По-русски

​Springboards and Patios

The central element of the manor house in the village of Antonovka, designed by Roman Leonidov, is the inner yard with pergolas, meant to remind its owner about his vacations in exotic countries. The exposed wooden structures emphasize the soaring diagonals of single-pitched roofs.

Lara Kopylova

Written by:
Lara Kopylova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

01 February 2021
Object
mainImg
The architect Roman Leonidov calls the houses that he designs “manor” ones for a reason. This term brings up associations with tradition, and reflects the processes of forming the routine of country life and development of the typology of a country residence, which have taken place in Russia over the recent decades.

Manor house in Antonovka
Copyright: © Studio of Roman Leonidov


The wooden residence in Antonovka is primarily designed for spending weekends in it, and, hence, it is not very large (324 square meters), composed of a set of essential premises: a living room, a dining room / kitchen, a parents’ bedroom, two children’s rooms, a guest room, and a sauna. On the whole, the house has a U shape, but its floor plan is more sophisticated than just a simple U. The building is mostly single-story, and only in its most important parts, such as the living room and the master’s bedroom, it soars up with a single-pitch roof, making the interior double-height. There is also one more pitched spot, not as steep, which covers the bathhouse.

Manor house in Antonovka
Copyright: Photograph © Roman Leonidov, Sophia Leonidova, Vladimir Gramadskikh


The owner of the house asked the architect to design for him a space that would remind him of the time he spent at Bali. This is why the center of the composition is a patio, surrounded by a glass gallery from the side of the house, and opened with one of its sides to the garden, which the architect was able to make sure would be kept intact during the construction. It is this part of the house, the one that overlooks the garden, that is its grand façade, the walking and the driving entrances being located on the side, from the right, if you stand with your face to the grand façade. The driving-entrance is also designed in a very interesting way, more of which later.

  • zooming
    1 / 6
    The floor plan. Manor house in Antonovka
    Copyright: © Studio of Roman Leonidov
  • zooming
    2 / 6
    Facade1-12. Manor house in Antonovka
    Copyright: © Studio of Roman Leonidov
  • zooming
    3 / 6
    Facade 12-1. Manor house in Antonovka
    Copyright: © Studio of Roman Leonidov
  • zooming
    4 / 6
    Facades -1-6, -Е-Иб -6-1. Manor house in Antonovka
    Copyright: © Studio of Roman Leonidov
  • zooming
    5 / 6
    Facade А-П. Manor house in Antonovka
    Copyright: © Studio of Roman Leonidov
  • zooming
    6 / 6
    Facade P-A. Manor house in Antonovka
    Copyright: © Studio of Roman Leonidov


In Antonovka, Roman Leonidov used his favorite half-timber technology, the wooden framework of the house being deliberately accentuated. It is always a pity when an interesting framework gets masked by fills. For the Antonovka house, the architect came up with a solution how to make this “skeleton” visible. First of all, there are a lot of glazed surfaces here: glass gallery around the patio, glass double doors of the bedroom and nursery, glass walls of the living room and kitchen / dining room.


Almost every element that overlooks the garden, and almost every element of the patio is transparent. Hence, the wooden structures are exposed. There are only small brick fills – which play the role of stiffness ribs and partitions wherever this is necessary. The same dark-colored brick is used for coating the fireplace chimney.

Manor house in Antonovka
Copyright: Photograph © Roman Leonidov, Sophia Leonidova, Vladimir Gramadskikh


In addition, we can see a very interesting technique, where the architect “tears” the roof slope off the lower timber tier and elevates it, very much like a springboard, above the upper glass tier. Generally speaking, Roman Leonidov liked this avant-garde form of a “soaring” roof that came to us from the XX century – you can see something similar in his other projects, such as Cool House. This technique looks particularly dramatic on the drive-in façade. What we see is a solid wooden diagonal of the roof – a plane that starts low from the ground and gradually gains height. Its right-hand part serves as the awning for the cars, and its left-hand part goes past the generalized portico above the main entrance, and soars up again above the second glass tier.

Manor house in Antonovka
Copyright: Photograph © Roman Leonidov, Sophia Leonidova, Vladimir Gramadskikh


According to Roman Leonidov, the main entrance to the house is the one underneath the awning, while the portico entrance is just a “status” element; the portico distantly resembles classics, even though the columns here are replaced by five asymmetrically standing timber pillars with an even number of axes, which is not typical for classics. And the portico is not situated in the center, but the entrance (also shifted off-center) is accentuated by an extended intercolumnium.

Manor house in Antonovka
Copyright: Photograph © Roman Leonidov, Sophia Leonidova, Vladimir Gramadskikh


The block of the master’s bedroom is similarly designed. The roof also “lifts off” from the bottom timber tier, soaring up. The difference is that this movement is directed not parallel to the public building, but perpendicular to it, which gives some extra dynamics to the composition. The roof of the bathhouse is also pointed upwards, and is turned perpendicular to the master’s block. This way, three “springboards” are formed in the volumetric composition of the house, pointing to three of the four cardinal points.

Manor house in Antonovka
Copyright: Photograph © Roman Leonidov, Sophia Leonidova, Vladimir Gramadskikh


The wooden structures of the roof beautifully show through the glass, particularly in the evening, when the house is glowing with lights.

  • zooming
    1 / 3
    Manor house in Antonovka
    Copyright: Photograph © Roman Leonidov, Sophia Leonidova, Vladimir Gramadskikh
  • zooming
    2 / 3
    Manor house in Antonovka
    Copyright: © Studio of Roman Leonidov
  • zooming
    3 / 3
    Manor house in Antonovka
    Copyright: © Studio of Roman Leonidov


This effect of exposed framework can also be seen in the patio. This space is also “dissected” with wooden beams and steel pillars, due to which it is perceived as being more structured and visually larger. Particularly accentuated is the continuous horizontal, a beam that stretches across the entire grand front on the border with the garden. Besides, these are not just any structures – some of them are pergolas that traditionally create shade, coolness, and coziness, and can be later on entwined with grapevine. (Yet another pergola complements the portico on the entrance façade). The patio consists of several parts: a podium, which separates it from the façade, a partially covered terrace bordering on the living room, and a green lawn with a paved path in the middle.

  • zooming
    1 / 3
    Manor house in Antonovka
    Copyright: Photograph © Roman Leonidov, Sophia Leonidova, Vladimir Gramadskikh
  • zooming
    2 / 3
    Manor house in Antonovka
    Copyright: © Studio of Roman Leonidov
  • zooming
    3 / 3
    Manor house in Antonovka
    Copyright: © Studio of Roman Leonidov


The patio looks a little bit like a stage with a sophisticated setting, all the more so because it is connected with all of the rooms. It was designed in such a way that all the family members could get a secluded place, not attracting too much attention – the rooms are fully independent because they also have doors leading inside the house. The space of the patio underneath the pergolas indeed becomes the center of life in the house; visible from pretty much everywhere – both from the garden and from inside the house – it really looks attractive. The wooden architecture underneath the sky puts you in a relaxed mood. And the fact that the patio is inscribed into the overall half-timber structure, gives rise to a new artistic technique, which can be later on used in other projects.



01 February 2021

Lara Kopylova

Written by:

Lara Kopylova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
Man and the City
Designing this large-scale housing complex, GAFA architects accentuated two types of public spaces: bustling streets with shops and cafes – and a totally natural yard, visually separated as much as possible from the city. Making the most out of the contrast, both work together to make the life of the residents of EVER housing complex eventful and diverse.
​Andy Snow: “I aim for an architecture which is rational and poetic”
The British architect Andy Snow has recently become the chief architect at GENPRO Architects & Engineers. Projects, which Andy Snow did in the UK in collaboration with world-famous architectural firms, scored numerous international awards. In Russia, the architect took part in designing Moscow’s Stanislavsky Factory business center, iLove housing complex, and AFI2B business center on the 2nd Brestskaya Street. In our interview, Andy Snow compared the construction realities in Russia and the UK, and also shared his vision of architectural prospects in Russia.
​The Living Growth
The grand-scale housing complex AFI PARK Vorontsovsky in Moscow’s southwest consists of four towers, a “slab” house, and a kindergarten building. Interestingly, the plastique of the residential buildings is quite active – they seem to be growing before your eyes, responding to the natural context, and first of all opening the views of the nearby park. As for the kindergarten building, it is cute and lyrical, like a little sugar house.
Sergey Skuratov: “A skyscraper is a balance of technology, economic performance, and aesthetic...
In March, two buildings of the Capital Towers complex were built up to a 300-meter elevation mark. In this issue, we are speaking to the creator of Moscow’s cutting-edge skyscrapers: about heights and proportions, technologies and economics, laconicism and beauty of superslim houses, and about the boldest architectural proposal of recent years – the Le Corbusier Tower above the Tsentrosoyuz building.
​The Red Building
The area of Novoslobodskaya has received Maison Rouge – an apartment complex designed by ADM, which continues the wave of renovation, started by the Atmosphere business center, from the side of the Palikha Street.
​Binary Opposition
In this article, we are examining a rather rare and interesting case – two projects by Evgeny Gerasimov situated on one street and completed with a five years’ difference, presenting the perfect example of example for analyzing the overall trends and approaches practiced by the architectural company.
Raising the Yard
The housing complex Renome consists of two buildings: a modern stone house and a red-brick factory building of the end of the XIX century, reconstructed by measurements and original drafts. The two buildings are connected by an “inclined” yard – a rare, by Moscow standards, version of geoplastics that smoothly ascends to the roof of the stores lined up along a pedestrian street.
​Hearing the Tune of the Past
The Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist in the park near the Novodevichy Convent was conceived in 2012 in honor of the 200th anniversary of the victory over Napoleon. However, instead of declamatory grandeur and “fanfare”, the architect Ilia Utkin presented a concentrated and prayerful mood, combined with a respectful attitude of this tent-shaped church, which also includes some elements of architecture of orders. The basement floor hosts a museum of excavations found on the site of the church.
​Semantic Shift
The high-end residential complex STORY, situated near the Avtozavodskaya metro station and the former ZIL factory, is delicately inscribed in the contrastive context, while its shape, which combines a regular grid and a stunning “shift” of the main facade, seems to respond to the dramatic history of the place, at the same time, however, allowing for multiple interpretations.
​Yards and Towers: the Samara Experiment
The project of “Samara Arena Park”, proposed by Sergey Skuratov, scored second place in the competition. The project is essentially based on experimenting with typology of residential buildings and gallery/corridor-type city blocks combined with towers – as well as on sensitive response to the context and the urge to turn the complex into a full-fledged urban space providing a wide range of functions and experiences.
​The Fili Duo
The second phase of the Filicity housing complex, designed by ADM architects, is based on the contrast between a 57-story skyscraper 200 meters high and an 11-story brick house. The high-rise building sets a futuristic vector in Moscow housing architecture.
​The Wall and the Tower
The OSA architects have been searching for solutions that could be opposed to the low-rise construction in the center of Khabarovsk, as well as an opportunity to say a new word in the discourse about mass housing.
​The Energy Family
The housing complex Symphony 34 will be built in Moscow’s Savelovsky district; it will consist of four towers from 36 to 54 stories high. Each of the towers has an image of its own, but they all are gathered into a single architectural ensemble – a fragment of a new high-rise urban space lying outside the Third Transport Ring.
The Fifth Element
The high-end residential development in the Vsevolozhsky Lane features a combination of expensive stone and metal textures, immersing them into a feast of ornaments. The house looks like a fantasy inspired by the theater of the Art Nouveau and Symbolism era; a kind of oriental fairy tale, which paradoxically allows it to avoid direct stylization and become a reflection of one of the aspects of modern Moscow life.
​Springboards and Patios
The central element of the manor house in the village of Antonovka, designed by Roman Leonidov, is the inner yard with pergolas, meant to remind its owner about his vacations in exotic countries. The exposed wooden structures emphasize the soaring diagonals of single-pitched roofs.
​Adding Up a Growing City
The housing quarter “1147” is located at the border between the old “Stalin” district in the north and the actively developing territories in the south. Its image responds to a difficult task: the compound brick facades of the neighboring sections are different, their height varying from 9 to 22 floors, and, if we are look from the street, it seems as though the front of the city development, consisting from long narrow elements, is forming some sophisticated array at this very moment in front of our eyes.
Agility of the Modular
In the Discovery housing complex that they designed, ADM architects proposed a modern version of structuralism: the form is based on modular cells, which, smoothly protruding and deepening, make the volumes display a kind of restrained flexibility, differentiated element by element. The lamellar and ledged facades are “stitched” with golden threads – they unite the volumes, emphasizing the textured character of the architectural solution.
Polyphony of a Strict Style
The “ID Moskovskiy” housing project on St. Petersburg’s Moscow Avenue was designed by the team of Stepan Liphart in the past 2020. The ensemble of two buildings, joined by a colonnade, is executed in a generalized neoclassical style with elements of Art Deco.
​In Three Voices
The high-rise – 41 stories high – housing complex HIDE is being built on the bank of the Setun River, near the Poklonnaya Mountain. It consists of three towers of equal height, yet interpreted in three different ways. One of the towers, the most conspicuous one looks as if it was twisted in a spiral, composed of a multitude of golden bay windows.
​In the Space of Pobedy Park
In the project of a housing complex designed by Sergey Skuratov, which is now being built near the park of the Poklonnaya Hill, a multifunctional stylobate is turned into a compound city space with intriguing “access” slopes that also take on the role of mini-plazas. The architecture of the residential buildings responds to the proximity of the Pobedy Park, on the one hand, “dissolving in the air”, and, on the other hand, supporting the memorial complex rhythmically and color-wise.
​Dynamics of the Avenue
On Leningrad Avenue, not far away from the Sokol metro station, the construction of the A-Class business center Alcon II has been completed. ADM architects designed the main façade as three volumetric ribbons, as if the busy traffic of the avenue “shook” the matter sending large waves through it.
​Steamer at the Pier
An apartment hotel that looks like a ship with wide decks has been designed for a land plot on a lake shore in Moscow’s South Tushino. This “steamer” house, overlooking the lake and the river port, does indeed look as if it were ready to sail away.
The Magic of Rhythm or Ornament as a Theme
Designed by Sergey Tchoban, the housing complex Veren Place in St. Petersburg is the perfect example of inserting a new building into a historical city, and one the cases of implementing the strategy that the architect presented a few years ago in the book, which he coauthored with Vladimir Sedov, called “30:70. Architecture as a Balance of Forces”.
​Walking on Water
In the nearest future, the Marc Chagall Embankment will be turned into Moscow’s largest riverside park with green promenades, cycling and jogging trails, a spa center on water, a water garden, and sculptural pavilions designed in the spirit of the Russian avant-garde artists of the 1920, and, first of all, Chagall himself. In this issue, we are covering the second-stage project.
​Architectural Laboratory
A-Len has developed and patented the “Perfect Apartments” program, which totally eliminates “bad” apartment layouts. In this article, we are sharing how this program came around, what it is about, who can benefit from it, and how.
​“Architectural Archaeology of the Narkomfin Building”: the Recap
One of the most important events of 2020 has been the completion of the long-awaited restoration of the monument of Soviet avant-garde architecture – the Narkomfin Building, the progenitor of the typology of social housing in this country. The house retained its residential function as the main one, alongside with a number of artifacts and restoration clearances turned into living museum exhibits.
​LIFE on the Setun River
The area in the valley of the Setun River near the Vereiskaya Street got two new blocks of the “LIFE-Kutuzovsky” housing complex, designed by ADM architects. The two new blocks have a retail boulevard of their own, and a small riverside park.
​Celestial Tectonics
Three towers on a podium over the Ramenka River are the new dominant elements on the edge of a Soviet “microdistrict”. Their scale is quite modern: the height is 176 m – almost a skyscraper; the facades are made of glass and steel. Their graceful proportions are emphasized by a strict white grid, and the volumetric composition picks up the diagonal “grid of coordinates” that was once outlined in the southwest of Moscow by the architects of the 1970’s and 1980’s.