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Three-Part Task: St. Petersburg’s Mytny Dvor

The so-called “Mytny Dvor” area lying just behind Moscow Railway Station – the market rows with a complex history – will be transformed into a premium residential complex by Studio 44. The project consists of three parts: the restoration of historical buildings, the reconstruction of the lost part of the historical contour, and new houses. All of them are harmonized with each other and with the city; axes and “beams of light” were found, cozy corners and scenic viewpoints were carefully thought out. We had a chat with the authors of the historical buildings’ restoration project, and we are telling you about all the different tasks that have been solved here.

29 December 2023
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As the capital of the Russian Empire, St. Petersburg was the trade center of the entire country in the 18th and 19th centuries. Therefore, even today, there are numerous market rows to be found in different parts of its historical center, the largest in Europe. Pushed away from the city center by palaces and official buildings, they still occupy large swaths of land in the dense urban fabric. Unlike later-built shopping malls and passages of the “Viennese/Parisian” type, these characteristic St. Petersburg courtyards – and their history usually dates back to the earliest years of the city’s development, and sometimes even to the pre-Petrine tradition – are quite extensive from an architectural and compositional point of view: these are long lines of stalls with warehouses organized into giant squares, small in height, and, frankly, quite monotonous. Despite this fact, they were often designed by some of the most famous St. Petersburg architects, and the market rows themselves are a necessary pause and a recognizable part of the city’s identity. Without them, St. Petersburg would, of course, look very different – it would not be the city that we love today. The inevitable monotony of their structure, combined with low height, brings a note of diversity and a low-rise quality to the city, mostly filled with tenements designed and built in the 19th century.

I need to mention that Studio 44 lead by Nikita Yavein is not new to working on restoration and adaptation projects for St. Petersburg market rows: they have previously worked on both the main Gostiny Dvor and Apraksin Dvor.

What makes Mytny Dvor different is the fact that its initial purpose was not only trade per se but also the collection of customs duties (or “myt” as it was called back then). However, it was arranged in the same way as any Gostiny Dvor, consisting of stalls. At some point, Vasily Stasov participated in designing it, but this is only known from a message in which he complains that “they are building slowly and not according to the project”. That’s exactly what happened – they built the western half of the square in various ways, sometimes higher, sometimes lower, sometimes better, and sometimes worse. In other words, Mytny Dvor, by the standards of the nation’s second-largest city, is also relatively small, and only half of it was actually built.

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    On the left is a half-square, preserved by the beginning of the 20th century, on the right warehouses, later demolished. Plan of the capital city of St. Petersburg, 1860.
    Copyright: from the Studio 44 album. Provided by the authors
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    The part of the Mytnoye Dvor buildings preserved at the moment is marked in red. German aerial photography, 1939-1942
    Copyright: from the Studio 44 album. Provided by the authors


Moreover, half of what was built was lost. In the 1990s-2000s, the northeastern part was demolished – it was a bit smaller and not as good, but it was still a fine specimen from the 19th century and quite impressive. Now it is subject to restoration “in the original shape”.

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Both L-shaped buildings of the Mytny Dvor can be seen here. View of Chernyshevsky Square and the buildings of the Mytny Dvor from the roof of house No. 1 on Kherson Street. 1957 г.
Copyright: from the Studio 44 album. Provided by the authors


Essentially, the Studio 44 project consists of three parts: two buildings are being restored, half of the square is being reconstructed, and – within the constraints – new construction is permitted. Three to four-story sectional houses with balconies on the lower floors and shops along Evgenievskaya Street will be added.

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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44


One of the advantages of the new complex, as it is said “for future residents” is that – and this is something that is not often found in the center of St. Petersburg – it is located between two green areas: the closed park of Hospital No. 46 from the east and Ovsyannikovsky Park from the west.

Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
Copyright: © Studio 44


[The video of the project with commentary can be found here.]

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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44


Interestingly, if we look around at the construction of tenements from the early 20th century, which dominate here, we will notice that the new residential buildings on the territory of Mytny Dvor are either equal in height to some of them or noticeably smaller. There are six and seven-story buildings around, while here, they are only four floors high: nothing really “stands out” and I even want to talk about a bit of “excessive delicacy”. Seriously, it would be nice to place a couple of dominant structures here.

However, it seems that this is not the norm in St. Petersburg, and the complex reacts not so much to the morphology of the surrounding tenements as to the internal laws of the former Mytny Dvor in which it is located. No wonder the buildings of the new residential houses are arranged in rows, forming extended courtyards, which, as Nikita Yavein rightly notes, cannot be called the characteristic St. Petersburg “wells”. This type of development, firstly, is borrowed from history – not very symmetrical but parallel “maintenance” buildings were located here, and all that was left was to connect their “strips” to form a single backbone. Secondly, it is generally related to the layouts of the internal territory of historical trading courtyards.

Another recognizable prototype is the trees in both parks, on the right and on the left. Perhaps that’s why they chose green ceramic for the upper floors in many parts and dark-gray roofs for the new houses. It’s impossible to confuse the E-shaped insertions with trees, of course, but the fact that they, at some level, echo the green areas is also noteworthy.

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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44


The external historical buildings have a warm shade with traditionally painted roofs, the side courtyards of the new buildings are cool, bluish, and green, but the largest central courtyard is again burgundy. This alternation and change of impressions, as mentioned by Nikita Yavein, occur within the overall color scheme: in the broad sense, it is an urban one, combining red, green, beige stone, and black metal.

The abundance of ceramic tiles is a very pleasant modern detail of the new buildings in the project – a reminder of Art Nouveau and, at the same time, a nod to modern trends. Currently, such tiles are popular, it is much more interesting than brick imitation, it “genuinely” shines, and it can take on almost any color. In this case, the architects studied the facades of the neighboring Art Nouveau buildings and rightfully refer to them now.

Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
Copyright: © Studio 44


The differences are also obvious, and that’s precisely the point of modern solutions – to resonate instead of imitating.

The wide round columns made of green tiles are a highlight – a feature on the verge of Art Nouveau and Art Deco, much like many elements in the new buildings.



Also it seems that – judging by the combination of a rough textured surface of stone, relief of thin stripes, and smooth surfaces – the facades will be made of travertine. For instance, there’s a volumetric “braid”, placed both vertically and horizontally, transitioning from one material to another: from tiles to stone and vice versa. Another notable feature is the rhyme between illuminated signboard-like cantilevers above the entrances and the glass of the balconies, illuminated by the evening sun – so far, only imaginary. It’s interesting to observe how the balconies, from the second to the fourth floor, extend further and further over the courtyards, as if reaching, elevating slightly higher for a new perspective. Or the zigzags of brass fence grids, which do not literally resemble trees and branches but still evidently convey the idea of a forest.

Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
Copyright: © Studio 44


The solution involving a stepped contour of the corner passage is quite charming. Thanks to a series of triangular recesses, it creates an atmosphere reminiscent of a European street, and the authors unabashedly emphasize the intended effect by showcasing “warm sky” visualizations under the hanging streetlights.

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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44


This unexpectedly cozy space is not accidental but is a result of a thorough urban planning analysis. The surrounding urban development is diagonally oriented, echoing the bend of the Neva River, stretching from northeast to southwest. However, the Mytny Dvor plot happened to be built almost meridionally, from north to south. When the architects introduce a diagonal line on the plan, they not only open up a passage in the corner, eliminating a dead end, but also integrate the plan into the citywide grid. This playful speculation ultimately yields a fragment of space with unique characteristics.

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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44


However, it’s even more sophisicated than that. Yet another “player” is present here – visual connections and sightlines. Right nearby, to the north, stands the Church of the Icon of the Mother of God – a five-domed church with a tented bell tower, a turn-of-the-century architectural masterpiece by Nikolai Nikonov. The primary requirement was to reveal as many of its views as possible, and also of other surroundings. The architects not only reflected the church in the balcony railings but also accounted for it and other surroundings in the design of the complex.

Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
Copyright: © Studio 44


In pursuit of visual connections, the Studio 44 architects analyzed the volume and symmetrically cut two corners. The first ray is determined by the need to open a view from the avenue to the church, and the second, symmetric to it, opens up the southeast, the most useful and bright sun during the first half of the day.

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    The project of the general plan of the Public Utility Yard approved by the highest authority. Copy of 1812 from the project of 1785.
    Copyright: © provided by Studio 44
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    A fragment of the plan of St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © provided by Studio 44


The silhouette of the new “core” became more intricate, with several apartments gaining large triangular terraces.

With additional axes, the plan of the complex acquired internal coherence and structural clarity reminiscent not only of the 19th century but even the 18th century, with its faith in geometry. One thing that immediately comes to mind is the 1785 unimplemented project of the Mytny Dvor in with towers on the corners – as well as the axis that Studio 44 established between the General Staff Building and the Hermitage Garden during the reconstruction for the museum.

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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44


The architects observe not just the current constraints but also try to grasp the logic of the city and its history.

Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
Copyright: © Studio 44


Although the height restrictions – 16 meters – are, of course, also observed here.

It’s quite interesting how the project fits into Studio 44’s portfolio, particularly in the segment that includes not just one low- to mid-rise complex, such as Fortecia or Amazonka in Kronstadt. The architectural company has accumulated experience and a certain signature style in dealing with such tasks, including the creation of extended sections that form “St. Petersburg-style” direct perspectives of a-la cour d’honneur.

View from Starorusskaya Street, Shestokovskaya Church on the left. Eugenevskaya Residential Complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor
Copyright: © Studio 44


I will remind you at this point that the architects not just integrate the new buildings into the environment of old structures but also reconstruct half of these buildings, which were destroyed some time ago, “as they were”. But what exactly were they? They were relatively simple stalls, one or two stories high, with wide, unadorned arches. Frankly, it’s quite challenging for me to accept the idea of restoration as necessary; these structures were purely technical, more like warehouses than even shops. The restoration of these buildings seems to carry more historical justification than memory. Nevertheless, they are intended to fill Starorusskaya Street, where the Icon Church is located, with shops, salons, and small offices. Currently, in my opinion, the street feels a bit empty.

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    Part of the façade of the Mytny Dvor on Kalashnikovsky Avenue and a section of the building. 1905 г.
    Copyright: fromm the Studio 44 album. Provided by the authors
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    View of part of the facade and part of the firewall from the intersection of Bakunin Avenue and Evgenyevskaya Street. Photograph 1953.
    Copyright: from the Studio 44 album. Provided by the authors


A separate topic, with its own history and narratives, is the restoration of the two surviving buildings of Mytny Dvor. The restoration is handled by a designated unit within the architectural company, occupying an entire floor and possessing a significant portfolio. For example, they worked on the Alexander Palace – hence Nikita Yavein’s emphasis on being “primarily a restorer”.

The restoration was led by Ilya Sabantsev, and adaptation was overseen by Ekaterina Fedorova.

Adaptation and restoration of lost parts of the complex are integral parts of our project.

The low height of the reconstructed part allowed us to ensure good insolation and ventilation of the courtyards. The new buildings have a pronounced sectional character, which dates back to historical buildings – with a degree of conventionality they can be compared to the tenements of the 19 century, built up in the early 20 century; such a thing was common in St. Petersburg. All the sections and all the courtyards are slightly different – their structure changes, transforms in color, details, planning characteristics, but at the same time remains within the same color scheme, combining green ceramics, limestone and burgundy-red inclusions. The roofs are all sloping, with firewalls appearing in some places.

In short, we are not creating an “elephant in a china shop” – we are making totally sure that we are supporting the characteristics of the urban environment.


A building of the early 19th century. View from the side of the avenue. Project of restoration and adaptation of the Mytny Dvor building. Evgenyevskaya Residential Complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor
Copyright: © Studio 44


The building stretching along Bakunina Avenue, formerly Mytninskaya Street, is the oldest and most impressive, dating back to the first third of the 19th century. The architects characterize it as “order-less classicism”: it is taller than its neighbors, has a vaulted basement level, and consists of individual sectioned stalls connected by firewalls. Each stall has a large arch divided into two floors, with very wide windows on both sides. Apparently, if Mytny Dvor had been entirely built according to one of the initial projects, it would have looked broadly similar to Gostiny Dvor.

A building of the early 19th century. View from the side of the avenue. Project of restoration and adaptation of the Mytny Dvor building. Evgenyevskaya Residential Complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor
Copyright: © Studio 44


Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
Copyright: © Studio 44


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    Project of restoration and adaptation of the Mytnoye Dvor building. Yevgenyevskaya Residential Complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Project for restoration and adaptation of the Mytny Dvor building. Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44


Here, the architects clear the gallery along Bakunina Avenue, expose the white stone basement, where, instead of the former entrance to the basement level from the street, they install windows, and restore the stairs from the sidewalk to the gallery. The ground floor houses offices with entrances from the street – each of them will also have a basement level.

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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44


The upper level will accommodate large two-story apartments, one per section, with entrances from the courtyard. The challenge was that the buildings are quite deep, 22 meters, and while they have large windows, they are spaced far apart from each other. On the south façade, well-lit living rooms with almost floor-to-ceiling windows are created – quite a feat for the 19th century. On the courtyard-facing north façade, two rooms are connected by a triangular balcony, which slightly illuminates both. The third floor is illuminated by “classic” dormer windows and modern skylights built into the roof slopes.

Both buildings had seen much service, they were intensively used, and their bearing structures were not the strongest in the world. For example, only the outer walls of the sections here are made of brick, while inside the bearing walls were mostly made of wood. At the attic level, there are curvatures in the firewalls, which will have to be re-laid. Part of the basement vaults were lost and re-laid; there are significant gaps in the historical masonry.

A number of details had to be reconstructed by analogy. In particular, despite the fact that we made many paint samples, we could not find the original layers in the classicist building – only the later ones with synthetic binder. Neither the joinery frames nor the profiles of the white stone steps have been preserved. We reconstruct both by analogies, and here we are greatly helped by the experience of previous work with other monuments, in this case, especially with the Gostiny Dvor and Pavlov Barracks on the Field of Mars. Both are typologically close to the Mytny Dvor, and in the Gostiny Dvor we once found a very good shade of historical ochre.

On the other hand, the slope of the roof ridge of the early 19th century building, suitable for apartments, belongs to the original building and is connected with its storage function – we were lucky with that. The ridge of the eclectic building was lower, but we had permission to raise it to the elevation of the neighboring building. We raised it because without it the adaptation would have been almost impossible, but we did not raise it the full height because we wanted to emphasize the fact that the buildings are contemporaries; we usually try to pay attention to these kinds of details.

We also restored the dormer windows by analogy: the drawings show them very vaguely, but attic windows are a common practice for courtyard living rooms, and we summarized the probabilities. The windows on the avenue side were made larger, but they are smaller on the yard side.


Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
Copyright: © Studio 44


It is the first building, with its “sectional” layout of blocked stalls arranged in a row, that became the starting point in the search for the typology of the low-rise houses in the new part of the complex integrated into the vacant middle section of Mytny Dvor.

The second building was reconstructed in the late 19th century, showcasing a mix of romanticism and Renaissance styles with brackets and rusticated arches. It is slightly shorter in height, with smaller windows, and inside, a cast-iron structure with metal columns featuring Tuscan bases and capitals was introduced – a characteristic element of the romantic industrial style of the turn of the century. It is this building faces the corner and acts as the “presentation” of the complex to the avenue.

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    Project of restoration and adaptation of the Mytnoye Dvor building. Yevgenyevskaya Residential Complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Historic buildings, adaptation, 1st floor plan. Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44


Its layout, already reconstructed once, provided the architects with more freedom – they were able to incorporate a corridor and “sliced” smaller apartments here, making them slightly more affordable. This layout variation allowed for the creation of a couple of apartments with their own entrance from the courtyard and two more – small but duplex – with an internal staircase on the end.

The cast-iron columns shaped the future entrance lobby in front of the elevator, and are even present in the apartments. The ground floor hosts a restaurant with an additional basement space, while on the left side of the entrance, also in the basement and at the specific request of the client, a brandy room with a bar was established.

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    Project of restoration and adaptation of the Mytnoye Dvor building. Yevgenyevskaya Residential Complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Project for restoration and adaptation of the Mytny Dvor building. Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    The project of restoration and adaptation of the Mytny Dvor building. Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Project for restoration and adaptation of the Mytny Dvor building. Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    Project for restoration and adaptation of the Mytny Dvor building. Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44
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    The project of restoration and adaptation of the Mytny Dvor building. Evgenyevskaya housing complex on the territory of Mytny Dvor, St. Petersburg
    Copyright: © Studio 44


One of the solutions invented during the adaptation process is the arch leading into the courtyard. Positioned at the junction of two buildings, it is enclosed with a grille, lockable with a key by the apartment owners, and it still serves as a “cold” passage. Among other things, the architects had to provide the historical buildings – which have the status of a completely independent part of the complex and underwent separate approval processes – with all the modern features and necessary facilities, including a separate entrance.

According to the original concept, and quite rightly, despite the lack of data on historical coloration, the buildings will have different colors. The “eclectic” buildings will have a pinkish-terracotta hue. As Ilya Sabantsev puts it, for late 19th-century architecture, rich in details, it is typical to have a monochromatic paint, usually immersed in one tone. The “neoclassical” building, on the other hand, will feature an excellent yellow-white coloration, known from similar structures of its time.

It’s worth noting that in today’s context, reconstructions in the city center often affect both real estate value and the quality of architectural solutions, and their status is often noticeably higher than that of new buildings. Various factors contribute to this, including higher property prices, the complexity of the approval process and work within the constraints. In this case, it’s evident. If you take a rational look at the history of Mytny Dvor, it was a trading and warehouse complex – not the most expensive thing in the world, small, incomplete, and diverse. The only thing that can be considered interesting is the early fragment to classical proportions and scale – only 7 sections in total. As for the eclectic corner building, an old-school connoisseur of art history would find it thoroughly unremarkable.

Here are two logical conclusions that we can draw from this: firstly, the project is executed at a modern level of restoration, research, and attention to historical context, with equal attention given to various time periods. It captivates you with details, such as the variety of apartments in historical buildings or the exploration of axes, both in terms of urban planning and visual aspects, in the new part. Simultaneously, it mesmerizes you with a subtle, modern-inspired approach to the facades of new buildings: glazed tiles, diverse balconies, a street with shops, and internal semi-streets of various formats, including the most intimate, which you might not expect to find here. Secondly – and this is also important – we observe a clear example of gentrification. A successful, albeit not entirely lively at the moment, fragment of the city with good attributes – history, parks, and the Moscow Railway Station nearby. Restoration with revitalization, the recovery of what was lost, done by all the rules, should give this place a premium value it has never had.

In St. Petersburg, there are many places awaiting restoration and revitalization – is it time to start it?

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29 December 2023

Headlines now
The Mirror of Your Soul
We continue to publish projects from the competition for the design of the Russian Pavilion at EXPO in Osaka 2025. We are reminding you that the results of the competition have not been announced, and hardly will ever be. The pavilion designed by ASADOV Architects combines a forest log cabin, the image of a hyper transition, and sculptures made of glowing threads – it focuses primarily on the scenography of the exhibition, which the pavilion builds sequentially like a string of impressions, dedicating it to the paradoxes of the Russian soul.
Part of the Ideal
In 2025, another World Expo will take place in Osaka, Japan, in which Russia will not participate. However, a competition for the Russian pavilion was indeed held, with six projects participating. The results were never announced as Russia’s participation was canceled; the competition has no winners. Nevertheless, Expo pavilion projects are typically designed for a bold and interesting architectural statement, so we’ve gathered all the six projects and will be publishing articles about them in random order. The first one is the project by Vladimir Plotkin and Reserve Union, which is distinguished by the clarity of its stereometric shape, the boldness of its structure, and the multiplicity of possible interpretations.
The Fortress by the River
ASADOV Architects have developed a concept for a new residential district in the center of Kemerovo. To combat the harsh climate and monotonous everyday life, the architects proposed a block type of development with dominant towers, good insolation, facades detailed at eye level, and event programming.
In the Rhombus Grid
Construction has begun on the building of the OMK (United Metallurgical Company) Corporate University in Nizhny Novgorod’s town of Vyksa, designed by Ostozhenka Architects. The most interesting aspect of the project is how the architects immersed it in the context: “extracting” a diagonal motif from the planning grid of Vyksa, they aligned the building, the square, and the park to match it. A truly masterful work with urban planning context on several different levels of perception has long since become the signature technique of Ostozhenka.
​Generational Connection
Another modern estate, designed by Roman Leonidov, is located in the Moscow region and brings together three generations of one family under one roof. To fit on a narrow plot without depriving anyone of personal space, the architects opted for a zigzag plan. The main volume in the house structure is accentuated by mezzanines with a reverse-sloped roof and ceilings featuring exposed beams.
Three Dimensions of the City
We began to delve into the project by Sergey Skuratov, the residential complex “Depo” in Minsk, located at Victory Square, and it fascinated us completely. The project has at least several dimensions to it: historical – at some point, the developer decided to discontinue further collaboration with Sergey Skuratov Architects, but the concept was approved, and its implementation continues, mostly in accordance with the proposed ideas. The spatial and urban planning dimension – the architects both argue with the city and play along with it, deciphering nuances, and finding axes. And, finally, the tactile dimension – the constructed buildings also have their own intriguing features. Thus, this article also has two parts: it dwells on what has been built and what was conceived
New “Flight”
Architects from “Mezonproject” have developed a project for the reconstruction of the regional youth center “Polyot”(“Flight”) in the city of Oryol. The summer youth center, built back in the late 1970s, will now become year-round and acquire many additional functions.
The Yauza Towers
In Moscow, there aren’t that many buildings or projects designed by Nikita Yavein and Studio 44. In this article, we present to you the concept of a large multifunctional complex on the Yauza River, located between two parks, featuring a promenade, a crossroads of two pedestrian streets, a highly developed public space, and an original architectural solution. This solution combines a sophisticated, asymmetric façade grid, reminiscent of a game of fifteen puzzle, and bold protrusions of the upper parts of the buildings, completely masking the technical floors and sculpting the complex’s silhouette.
Architecture and Leisure Park
For the suburban hotel complex, which envisages various formats of leisure, the architectural company T+T Architects proposed several types of accommodation, ranging from the classic “standard” in a common building to a “cave in the hill” and a “house in a tree”. An additional challenge consisted in integrating a few classic-style residences already existing on this territory into the “architectural forest park”.
The U-House
The Jois complex combines height with terraces, bringing the most expensive apartments from penthouses down to the bottom floors. The powerful iconic image of the U-shaped building is the result of the creative search for a new standard of living in high-rise buildings by the architects of “Genpro”.
Black and White
In this article, we specifically discuss the interiors of the ATOM Pavilion at VDNKh. Interior design is a crucial component of the overall concept in this case, and precision and meticulous execution were highly important for the architects. Julia Tryaskina, head of UNK interiors, shares some of the developments.
The “Snake” Mountain
The competition project for the seaside resort complex “Serpentine” combines several typologies: apartments of different classes, villas, and hotel rooms. For each of these typologies, the KPLN architects employ one of the images that are drawn from the natural environment – a serpentine road, a mountain stream, and rolling waves.
Opal from Anna Mons’ Ring
The project of a small business center located near Tupolev Plaza and Radio Street proclaims the necessity of modern architecture in a specific area of Moscow commonly known as “Nemetskaya Sloboda” or “German settlement”. It substantiates its thesis with the thoroughness of details, a multitude of proposed and rejected form variants, and even a detailed description of the surrounding area. The project is interesting indeed, and it is even more interesting to see what will come of it.
Feed ’Em All
A “House of Russian Cuisine” was designed and built by KROST Group at VDNKh for the “Rossiya” exhibition in record-breaking time. The pavilion is masterfully constructed in terms of the standards of modern public catering industry multiplied by the bustling cultural program of the exhibition, and it interprets the stylistically diverse character of VDNKh just as successfully. At the same time, much of its interior design can be traced back to the prototypes of the 1960s – so much so that even scenes from iconic Soviet movies of those years persistently come to mind.
The Ensemble at the Mosque
OSA prepared a master plan for a district in the southern part of Derbent. The main task of the master plan is to initiate the formation of a modern comfortable environment in this city. The organization of residential areas is subordinated to the city’s spiritual center: depending on the location relative to the cathedral mosque, the houses are distinguished by façade and plastique solutions. The program also includes a “hospitality center”, administrative buildings, an educational cluster, and even an air bridge.
Pargolovo Protestantism
A Protestant church is being built in St. Petersburg by the project of SLOI architects. One of the main features of the building is a wooden roof with 25-meter spans, which, among other things, forms the interior of the prayer hall. Also, there are other interesting details – we are telling you more about them.
The Shape of the Inconceivable
The ATOM Pavilion at VDNKh brings to mind a famous maxim of all architects and critics: “You’ve come up with it? Now build it!” You rarely see such a selfless immersion in implementation of the project, and the formidable structural and engineering tasks set by UNK architects to themselves are presented here as an integral and important part of the architectural idea. The challenge matches the obliging status of the place – after all, it is an “exhibition of achievements”, and the pavilion is dedicated to the nuclear energy industry. Let’s take a closer look: from the outside, from the inside, and from the underside too.
​Rays of the Desert
A school for 1750 students is going to be built in Dubai, designed by IND Architects. The architects took into account the local specifics, and proposed a radial layout and spaces, in which the children will be comfortable throughout the day.
The Dairy Theme
The concept of an office of a cheese-making company, designed for the enclosed area of a dairy factory, at least partially refers to industrial architecture. Perhaps that is why this concept is very simple, which seems the appropriate thing to do here. The building is enlivened by literally a couple of “master strokes”: the turning of the corner accentuates the entrance, and the shade of glass responds to the theme of “milk rivers” from Russian fairy tales.
The Road to the Temple
Under a grant from the Small Towns Competition, the main street and temple area of the village of Nikolo-Berezovka near Neftekamsk has been improved. A consortium of APRELarchitects and Novaya Zemlya is turning the village into an open-air museum and integrating ruined buildings into public life.
​Towers Leaning Towards the Sun
The three towers of the residential complex “Novodanilovskaya 8” are new and the tallest neighbors of the Danilovsky Manufactory, “Fort”, and “Plaza”, complementing a whole cluster of modern buildings designed by renowned masters. At the same time, the towers are unique for this setting – they are residential, they are the tallest ones here, and they are located on a challenging site. In this article, we explore how architects Andrey Romanov and Ekaterina Kuznetsova tackled this far-from-trivial task.
In the spirit of ROSTA posters
The new Rostselmash tractor factory, conceptualized by ASADOV Architects, is currently being completed in Rostov-on-Don. References to the Soviet architecture of the 1920’s and 1960’s resonate with the mission and strategic importance of the enterprise, and are also in line with the client’s wish: to pay homage to Rostov’s constructivism.
The Northern Thebaid
The central part of Ferapontovo village, adjacent to the famous monastery with frescoes by Dionisy, has been improved according to the project by APRELarchitects. Now the place offers basic services for tourists, as well as a place for the villagers’ leisure.
Brilliant Production
The architects from London-based MOST Architecture have designed the space for the high-tech production of Charge Cars, a high-performance production facility for high-speed electric cars that are assembled in the shell of legendary Ford Mustangs. The founders of both the company and the car assembly startup are Russians who were educated in their home country.
Three-Part Task: St. Petersburg’s Mytny Dvor
The so-called “Mytny Dvor” area lying just behind Moscow Railway Station – the market rows with a complex history – will be transformed into a premium residential complex by Studio 44. The project consists of three parts: the restoration of historical buildings, the reconstruction of the lost part of the historical contour, and new houses. All of them are harmonized with each other and with the city; axes and “beams of light” were found, cozy corners and scenic viewpoints were carefully thought out. We had a chat with the authors of the historical buildings’ restoration project, and we are telling you about all the different tasks that have been solved here.
The Color of the City, or Reflections on the Slope of an Urban Settlement
In 2022, Ostozhenka Architects won a competition, and in 2023, they developed and received all the necessary approvals for a master plan for the development of Chernigovskaya Street for the developer GloraX. The project takes into account a 10-year history of previous developments; it was done in collaboration with architects from Nizhny Novgorod, and it continues to evolve now. We carefully examined it, talked to everyone, and learned a lot of interesting things.
A Single-Industry Town
Kola MMC and Nornickel are building a residential neighborhood in Monchegorsk for their future employees. It is based on a project by an international team that won the 2021 competition. The project offers a number of solutions meant to combat the main “demons” of any northern city: wind, grayness and boredom.
A New Age Portico
At the beginning of the year, Novosibirsk Tolmachevo Airport opened Terminal C. The large-scale and transparent entrance hall with luminous columns inside successfully combines laconism with a bright and photogenic WOW-effect. The terminal is both the new façade of the whole complex and the starting point of the planned reconstruction, upon completion of which Tolmachevo will become the largest regional airport in Russia. In this article, we are examining the building in the context of modernist prototypes of both Novosibirsk and Leningrad: like puzzle pieces, they come together to form their individual history, not devoid of curious nuances and details.
A New Starting Point
We’ve been wanting to examine the RuArts Foundation space, designed by ATRIUM for quite a long time, and we finally got round to it. This building looks appropriate and impressive; it amazingly combines tradition – represented in our case by galleries – and innovation. In this article, we delve into details and study the building’s historical background as well.
Molding Perspectives
Stepan Liphart introduces “schematic Art Deco” on the outskirts of Kazan – his houses are executed in green color, with a glassy “iced” finish on the facades. The main merits of the project lie in his meticulous arrangement of viewing angles – the architect is striving to create in a challenging environment the embryo of a city not only in terms of pedestrian accessibility but also in a sculptural sense. He works with silhouettes, proposing intriguing triangular terraces. The entire project is structured like a crystal, following two grids, orthogonal and diagonal. In this article, we are examining what worked, and what eventually didn’t.