По-русски

​Stream and Lines

Stepan Liphart’s projects of Art Deco villas demonstrate technical symbolism in combination with a subtle reference to the 1930s. One of the projects is a “paper” one; the others are designed for real customers: a top manager, an art collector, and a developer.

Lara Kopylova

Written by:
Lara Kopylova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

02 August 2021
Object
mainImg
If Russia of the 1930s had not chosen the socialist path and had become a bourgeois democracy, possibly, private residences would have looked like houses designed by Stepan Liphart. The portrait of the customer for these three villas is far from simple because it requires an exposed life, as if you were constantly being filmed in a movie. Another thing that comes to mind is the architect Mallet-Stevens – not his Art Deco Paris mansions and villas (which are closer to modernism), but his “dandy” image and his work as a Haut Couture artist. The Stepan Liphart villas, on the other hand, demonstrate some “pan-aesthetic” course to the future, this course lying through the impending dark ages, which even yields a heroic note in the pan-aesthetic concept laid out before us.

A “hydroelectric power station” house

Coauthored by Boris Kondakov, the project of a “hydroelectric power station” villa was created in 2007 for the architectural contest called “Dom-Avtonom” (“Autonomous House”), the task of which was to design housing independent of any utility lines. The organizers tried to deliver an environmental message, but the two young architects, inspired by the revolutionary romanticism of the 1930s and works by Erich Mendelssohn, Noah Trotsky, and Evgeny Levinson, rather treated it as a union of art and technology. According to Liphart, the two main themes here were the movement of water and the classical order. It is the latter, which many architects today consider to be boring “architectural Latin” that hinders their creative fantasy, that Stepan Liphart draws his inspiration from.

The “Hydroelectric Power Station” house. The project for the international “Dom-Avtonom” competition was performed within “Jophan′s Children” creative group. Graphics: Boris Kondakov
Copyright: © Stepan Liphart, Boris Kondakov


The conditional Dorian frieze with triglyphs separates the bottom tier of the building from the top one; the residential enfilade above the waterfall is a gallery with columns that asserts humans over the crushing power of the cascading water. On the one hand, what we are seeing is the conquest of the water element, and on the other – the combination of human, technological, and natural energy into a single whole. This synergy has a prototype.

author photo

Stepan Liphart, , Liphart Architects

Ever since I was a kid, I’ve been greatly impressed by the buildings of the Moscow Canal, the spirituality of their essentially functional architecture, which looked particularly impressive when the gateway locks were in operation: how the water rose in them, how the giant ships gradually rose to the level of the openwork turrets and belvederes. Rukhlyadev and Krinsky, functionalists, who in the 1920s boldly experimented with form and space, combined here their avant-garde experience with classical material, and the fruitfulness of such synthesis and synergy is quite obvious. On the other hand, the scale of these hydraulic structures is close to the typology of a large country house. So the image of the “hydraulic power station” is in the return from the gateway to the villa.


  • zooming
    1 / 4
    The “Hydroelectric Power Station” house. The project for the international “Dom-Avtonom” competition was performed within “Jophan′s Children” creative group. Graphics: Boris Kondakov
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart, Boris Kondakov
  • zooming
    2 / 4
    The “Hydroelectric Power Station” house. The project for the international “Dom-Avtonom” competition was performed within “Jophan′s Children” creative group. Graphics: Boris Kondakov
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart, Boris Kondakov
  • zooming
    3 / 4
    The “Hydroelectric Power Station” house. The project for the international “Dom-Avtonom” competition was performed within “Jophan′s Children” creative group. Graphics: Boris Kondakov
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart, Boris Kondakov
  • zooming
    4 / 4
    The “Hydroelectric Power Station” house. The project for the international “Dom-Avtonom” competition was performed within “Jophan′s Children” creative group. Graphics: Boris Kondakov
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart, Boris Kondakov


Evidently, such a house will not lack light and warmth. Sitting on top of an energy flow and transforming its energy for the best purposes is probably the mission of a potential owner of such a villa. One cannot help but remember Director’s House in the Ideal City of Chaux designed by Claude Nicolas Ledoux, where the river flows through the cylindrical part of the house, without bringing any practical benefits whatsoever. Another thing that comes to mind is the iconic building of the XX century, the idol of all architects, the Fallingwater Villa, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, in which the part of cascading water is also purely decorative. Wrapping it up for historical associations, I will remind you of the incident with Le Corbusier, who once, accompanied by a poet friend of his, visited a constructed dam in the Alps, expressed his admiration to the escorting engineers, but was misunderstood. Here is how he describes this incident: “We tried to explain it to them, why we found the dam so marvelous: the sheer scale of such work, applied to the practice of city construction, could become a total game changer. And suddenly, these people were indignant: “What? Do you want to maim our cities? You are real vandals! You forget about the rules of aesthetics!” Probably, you could say that in the “power station villa” this conflict has been resolved: the aesthetics of the Order and the technological energy coexist quite peacefully here. 

The ITR villa

The ITR acronym stands for “inzhenerno-tekhnichesky rabotnik” (“engineering and technical coworker”), an early-Soviet term, the difference being that, of course, the Soviet ITRs, for very few exceptions, could not afford to live in villas, and, even if they did have a country home, it was a regular dacha.

The country house was designed in 2011 for the son of a well-known developer. At that time, the client headed an industrial enterprise, meaning, with a certain stretch you could describe him as an “ITR”. Hence the image of the villa: a residence of the technocratic elite. The aerodynamic streamlined design, multiplication of lines in the metallic railings, parallels in verticals, and rounded corners – all these techniques refer to one of the variations of Art Deco, specifically, streamline, characteristic for the industrial design of the 1930s, from cars and steamboats to dirigibles… with an adjustment to our epoch.

  • zooming
    1 / 5
    ITR villa: a private residence in the Chekhovsky district of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a private client, 2011, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    2 / 5
    ITR villa: a private residence in the Chekhovsky district of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a private client, 2011, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    3 / 5
    ITR villa: a private residence in the Chekhovsky district of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a private client, 2011, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    4 / 5
    ITR villa: a private residence in the Chekhovsky district of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a private client, 2011, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    5 / 5
    ITR villa: a private residence in the Chekhovsky district of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a private client, 2011, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart


  • zooming
    1 / 3
    ITR villa: a private residence in the Chekhovsky district of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a private client, 2011, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    2 / 3
    ITR villa: a private residence in the Chekhovsky district of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a private client, 2011, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    3 / 3
    ITR villa: a private residence in the Chekhovsky district of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a private client, 2011, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart


The villa in fact consists of two units, perpendicular to one another. The two-story unit includes bedrooms; the single-story one, glazed, includes a living room and a kitchen. The roof of the first floor supports a grand terrace, which can be accessed both by the inner staircase leading to the hall of the second floor, and directly by the monumental stairs of the main facade. The key idea of the outdoor staircase is motion, enhanced by the decorative stream of water, cascading next to it. Many people, me included, took this staircase for an escalator at first, because the graphic lines of the railings and barriers create an impression of flowing dynamics of a conveyor belt in operation.

  • zooming
    1 / 4
    ITR villa: a private residence in the Chekhovsky district of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a private client, 2011, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    2 / 4
    ITR villa: a private residence in the Chekhovsky district of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a private client, 2011, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    3 / 4
    ITR villa: a private residence in the Chekhovsky district of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a private client, 2011, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    4 / 4
    ITR villa: a private residence in the Chekhovsky district of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a private client, 2011, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart


The moving aesthetics are also tied up with the ergonomics: underneath the staircase, there is enough room for a vehicle to drive in that delivers groceries to the kitchen via a special shaft, while the kitchen elevator, situated in a bas-relief-decorated buildup, elevates the meals to the rooftop. The main facade is framed by a small mote with a “colonnade” pergola stretching along it and ensuring the connection between the main kitchen and the outdoor one. The coverage of the pergola, made of slim metallic planks, continues the main theme, adding to the image of the organized motion of streaming lines.

Lecayet Pavilion

The client of the next project, Alexander Lecayet, is a passionate collector of Soviet vintage cars, and an author of a number of books dedicated to this subject. The ground for his acquaintance, and later cooperation, with Stepan Liphart was the fact that the architect’s grandfather – Andrey Aleksandrovich Liphart – was for a long time the chief designer of the Gorky motor plant, and is one of the founders of the Russian motor building school. In 2015, Alexander Lecayet turned to Stepan Liphart with an idea of building a reception house with a hall for exhibiting vintage cars. The project of the pavilion was created with no reference to any specific location, on the verge of an architectural fantasy.

  • zooming
    1 / 3
    A reception house and a private museum in Odintsovsky District of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    2 / 3
    A reception house and a private museum in Odintsovsky District of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    3 / 3
    A reception house and a private museum in Odintsovsky District of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart


Other things that influenced the project were the passion for the 1930s that they shared, and some expositional attitude. On the wall of the mansion, as a deliberate controversy, a Stalinist quote appears that Soviet Russia does not have to follow Europe, it is time to follow our own path.

A reception house and a private museum in Odintsovsky District of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
Copyright: © Stepan Liphart


The Lecayet Pavilion consists of two parts: these are one and two-story volumes, interpreted by the architect as a leader and a follower, and if the concepts are coordinated with the theory of Ilya Golosov, as objective and subjective.

In the single-story “subjective” unit, cars are displayed; the two-story “objective” one is essentially the space for “exhibiting” the master of the house, a place for representation and aesthetic pastime. The six stained glass windows resemble a six-column portico - because you need to give the private abode a dignified look! In accordance with its function (a house for grand receptions), the grand entrance of the pavilion is crowned with a peculiar detail: a balcony for addressing the guests; this tribune is accessed from the second floor, which includes a spacious master’s study with five-meter-high ceilings.

  • zooming
    1 / 5
    A reception house and a private museum in Odintsovsky District of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    2 / 5
    A reception house and a private museum in Odintsovsky District of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    3 / 5
    A reception house and a private museum in Odintsovsky District of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    4 / 5
    A reception house and a private museum in Odintsovsky District of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    5 / 5
    A reception house and a private museum in Odintsovsky District of Moscow Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart


Acropolis Litorinum Villa

The conclusion of this series of projects - so far, the biggest one - is a sketch of a villa for the St. Petersburg partner of Stepan Liphart’s, a developer who bought a strip of land on the shore of the Gulf of Finland a few years back.
The place is the high coast of the retreating Litorin Sea, a prehistoric reservoir, at the bottom of which significant coastal areas of the modern Baltic Sea were located, and the city of St. Petersburg as well. The terra cotta verticals of the pine trees, the slope, cascading down to nonexistent element, sea breezes, and sea skies brought to life the idea of a picturesque Acropolis. However, the context here does not just come down to the poetry of the sea. Right there, next to the trenches of the Great Patriotic War, the concrete foundation of the coastal cannon from the Mannerheim Line era was preserved, and the whimsical lines of old trees, which obviously experienced the destructive fire of the war, bear traces of battles. All of this, not without creative audacity, Stepan Liphart included in the imagery of the villa.

  • zooming
    1 / 4
    Acropolis Litorinum. A private residence in Peski settlement in Lenongrad Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    2 / 4
    Acropolis Litorinum. A private residence in Peski settlement in Lenongrad Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    3 / 4
    Acropolis Litorinum. A private residence in Peski settlement in Lenongrad Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    4 / 4
    Acropolis Litorinum. A private residence in Peski settlement in Lenongrad Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart


Acropolises, just like the palaces of Roman nobility, were picturesque multi-component ensembles. This also influenced the structure of Acropolis Litorinum, consisting of three parts connected by galleries.

On the west side, there is a tall “wing” of the master’s bedroom and library, which, when viewed from certain angles, looks like a ship with a mast and a captain’s cabin, reflected in stained glass windows.

Acropolis Litorinum. A private residence in Peski settlement in Lenongrad Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
Copyright: © Stepan Liphart


The glazed passage from the west gallery leads to the central part, turned with bent curves of its balconies and glass walls to the world and the sea. The verticals on the stained glass windows looks like the soundboards of some musical instruments. The plastique of the concave facades and their Art Deco nature display an homage to the Parisian palaces of the era of Expo 1937.

  • zooming
    1 / 4
    Acropolis Litorinum. A private residence in Peski settlement in Lenongrad Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    2 / 4
    Acropolis Litorinum. A private residence in Peski settlement in Lenongrad Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    3 / 4
    Acropolis Litorinum. A private residence in Peski settlement in Lenongrad Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart
  • zooming
    4 / 4
    Acropolis Litorinum. A private residence in Peski settlement in Lenongrad Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
    Copyright: © Stepan Liphart


The west gallery has yet another peculiar feature: lined up along the architectural mote, its nonexistent facial supports are marked by the lines of the stained glass windows’ glazing pattern, which look as if they were marking the shadows of columns.  The latter look almost weightless, but the capitels and the ebtablement still emphasize that these are supports, i.e. part of the order. In reality, the ceiling of the gallery rests on cantilever beams, and these, in turn, on pillars along the axis of the rear wall. The idea of ​​the reflection of ethereal columns in the water of the trench is a technique in the style of “Reflections” by Debussy: the columns are already glass projections of themselves, and reflections of reflections appear in the water surface.

Acropolis Litorinum. A private residence in Peski settlement in Lenongrad Region. Commissioned by a privaate client, 2015, not implemented.
Copyright: © Stepan Liphart


The east gallery, running from the central part and bypassing the mote, directs one’s gaze to a small triumphal arch, which, at the same time plays the part of a sightseeing Belvedere. This, in turn, can be accessed by a staircase that essentially rises from the depth of the ancient sea, building a visual connection between the gone water, the firm ground, and the celestial spheres.



In his yet-unimplemented villa projects, Stepan Liphart proposed a few elegant solutions in the Art Deco style, reinterpreted and continued in the contemporary. And, while the “hydroelectric power station” house is essentially a declaration of ideas, the ITR, Pavillon Lecayaet, and Acropolis Litorinum display the architect’s recognizable manner, which opens up new prospects for the future.

02 August 2021

Lara Kopylova

Written by:

Lara Kopylova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
​The Thin Matter
The house named “Medny 3.14” (“Copper 3.14”) is composed of two textures, each of which resembles in its own way some kind of precious fabric, and of three units, each of which is oriented towards one cardinal point. The architecture of the house absorbs the nuances of the context, summing them up and turning them into a single rhythmic structure. In this article, we are examining the new, just-completed, house designed by Sergey Skuratov in Donskaya Street.
​Super Pergola
The new business center built in Moscow’s district of Presnya in the 1st Zemelny Lane is all about technology and sustainability. Its streamlined shapes and white facade grid are combined with a new version of vertical greenery: the green of wild grapes, placed at a distance from the facade, instead of arguing with the “pergola” grid, sets it off by contrast.
​Lightness of Being
Blooming Sakura, a campfire party, kids splashing in a swimming pool – no, these are not pictures from a vacation, but everyday life going on in the yards of Kiev’s housing complex “Fayna Town”. In this issue, we are examining how the utopia designed by the architects is wired, and what they did to make it a reality.
​A Triangular Folded Structure
The project of the new terminal of the Muraviev-Amursky airport in Blagoveshchensk offers architecture based on a modular form – endowed with a special imagery, it becomes the basis both for the carrying structures of the building and the plastique of the facade, at the same time reverberating in the interior design.
​The Breath of the East
Designing a residential complex for Tashkent, GENPRO is turning to traditional architecture and modern trends, aiming at emotionality and efficiency: the panjar window lattices and mishrabias are neighboring on vertical greenery and parametric ornaments, while the theme buildings do on a cotton alley and an oriental bazaar.
​Analysis and Synthesis
The project of the housing complex “Krasin”, designed for the historical center of St. Petersburg, and situated in a very obliging place – next to the Mining University designed by Voronikhin, yet bordering on an industrial area – became the result of a thorough analysis of the specifics of historical construction on the Vasilyevsky Island, and a subsequent synthesis with avoidance of direct stylization, yet forming a recognizable silhouette, resonant with the “old town”.
​Tatiana Guk: “A document that determines the development of the city has to be flexible”
In this issue, we are talking to the director of the Genplan Institute of Moscow about trends that determine the future, about the 70-year history of the Institute, which is celebrating an anniversary this year, about electronic computing in the field of urban planning and about international experience accumulated in this area, as well as about how the Institute is involved with other cities, and about the perfect document for the city development, which has to be flexible and strategic.
​Dialectical Manifesto
The high-rise housing complex MOD, whose construction has begun in Moscow’s district of Maryina Roshcha next to the site, on which the new Russian Railways headquarters will be built, is responding to the “central” context of the future city surroundings, and at the same time is positioned by the architects as a “manifesto of Modernist minimalist principles in architecture”.
​Asimov’s Dream
A project by DNK ag won in a competition for the science campus of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in the city of Sarov, conducted by ROSATOM corporation in collaboration with the Moscow State University, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Kurchatov Institute.
​Near-Earth Space
The new terminal of the Leonov Airport in Kemerovo was built in record-breaking time, despite the pandemic. It became one of the important factors for the rapid development of the city, visually reflecting its dedication to the first spacewalk, both in the interiors and on the facades. Its main features are the “starry sky” effect and overall openness.
​The Spiral Approach
The school building in the city of Nur-Sultan, designed by Vera Budko and Anton Nadtochiy from beginning to end – from concept to working documentation – became the embodiment of the architects’ method for creating a modern educational environment, which the ATRIUM architects have been developing for years. Its fundamentals include creating an inspiring environment that motivates you to create. This is why the new school received a shape of an ornamental golden spiral that symbolizes ascension to knowledge; on the inside, the building is a compound and multifunctional “city within a city” with multilevel atriums, amphitheaters, and varying routes.
​The Ecological Bend
A story about how plans for laying a road on the border of a park turned into plans for saving the ecosystem and improving the walking trails.
​Kasimir from Kemerovo
The project of the branch of the Russian Museum for the Siberian Art Cluster is based on the ideas of Suprematism: basic shapes, and dynamism of color and form.
​Stream and Lines
Stepan Liphart’s projects of Art Deco villas demonstrate technical symbolism in combination with a subtle reference to the 1930s. One of the projects is a “paper” one; the others are designed for real customers: a top manager, an art collector, and a developer.
On the Bank of a Very Quiet River
The project of landscaping the territory of the residential complex NOW in Moscow’s Nagatinskaya Valley goes beyond the limits of its task and looks more like a modern park: with viewing platforms, an embankment, spaces different in their moods, and thought-out scenarios for visitors aged between 0 and 80.
​The Strategy of Transformation
In this article, we are publishing eight projects of reconstructing postwar Modernist buildings that have been implemented by Tchoban Voss Architekten and showcased in the AEDES gallery at the recent Re-Use exhibition. Parallel to that, we are meditating on the demonstrated approaches and the preservation of things that architectural legislation does not require to preserve.
In the Rhythm of Block Construction
Last week, the housing complex “Ty i Ya” (“You and Me”) was presented, built in the northwest of Moscow. By a number of parameters, it exceeds the originally stated comfort-class format, and, on the other hand, fully meeting the city block construction paradigm, popular in Moscow, demonstrates a few interesting features, such as a new kind of public spaces for the residents, and high-ceilinged apartments on the first floors.
​Five Nonlinear Ones
Recently, at the Moscow Urban Forum, they announced a large-scale project that Zaha Hadid Architects would do for Moscow – the multifunctional housing complex Union Towers designed for Quarter 82 of Khoroshevo-Mnevniki at the commission of KROST development.
​Etudes in Glass
The housing complex, located not far away from the Paveletskaya Railway Station, as a symbol of a sweeping transformation of this area: a composition of towers of different height, ingenious detailing of stained glass windows, and a green lawn in the yard.
A Flyover in Watercolor
For the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Vasilkovsky, the architectural office of Evgeny Gerasimov is reflecting on the Ushakov Flyover, which was designed with input from this artist and architect. In this article, we are showing its watercolors and sketches, including the preliminary ones that were not included in the final project, as well as speaking about the importance of architectural drawing.
​Walking on Clouds
A restaurant in the Khibiny skiing complex: 820 meters above the sea level, sweeping views, a levitation effect, and ingenious engineering solutions.
​Transformation with Multiplication
The Palace of Water Sports in Luzhniki is one of the high-profile and nontrivial reconstructions of recent years, and a project that won one of the first competitions, initiated by Sergey Kuznetsov as the main architect of Moscow. The complex opened 2 years ago; this article about it comes out at the start of the bathing season.
​Sergey Tchoban: “I believe it’s very important to preserve this city as a record...
Although originally we planned to speak in this interview with Sergey Tchoban about high-rise construction, the conversation turned out to be 70% about meditation on the ways of regenerating the historical city and about the role of the city fabric as the most objective and unbiased historical record. And, as for the towers, which manifest social contrasts and leave a lot of junk when torn down, the conversation was about the expected construction norms and regulations. We took this interview one day before the Lakhta-2 project was announced, and this is why this newsbreak is not commented upon in any way in this article.
​Courtyards and Constructivism
In this issue, we are examining the second major block of the “city within a city” Ligovsky City complex, designed and built by A-Len, and combining several trends characteristic of modern urban architecture.
​Inside of a Drawn Grid
Designing the apartment complex PLAY in Danilovskaya Sloboda, ADM architects placed their bet on the imagery of construction. The area where it manifested itself the most vividly was the sophisticated grid of the facades.
​Headquarters of the Future
The project by “Arena Group”, which won in an open competition of ideas for the headquarters of the Italian company FITT, combines futuristic forms, an interesting set of functions, energy efficiency, and subtle references to the archetypes of Italian architecture. Particularly beautiful is the “continuous” fountain. In this issue, we are sharing about the three winners of the competition.
​A Tiered Composition
A little bit of New York in Odessa: an apartment complex designed and built by “Archimatika” with towers, townhouses, a square, and swimming pools.
​The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
​MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.