The list of 25 Russian and foreign architects who would present their projects of Perm art Galley competition has been published. There had been two main criteria – symbolic project, as well as new names. The competition should give a city a architectural attraction as well as find a new ‘star’. Six Russian architects have been selected to take part in the competition.
Written by: Irina Filchenkova
25 July 2007
At the moment the Perm art gallery is situated in the 19th century Cathedral which is to be returned to Russian Orthodox Church. Unlike any other cases it has been decided not only to build a new museum building but also to turn it into a landmark. The international competition has been announced. It has been organised by Moscow Centre for Contemporary Architecture, and one of the jury members is a well-known Swiss architect Peter Zumtor. The museum’s building is to be erected on the bank of the Kama river and is to become the city’s ‘gates’. The site is not far from the city centre but is currently known as one of its dreary spots. According to the Perm Minister of culture, O. Otshepkov, the building of the museum would stimulate the development of the whole city district. And the brilliant of the Perm Art Gallery – its unique collection of cult wooden sculpture would be placed in modern technological context, and numerous thematic and education centres would be opened. It is easy to notice that here is an attempt to use a well-known Western idea in Russia. Its classic example would be Bilbao that was turned from a small obscure town to a world cultural centre after a new building of Guggenheim Museum had been built by Frank Gehry. All Russian attempts to emulate this example were about inviting foreign ‘stars’ to big cities – and they all ended up in scandal. Perm’s competition is different: first, it is open. Secondly, it has a double aim – to find an impressive project and a new star. Thus a great deal of attention was paid to relatively unknown names and to young architects. The jury (Irina Korobyna, the head of the Moscow Centre for Contemporary Architecture, Oleg Otshepkov, the Perm’s Minister of Culture, Alexander Kudryavtsev, the President of the Academy of Architecture, and the foreign ‘star’ Peter Zumtor) has selected 25 architects who are to compete in the final stage. The criteria were as follows – if an architect was already known, he was to demonstrate a completely unpredictable portfolio (this was the case of Vladimir Plotkin). Apart from him there were five more architects from Russia selected – Alexander Brodsky, Totan Kizenbaev, ‘Atr-Blya’, and “A+” from Perm. Journalists have noticed tension between the concept of the city development which needed a guaranteed landmark, and the competition’s aim at finding new names. On the other hand what really matters is not so much the name of an architect as the quality of the project itself. In any case one has to admit that the organizers and the jury are extremely ambitious in their desire to build a landmark, find a new star, and to change the city image radically, following European practices. They keep one safety line though – the competition riles state that local authorities have a right to veto the winning project; in such case a winner would be recompensed by the double premium of $200,000. The winners are to be announced on the 6th of December 2007. The shortlist: 1. «А+» / Russia, Perm 2. Acconci Studio + Guy Nordenson and Associates LLP / USA, NY 3. Adjaye Associates / Great Britain, London 4. Aleksandr Brodsky bureau / Russia, Moscow 5. Asymptote Architecture PLLC / USA, New York 6. Coop Himmelb(l)au, Prix, Dreibholz&Partner / Austria, Vienne 7. Eric Owen Moss Architects / USA, Culver City 8. Esa Ruskeepää / Finland, Helsinki 9. Hans HOLLEIN / Austria, Wien 10. Kitagamura – Dendra / Japan, Tokyo 11. LOMA architecture landscape urbanism / Germany, Kassel 12. Meili, Peter Architekten AG / Switzerland, Zurich 13. Naga Studio Architecture / USA, Los Angeles 14. Nieto Sobejano / Spain, Madrid 15. NOX Lars Spuybroek / The Netherlands, Rotterdam 16. Odile Decq Benoît Cornette Architects and Urban Planners / France, Paris 17. OOO Bernasconi / Russia, Moscow 18. Schmidt Hammer Lassen k/s / Denmark, Aarhus 19. Søren Robert Lund Arkitekter / Denmark, Copenhagen 20. Tatiana Bilbao / Mexico, Mexico 21. Totan Kuzembaev Architectural workshop / Russia, Moscow 22. Valerio Olgiati / Switzerland, Shur 23. Vladimir Plotkin / Russia, Moscow 24. Zaha Hadid Architects trading / Great Britain, London 25. ООО «А – B» / Russia, Moscow
The Strategy of Transformation
In this article, we are publishing eight projects of reconstructing postwar Art Nouveau buildings that have been implemented by Tchoban Voss Architekten and showcased in the AEDES gallery at the recent Re-Use exhibition. Parallel to that, we are meditating on the demonstrated approaches and the preservation of things that architectural legislation does not require to preserve.
Five Nonlinear Ones
Recently, at the Moscow Urban Forum, they announced a large-scale project that Zaha Hadid Architects would do for Moscow – the multifunctional housing complex Union Towers designed for Quarter 82 of Khoroshevo-Mnevniki at the commission of KROST development.
Etudes in Glass
The housing complex, located not far away from the Paveletskaya Railway Station, as a symbol of a sweeping transformation of this area: a composition of towers of different height, ingenious detailing of stained glass windows, and a green lawn in the yard.
A Flyover in Watercolor
For the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Vasilkovsky, the architectural office of Evgeny Gerasimov is reflecting on the Ushakov Flyover, which was designed with input from this artist and architect. In this article, we are showing its watercolors and sketches, including the preliminary ones that were not included in the final project, as well as speaking about the importance of architectural drawing.
Transformation with Multiplication
The Palace of Water Sports in Luzhniki is one of the high-profile and nontrivial reconstructions of recent years, and a project that won one of the first competitions, initiated by Sergey Kuznetsov as the main architect of Moscow. The complex opened 2 years ago; this article about it comes out at the start of the bathing season.
Sergey Tchoban: “I believe it’s very important to preserve this city as a record...
Although originally we planned to speak in this interview with Sergey Tchoban about high-rise construction, the conversation turned out to be 70% about meditation on the ways of regenerating the historical city and about the role of the city fabric as the most objective and unbiased historical record. And, as for the towers, which manifest social contrasts and leave a lot of junk when torn down, the conversation was about the expected construction norms and regulations. We took this interview one day before the Lakhta-2 project was announced, and this is why this newsbreak is not commented upon in any way in this article.
Courtyards and Constructivism
In this issue, we are examining the second major block of the “city within a city” Ligovsky City complex, designed and built by A-Len, and combining several trends characteristic of modern urban architecture.
Inside of a Drawn Grid
Designing the apartment complex PLAY in Danilovskaya Sloboda, ADM architects placed their bet on the imagery of construction. The area where it manifested itself the most vividly was the sophisticated grid of the facades.
Headquarters of the Future
The project by “Arena Group”, which won in an open competition of ideas for the headquarters of the Italian company FITT, combines futuristic forms, an interesting set of functions, energy efficiency, and subtle references to the archetypes of Italian architecture. Particularly beautiful is the “continuous” fountain. In this issue, we are sharing about the three winners of the competition.
The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.
This Beetle Has Flown
The story of designing a business center in the Zhukov (“Beetle”) Drive: a number of attempts to preserve a hundred-year-old cold storage facility, at the same time introducing modern buildings interpreting the industrial theme. The project remained on paper, but the story behind it seems to be worth our attention.
The Childhood Territory
The project of the educational complex within the second stage of “Spanish Quarters” was developed by ASADOV Architects. The project is all about creating a friendly and transparent environment that in itself educates and forms the personality of a child.
Man and the City
Designing this large-scale housing complex, GAFA architects accentuated two types of public spaces: bustling streets with shops and cafes – and a totally natural yard, visually separated as much as possible from the city. Making the most out of the contrast, both work together to make the life of the residents of EVER housing complex eventful and diverse.
Andy Snow: “I aim for an architecture which is rational and poetic”
The British architect Andy Snow has recently become the chief architect at GENPRO Architects & Engineers. Projects, which Andy Snow did in the UK in collaboration with world-famous architectural firms, scored numerous international awards. In Russia, the architect took part in designing Moscow’s Stanislavsky Factory business center, iLove housing complex, and AFI2B business center on the 2nd Brestskaya Street. In our interview, Andy Snow compared the construction realities in Russia and the UK, and also shared his vision of architectural prospects in Russia.
The Living Growth
The grand-scale housing complex AFI PARK Vorontsovsky in Moscow’s southwest consists of four towers, a “slab” house, and a kindergarten building. Interestingly, the plastique of the residential buildings is quite active – they seem to be growing before your eyes, responding to the natural context, and first of all opening the views of the nearby park. As for the kindergarten building, it is cute and lyrical, like a little sugar house.
Sergey Skuratov: “A skyscraper is a balance of technology, economic performance, and aesthetic...
In March, two buildings of the Capital Towers complex were built up to a 300-meter elevation mark. In this issue, we are speaking to the creator of Moscow’s cutting-edge skyscrapers: about heights and proportions, technologies and economics, laconicism and beauty of superslim houses, and about the boldest architectural proposal of recent years – the Le Corbusier Tower above the Tsentrosoyuz building.
The Red Building
The area of Novoslobodskaya has received Maison Rouge – an apartment complex designed by ADM, which continues the wave of renovation, started by the Atmosphere business center, from the side of the Palikha Street.
The Uplifting Effect
The project of Ostankino Business Park was developed for the land site lying between two metro stations (one operating and the other in construction), and because of that its public space is designed to equally cater for the city people and the office workers. The complex stands every chance of becoming the catalyst for development of the Butyrsky area.
In this article, we are examining a rather rare and interesting case – two projects by Evgeny Gerasimov situated on one street and completed with a five years’ difference, presenting the perfect example of example for analyzing the overall trends and approaches practiced by the architectural company.
Raising the Yard
The housing complex Renome consists of two buildings: a modern stone house and a red-brick factory building of the end of the XIX century, reconstructed by measurements and original drafts. The two buildings are connected by an “inclined” yard – a rare, by Moscow standards, version of geoplastics that smoothly ascends to the roof of the stores lined up along a pedestrian street.
Hearing the Tune of the Past
The Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist in the park near the Novodevichy Convent was conceived in 2012 in honor of the 200th anniversary of the victory over Napoleon. However, instead of declamatory grandeur and “fanfare”, the architect Ilia Utkin presented a concentrated and prayerful mood, combined with a respectful attitude of this tent-shaped church, which also includes some elements of architecture of orders. The basement floor hosts a museum of excavations found on the site of the church.
The high-end residential complex STORY, situated near the Avtozavodskaya metro station and the former ZIL factory, is delicately inscribed in the contrastive context, while its shape, which combines a regular grid and a stunning “shift” of the main facade, seems to respond to the dramatic history of the place, at the same time, however, allowing for multiple interpretations.
Yards and Towers: the Samara Experiment
The project of “Samara Arena Park”, proposed by Sergey Skuratov, scored second place in the competition. The project is essentially based on experimenting with typology of residential buildings and gallery/corridor-type city blocks combined with towers – as well as on sensitive response to the context and the urge to turn the complex into a full-fledged urban space providing a wide range of functions and experiences.
The Fili Duo
The second phase of the Filicity housing complex, designed by ADM architects, is based on the contrast between a 57-story skyscraper 200 meters high and an 11-story brick house. The high-rise building sets a futuristic vector in Moscow housing architecture.
The Wall and the Tower
The OSA architects have been searching for solutions that could be opposed to the low-rise construction in the center of Khabarovsk, as well as an opportunity to say a new word in the discourse about mass housing.
An Office for Concentrating Ideas
T+T Architects have designed an office for a French IT company, where the employees in any point of the premises can discuss with their colleagues new ideas or even write them on the wall.