По-русски

Rule of a garden

Project of the residential complex for 20 thousand people “Gardens of cultures” has the three components: urban conveniences, nature and allusions to architecture of various European countries. That is not easy. But it appears to be achievable and even possible to create a balanced image which smartly applies classic methods within modernism.

Written by:
Anna Savkina

14 January 2009
Object
mainImg
Firm:
SPEECH
Object:
Master plan of residential complex “Gardens of cultures” on Pyatnitskoe highway
Russia, Pyatnitskoe highway

Project Team:
S.Tchoban, S.Kuznetsov, Stefan Sholtz, A. Dryabina, P.Karpeeva

2.2008 — 11.2008

For the past 5-6 years elite settlements have become rather popular, they have stylized design of a particular epoch or a country – Italian style settlements, or, say, English. Along the monoculture ones there appeared a concept of multicultural settlements – such would be a “City of millionaires” somewhere in Pyatnitskogo area: an elite district each block of which would picture a country or an epoch. They had been discussed the idea for a year and then rejected it. But ideas do not give up easily – this summer “SPeeCH” studio has offered their own solution for the alike concept, for the territory nearby and along Pyatnitskaya highway. In the project with the speaking name “Culture of Gardens”. Must notice, it is very much alive now, though its scale seems enormous after the autumn shake – in fact it makes a town, 20 thousand people will be accommodated on 67ha.

So, the speaking name. We will start with the second word “cultures”. The town is divided into blocks, according to the idea of the authors each reminds of a country, which are: Germany, Spain, Holland and France. This is a multicultural complex. One buys a place in the austere German block, and in the evenings strolls along emotional Spain, and vise versa. A small, limited in its ha Europe. That is the idea of developers known in private for about 5 or more years.

What is peculiar about the project by “SPeeCH”? Probably, that is a high degree of generalization. The goal – is to show differences between architectural images of various countries – first, is achieved not intensively, or so to say with “wide strokes”, and second, obviously, there is used characteristic motifs, familiar to anyone. What is more important – there is no cheating on the audience or no intentional copying. The authors are not indented to create an illusion of presence in England or in Holland, they find an image of each land.

Spanish block includes 12- and 6storey towers with stripes of balconies and insertions of colored panels. Clear horizontal lines of solid deepened balconies makes many associations. Take for instance the area between Calle de Costa Rica Street and Alberto Alcocer Avenue, or Campo Volantin in Bilbao with colored of the hotel in front of the Guggenheim Museum.
In the Dutch block the architects placed simple 7storey volumes faced with brick of a warm brown-red (true color of the brick) shade. This makes it similar to all small towns together and different from any of them. The German area got a characteristic combine of glass and polished pale-yellow stone.

Allow me to observe, everything is done within modernist model, by texture, colour and shape. Bauhaus guru would probably be pleased to see “authenticity without copying" in a room.

The word "gardens” in the name of the residential complex is not accidental and might be more important. It is responsible for both the general and the particular, for difference and integrity of the small town. Through all the details the complex on Pyatnitskoe highway is a garden. First, the architects have turned it into a really green town: on one of the two main axes there will be a park with a waterfall in the end where boating will be available in summer, and skiing in winter. Besides, each block will be planted with particular type of tree. There even might appear small private gardens on the ground floors. This is how the architects have developed the popular today idea of dwelling in the nature with regular urban conveniences. In this way the separate town-garden is a less expensive variant of a private house in an elite settlement.

Also the complex is integral due to common planning principles. It is more or less strict. The two main axes cross under a right angle: the mentioned earlier "park" one, with a pond and free layout. There is a school, a nursery school and a sports facility. The second axes suggests a parade town promenade, a small garden framed with shop and offices. Its architecture could be figuratively named “Moscow-wise” because there are gathered most recognizable features of projects by “SPeeCH” in the capital - stripes stone boards-jalousie, very much art-deco vertical lines…”Byzantine house” and “Marine”, office building on Leninsky avenue come to mind. This part of the project took all the strictness and respectability of the residential complex.

“National” blocks stretch along the parade “town centre”, perpendicularly to the garden part. Houses are sited differently, but most of them fence off yards. The plan is more like “Stalin period” blocks in Moscow, so that is rather a classical approach to town planning than a modernist. The logic is clear – sited along the perimeter, buildings make comfortable space of inner yards, and outside form a kind of frontage line and neat streets.

In addition to the axial, stone and parade main street, there is another part of the development which hasn't gain any “national feature”. It is an island. The block is sited on a round island in the middle of the pond and includes small (3-4storey) colored houses placed closely along the outer round. Within there are rings of the small garden which are like a park labyrinth (French parks had such, mostly round, of flowers or bushes). But here one can’t get lost there, the height is small. In the “labyrinth” there will be planted trees of pyramid shape reminding of the South. To complete the scene there will be a round pond with a fountain in the centre – the axes of the joyful block. Venice? But there are no direct analogies, and role of the island is different – it serves as a filter or a catalyst element. Images of various countries pressed together inevitably create much of garishness, much of diversity. The island takes all the extravagance and intensifies it – after its colorful whirl the rest might seem colder. At the same time the island is the major enjoyable spot of the park complex – it is a pole opposite to strictness of the main street.

Noteworthy, Sergey Tchoban again appeals to international theme and idea of combining various architecture within a single place. In summer of 2008 at the architectural biennale in Moscow there was showcased a project of residential district Kudrovo nearby Saint Petersburg, designed by the studio together with “Evgeny Gerasimov and partners” architectural studio. The architects suggested the project of a town where blocks would remind arrangement of European cities, for example, Paris, Berlin, London.

Comparing the two projects, must notice, Kudrovo district is closer to the historical image of European capitals and “pictures” them precisely. And the complex on Pyatnitskaya highway is more generalized and modern. It is functional to the utmost, but its area is open and friendly, adapted for socializing. Distance from a block to block makes 30 meters, so one may reach by foot any community centre. Due to development of yards and squares, closeness of public zones, it doesn't have isolation that large residential volumes of high-rise housing have. The environment is not strange anymore, not only apartment area makes home but the yard, street and the entire town.

Many times architects tried to “peace” a man, town and nature. In Great Britain, around a century ago, the idea of there a garden-town started up – an alternative to cramped and stone town of early capitalism. A garden-town aimed to combine idyll of a countryside living and urban conveniences and comfort, the idea is still urgent nowadays and has a history. In the “Garden of cultures” there is a third element – culture. During the 20th century it became obvious - a man can't survive without it. The task is tougher now. Checks and balances are needed here. There has shaped a town vaguely resembling a palace park of the 17th century – in those times people knew that for balance living nature, house and something for mind were needed. They were building pavilions in different styles, Moresque, Gothic or rural. So the idea of “Gardens of cultures” is not new, but is a well forgotten thing, came from the history. And that is alright.



Firm:
SPEECH
Object:
Master plan of residential complex “Gardens of cultures” on Pyatnitskoe highway
Russia, Pyatnitskoe highway

Project Team:
S.Tchoban, S.Kuznetsov, Stefan Sholtz, A. Dryabina, P.Karpeeva

2.2008 — 11.2008

14 January 2009

Written by:

Anna Savkina
Headlines now
​The Thin Matter
The house named “Medny 3.14” (“Copper 3.14”) is composed of two textures, each of which resembles in its own way some kind of precious fabric, and of three units, each of which is oriented towards one cardinal point. The architecture of the house absorbs the nuances of the context, summing them up and turning them into a single rhythmic structure. In this article, we are examining the new, just-completed, house designed by Sergey Skuratov in Donskaya Street.
​Super Pergola
The new business center built in Moscow’s district of Presnya in the 1st Zemelny Lane is all about technology and sustainability. Its streamlined shapes and white facade grid are combined with a new version of vertical greenery: the green of wild grapes, placed at a distance from the facade, instead of arguing with the “pergola” grid, sets it off by contrast.
​Lightness of Being
Blooming Sakura, a campfire party, kids splashing in a swimming pool – no, these are not pictures from a vacation, but everyday life going on in the yards of Kiev’s housing complex “Fayna Town”. In this issue, we are examining how the utopia designed by the architects is wired, and what they did to make it a reality.
​A Triangular Folded Structure
The project of the new terminal of the Muraviev-Amursky airport in Blagoveshchensk offers architecture based on a modular form – endowed with a special imagery, it becomes the basis both for the carrying structures of the building and the plastique of the facade, at the same time reverberating in the interior design.
​Analysis and Synthesis
The project of the housing complex “Krasin”, designed for the historical center of St. Petersburg, and situated in a very obliging place – next to the Mining University designed by Voronikhin, yet bordering on an industrial area – became the result of a thorough analysis of the specifics of historical construction on the Vasilyevsky Island, and a subsequent synthesis with avoidance of direct stylization, yet forming a recognizable silhouette, resonant with the “old town”.
​Tatiana Guk: “A document that determines the development of the city has to be flexible”
In this issue, we are talking to the director of the Genplan Institute of Moscow about trends that determine the future, about the 70-year history of the Institute, which is celebrating an anniversary this year, about electronic computing in the field of urban planning and about international experience accumulated in this area, as well as about how the Institute is involved with other cities, and about the perfect document for the city development, which has to be flexible and strategic.
​Dialectical Manifesto
The high-rise housing complex MOD, whose construction has begun in Moscow’s district of Maryina Roshcha next to the site, on which the new Russian Railways headquarters will be built, is responding to the “central” context of the future city surroundings, and at the same time is positioned by the architects as a “manifesto of Modernist minimalist principles in architecture”.
​Asimov’s Dream
A project by DNK ag won in a competition for the science campus of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in the city of Sarov, conducted by ROSATOM corporation in collaboration with the Moscow State University, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Kurchatov Institute.
​Near-Earth Space
The new terminal of the Leonov Airport in Kemerovo was built in record-breaking time, despite the pandemic. It became one of the important factors for the rapid development of the city, visually reflecting its dedication to the first spacewalk, both in the interiors and on the facades. Its main features are the “starry sky” effect and overall openness.
​The Spiral Approach
The school building in the city of Nur-Sultan, designed by Vera Budko and Anton Nadtochiy from beginning to end – from concept to working documentation – became the embodiment of the architects’ method for creating a modern educational environment, which the ATRIUM architects have been developing for years. Its fundamentals include creating an inspiring environment that motivates you to create. This is why the new school received a shape of an ornamental golden spiral that symbolizes ascension to knowledge; on the inside, the building is a compound and multifunctional “city within a city” with multilevel atriums, amphitheaters, and varying routes.
​The Ecological Bend
A story about how plans for laying a road on the border of a park turned into plans for saving the ecosystem and improving the walking trails.
​Kasimir from Kemerovo
The project of the branch of the Russian Museum for the Siberian Art Cluster is based on the ideas of Suprematism: basic shapes, and dynamism of color and form.
​Stream and Lines
Stepan Liphart’s projects of Art Deco villas demonstrate technical symbolism in combination with a subtle reference to the 1930s. One of the projects is a “paper” one; the others are designed for real customers: a top manager, an art collector, and a developer.
On the Bank of a Very Quiet River
The project of landscaping the territory of the residential complex NOW in Moscow’s Nagatinskaya Valley goes beyond the limits of its task and looks more like a modern park: with viewing platforms, an embankment, spaces different in their moods, and thought-out scenarios for visitors aged between 0 and 80.
​The Strategy of Transformation
In this article, we are publishing eight projects of reconstructing postwar Modernist buildings that have been implemented by Tchoban Voss Architekten and showcased in the AEDES gallery at the recent Re-Use exhibition. Parallel to that, we are meditating on the demonstrated approaches and the preservation of things that architectural legislation does not require to preserve.
In the Rhythm of Block Construction
Last week, the housing complex “Ty i Ya” (“You and Me”) was presented, built in the northwest of Moscow. By a number of parameters, it exceeds the originally stated comfort-class format, and, on the other hand, fully meeting the city block construction paradigm, popular in Moscow, demonstrates a few interesting features, such as a new kind of public spaces for the residents, and high-ceilinged apartments on the first floors.
​Five Nonlinear Ones
Recently, at the Moscow Urban Forum, they announced a large-scale project that Zaha Hadid Architects would do for Moscow – the multifunctional housing complex Union Towers designed for Quarter 82 of Khoroshevo-Mnevniki at the commission of KROST development.
​Etudes in Glass
The housing complex, located not far away from the Paveletskaya Railway Station, as a symbol of a sweeping transformation of this area: a composition of towers of different height, ingenious detailing of stained glass windows, and a green lawn in the yard.
A Flyover in Watercolor
For the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Vasilkovsky, the architectural office of Evgeny Gerasimov is reflecting on the Ushakov Flyover, which was designed with input from this artist and architect. In this article, we are showing its watercolors and sketches, including the preliminary ones that were not included in the final project, as well as speaking about the importance of architectural drawing.
​Walking on Clouds
A restaurant in the Khibiny skiing complex: 820 meters above the sea level, sweeping views, a levitation effect, and ingenious engineering solutions.
​Transformation with Multiplication
The Palace of Water Sports in Luzhniki is one of the high-profile and nontrivial reconstructions of recent years, and a project that won one of the first competitions, initiated by Sergey Kuznetsov as the main architect of Moscow. The complex opened 2 years ago; this article about it comes out at the start of the bathing season.
​Sergey Tchoban: “I believe it’s very important to preserve this city as a record...
Although originally we planned to speak in this interview with Sergey Tchoban about high-rise construction, the conversation turned out to be 70% about meditation on the ways of regenerating the historical city and about the role of the city fabric as the most objective and unbiased historical record. And, as for the towers, which manifest social contrasts and leave a lot of junk when torn down, the conversation was about the expected construction norms and regulations. We took this interview one day before the Lakhta-2 project was announced, and this is why this newsbreak is not commented upon in any way in this article.
​Courtyards and Constructivism
In this issue, we are examining the second major block of the “city within a city” Ligovsky City complex, designed and built by A-Len, and combining several trends characteristic of modern urban architecture.
​Inside of a Drawn Grid
Designing the apartment complex PLAY in Danilovskaya Sloboda, ADM architects placed their bet on the imagery of construction. The area where it manifested itself the most vividly was the sophisticated grid of the facades.
​Headquarters of the Future
The project by “Arena Group”, which won in an open competition of ideas for the headquarters of the Italian company FITT, combines futuristic forms, an interesting set of functions, energy efficiency, and subtle references to the archetypes of Italian architecture. Particularly beautiful is the “continuous” fountain. In this issue, we are sharing about the three winners of the competition.
​A Tiered Composition
A little bit of New York in Odessa: an apartment complex designed and built by “Archimatika” with towers, townhouses, a square, and swimming pools.
​The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
​MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.
This Beetle Has Flown
The story of designing a business center in the Zhukov (“Beetle”) Drive: a number of attempts to preserve a hundred-year-old cold storage facility, at the same time introducing modern buildings interpreting the industrial theme. The project remained on paper, but the story behind it seems to be worth our attention.