The austere, full of light and shade, air and greenery, and, of course, impressions, the winery building in the city of Haykadzor in the Krasnodar Territory is one of the main architectural events of last year.
Written by: Translated by: Anton Mizonov
01 February 2018
Over the last few decades, the architecture of wineries established itself as a typology in its own right, with certain norms and requirements of its own. Their design became the hot trend of today, including among the star architects: the names of Frank Gehry, Santiago Calatrava , and Sir Norman Foster attract not only connoisseurs of wine but also fans of modern architecture. The new history of Russian winemaking is only just gaining momentum but even now we can safely say that their architecture has become an instrument of attracting the public interest to winemaking complexes and forming their identity. The latest vivid example of that is the winery of Haykadzor, which opened in the summer of 2017, designed by Kleinewelt Architekten.
Situated on a hill amidst the Anapskaya Valley, the “Haykadzor” winery has been operating since 2000. Although the colony of Gorgippia, which stood in the stead of the modern Anapa in the antique times, was famous for its winemaking tradition, the winemakers of today had to turn to their French colleagues in order to find the perfect place for growing grapevine here. The masters of oenology Alain Dugas and Noel Rabot, who still act as consultants to this winemaking house, found back then the perfect terroir on the slopes of the Semisamsky Ridge not far away from the town of Haykadzor, where 14 sorts of South French grapevine were planted. The development of the Russian brand was so successful that in 2012 its founder decided to build a modern multifunctional complex that would combine production facilities, tasting rooms, and a wine museum, for which a closed-type contest was organized. The new tourist center was to be situated on a hill named “Vysokaya Gorka” (which, curiously, literally translates as “High Mountain”): a little higher than the town and a little lower than the grapevines. The bright sunshine, the air, and the landscape that back in the day determined the location of the planting became the starting point in the creation of the winning project.
The contest-winning Kleinewelt Architekten designed a project whose geometric forms would stand out against the picturesque background of the valley, becoming a landmark amidst the sloping landscape which would in no way violate the harmony of its natural surroundings. According to Nikolai Pereslegin, “this place is really beautiful, with a complex terrain, so we decided to make our project as flat as it can be”. It is planned that the volumetric centerpiece of the building will be accentuated by a sightseeing tower with a tasting room, which has not been built yet. However, even without this tower, the semitransparent volume of the winery rules the landscape.
One of the tasks that the architects faced was the necessity of developing the routes of traffic flows inside the complex that was meant to become a major tourist attraction of Russia’s south. “Never stop surprising is one of the mottos of our project. The tasting of wine implies that all of the human senses must be engaged – and we wanted to complement the taste and aroma sensations with visual and space experiences. These are the prerequisites that determined our project – seemingly simple yet structurally sophisticated”.
The complex consists of several volumes linked by open-air passages but, thanks to a joint roof and a wooden deck, the building still looks like a single whole. At a first glance, it is perceived as a single-story building but in fact it has a basement floor which is only viewable from the parking lot.
The functional division into the production and public parts is accentuated by the employed materials – concrete and glass. In the part that is open to general public, deep porticos and open-air terraces alternate with glass volumes that host the main public spaces: tasting rooms, where each wine is assigned a place of its own, a museum of the history of winemaking, and a conference hall for lectures and seminars. Slender metallic stairways lead to an open-air roof that commands panoramic views of the surrounding area. “We carefully calculated all the vantage points lying in the guests’ route so that the visitors could enjoy not only the gastronomy but also the surrounding landscape”.
A special mood is created by the coverage of the building – metallic structures with wooden lattice that stand along the building’s perimeter in a cantilevered fashion and the slender bearing columns cast shadows – this way, the sun itself “cooperates” with the architecture, highlighting the beauty of the simple lines. And, although in the original project the coverage was still more sophisticated – the latticed pattern repeated the outlines of the local flowers – the authors are still happy with the resulting effect that brings out the purity of the geometric shapes. Executed from seasoned basswood, the wooden deck imbibes the sunshine, giving coziness and warmth to everything that surrounds it. The energy of the sun fills the complex situated in one of the most picturesque places of Russia not only visually but literally as well: the roof has photovoltaic panels installed on it, which provide electricity to the winery.
The concrete part of the building includes production facilities and the repository. The construction of the production facility of the winery required for taking away some of the soil, which provided an opportunity to keep up a certain temperature mode, at the same time minimizing the energy losses. The façade concrete, which serves both as the bearing and the decorative material, serves as the perfect background for the glass bottles and wooden casks.
The center of the whole building is essentially a garden: at the level of the basement floor, there is a green yard that spreads around an oak tree that was specially brought from Germany. The beautiful space of the atrium is created thanks to the contrast between bare concrete and lush vegetation. The stairs that lead to the yard are also unusual: the concrete cantilevers look as if they were hovering in the air casting slim shadows on the surfaces of the walls. In order to keep up life in this oasis, the architects provided for four pour points.
“Considering the fact that this is one of the hottest places in Russia, we decided that the whole complex must be centered around an oasis. Lush vegetation is something that you rarely come across in these parts, and the garden accentuates the uniqueness of the building. This is a peculiar analogy of the Garden of Eden populated by rate plants that were specially chosen by our dendrologists. The whole structure and composition of the building is centered around it” – says Nikolai Pereslegin.
The exhibition and demonstration spaces were also designed by Kleinewelt Architekten: the parallelepipeds of the counters and the straight shelves in the tasting rooms continue the theme of simple shapes. The architects also provided for the elevators for people of limited mobility.
There are plans for expanding the center on the future by adding a hotel complex to it. Already today the visitors are met by an entrance group designed by Kleinewelt Architekten in the same style as the main building of the complex and a small pavilion that overlooking the valley.
The high-rise housing complex MOD, whose construction has begun in Moscow’s district of Maryina Roshcha next to the site, on which the new Russian Railways headquarters will be built, is responding to the “central” context of the future city surroundings, and at the same time is positioned by the architects as a “manifesto of Modernist minimalist principles in architecture”.
The new terminal of the Leonov Airport in Kemerovo was built in record-breaking time, despite the pandemic. It became one of the important factors for the rapid development of the city, visually reflecting its dedication to the first spacewalk, both in the interiors and on the facades. Its main features are the “starry sky” effect and overall openness.
Stream and Lines
Stepan Liphart’s projects of Art Deco villas demonstrate technical symbolism in combination with a subtle reference to the 1930s. One of the projects is a “paper” one; the others are designed for real customers: a top manager, an art collector, and a developer.
The Strategy of Transformation
In this article, we are publishing eight projects of reconstructing postwar Modernist buildings that have been implemented by Tchoban Voss Architekten and showcased in the AEDES gallery at the recent Re-Use exhibition. Parallel to that, we are meditating on the demonstrated approaches and the preservation of things that architectural legislation does not require to preserve.
In the Rhythm of Block Construction
Last week, the housing complex “Ty i Ya” (“You and Me”) was presented, built in the northwest of Moscow. By a number of parameters, it exceeds the originally stated comfort-class format, and, on the other hand, fully meeting the city block construction paradigm, popular in Moscow, demonstrates a few interesting features, such as a new kind of public spaces for the residents, and high-ceilinged apartments on the first floors.
Five Nonlinear Ones
Recently, at the Moscow Urban Forum, they announced a large-scale project that Zaha Hadid Architects would do for Moscow – the multifunctional housing complex Union Towers designed for Quarter 82 of Khoroshevo-Mnevniki at the commission of KROST development.
Etudes in Glass
The housing complex, located not far away from the Paveletskaya Railway Station, as a symbol of a sweeping transformation of this area: a composition of towers of different height, ingenious detailing of stained glass windows, and a green lawn in the yard.
A Flyover in Watercolor
For the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Vasilkovsky, the architectural office of Evgeny Gerasimov is reflecting on the Ushakov Flyover, which was designed with input from this artist and architect. In this article, we are showing its watercolors and sketches, including the preliminary ones that were not included in the final project, as well as speaking about the importance of architectural drawing.
Transformation with Multiplication
The Palace of Water Sports in Luzhniki is one of the high-profile and nontrivial reconstructions of recent years, and a project that won one of the first competitions, initiated by Sergey Kuznetsov as the main architect of Moscow. The complex opened 2 years ago; this article about it comes out at the start of the bathing season.
Sergey Tchoban: “I believe it’s very important to preserve this city as a record...
Although originally we planned to speak in this interview with Sergey Tchoban about high-rise construction, the conversation turned out to be 70% about meditation on the ways of regenerating the historical city and about the role of the city fabric as the most objective and unbiased historical record. And, as for the towers, which manifest social contrasts and leave a lot of junk when torn down, the conversation was about the expected construction norms and regulations. We took this interview one day before the Lakhta-2 project was announced, and this is why this newsbreak is not commented upon in any way in this article.
Courtyards and Constructivism
In this issue, we are examining the second major block of the “city within a city” Ligovsky City complex, designed and built by A-Len, and combining several trends characteristic of modern urban architecture.
Inside of a Drawn Grid
Designing the apartment complex PLAY in Danilovskaya Sloboda, ADM architects placed their bet on the imagery of construction. The area where it manifested itself the most vividly was the sophisticated grid of the facades.
Headquarters of the Future
The project by “Arena Group”, which won in an open competition of ideas for the headquarters of the Italian company FITT, combines futuristic forms, an interesting set of functions, energy efficiency, and subtle references to the archetypes of Italian architecture. Particularly beautiful is the “continuous” fountain. In this issue, we are sharing about the three winners of the competition.
The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.
This Beetle Has Flown
The story of designing a business center in the Zhukov (“Beetle”) Drive: a number of attempts to preserve a hundred-year-old cold storage facility, at the same time introducing modern buildings interpreting the industrial theme. The project remained on paper, but the story behind it seems to be worth our attention.
The Childhood Territory
The project of the educational complex within the second stage of “Spanish Quarters” was developed by ASADOV Architects. The project is all about creating a friendly and transparent environment that in itself educates and forms the personality of a child.
Man and the City
Designing this large-scale housing complex, GAFA architects accentuated two types of public spaces: bustling streets with shops and cafes – and a totally natural yard, visually separated as much as possible from the city. Making the most out of the contrast, both work together to make the life of the residents of EVER housing complex eventful and diverse.
Andy Snow: “I aim for an architecture which is rational and poetic”
The British architect Andy Snow has recently become the chief architect at GENPRO Architects & Engineers. Projects, which Andy Snow did in the UK in collaboration with world-famous architectural firms, scored numerous international awards. In Russia, the architect took part in designing Moscow’s Stanislavsky Factory business center, iLove housing complex, and AFI2B business center on the 2nd Brestskaya Street. In our interview, Andy Snow compared the construction realities in Russia and the UK, and also shared his vision of architectural prospects in Russia.
The Living Growth
The grand-scale housing complex AFI PARK Vorontsovsky in Moscow’s southwest consists of four towers, a “slab” house, and a kindergarten building. Interestingly, the plastique of the residential buildings is quite active – they seem to be growing before your eyes, responding to the natural context, and first of all opening the views of the nearby park. As for the kindergarten building, it is cute and lyrical, like a little sugar house.
Sergey Skuratov: “A skyscraper is a balance of technology, economic performance, and aesthetic...
In March, two buildings of the Capital Towers complex were built up to a 300-meter elevation mark. In this issue, we are speaking to the creator of Moscow’s cutting-edge skyscrapers: about heights and proportions, technologies and economics, laconicism and beauty of superslim houses, and about the boldest architectural proposal of recent years – the Le Corbusier Tower above the Tsentrosoyuz building.
The Red Building
The area of Novoslobodskaya has received Maison Rouge – an apartment complex designed by ADM, which continues the wave of renovation, started by the Atmosphere business center, from the side of the Palikha Street.
The Uplifting Effect
The project of Ostankino Business Park was developed for the land site lying between two metro stations (one operating and the other in construction), and because of that its public space is designed to equally cater for the city people and the office workers. The complex stands every chance of becoming the catalyst for development of the Butyrsky area.
In this article, we are examining a rather rare and interesting case – two projects by Evgeny Gerasimov situated on one street and completed with a five years’ difference, presenting the perfect example of example for analyzing the overall trends and approaches practiced by the architectural company.
Raising the Yard
The housing complex Renome consists of two buildings: a modern stone house and a red-brick factory building of the end of the XIX century, reconstructed by measurements and original drafts. The two buildings are connected by an “inclined” yard – a rare, by Moscow standards, version of geoplastics that smoothly ascends to the roof of the stores lined up along a pedestrian street.