По-русски

The Regeneration Experience

The housing project “Metsenat”, which occupies the area next to the Resurrection Church in Moscow’s Kadashi, has a long and complicated history, full of protests, victories, and hopes. Now the project is complete: the architects were able to keep the views, the scale, and a few historical buildings; we can examine the end result now. The project was developed by Ilia Utkin.

Julia Tarabarina

Written by:
Julia Tarabarina
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

26 December 2019
Object
mainImg
The history of the housing project “Metsenat” is complicated and unique in many respects. The idea of building something imposing in the stead of the former Soviet can factory, east of the famous Kadashi Resurrection Church, has been around for quite a while, at least since the 2000’s. Originally, the housing complex was called “Pyat Stolits” (“The Five Capitals”). 2009 saw the demolition of the factory buildings – and the project immediately caused a lot of public concern, both on the side of the parish, headed by the dean of the department of the devotional art of the St.Tikhon’s Orthodox University, the Father Superior, Alexander Saltykov, and on the side of the preservation group Arkhnadzor. The problem was best of all described by Alexander Mozhaev. It seems that nobody actually saw the project itself, yet the visualization of its buildings, five to six stories high (not thirty-five stories, it must be noted, to do the project justice), encircling the masterpiece of architecture of the late XVII century, the gem of Zamoskvorechye, went all over the press. While there is nothing new about this situation as such, what did come as a surprise was the fact that back in 2010 the then- Moscow Mayor, Yuri Luzhkov, halted the “Five Capitals” project. In the end of April of the same year, the city council was already considering a new proposal, which stayed within the confines of the so-called “regeneration” strategy consisting in restoring the city fabric without introducing any significant changes. The height of the buildings dropped from 5-6 floors down to 2-3, the overall area shrinking to about a third of the original size. In 2013, it became known that the project was further developed by Ilia Utkin, who back in 2011 was invited “to do the facades”; later on, however, the client commissioned the architect with the entire project.

The final project was supported by the local preservation activists, and in 2015 it passed the examination by the chief architect of Moscow, Sergey Kuznetsov.

This story is amazing in every respect: from the cancellation of the project by the mayor to the unexpected approval thereof – it turns out that one side does realize that building large-scale monsters next to a monument of architecture is an atrocity, yet it sort of does not fully realize it, while the other side agrees that something needs to be built here, all the more so because, when the scandal broke out, some of the apartments in this high-end residential complex in the center of Moscow were already sold (one cannot say that all of the problems were solved at once – Father Superior Alexander Saltykov continued his struggle against the construction as such, yet still, there was some sort of a ceasefire; see the interview with Ilia Utkin). The solution of the situation seemed to be the perfect, almost exemplary one. Since that time, there were a lot of changes, hopes, and disappointments; one could say that Moscow’s preservation of monuments has been through a very difficult decade with a beginning, a middle, and an end. As for the complex that caused so much controversy back in the day, it was finally completed last year – currently, they are cleaning up the land around it, liberally decorating it with various plants. We visited Kadashi together with the author of the project, Ilia Utkin, a convinced traditionalist, a “paper” architect, and a person who got an award of the Venice Architecture Biennale for a series of photos of ruins – and examined the end result. 

We enter the complex from the north, from the 2nd Kadashevsky Lane; or from the west, from the 1st – the new housing complex encircles the Kadashi Resurrection Church with its corner, following its main street: almost in the middle, it makes a 90-degree turn, which forms a small plaza lying before the main preserved and restored monument of architecture, the Olenev Chambers, which still keep the vaults of the XVII and XVIII centuries.

  • zooming
    1 / 7
    Moscow. Kadashevskaya Township, XXI century. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: Watercolor painting by Maria Utkina
  • zooming
    2 / 7
    The master plan. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    3 / 7
    The model. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    4 / 7
    The historical plan as of the beginning of the XX century. The current state. The project proposal
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    5 / 7
    The restoration project. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    6 / 7
    3D view. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    7 / 7
    3D view. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio


The residential buildings stand at a right angle to the main street with small branches between them; one can walk around some of the units – the structure of the master plan is quite clear, yet one can wander around for quite a while here. Because the main strong side of the urban space that has been formed inside the new housing complex is, of course, the views: of the Resurrection Church, and of the Kremlin with Ivan the Great Bell Tower. These two are not always present; rather, they suddenly open up in the perspective: what is consistent, however, is the fact that we always find ourselves in some peaceful and integral urban environment, occasionally seeing a bright landmark in between the houses – which constitutes a very “Moscow” effect of space perception; in this city, monuments of architecture oftentimes spring out of nowhere, without any spatial preparation, and the accidental character of the side scenes, from which we peek out in this or that case, is also a part of the game.

  • zooming
    1 / 5
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: Photograph © Ilia Utkin
  • zooming
    2 / 5
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: Photograph © Ilia Utkin
  • zooming
    3 / 5
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
    Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru
  • zooming
    4 / 5
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
    Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru
  • zooming
    5 / 5
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
    Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru


The author of the project, Ilia Utkin, was facing a lot of tasks: to keep and partially even restore the old structures that were not yet demolished during the moment of heated discussion, to find the optimum scale that would fit the place and stay within the regeneration limits, to find the style that would have logical justification, and, finally, find the basis for the integrity of the new fragment of city environment – a land plot with a complex outline and a few historical inclusions. And, although, while working in a historical environment, the architects chiefly pay attention to the preserved monuments, the visual integrity and the emotional qualities of the freshly built architecture are also very important and are much more than just a backdrop.

The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru


The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru


In this specific case, the author chose a style that is historically conditioned: in the late XIX century, this land was occupied by the Grigoryev Sausage Factory (which was later replaced by the Soviet experimental can factory) – low-rise squatting brick buildings with simple ornaments, characteristic for the historicist industrial construction of those days, such as dentils and square decorative brickwork.

  • zooming
    1 / 5
    Grigoryev Factory. View from the entrance gate, 1910
    Copyright: © provided by U-Studio
  • zooming
    2 / 5
    A fragment of historical brickwork used as the motif for ornament in the new project, 2013
    Copyright: © provided by U-Studio
  • zooming
    3 / 5
    Part of the construction in the Kadashevskaya township. The current state, 2013
    Copyright: © provided by U-Studio
  • zooming
    4 / 5
    Grigoryev Factory. The current state, 2013
    Copyright: © provided by U-Studio
  • zooming
    5 / 5
    The current state, 2013
    Copyright: © provided by U-Studio


“The land around the temple was essentially a rural production area: they would cut pigs here and make sausage – Ilia Utkin was explaining in 2013, justifying his decision to stick to “merchant” industrial architecture as an offset to the then-considered proposal that consisted of houses with columns – Next to the sausage factory, its owner built a large manor house, and there was a sausage store in the Kadashevsky lane. The workers from the factory lived in the mansards of the factory’s residential buildings, very densely packed. There was a special spirit about this place”.

Some of the factory buildings stood so close to one another that in the Soviet time they were covered by a single roof – and this is how a conglomerate of differently aged structures appeared, something that would be totally unthinkable nowadays, at least because of fire safety reasons: the spaces between the houses must be enough for at least one fire truck. However, from the pictures of the factory we can see that some of its buildings to the left of the 2nd Kadashevsky lane were standing in a row parallel to the lane – meaning, in about the same way as today’s buildings of the housing complex.

Grigoryev Factory. The entrance
Copyright: © provided by U-Studio


Thus, the basic image was defined by the industrial architecture of the XIX century, but the new buildings could not be, of course, fully identical to the factory buildings of the old days – the office function was cancelled still by Yuri Luzhkov back in 2010; today, this is a high-end complex in the center of Moscow, which simply cannot look like a factory. This is why the style of the old industrial architecture got an injection of “merchant” architecture, which is also historically correct for Zamoskvorechye. This is how the metal balconies came about, looking like cast-iron ones of the XIX century. The ventilating equipment is arranged in a semblance of chimneys, which looks quite traditional against the background of the hip roofs of steep pitch, and makes quite a good match for the mansards, whose outline was also borrowed from the industrial architecture – even though the mansards cannot be considered to be quite a “Moscow” element, they did occur in the architecture of this city from time to time, and here it is precisely the case when they are appropriate.

Grigoryev Factory. View from the yard
Copyright: © provided by U-Studio


The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru


Meanwhile, the architecture of the new residential buildings looks neater and more organized than that of the industrial buildings of the turn of the centuries: the overall impression is to a large extent defined by the dark-brown brick that looks somewhat like Art Nouveau tiles and just as neat, supported by broad bow-shaped cornices above the windows, made from fiber cement looking like white stone, inserted into smooth interfloor fasciae – all of this rather belongs to the early XX than to the late XIX century, while the pristine light verticals framing the entrances refer us to even more recent years, somewhere near the 1930’s. Generally, the result is something like a cross between industrial architecture and an Art Nouveau mansion, with a twist of Rome’s Piazza Augusto Imperatore. The industrial architecture lends the brick and the right composition of densely standing buildings, the mansion lends a graceful curve of the cornices and the “cast iron” balconies, the Piazza Augusto Imperatore lends an organized feel, unusual for the merchant Moscow, yet quite appropriate in a modern housing complex. After all, the architects also had to emphasize the fact that the complex is actually a modern construction to make sure people don’t confuse it with a fake – this is what the Venetian Charter demands – a new volume must be visually different than a historical one.

  • zooming
    1 / 8
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
    Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru
  • zooming
    2 / 8
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
    Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru
  • zooming
    3 / 8
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
    Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru
  • zooming
    4 / 8
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: Photograph © Ilia Utkin
  • zooming
    5 / 8
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
    Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru
  • zooming
    6 / 8
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
    Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru
  • zooming
    7 / 8
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
    Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru
  • zooming
    8 / 8
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
    Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru


In this case, the required difference is beautifully observed. One must begin with the source of inspiration, the only surviving factory building – it is partially preserved and partially restored. The brick is traditional red, unlike the brown in the newly built houses. According to the modern principle of working with the industrial heritage, the facades were cleared up and covered with water resistant substance, so we can not only admire the texture, but also watch various brickwork mismatches, which make this building, once simple and purely utilitarian, a living monument of its time. This building is also residential, yet what makes it different is the fact that in some places its top floors include two-level apartments with mansards.

The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru


The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru


The factory building is stretched along the inner street behind the gate on the 2nd Kadashevsky Lane, the gate itself being completely restored. Now it marks the border of the complex along the lane, at the same time emphasizing the fact that it does belong to the old Moscow with its inevitable gate before every piece of real estate. What was also restored was the facade of the sausage store of the Grigoryev factory – currently, this is the only place where the new architecture meets the old one in a straight cut; the new dark brick house bears an old facade. Unlike the inner building, whose brick is cleared in full accordance with the trends of “loft” architecture, the gate and the facade that face the street are left painted in a Moscow way. This solution must be recognized to be the right one because if we are to keep the visual appearance of the side-street, then we must keep all of its traditions; the cleared brick would have been too much of an obvious thing here.

The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru


The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru


The most ancient building, the one with the deepest “roots” was dug out from its cultural layer; around it, quite recognizable areaways appeared, unambiguously indicating its historical value. The house is also different in its color – it’s white-pink – and the textured irregularity of the brickwork, which helps to emphasize the age of the walls, many times rebuilt. This building will become the city mansion.

The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru


Another story has to do with yet another construction that drops off the overall color range – the yellowing volume is situated approximately where the deacon’s house used to be, on the line of Kadashevsky dead end street, between two new buildings. The house was torn down in the summer of 2010, which caused a storm of protests from the parish, yet it had been refused the status of an architectural monument at least twice, and during the designing process it belonged to the client who owned this land. In a word, the deacon’s house (former merchant’s) was torn down, and the current building, its color different from the rest of the complex, serves as a reminder about it, at the same time making the construction sparser, and creating an impression as if these buildings were constructed at different times, not because of the architect’s whim, but motivated by the history of this place.

  • zooming
    1 / 4
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: Photograph © Ilia Utkin
  • zooming
    2 / 4
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
    Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru
  • zooming
    3 / 4
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
    Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru
  • zooming
    4 / 4
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi / architect: Ilia Utkin
    Copyright: Photograph: Julia Tarabarina, Archi.ru


Still another micro-story: the factory building northeast of the church served as a chapel that was used by the revived parish; the building was torn down in the process of construction of the housing complex, yet the client built in this place a new chapel, also designed by Ilia Utkin, in simple classical forms, aimed at avoiding any kind of conflict with the architecture of the main church.

Project of the chapel on the territory of the Resurrection Church. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
Copyright © U-Studio


It must be said that these historical and memorial inclusions do a lot of good to the housing complex: their presence substantially softens up its visual appearance and adds to its emotional content, saving the buildings from turning into a totally alien spot. These elements, just as unpredictable as motivated, falling out of the overall rhythm, with which they only occasionally resonate – I would say that these elements, although they do stand in the ranks, only stand “at ease”, thus producing the effect of the old town, if not of the “ancient Moscow” construction, however new this embodiment can be. But this embodiment, together with its complicated history, still looks like a positive experience. The complex’s website proudly displays fragments of a garden of the Versailles type, the lawns are being planted, the streets are paved with stones, and are nice and quiet – it would be great if the complex, in spite of the expensiveness of its real property, was open to the city, but this is probably up to the client and to the city authorities.

  • zooming
    1 / 18
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi, visualization
    Copyright © U-Studio
  • zooming
    2 / 18
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi, visualization
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    3 / 18
    The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi, visualization
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    4 / 18
    Development drawing on the 2nd Kadashevsky lane. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    5 / 18
    The administration building. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    6 / 18
    Deacon′s house. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © provided by U-Studio
  • zooming
    7 / 18
    House №4. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    8 / 18
    House №5. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    9 / 18
    House №6. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    10 / 18
    House №8. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © provided by U-Studio
  • zooming
    11 / 18
    House №8. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    12 / 18
    House №3. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    13 / 18
    House №3. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    14 / 18
    The facade decoration material. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    15 / 18
    The facade decoration material. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    16 / 18
    The facade decoration material. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    17 / 18
    Development drawing 1-1. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio
  • zooming
    18 / 18
    Development drawing on the Kadashevsky dead end. The residential complex “Metsenat” in Kadashi
    Copyright: © U-Studio


Speaking of the architecture of the complex, this is definitely a true experience of regeneration – a genre that was once much talked about, yet the examples of which were not really quite successful. Here, however, thanks to the participation of Ilia Utkin with his love and passion for the old town, and, partially, thanks to the long history of protests from the local preservation activists, the result actually marches its official original definition – which means more than a lot for modern Moscow.


26 December 2019

Julia Tarabarina

Written by:

Julia Tarabarina
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
​The Thin Matter
The house named “Medny 3.14” (“Copper 3.14”) is composed of two textures, each of which resembles in its own way some kind of precious fabric, and of three units, each of which is oriented towards one cardinal point. The architecture of the house absorbs the nuances of the context, summing them up and turning them into a single rhythmic structure. In this article, we are examining the new, just-completed, house designed by Sergey Skuratov in Donskaya Street.
​Super Pergola
The new business center built in Moscow’s district of Presnya in the 1st Zemelny Lane is all about technology and sustainability. Its streamlined shapes and white facade grid are combined with a new version of vertical greenery: the green of wild grapes, placed at a distance from the facade, instead of arguing with the “pergola” grid, sets it off by contrast.
​Lightness of Being
Blooming Sakura, a campfire party, kids splashing in a swimming pool – no, these are not pictures from a vacation, but everyday life going on in the yards of Kiev’s housing complex “Fayna Town”. In this issue, we are examining how the utopia designed by the architects is wired, and what they did to make it a reality.
​A Triangular Folded Structure
The project of the new terminal of the Muraviev-Amursky airport in Blagoveshchensk offers architecture based on a modular form – endowed with a special imagery, it becomes the basis both for the carrying structures of the building and the plastique of the facade, at the same time reverberating in the interior design.
​The Breath of the East
Designing a residential complex for Tashkent, GENPRO is turning to traditional architecture and modern trends, aiming at emotionality and efficiency: the panjar window lattices and mishrabias are neighboring on vertical greenery and parametric ornaments, while the theme buildings do on a cotton alley and an oriental bazaar.
​Analysis and Synthesis
The project of the housing complex “Krasin”, designed for the historical center of St. Petersburg, and situated in a very obliging place – next to the Mining University designed by Voronikhin, yet bordering on an industrial area – became the result of a thorough analysis of the specifics of historical construction on the Vasilyevsky Island, and a subsequent synthesis with avoidance of direct stylization, yet forming a recognizable silhouette, resonant with the “old town”.
​Tatiana Guk: “A document that determines the development of the city has to be flexible”
In this issue, we are talking to the director of the Genplan Institute of Moscow about trends that determine the future, about the 70-year history of the Institute, which is celebrating an anniversary this year, about electronic computing in the field of urban planning and about international experience accumulated in this area, as well as about how the Institute is involved with other cities, and about the perfect document for the city development, which has to be flexible and strategic.
​Dialectical Manifesto
The high-rise housing complex MOD, whose construction has begun in Moscow’s district of Maryina Roshcha next to the site, on which the new Russian Railways headquarters will be built, is responding to the “central” context of the future city surroundings, and at the same time is positioned by the architects as a “manifesto of Modernist minimalist principles in architecture”.
​Asimov’s Dream
A project by DNK ag won in a competition for the science campus of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in the city of Sarov, conducted by ROSATOM corporation in collaboration with the Moscow State University, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Kurchatov Institute.
​Near-Earth Space
The new terminal of the Leonov Airport in Kemerovo was built in record-breaking time, despite the pandemic. It became one of the important factors for the rapid development of the city, visually reflecting its dedication to the first spacewalk, both in the interiors and on the facades. Its main features are the “starry sky” effect and overall openness.
​The Spiral Approach
The school building in the city of Nur-Sultan, designed by Vera Budko and Anton Nadtochiy from beginning to end – from concept to working documentation – became the embodiment of the architects’ method for creating a modern educational environment, which the ATRIUM architects have been developing for years. Its fundamentals include creating an inspiring environment that motivates you to create. This is why the new school received a shape of an ornamental golden spiral that symbolizes ascension to knowledge; on the inside, the building is a compound and multifunctional “city within a city” with multilevel atriums, amphitheaters, and varying routes.
​The Ecological Bend
A story about how plans for laying a road on the border of a park turned into plans for saving the ecosystem and improving the walking trails.
​Kasimir from Kemerovo
The project of the branch of the Russian Museum for the Siberian Art Cluster is based on the ideas of Suprematism: basic shapes, and dynamism of color and form.
​Stream and Lines
Stepan Liphart’s projects of Art Deco villas demonstrate technical symbolism in combination with a subtle reference to the 1930s. One of the projects is a “paper” one; the others are designed for real customers: a top manager, an art collector, and a developer.
On the Bank of a Very Quiet River
The project of landscaping the territory of the residential complex NOW in Moscow’s Nagatinskaya Valley goes beyond the limits of its task and looks more like a modern park: with viewing platforms, an embankment, spaces different in their moods, and thought-out scenarios for visitors aged between 0 and 80.
​The Strategy of Transformation
In this article, we are publishing eight projects of reconstructing postwar Modernist buildings that have been implemented by Tchoban Voss Architekten and showcased in the AEDES gallery at the recent Re-Use exhibition. Parallel to that, we are meditating on the demonstrated approaches and the preservation of things that architectural legislation does not require to preserve.
In the Rhythm of Block Construction
Last week, the housing complex “Ty i Ya” (“You and Me”) was presented, built in the northwest of Moscow. By a number of parameters, it exceeds the originally stated comfort-class format, and, on the other hand, fully meeting the city block construction paradigm, popular in Moscow, demonstrates a few interesting features, such as a new kind of public spaces for the residents, and high-ceilinged apartments on the first floors.
​Five Nonlinear Ones
Recently, at the Moscow Urban Forum, they announced a large-scale project that Zaha Hadid Architects would do for Moscow – the multifunctional housing complex Union Towers designed for Quarter 82 of Khoroshevo-Mnevniki at the commission of KROST development.
​Etudes in Glass
The housing complex, located not far away from the Paveletskaya Railway Station, as a symbol of a sweeping transformation of this area: a composition of towers of different height, ingenious detailing of stained glass windows, and a green lawn in the yard.
A Flyover in Watercolor
For the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Vasilkovsky, the architectural office of Evgeny Gerasimov is reflecting on the Ushakov Flyover, which was designed with input from this artist and architect. In this article, we are showing its watercolors and sketches, including the preliminary ones that were not included in the final project, as well as speaking about the importance of architectural drawing.
​Walking on Clouds
A restaurant in the Khibiny skiing complex: 820 meters above the sea level, sweeping views, a levitation effect, and ingenious engineering solutions.
​Transformation with Multiplication
The Palace of Water Sports in Luzhniki is one of the high-profile and nontrivial reconstructions of recent years, and a project that won one of the first competitions, initiated by Sergey Kuznetsov as the main architect of Moscow. The complex opened 2 years ago; this article about it comes out at the start of the bathing season.
​Sergey Tchoban: “I believe it’s very important to preserve this city as a record...
Although originally we planned to speak in this interview with Sergey Tchoban about high-rise construction, the conversation turned out to be 70% about meditation on the ways of regenerating the historical city and about the role of the city fabric as the most objective and unbiased historical record. And, as for the towers, which manifest social contrasts and leave a lot of junk when torn down, the conversation was about the expected construction norms and regulations. We took this interview one day before the Lakhta-2 project was announced, and this is why this newsbreak is not commented upon in any way in this article.
​Courtyards and Constructivism
In this issue, we are examining the second major block of the “city within a city” Ligovsky City complex, designed and built by A-Len, and combining several trends characteristic of modern urban architecture.
​Inside of a Drawn Grid
Designing the apartment complex PLAY in Danilovskaya Sloboda, ADM architects placed their bet on the imagery of construction. The area where it manifested itself the most vividly was the sophisticated grid of the facades.
​Headquarters of the Future
The project by “Arena Group”, which won in an open competition of ideas for the headquarters of the Italian company FITT, combines futuristic forms, an interesting set of functions, energy efficiency, and subtle references to the archetypes of Italian architecture. Particularly beautiful is the “continuous” fountain. In this issue, we are sharing about the three winners of the competition.
​A Tiered Composition
A little bit of New York in Odessa: an apartment complex designed and built by “Archimatika” with towers, townhouses, a square, and swimming pools.
​The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
​MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.