По-русски

​Walking on Water

In the nearest future, the Marc Chagall Embankment will be turned into Moscow’s largest riverside park with green promenades, cycling and jogging trails, a spa center on water, a water garden, and sculptural pavilions designed in the spirit of the Russian avant-garde artists of the 1920, and, first of all, Chagall himself. In this issue, we are covering the second-stage project.

Written by:
Alla Pavlikova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

16 December 2020
Object
mainImg
For a second year, the territory of the ZIL Plant is witnessing the reconstruction of the riverside area of the Moskva River. The concept of development of the northwest part of the plant’s territory, just as the master plan of the waterfront, was developed by “Project Meganom”; this company also built the first stage that adjoins the ZILART area. The further development of the Marc Chagall Embankment was done by the General Plan Institute of Moscow in collaboration with ASADOV architects. The project was commissioned by Moscow City Architecture Committee.

We will remind you here that still back in 2011 Moscow City Architecture Committee initiated two large-scale projects of municipal importance, one of them being renovation of industrial parks, the other being development of the territories lying along the Moskva River. The reconstruction of the Marc Chagall Embankment refers to both narratives because ZIL is Moscow’s largest industrial park standing on the river. Improving this territory, and, further, taking these river banks to a new level plays an important part in this project.

The Marc Chagall Embankment
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow / provided by the press service of Moscow City Architecture Committee


The Marc Chagall Embankment and the territory of the former ZIL plant before the reconstruction
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow / provided by the press service of Moscow City Architecture Committee


As the Moscow City Architecture Committee website reports, in the next five years all the waterfronts in the ZIL area will be reconstructed – from the Novospassky Bridge to the Nagatinskaya Poima. This is almost 15 kilometers of riverbank land. More than half of them – 7.5 kilometers – is the Marc Chagall Embankment. It starts from the Third Transport Ring, and, describing a loop in the Novinka Backwater, which is essentially a fragment of the old riverbed of the Moskva River, finally stops at the Andropova Avenue.

The Marc Chagall Embankment
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow


The first stage 

The first fragment of the embankment one kilometer long has already been completed. Here, on the fragment of the Likhacheva Avenue up to the Danilovsky Bridge, adjoining ZILART, appeared new jogging and cycling trails, pavilions looking like green hills, playgrounds and sports fields, as well as a moor with an amphitheater made of weathering steel, designed by Meganom.

The ZIL moor
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow


What comes next is the rest of the riverbank strip of the Moskva River and the rest of the land around the Novinka backwater.

The Marc Chagall Embankment. The master plan
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow


The second stage: a large embankment

Connected to the city

When the automotive plant was still functioning, the access to the water on its grounds was closed. Therefore, the architects saw their main task in returning the river to the city by means of creating an open and transparent space and restoring the lost visual and pedestrian connections. The web of new routes will form a single framework that will connect the riverside park to the construction of the new area and its infrastructure. 

The park area is separated from the in-construction city blocks by a wide automobile road. However, thanks to a network of overpasses and underpasses, and the construction of a new road junction, the streets and boulevards of ZILART will literally flow into the park, continuing in pedestrian promenades and park trails. It is expected that the two banks of the old riverbed of the Moskva River will be connected by two pedestrian bridges and one automobile one, which will allow the motorists to drive through without having to circle the backwater area. 

Along the contour of the Novinka, the park stretches in a narrow strip.

zooming


Vitaliy Luts, head of the agency for perspective projects of the Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow:
“The construction, which also includes service infrastructure projects, comes close to the water in such a way that the landscaped embankment will be best described as not so much a “park” as an “active urban space” that comes in close contact with water. In this respect, we drew inspiration from Hamburg’s Hafencity backwater, as well as the best practices of the North American cities – by Moscow standards, this approach is quite new.”

The Marc Chagall Embankment
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow


The Marc Chagall Embankment. Top view
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow


The routes

Originally, the concept of developing the riverside lands, developed by the team of Yuri Grigoryan, interpreted them as a multilevel compound space consisting of four “layers”, each one with a scenario and a unique name of its own. “Magnets”, the centers of attraction for the visitors: restaurants, cafes, and event venues. “Sport”, cycling and jogging trails. “Recreation”, promenades, gardens, and relaxation areas. “The promenade” – a long pedestrian route running at the water’s edge. The already landscaped fragment of the Marc Chagall Embankment vividly demonstrates how this concept can be implemented.

The project of the second stage is based on a slightly different approach, but the basic underlying idea is the same, and the four layers are also there. Andrey Asadov shared that the new land site will be designed in accordance with the common design code and the principles that constituted the original concept. 

author photo

Andrey Asadov

We tried to develop the ideas proposed by Yuri Grigoryan, and embellish on them, drawing inspiration from the avant-garde artists. This is how we got the red bridge and sculptural compositions in the spirit of Russian avant-garde.


Many of Marc Chagall paintings are dominated by red and green. It was these paintings that the architects used as the basis for their project: the green riverside strip with gardens and promenades and the red stitch of the jogging trail, together with the red bridge. This is the fixed element of the concept, the central route that runs through the embankment from end to end. Sometimes it goes up, covering the park pavilions, and sometimes it goes down to the ground level, snaking and branching amidst the trees. The bridge will create a feeling of a multilayered space with “active” terrain. Some of its parts are designed as sightseeing platforms that command views of the river, part of the designed embankment, and the opposite bank. The bright color will be created by using special rubber coating.

The Marc Chagall Embankment. The red bridge and the jogging trail
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow / provided by the press service of Moscow City Architecture Committee


The sports agenda will be completed by bicycle trails, isolated from the pedestrians by special shrubbery. These will become a part of the city’s overall infrastructure, and a continuation of the bicycle route that stretches along the Moskva River for kilometers. Also, the embankment will get playgrounds, sports facilities, and sports gear rental points.

The Marc Chagall Embankment. The bridge covers the park pavilions
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow / provided by the press service of Moscow City Architecture Committee


The Marc Chagall Embankment. The promenade along the edge of thhe water
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow / provided by the press service of Moscow City Architecture Committee


The promenade designed for long and meditative walks runs immediately alongside the river. Already now one can imagine what the whole thing will look like: a river on one side and trees on the other, giving plenty of shade on a warm day, and comfortable benches commanding river views in their shadows. The best thing, though, is the opportunity to get right down to the water. For this, the architects designed a network of boardwalks made virtually on a level with the water, which blurs the border between the land and the water.

The Marc Chagall Embankment. The pedestrian promenade
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow / provided by the press service of Moscow City Architecture Committee


The Marc Chagall Embankment
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow


The “recreational” route will be designed as a park alley between landscape composition and sculptural pavilions. The elongated space of the park is divided into a multitude of theme zones – these are playgrounds, expo areas, small shops, and restaurants. All of them, light and neutral, will be integrated with the landscape.

The Marc Chagall Embankment. The park pavilions – light nad neutral
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow / provided by the press service of Moscow City Architecture Committee


The plaza and the moor

Each “layer”, like a band, is entwined in the park space. The nucleus of the composition, however, is the central plaza with a stage and a restaurant. The architects are planning to build it in the widest place on the bank, where the river makes a bend. The plaza, circular on the plan, is outlined by a large open-air amphitheater facing the water and the moor. The amphitheater is expected to host up to 4 thousand people. During the non-concert time, its visitors, sitting on the stairs, will be able to admire the panorama of the Moskva River and the opposite bank, as well as watching the river boats sailing away from the moor.

The Marc Chagall Embankment. The circular plaza with an amphitheater and thhe moor
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow / provided by the press service of Moscow City Architecture Committee


The moor will become a part of the nation’s capital infrastructure. It is expected that alongside with the improvement of the embankments the city will also liven up the river as one of its full-fledged transportation thoroughfares. The routes and the schedule of the river craft are currently being developed.

The Marc Chagall Embankment. The Novinka Backwater
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow / provided by the press service of Moscow City Architecture Committee


The river

The “river” expansion is not limited to building a moor and pontoons floating alongside the broad promenade. One must note that Asadov Architects has the experience of designing on water. Still in 2009, when the landscaping of the embankments seemed to be no more than a vague prospect, the company took part in the competition for floating structures on the Moskva River. Back then, the architects came up with the project named “Plav-Bulvar” (“Floating Boulevard”). It consisted of a few pontoons, each one of them having a name of its own – plav-club, plav-garage, plav-spa, expo-plav. Ten years later, they proposed something similar for the Marc Chagall Embankment – this time without the floating garage, but with a spa center and water garden.

The Marc Chagall Embankment. The spa center with a swimming pool on the river
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow


The backwater is particularly actively developed. It is planned that the spa center will be built on the water next to its left bank. The whole construction with saunas, locker rooms, and swimming pools will be mounted on a large pontoon. The swimming pool will be an open-air one – so that from the bank it would look as though the visitors were swimming in the fenced part of the river. The water in the pool, however, will be kept clean and heated.

The Marc Chagall Embankment. The water garden
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow / provided by the press service of Moscow City Architecture Committee


One of the particularly interesting proposals in this project is the water garden. It will be organized in the very heart of the old riverbed of the Moskva. And, if everything goes to plan, this will become one of the most beautiful places of the nation’s capital: the bodies of water, flowing into one another, overgrown with water lilies and other decorative water and swamp plants; walking trails streaming between them, and cozy places for recreation and drinking fountains, where you could sit down and admire the beauty of the garden.

The Marc Chagall Embankment. The sculptural groups with a refernce to avant-garde
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow / provided by the press service of Moscow City Architecture Committee


We must note that there is already one such implemented project in the Moscow metropolitan area. This is the park of water plants in the Pushkino district, which has been up and running for years, serving as a living proof that breeding water plants in the Moscow region is quite possible.

Memories of Avant-Garde

The whole concept of renovating the embankment refers to avant-garde art, and, first of all, following the name of the embankment, to Marc Chagall paintings. The ZIL area has strong ties with constructivism and avant-garde; today, streets here are named after master artists of this style.

zooming


Anna Ivanova, the head of the design studio of the city environment of the Master Plan of Moscow: 

“The Marc Chagall images and motifs were used by us when we were developing the brand of the embankment, and when we were developing the single style of designing the objects and minor architectural forms.”

These are a series of sculptural pavilions or art installations that will appear across the entire Terri of the park. It is expected that modern artists will also be invited to take part in creating them, who will propose their own vision of recognizable images of Russian avant-garde, such as the hovering figures from Chagall canvases. 

Although small on the inside (from 10 to 50 sqm), yet still heated, the pavilions will be used as multipurpose expo spaces displaying the works by avant-garde masters.

The Marc Chagall Embankment. Sculptures inspired by Chagall
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow / provided by the press service of Moscow City Architecture Committee


The Marc Chagall Embankment. The park in the wintertime
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow / provided by the press service of Moscow City Architecture Committee


The Park

It is expected that almost half of the former ZIL territory will be made completely green. East of the ZILART apartments, there is already a large landscape park “Tyufeleva Roshcha, designed by Gerry van Eijk. Tyufeleva Roshcha accounts for 10 hectares of parkland. The waterfront will add to it another 33 hectares of landscaped green territory.

On the waterfront, they are already planting trees and shrubs of various heights and shapes, which, alternating, will produce an effect of “waves of green”. The plants for the waterfront park are selected in such a way as to make sure that it stays lush all year round. Therefore, there will be a lot of spruce and evergreen plants. Looking to maximize the impressions from the proximity of different plants, the authors specially select trees whose leaves turn different colors depending on the season.

  • zooming
    1 / 8
    The Marc Chagall Embankment
    Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow
  • zooming
    2 / 8
    The Marc Chagall Embankment
    Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow
  • zooming
    3 / 8
    The Marc Chagall Embankment
    Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow
  • zooming
    4 / 8
    The Marc Chagall Embankment
    Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow
  • zooming
    5 / 8
    The Marc Chagall Embankment
    Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow
  • zooming
    6 / 8
    The Marc Chagall Embankment
    Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow
  • zooming
    7 / 8
    The Marc Chagall Embankment
    Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow
  • zooming
    8 / 8
    The Marc Chagall Embankment
    Copyright: © ASADOV Architects, Institute of the Master Plan of Moscow
***

The project of the Marc Chagall Embankment is waiting to be implemented. Currently, the architects are working on the details of the project; the traffic infrastructure is being further developed, as well as the landscape elements. However, the sheer scale and thoroughness of the project already show that the riverside park at the bend is standing every chance of becoming the new center of attraction, possibly capable of rivaling the Zaryadye Park in the heart of the nation’s capital.



16 December 2020

Written by:

Alla Pavlikova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
​The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
​MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.
This Beetle Has Flown
The story of designing a business center in the Zhukov (“Beetle”) Drive: a number of attempts to preserve a hundred-year-old cold storage facility, at the same time introducing modern buildings interpreting the industrial theme. The project remained on paper, but the story behind it seems to be worth our attention.
​The Childhood Territory
The project of the educational complex within the second stage of “Spanish Quarters” was developed by ASADOV Architects. The project is all about creating a friendly and transparent environment that in itself educates and forms the personality of a child.
Man and the City
Designing this large-scale housing complex, GAFA architects accentuated two types of public spaces: bustling streets with shops and cafes – and a totally natural yard, visually separated as much as possible from the city. Making the most out of the contrast, both work together to make the life of the residents of EVER housing complex eventful and diverse.
​Andy Snow: “I aim for an architecture which is rational and poetic”
The British architect Andy Snow has recently become the chief architect at GENPRO Architects & Engineers. Projects, which Andy Snow did in the UK in collaboration with world-famous architectural firms, scored numerous international awards. In Russia, the architect took part in designing Moscow’s Stanislavsky Factory business center, iLove housing complex, and AFI2B business center on the 2nd Brestskaya Street. In our interview, Andy Snow compared the construction realities in Russia and the UK, and also shared his vision of architectural prospects in Russia.
​The Living Growth
The grand-scale housing complex AFI PARK Vorontsovsky in Moscow’s southwest consists of four towers, a “slab” house, and a kindergarten building. Interestingly, the plastique of the residential buildings is quite active – they seem to be growing before your eyes, responding to the natural context, and first of all opening the views of the nearby park. As for the kindergarten building, it is cute and lyrical, like a little sugar house.
Sergey Skuratov: “A skyscraper is a balance of technology, economic performance, and aesthetic...
In March, two buildings of the Capital Towers complex were built up to a 300-meter elevation mark. In this issue, we are speaking to the creator of Moscow’s cutting-edge skyscrapers: about heights and proportions, technologies and economics, laconicism and beauty of superslim houses, and about the boldest architectural proposal of recent years – the Le Corbusier Tower above the Tsentrosoyuz building.
​The Red Building
The area of Novoslobodskaya has received Maison Rouge – an apartment complex designed by ADM, which continues the wave of renovation, started by the Atmosphere business center, from the side of the Palikha Street.
​The Uplifting Effect
The project of Ostankino Business Park was developed for the land site lying between two metro stations (one operating and the other in construction), and because of that its public space is designed to equally cater for the city people and the office workers. The complex stands every chance of becoming the catalyst for development of the Butyrsky area.
​Binary Opposition
In this article, we are examining a rather rare and interesting case – two projects by Evgeny Gerasimov situated on one street and completed with a five years’ difference, presenting the perfect example of example for analyzing the overall trends and approaches practiced by the architectural company.
Raising the Yard
The housing complex Renome consists of two buildings: a modern stone house and a red-brick factory building of the end of the XIX century, reconstructed by measurements and original drafts. The two buildings are connected by an “inclined” yard – a rare, by Moscow standards, version of geoplastics that smoothly ascends to the roof of the stores lined up along a pedestrian street.
​Hearing the Tune of the Past
The Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist in the park near the Novodevichy Convent was conceived in 2012 in honor of the 200th anniversary of the victory over Napoleon. However, instead of declamatory grandeur and “fanfare”, the architect Ilia Utkin presented a concentrated and prayerful mood, combined with a respectful attitude of this tent-shaped church, which also includes some elements of architecture of orders. The basement floor hosts a museum of excavations found on the site of the church.
​Semantic Shift
The high-end residential complex STORY, situated near the Avtozavodskaya metro station and the former ZIL factory, is delicately inscribed in the contrastive context, while its shape, which combines a regular grid and a stunning “shift” of the main facade, seems to respond to the dramatic history of the place, at the same time, however, allowing for multiple interpretations.
​Yards and Towers: the Samara Experiment
The project of “Samara Arena Park”, proposed by Sergey Skuratov, scored second place in the competition. The project is essentially based on experimenting with typology of residential buildings and gallery/corridor-type city blocks combined with towers – as well as on sensitive response to the context and the urge to turn the complex into a full-fledged urban space providing a wide range of functions and experiences.
​The Fili Duo
The second phase of the Filicity housing complex, designed by ADM architects, is based on the contrast between a 57-story skyscraper 200 meters high and an 11-story brick house. The high-rise building sets a futuristic vector in Moscow housing architecture.
​The Wall and the Tower
The OSA architects have been searching for solutions that could be opposed to the low-rise construction in the center of Khabarovsk, as well as an opportunity to say a new word in the discourse about mass housing.
​The Energy Family
The housing complex Symphony 34 will be built in Moscow’s Savelovsky district; it will consist of four towers from 36 to 54 stories high. Each of the towers has an image of its own, but they all are gathered into a single architectural ensemble – a fragment of a new high-rise urban space lying outside the Third Transport Ring.
The Fifth Element
The high-end residential development in the Vsevolozhsky Lane features a combination of expensive stone and metal textures, immersing them into a feast of ornaments. The house looks like a fantasy inspired by the theater of the Art Nouveau and Symbolism era; a kind of oriental fairy tale, which paradoxically allows it to avoid direct stylization and become a reflection of one of the aspects of modern Moscow life.
​Springboards and Patios
The central element of the manor house in the village of Antonovka, designed by Roman Leonidov, is the inner yard with pergolas, meant to remind its owner about his vacations in exotic countries. The exposed wooden structures emphasize the soaring diagonals of single-pitched roofs.
​Adding Up a Growing City
The housing quarter “1147” is located at the border between the old “Stalin” district in the north and the actively developing territories in the south. Its image responds to a difficult task: the compound brick facades of the neighboring sections are different, their height varying from 9 to 22 floors, and, if we are look from the street, it seems as though the front of the city development, consisting from long narrow elements, is forming some sophisticated array at this very moment in front of our eyes.
Agility of the Modular
In the Discovery housing complex that they designed, ADM architects proposed a modern version of structuralism: the form is based on modular cells, which, smoothly protruding and deepening, make the volumes display a kind of restrained flexibility, differentiated element by element. The lamellar and ledged facades are “stitched” with golden threads – they unite the volumes, emphasizing the textured character of the architectural solution.
Polyphony of a Strict Style
The “ID Moskovskiy” housing project on St. Petersburg’s Moscow Avenue was designed by the team of Stepan Liphart in the past 2020. The ensemble of two buildings, joined by a colonnade, is executed in a generalized neoclassical style with elements of Art Deco.
​In Three Voices
The high-rise – 41 stories high – housing complex HIDE is being built on the bank of the Setun River, near the Poklonnaya Mountain. It consists of three towers of equal height, yet interpreted in three different ways. One of the towers, the most conspicuous one looks as if it was twisted in a spiral, composed of a multitude of golden bay windows.
​In the Space of Pobedy Park
In the project of a housing complex designed by Sergey Skuratov, which is now being built near the park of the Poklonnaya Hill, a multifunctional stylobate is turned into a compound city space with intriguing “access” slopes that also take on the role of mini-plazas. The architecture of the residential buildings responds to the proximity of the Pobedy Park, on the one hand, “dissolving in the air”, and, on the other hand, supporting the memorial complex rhythmically and color-wise.
​Dynamics of the Avenue
On Leningrad Avenue, not far away from the Sokol metro station, the construction of the A-Class business center Alcon II has been completed. ADM architects designed the main façade as three volumetric ribbons, as if the busy traffic of the avenue “shook” the matter sending large waves through it.
​Steamer at the Pier
An apartment hotel that looks like a ship with wide decks has been designed for a land plot on a lake shore in Moscow’s South Tushino. This “steamer” house, overlooking the lake and the river port, does indeed look as if it were ready to sail away.