- contemporary architecture
In Moscow vicinity, architect Totan Kuzembaev is going to build a "Crystal" House - a villa with unusual-looking acute-angled facades.
Totan Kuzembaev was commissioned to design this house by a person in whose opinion the most boring thing in the world is the geometry of housing that is commonly accepted in these latitudes. According to him, the rectangular and square plans of apartments and houses might actually bore a person to death, and he is going to put a stop to it right now - at least within the confines of his own home. And it was specifically for this reason that the main condition that the customer put forward to the architect was the dramatic geometry that promised the villa as many acute angles and broken facets as possible. Totan Kuzembaev reminisces that at first he tried to reason with the young man saying that such houses are more expensive to build, that they are really high-maintenance but then he checked himself: was this not the opportunity to experiment that every architect dreams of grabbing a hold of? So, the experiment began.
The customer mentioned his love of triangles so many times that it was this particular figure that the architect decided to base his plan upon. To be more precise, on two triangles that cut each other at two sharp angles and then get shifted a little bit off the central axis. However, even the resulting wild combination did not look dynamic enough to Totan Kuzembaev in terms of this particular house, and this is why on its side walls (the short cut-offs of triangles) the architect makes extra triangular cuts, as if splitting the wall surface in two, and pierces one of the "open book" side facades with an extra wedge, thanks to which the plan of the house starts looking a little like a bifurcating letter "X". Accidentally, it is the bifurcating side that is actually the main facade of the house that is turned southwest: as the architect himself explains, he inserted an extra block here so as to turn "Crystal" to the sunny side with as many of its premises as possible.
The volume that was later on grown matches the plan. The architect treats each "stroke" of the mysterious letter as an independent volume formed by broken planes most of which meet one another at sharp angles. For their facing, Totan Kuzembaev chooses the galvanized roof steel that obliterates the boundary between the facades and the roof and turned the house into a single crystal structure. Some of the windows are integrated directly into the facets but the main role here is played by the panoramic stained glass that completes the broken shapes and thus softens their terminally dynamic, if not to say hostile, appearance. The large-scale glazing here can be likened to the polished facets that turn the mineral into a precious stone.
Inscribing all the premises required by the customer into a house of such a sophisticated shape proved to be a tall order indeed. The solution was prompted by the small height difference that was there in the land site: integrating "Crystal" into the landscape, the architect manages to squeeze into it as much as four levels. These are not the traditional floors, though, placed on top of one another, but rather a complex system of double-height rooms, sunk-in basement floor, and the attic: in fact, Totan Kuzembaev evenly spreads various functions over Crystal's numerous polygons.
For one, when a person enters the house he gets immediate access to the drawing room, kitchen/dining room, or one of the numerous terraces. He can get up half a floor or, the other way around, down half a floor and see all the utility premises of Crystal. Accordingly, for the bedroom level a person can get yet another half floor higher up and find himself in the study - the latter is situated in a separate volume on the topmost level. According to the author, the unconventional architectural solution of the house will always show through in its interiors as well. And it is not just the plans of separate rooms (even though the customer sure will have to get used to his so-much-craved-for sharp angles) - the walls of the public areas, for example, will be decorated with the same galvanized steel as the facades, while the places where this material will not look appropriate will be reigned by wood - the same kind that is used on the "broken" slopes of the outer shell of the house.
As was already said, one of the main strong points of "Crystal" is its huge stained-glass windows that make all its rooms really fair and light. The utility premises are, of course, no exception - even though they are situated in the basement floor that is in fact a monolith box, the architect cuts windows in the m wherever possible. What is also important is the fact that the relatively narrow band of the openings will not only help the future inhabitants of the house considerably save on the lighting of the bottom level but it also plays an important part in the shaping of its architectural image, visually "lifting" Crystal above the ground, "tearing" it off the Moscow soil that is not really used to these kind of experiments.