the volumes, emphasizing the textured character of the architectural solution.
Polyphony of a Strict Style
The “ID Moskovskiy” housing project on St. Petersburg’s Moscow Avenue was designed by the team of Stepan Liphart in the past 2020. The ensemble of two buildings, joined by a colonnade, is executed in a generalized neoclassical style with elements of Art Deco.
​In Three Voices
The high-rise – 41 stories high – housing complex HIDE is being built on the bank of the Setun River, near the Poklonnaya Mountain. It consists of three towers of equal height, yet interpreted in three different ways. One of the towers, the most conspicuous one looks as if it was twisted in a spiral, composed of a multitude of golden bay windows.
​In the Space of Pobedy Park
In the project of a housing complex designed by Sergey Skuratov, which is now being built near the park of the Poklonnaya Hill, a multifunctional stylobate is turned into a compound city space with intriguing “access” slopes that also take on the role of mini-plazas. The architecture of the residential buildings responds to the proximity of the Pobedy Park, on the one hand, “dissolving in the air”, and, on the other hand, supporting the memorial complex rhythmically and color-wise.
​Dynamics of the Avenue
On Leningrad Avenue, not far away from the Sokol metro station, the construction of the A-Class business center Alcon II has been completed. ADM architects designed the main façade as three volumetric ribbons, as if the busy traffic of the avenue “shook” the matter sending large waves through it.
​Steamer at the Pier
An apartment hotel that looks like a ship with wide decks has been designed for a land plot on a lake shore in Moscow’s South Tushino. This “steamer” house, overlooking the lake and the river port, does indeed look as if it were ready to sail away.