When I came
to do an interview with Andrew Gnezdilov in "Ostozhenka" bureau, I
was able to see part of the corporate seminar dedicated to the development of
What are your impressions of working on the concept of development of Moscow Megalopolis area?
speaking, I am happy to be doing this work.
And what do such panel discussions give you?
per se is an indispensable part of this kind of work. We always discuss things.
We speak to the writer, historian, and architect Andrew Baldin. We speak to
Arkadiy Tishkov, associate director of
The thing here is you do not have to create a project from scratch. Rather, it's like making a diagnosis and suggesting a treatment: it is obvious that this city is unhealthy. A city is an organism rather than a mechanism: a lot of complex systems that are interconnected. What you have to do here is examine these systems separately, send them to different doctors, if you like, and then study the connections between them just as diligently.
Are you an advocate or an opponent of cars?
In some cases I will drive my car, in some - use the public transportation.
Our city is not the perfect place to live in, regardless of whether you are driving your car or use the public transportation. The situation is significantly better downtown but beyond the Third Transport Ring it is a different world with laws of its own. But then again, it is not quite city out there, rather, the proverbial metropolitan area that consists of neighborhoods built in place of the former villages and settlements. The connection between them is rather poor because our city has been developing on a star-like model, just like any single-nucleus megalopolis. Besides, the star shape of the city is very characteristic of the centrally-controlled power that we have here.
Speaking of the powers that be - are you going to literally implement the decision of the city authorities and use in your project the southwest territories recently adjoined to Moscow?
regulations do not contain any specific requirements to build something on this
particular territory. Here's how the task runs: development of the joined
territories in connection with the old
Now you are
working on the giant project of
Speaking on the particular subject of Ostozhenka neighborhood, the key idea was that you cannot reorganize the city based on the principles that are aliens to it, that are forced on it from elsewhere. It was then that we turned for guidance to the old "Moscow Statute" that was adopted in the middle XIX century and contained simple but very wise fundamentals, an important rule for a fire wall, for instance, according to which the wall of the house located at the end of a land plot was to be built completely blind so that in case of a fire the neighboring house would not catch. Apart from that, in Ostozhenka case, the main planning module for us was the territory of the historical households - we did quite a bit of research, established their boundaries, and did our planning in accordance with these boundaries.
back in 1989 - still living in
But there must be a multitude of layers as well: the medieval city, then the capitalist one, then the modernist town planning...
This is a scar. But it will heal in time.
Actually, there is nothing heroic about humans changing the landscape. The landscape will always ultimately get an upper hand. I am quite the fatalist in this sense.
What is your favorite project?
Well, it's the Big Moscow, as a matter of fact. This is probably the ms exciting project for me. Out of the other projects, it's hard to tell. "Embassy House" promised to be my favorite but as far as the quality of construction work is concerned, especially in the details, it turned unsatisfactory for me. Besides, the critical reviews started to compare it to Melnikov house, which is not correct.
You did not think of Melnikov at all when you were designing that one?
Not at all, and I have always denied that. Our facade with its triangular and diamond-shaped windows is not a formal or decorative "stylistic device" but a solution that sprang out of necessity: the land plot was tight, and we made a pedestrian passage on the level of the ground floor. We also turned the wall above it into an arched girder, very much like a bridge. Here we worked with a great engineer Mityukov who sadly tragically died later on. He had a passion for doing this work and we ultimately got a house that was great from the construction standpoint. I think that all of its artistic merits are based on the successful engineering solutions. So, this house must be my favorite.
So, designing a tiny pedestrian passage running along the house and designing on a megalopolis scale - these two things are of equal interest to you?
Well, yes! Besides, as a rule, I have to do both at a time.
It is a common misconception that architects are the guys that draw the facades. Because we use the urban fundamentals in our work! We work with loads of information, deduce the regularities and consistent patterns in order to understand how we should be developing this or that area.
I recently bought a pair of anti-glare glasses, the kind that is made for drivers or for fishermen. You put them on and they cut off the flares, cut off things that you don't need so you can now see what's important, things you could not see behind the ripples. We do just about the same thing: we try to see how things operate, foresee the development logic, if you like. There is nothing mystical or mysterious about it, everything is as rational as it can be, if only you might need some intuition.
How did Alexander Skokan influence you?
We really go back a long way; you can say that I grew up by his side: back then I was 30, now I am 55 - I have known him practically my whole life. This man has an amazing intuition. To have a vision of the possible future - I guess he can do it like nobody else can. He is not some sort of medium, of course, just a very intelligent and insightful person. I guess I am really lucky to work with him.