По-русски

Preserving the “Fridge”

A concept project that provides for preserving the non-protected cold-storage warehouse on the Dubininskaya Street, located in the very center of the rapidly growing Paveletskaya industrial zone.

Julia Tarabarina

Written by:
Julia Tarabarina
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

01 November 2018
Object
mainImg

Developed by Pavel Andreev architectural studio, the sketch concept of the “Fridge” technology park situated on the territory of “Moscow Cold Storage Facility №3” on the Dubininskaya Street is interesting because of its its unconventional approach to renovating a piece of non-protected legacy of the prewar architecture.

It is planned that on the territory of the former cold storage facility will host a large A-class office complex with a total area of about 75000 square meters – to replace the to-be-demolished brick building of a cold storage warehouse built, evidently, in the early 1920’s, just as the factory building looking very similar to it, located 400 meters to the east (Zhukov Proezd, 8), and dated 1924. Their architecture is interesting because it continues, albeit in a slightly simplified form, the traditions of the brick industrial romanticism of the 1910’s – in a later period, closer to the end of the period of the “New Economic Policy”, clearly showing the ambiguity of the 1920’s that we traditionally associate with constructivism. Besides, both buildings are strangely beautiful in their slightly wild brutalism, especially the second one, overgrown with yellow moss, which is (as some people claim) is the consequence of the presence of a chemical production facility that once occupied the building. In a word, the story of these buildings is rather fuzzy, and neither of them has a protected status – just as (and this does come as a surprise) the nearby constructivist club building named after A.I. Mikoyan. These buildings are not listed in the “Red Book” of the Preservation group Arkhnadzor either, and generally there is little information about them either in books or online. To be quite frank, it seems that the buildings of Cold Storage Facility #3 are very likely to disappear before anyone will ever want to study their history.

zooming
The Fridge; Dubininskaya, 41. Provided by GRAN


The Fridge; Dubininskaya, 41. Righ: the entrance gate, possibly, built at the same time. Provided by GRAN


The Zhukov Drive, 8; the building of the chemical factory that later on belonged to Cold Storage Facility #3


However, currently we are speaking about the “Fridge”, the brick building standing at Dubininskaya Street, 41, Building 1. According to the brief of the A-Class office center and the technology park, it was due to be torn down. Meanwhile, seeing the luxurious – by the modern standards of heritage sites – building that looked like a temple of northern brick gothic, Pavel Andreev decided to propose to keep it or at least the memory about it and offered two options to the client: the first option consisted in preserving the “box” of the building, the second one consisted in keeping at least two walls (or at least regenerating the red-brick volume, even though such an idea is questionable, but still something like “coup de grâce” – the architect says. In this case, some part of the “Fridge” or at least the memory of it will be included in the composition of the grand-scale office buildings.

Multifunctional complex "Technology park "Fridge". Sketches © GRAN


Multifunctional complex "Technology park "Fridge". Sketches © GRAN


Multifunctional complex "Technology park "Fridge". Sketches © GRAN


Multifunctional complex "Technology park "Fridge". Sketches © GRAN


If the building of the warehouse is preserved in its entirety, its brick walls will be punctured with windows in order to provide the future offices with enough sunlight; the buttresses adjoining the walls will provide the framework that will visually “hold the building together” and will definitely indicate its relation to the brick industrial architecture; the decor, scarce but still impressive in its unique way, is also preserved. Currently, the building is divided into seven floors each four meters high; the project proposed to replace the old intermediate floors with new ones, at the same time keeping the original elevation marks. The first and the minus first floors are occupied by public functions, there is also an underground parking garage – in some versions, it appears directly underneath the “Fridge”, in some versions it skirts the foundation walls without losing its square footage.

Multifunctional complex "Technology park "Fridge". Visualization. View from the crossing with the Zhukov Drive © GRAN


The silhouette of the pitched roof of the “Fridge” is also preserved, there is a broad (yet still stepping back from the edge) glass lintel block growing up from it, which supports a horizontal “beam” that covers the brick hangar – in some options it stops like a cantilevered structure on the west end, in some – rests on a vertical unit on the side of the Dubininskaya Street. One way or another, although the modern building “embraces” its predecessor, it still does not devour the old building, rather serving as its frame, exposing the brick façades both from the side of the Zhukova Drive and from the side of the Dubininskaya Street, from where the side wall of the building can be seen, and where the architect is planning to make the main entrance between two buildings belonging to the same epoch, and also worthy of clearance, reconstruction and development.

Multifunctional complex "Technology park "Fridge". Visualization. View from the Dubiniskaya Street © GRAN


Multifunctional complex "Technology park "Fridge". Scheme of the functional zoning © GRAN


Yet another new high-rise volume is situated west of the brick building with a maximum height mark of 75 meters. It was planned that its top floors from 14 to 17 would be occupied by apartments. In one of the versions, the tower shoots out an additional cantilevered structure on the level of the second floor – on the whole the modern part of the complex looks rather energetic and even flamboyant, as if making up for the idea of preserving the “undeserving” historical building, by sporting “barcode” black and white stripes, ostentatiously rectangular contours, an abundance of cantilevered structures, and “flying rectangles” in the spirit of Leonidov. In a word, this contrastive combination of modern and historical architecture yielded quite a European, and (to be sure) Dutch concept in terms of its approach.

The concept was developed by the architectural firm GrAn in July of this year at the commission of GALS development as a search for one of the possible options for the development of the land site, and, as became recently known, it will not be implemented.
Multifunctional complex "Technology park "Fridge". Location plan © GRAN
Multifunctional complex "Technology park "Fridge". Plan of the 1st floor © GRAN
Multifunctional complex "Technology park "Fridge". Plan of the 8th floor © GRAN
Multifunctional complex "Technology park "Fridge". Scheme of the plan of the typical (10-13) floor © GRAN
Multifunctional complex "Technology park "Fridge". Scheme of the plan of the typical (14-17) floor © GRAN
None


01 November 2018

Julia Tarabarina

Written by:

Julia Tarabarina
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
​Buyan and the Court Quarter
The news about cancellation of the Tuchkov Buyan park has been stirring the minds of people of St. Petersburg for a week already. In the absence of any verified specific information, we discussed the situation with the architects of the park and the Court Quarter: Nikita Yavein and Evgeny Gerasimov.
​The Possibility of Flight
The project of the airport, which ASADOV Architects developed for the city of Tobolsk, and which won in the architectural competition, was not implemented. However, it is interesting as an example of designing an airport building of a very small scale, where the main challenge is the optimal organization of space and infrastructure without compromising the imagery component.
​The Wavelength
Built in the town of Pushkino in the Moscow area, the “Turgeneva 13” housing complex, while fitting in with the surrounding context, differs from it with the rhythmic austerity of its dual composition, a slight wave of the façade, and the color design, in which one can see two images, winter and summer, both “growing” from the specifics of the place.
​A Shell by the Sea
Designing the Sports Palace that will determine the development of the entire northern part of Derbent, ASADOV Architects turned to the architectural legacy of Dagestan, local lore, and ancient layers of history.
​Christmas Skyscrapers
Karen Saprichyan is wishing everyone a merry Christmas, presenting a series of letter-shaped skyscrapers. The architect has long since been working on this theme, and has calendars of various years in stock. His latest development is a group of towers designed for the city of NEOM, which will be built in Saudi Arabia.
​Parade Order
The three brick blocks of the “River Park” housing complex gaze at the water with their terraces. Each block forms a backdrop and two wings, while the residents-only yards turn into “stages” perceived from the river. The landscaped embankment, accessible to all the city people, complements the hierarchy of private, semi-private and public city life that is formed here.
Pompidou Inside Out
Renzo Piano and his GES-2 have already been compared to Ridolfo Aristotele Fioravanti and his Cathedral of the Assumption. And for a good reason: GES-2 also stuns you with its grace and loftiness, but ultimately turns out to be the richest collection of recognizable motifs from an early masterpiece by Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers, the George Pompidou Center in Paris. These motifs are fused into the grid of Shukhov-esque structures, painted white, and they create a dialogue between 1910, 1971, and 2021, built on references (not devoid of a poster-like quality) to the main masterpiece. The basilica-shaped space of the former power station is taken apart virtually just like the museum, in accordance with the concept by Teresa Mavica.
​Next to Lidval and Nobel
The housing complex designed by Anatoly Stolyarchuk in Neishlotsky Alley: tactful change of scale, tribute to the memory of the place, Finnish additions to the functional typology – specifically, saunas in the apartments – and plans for receiving a BREEAM certificate.
​And stabbed it with a knife
The leader of Coop Himmelb(l)au, Wolf D. Prix, presented three projects that he is currently doing in Russia: a complex in Sevastopol, Crimea, which, as it turned out, a western architect could build bypassing the sanctions, because this is a cultural project; a museum and theater center in Kemerovo, and the “SKA Arena”, which is built in the stead of the destroyed Sports and Concert Complex in St. Petersburg – during the presentation the latter was symbolized by a round cake that the architect eventually cut.
​The Thin Matter
The house named “Medny 3.14” (“Copper 3.14”) is composed of two textures, each of which resembles in its own way some kind of precious fabric, and of three units, each of which is oriented towards one cardinal point. The architecture of the house absorbs the nuances of the context, summing them up and turning them into a single rhythmic structure. In this article, we are examining the new, just-completed, house designed by Sergey Skuratov in Donskaya Street.
​Super Pergola
The new business center built in Moscow’s district of Presnya in the 1st Zemelny Lane is all about technology and sustainability. Its streamlined shapes and white facade grid are combined with a new version of vertical greenery: the green of wild grapes, placed at a distance from the facade, instead of arguing with the “pergola” grid, sets it off by contrast.
​Lightness of Being
Blooming Sakura, a campfire party, kids splashing in a swimming pool – no, these are not pictures from a vacation, but everyday life going on in the yards of Kiev’s housing complex “Fayna Town”. In this issue, we are examining how the utopia designed by the architects is wired, and what they did to make it a reality.
​A Triangular Folded Structure
The project of the new terminal of the Muraviev-Amursky airport in Blagoveshchensk offers architecture based on a modular form – endowed with a special imagery, it becomes the basis both for the carrying structures of the building and the plastique of the facade, at the same time reverberating in the interior design.
​The Breath of the East
Designing a residential complex for Tashkent, GENPRO is turning to traditional architecture and modern trends, aiming at emotionality and efficiency: the panjar window lattices and mishrabias are neighboring on vertical greenery and parametric ornaments, while the theme buildings do on a cotton alley and an oriental bazaar.
​The Openwork XX-Construction Set
The yard of the Architecture Museum on Moscow’s Vozdvizhenka hosts an installation by DNK ag. It is timed to coincide with the 20th anniversary of the company, and was originally presented at Arch Moscow. The art object is expected to stay in the yard of the museum for one year and set a new tradition – a regularly renewed exhibition project called “Modern Architecture in the yard of MUAR”.
The Spinning Vibe
The pavilion designed by Sergey Tchoban for the World EXPO 2020 in Dubai is a bright and integral architectural statement, whose imagery can be traced back to avant-garde graphic experiments by Jacob Chernikhov, but allows for multiple interpretations. The pavilion looks both like a dome temple, a spinning “Planet Russia”, and the head of a matryoshka doll. Still more interestingly, the core of the exposition is a “brain”. In this article, we take a closer look at the interpretations and the subtleties of the implementation.
Tolerant Aesthetics of Terraforming
The World Expo is a gigantic event; it is difficult to give it one definition or cover it at a glance. All the more so – such an ambitious and record-breaking fair as the one that is now open in Dubai despite all the pandemic restrictions. By no means claiming to present an all-rounded review, we are making an attempt to examine Expo 2020, where signs of aesthetic tolerance of a developer project begin to loom behind the imposing-looking “wings” of “star” architects and delights from space exploration.
The Town in the Snuff-box
The new academic building of Cooperation School in Moscow’s Taganka, designed and built by ASADOV Architects, is a compact volume, at the same time filled with functions and impressions. It easily combines classrooms, a theater, a cafeteria, a gym, and a double-height atrium with an open library and an exit to the terrace – virtually everything that you expect to see in a modern school.
​The Northern Versailles
On the bank of the magnificent Vychegda River, in a picturesque location six kilometers away from Syktyvkar, the capital of the Komi republic, the renowned neoclassical architect Mikhail Filippov has designed the town of Yugyd-Choi in the traditional aesthetics inspired by the center of St. Petersburg. The customer Elena Soboleva, the head of the Syktyvkar Housing Construction Fund, sees her mission in making Yugyd-Choi the hallmark of the republic.
​Analysis and Synthesis
The project of the housing complex “Krasin”, designed for the historical center of St. Petersburg, and situated in a very obliging place – next to the Mining University designed by Voronikhin, yet bordering on an industrial area – became the result of a thorough analysis of the specifics of historical construction on the Vasilyevsky Island, and a subsequent synthesis with avoidance of direct stylization, yet forming a recognizable silhouette, resonant with the “old town”.
​Tatiana Guk: “A document that determines the development of the city has to be flexible”
In this issue, we are talking to the director of the Genplan Institute of Moscow about trends that determine the future, about the 70-year history of the Institute, which is celebrating an anniversary this year, about electronic computing in the field of urban planning and about international experience accumulated in this area, as well as about how the Institute is involved with other cities, and about the perfect document for the city development, which has to be flexible and strategic.
​Dialectical Manifesto
The high-rise housing complex MOD, whose construction has begun in Moscow’s district of Maryina Roshcha next to the site, on which the new Russian Railways headquarters will be built, is responding to the “central” context of the future city surroundings, and at the same time is positioned by the architects as a “manifesto of Modernist minimalist principles in architecture”.
​Asimov’s Dream
A project by DNK ag won in a competition for the science campus of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in the city of Sarov, conducted by ROSATOM corporation in collaboration with the Moscow State University, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Kurchatov Institute.
​Near-Earth Space
The new terminal of the Leonov Airport in Kemerovo was built in record-breaking time, despite the pandemic. It became one of the important factors for the rapid development of the city, visually reflecting its dedication to the first spacewalk, both in the interiors and on the facades. Its main features are the “starry sky” effect and overall openness.
​The Spiral Approach
The school building in the city of Nur-Sultan, designed by Vera Budko and Anton Nadtochiy from beginning to end – from concept to working documentation – became the embodiment of the architects’ method for creating a modern educational environment, which the ATRIUM architects have been developing for years. Its fundamentals include creating an inspiring environment that motivates you to create. This is why the new school received a shape of an ornamental golden spiral that symbolizes ascension to knowledge; on the inside, the building is a compound and multifunctional “city within a city” with multilevel atriums, amphitheaters, and varying routes.
​The Ecological Bend
A story about how plans for laying a road on the border of a park turned into plans for saving the ecosystem and improving the walking trails.
​Kasimir from Kemerovo
The project of the branch of the Russian Museum for the Siberian Art Cluster is based on the ideas of Suprematism: basic shapes, and dynamism of color and form.
​Stream and Lines
Stepan Liphart’s projects of Art Deco villas demonstrate technical symbolism in combination with a subtle reference to the 1930s. One of the projects is a “paper” one; the others are designed for real customers: a top manager, an art collector, and a developer.
On the Bank of a Very Quiet River
The project of landscaping the territory of the residential complex NOW in Moscow’s Nagatinskaya Valley goes beyond the limits of its task and looks more like a modern park: with viewing platforms, an embankment, spaces different in their moods, and thought-out scenarios for visitors aged between 0 and 80.