По-русски

​Rules of Winemaking

The austere, full of light and shade, air and greenery, and, of course, impressions, the winery building in the city of Haykadzor in the Krasnodar Territory is one of the main architectural events of last year.

Written by:

Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

01 February 2018
Object
mainImg

Over the last few decades, the architecture of wineries established itself as a typology in its own right, with certain norms and requirements of its own. Their design became the hot trend of today, including among the star architects: the names of Frank Gehry, Santiago Calatrava , and Sir Norman Foster attract not only connoisseurs of wine but also fans of modern architecture. The new history of Russian winemaking is only just gaining momentum but even now we can safely say that their architecture has become an instrument of attracting the public interest to winemaking complexes and forming their identity. The latest vivid example of that is the winery of Haykadzor, which opened in the summer of 2017, designed by Kleinewelt Architekten.

zooming
Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov
Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Situated on a hill amidst the Anapskaya Valley, the “Haykadzor” winery has been operating since 2000. Although the colony of Gorgippia, which stood in the stead of the modern Anapa in the antique times, was famous for its winemaking tradition, the winemakers of today had to turn to their French colleagues in order to find the perfect place for growing grapevine here. The masters of oenology Alain Dugas and Noel Rabot, who still act as consultants to this winemaking house, found back then the perfect terroir on the slopes of the Semisamsky Ridge not far away from the town of Haykadzor, where 14 sorts of South French grapevine were planted. The development of the Russian brand was so successful that in 2012 its founder decided to build a modern multifunctional complex that would combine production facilities, tasting rooms, and a wine museum, for which a closed-type contest was organized. The new tourist center was to be situated on a hill named “Vysokaya Gorka” (which, curiously, literally translates as “High Mountain”): a little higher than the town and a little lower than the grapevines. The bright sunshine, the air, and the landscape that back in the day determined the location of the planting became the starting point in the creation of the winning project.

The contest-winning Kleinewelt Architekten designed a project whose geometric forms would stand out against the picturesque background of the valley, becoming a landmark amidst the sloping landscape which would in no way violate the harmony of its natural surroundings. According to Nikolai Pereslegin, “this place is really beautiful, with a complex terrain, so we decided to make our project as flat as it can be”. It is planned that the volumetric centerpiece of the building will be accentuated by a sightseeing tower with a tasting room, which has not been built yet. However, even without this tower, the semitransparent volume of the winery rules the landscape.

Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


One of the tasks that the architects faced was the necessity of developing the routes of traffic flows inside the complex that was meant to become a major tourist attraction of Russia’s south. “Never stop surprising is one of the mottos of our project. The tasting of wine implies that all of the human senses must be engaged – and we wanted to complement the taste and aroma sensations with visual and space experiences. These are the prerequisites that determined our project – seemingly simple yet structurally sophisticated”.

The complex consists of several volumes linked by open-air passages but, thanks to a joint roof and a wooden deck, the building still looks like a single whole. At a first glance, it is perceived as a single-story building but in fact it has a basement floor which is only viewable from the parking lot.

The functional division into the production and public parts is accentuated by the employed materials – concrete and glass. In the part that is open to general public, deep porticos and open-air terraces alternate with glass volumes that host the main public spaces: tasting rooms, where each wine is assigned a place of its own, a museum of the history of winemaking, and a conference hall for lectures and seminars. Slender metallic stairways lead to an open-air roof that commands panoramic views of the surrounding area. “We carefully calculated all the vantage points lying in the guests’ route so that the visitors could enjoy not only the gastronomy but also the surrounding landscape”.

Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


A special mood is created by the coverage of the building – metallic structures with wooden lattice that stand along the building’s perimeter in a cantilevered fashion and the slender bearing columns cast shadows – this way, the sun itself “cooperates” with the architecture, highlighting the beauty of the simple lines. And, although in the original project the coverage was still more sophisticated – the latticed pattern repeated the outlines of the local flowers – the authors are still happy with the resulting effect that brings out the purity of the geometric shapes. Executed from seasoned basswood, the wooden deck imbibes the sunshine, giving coziness and warmth to everything that surrounds it. The energy of the sun fills the complex situated in one of the most picturesque places of Russia not only visually but literally as well: the roof has photovoltaic panels installed on it, which provide electricity to the winery.

Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


The concrete part of the building includes production facilities and the repository. The construction of the production facility of the winery required for taking away some of the soil, which provided an opportunity to keep up a certain temperature mode, at the same time minimizing the energy losses. The façade concrete, which serves both as the bearing and the decorative material, serves as the perfect background for the glass bottles and wooden casks.

Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


The center of the whole building is essentially a garden: at the level of the basement floor, there is a green yard that spreads around an oak tree that was specially brought from Germany. The beautiful space of the atrium is created thanks to the contrast between bare concrete and lush vegetation. The stairs that lead to the yard are also unusual: the concrete cantilevers look as if they were hovering in the air casting slim shadows on the surfaces of the walls. In order to keep up life in this oasis, the architects provided for four pour points.

Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


A winery in Haykadzor (Armenia). Project, 2013. Kleinewelt Architekten. Photo © I. Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


“Considering the fact that this is one of the hottest places in Russia, we decided that the whole complex must be centered around an oasis. Lush vegetation is something that you rarely come across in these parts, and the garden accentuates the uniqueness of the building. This is a peculiar analogy of the Garden of Eden populated by rate plants that were specially chosen by our dendrologists. The whole structure and composition of the building is centered around it” – says Nikolai Pereslegin.

The exhibition and demonstration spaces were also designed by Kleinewelt Architekten: the parallelepipeds of the counters and the straight shelves in the tasting rooms continue the theme of simple shapes. The architects also provided for the elevators for people of limited mobility.

Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


Winery in Haykadzor. Realization, 2013-2017, Kleinewelt Architekten. Photograph © Ilia Ivanov


There are plans for expanding the center on the future by adding a hotel complex to it. Already today the visitors are met by an entrance group designed by Kleinewelt Architekten in the same style as the main building of the complex and a small pavilion that overlooking the valley.

01 February 2018

Written by:


Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
​The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
​MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.
This Beetle Has Flown
The story of designing a business center in the Zhukov (“Beetle”) Drive: a number of attempts to preserve a hundred-year-old cold storage facility, at the same time introducing modern buildings interpreting the industrial theme. The project remained on paper, but the story behind it seems to be worth our attention.
​The Childhood Territory
The project of the educational complex within the second stage of “Spanish Quarters” was developed by ASADOV Architects. The project is all about creating a friendly and transparent environment that in itself educates and forms the personality of a child.
Man and the City
Designing this large-scale housing complex, GAFA architects accentuated two types of public spaces: bustling streets with shops and cafes – and a totally natural yard, visually separated as much as possible from the city. Making the most out of the contrast, both work together to make the life of the residents of EVER housing complex eventful and diverse.
​Andy Snow: “I aim for an architecture which is rational and poetic”
The British architect Andy Snow has recently become the chief architect at GENPRO Architects & Engineers. Projects, which Andy Snow did in the UK in collaboration with world-famous architectural firms, scored numerous international awards. In Russia, the architect took part in designing Moscow’s Stanislavsky Factory business center, iLove housing complex, and AFI2B business center on the 2nd Brestskaya Street. In our interview, Andy Snow compared the construction realities in Russia and the UK, and also shared his vision of architectural prospects in Russia.
​The Living Growth
The grand-scale housing complex AFI PARK Vorontsovsky in Moscow’s southwest consists of four towers, a “slab” house, and a kindergarten building. Interestingly, the plastique of the residential buildings is quite active – they seem to be growing before your eyes, responding to the natural context, and first of all opening the views of the nearby park. As for the kindergarten building, it is cute and lyrical, like a little sugar house.
Sergey Skuratov: “A skyscraper is a balance of technology, economic performance, and aesthetic...
In March, two buildings of the Capital Towers complex were built up to a 300-meter elevation mark. In this issue, we are speaking to the creator of Moscow’s cutting-edge skyscrapers: about heights and proportions, technologies and economics, laconicism and beauty of superslim houses, and about the boldest architectural proposal of recent years – the Le Corbusier Tower above the Tsentrosoyuz building.
​The Red Building
The area of Novoslobodskaya has received Maison Rouge – an apartment complex designed by ADM, which continues the wave of renovation, started by the Atmosphere business center, from the side of the Palikha Street.
​The Uplifting Effect
The project of Ostankino Business Park was developed for the land site lying between two metro stations (one operating and the other in construction), and because of that its public space is designed to equally cater for the city people and the office workers. The complex stands every chance of becoming the catalyst for development of the Butyrsky area.
​Binary Opposition
In this article, we are examining a rather rare and interesting case – two projects by Evgeny Gerasimov situated on one street and completed with a five years’ difference, presenting the perfect example of example for analyzing the overall trends and approaches practiced by the architectural company.
Raising the Yard
The housing complex Renome consists of two buildings: a modern stone house and a red-brick factory building of the end of the XIX century, reconstructed by measurements and original drafts. The two buildings are connected by an “inclined” yard – a rare, by Moscow standards, version of geoplastics that smoothly ascends to the roof of the stores lined up along a pedestrian street.
​Hearing the Tune of the Past
The Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist in the park near the Novodevichy Convent was conceived in 2012 in honor of the 200th anniversary of the victory over Napoleon. However, instead of declamatory grandeur and “fanfare”, the architect Ilia Utkin presented a concentrated and prayerful mood, combined with a respectful attitude of this tent-shaped church, which also includes some elements of architecture of orders. The basement floor hosts a museum of excavations found on the site of the church.
​Semantic Shift
The high-end residential complex STORY, situated near the Avtozavodskaya metro station and the former ZIL factory, is delicately inscribed in the contrastive context, while its shape, which combines a regular grid and a stunning “shift” of the main facade, seems to respond to the dramatic history of the place, at the same time, however, allowing for multiple interpretations.
​Yards and Towers: the Samara Experiment
The project of “Samara Arena Park”, proposed by Sergey Skuratov, scored second place in the competition. The project is essentially based on experimenting with typology of residential buildings and gallery/corridor-type city blocks combined with towers – as well as on sensitive response to the context and the urge to turn the complex into a full-fledged urban space providing a wide range of functions and experiences.
​The Fili Duo
The second phase of the Filicity housing complex, designed by ADM architects, is based on the contrast between a 57-story skyscraper 200 meters high and an 11-story brick house. The high-rise building sets a futuristic vector in Moscow housing architecture.
​The Wall and the Tower
The OSA architects have been searching for solutions that could be opposed to the low-rise construction in the center of Khabarovsk, as well as an opportunity to say a new word in the discourse about mass housing.
​The Energy Family
The housing complex Symphony 34 will be built in Moscow’s Savelovsky district; it will consist of four towers from 36 to 54 stories high. Each of the towers has an image of its own, but they all are gathered into a single architectural ensemble – a fragment of a new high-rise urban space lying outside the Third Transport Ring.
The Fifth Element
The high-end residential development in the Vsevolozhsky Lane features a combination of expensive stone and metal textures, immersing them into a feast of ornaments. The house looks like a fantasy inspired by the theater of the Art Nouveau and Symbolism era; a kind of oriental fairy tale, which paradoxically allows it to avoid direct stylization and become a reflection of one of the aspects of modern Moscow life.
​Springboards and Patios
The central element of the manor house in the village of Antonovka, designed by Roman Leonidov, is the inner yard with pergolas, meant to remind its owner about his vacations in exotic countries. The exposed wooden structures emphasize the soaring diagonals of single-pitched roofs.
​Adding Up a Growing City
The housing quarter “1147” is located at the border between the old “Stalin” district in the north and the actively developing territories in the south. Its image responds to a difficult task: the compound brick facades of the neighboring sections are different, their height varying from 9 to 22 floors, and, if we are look from the street, it seems as though the front of the city development, consisting from long narrow elements, is forming some sophisticated array at this very moment in front of our eyes.
Agility of the Modular
In the Discovery housing complex that they designed, ADM architects proposed a modern version of structuralism: the form is based on modular cells, which, smoothly protruding and deepening, make the volumes display a kind of restrained flexibility, differentiated element by element. The lamellar and ledged facades are “stitched” with golden threads – they unite the volumes, emphasizing the textured character of the architectural solution.
Polyphony of a Strict Style
The “ID Moskovskiy” housing project on St. Petersburg’s Moscow Avenue was designed by the team of Stepan Liphart in the past 2020. The ensemble of two buildings, joined by a colonnade, is executed in a generalized neoclassical style with elements of Art Deco.
​In Three Voices
The high-rise – 41 stories high – housing complex HIDE is being built on the bank of the Setun River, near the Poklonnaya Mountain. It consists of three towers of equal height, yet interpreted in three different ways. One of the towers, the most conspicuous one looks as if it was twisted in a spiral, composed of a multitude of golden bay windows.
​In the Space of Pobedy Park
In the project of a housing complex designed by Sergey Skuratov, which is now being built near the park of the Poklonnaya Hill, a multifunctional stylobate is turned into a compound city space with intriguing “access” slopes that also take on the role of mini-plazas. The architecture of the residential buildings responds to the proximity of the Pobedy Park, on the one hand, “dissolving in the air”, and, on the other hand, supporting the memorial complex rhythmically and color-wise.
​Dynamics of the Avenue
On Leningrad Avenue, not far away from the Sokol metro station, the construction of the A-Class business center Alcon II has been completed. ADM architects designed the main façade as three volumetric ribbons, as if the busy traffic of the avenue “shook” the matter sending large waves through it.
​Steamer at the Pier
An apartment hotel that looks like a ship with wide decks has been designed for a land plot on a lake shore in Moscow’s South Tushino. This “steamer” house, overlooking the lake and the river port, does indeed look as if it were ready to sail away.