По-русски

Chasing Fog

In Sergey Estrin's project, the second version of "Terekhovo" metro station is named "A Hedgehog in the Fog" (a cult soviet cartoon - translator's note). The graphic and the plastic solutions are united in it by the fairytale itself - like a dream inspired by the nature of this riverbed.

Written by:
Alla Pavlikova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

16 February 2016
Object
mainImg

Sergey Estrin Studio developed the project of the interior of the entrance pavilion of "Terekhovo" metro station for the open architectural contest, the results of which were recently announced. The project did not get shortlisted for the finals but the ideas and solutions proposed by the architects are winning enough to be shared about. 

The Mnevniki riverbed is not quite a "Moscow" place as yet. Swamped lowland, rather on the wild side, far from being a "park": fields, meadows, and two villages: Terekhovo, located in the central part of the island, still exists, while the Nizhnie Mnevniki in its northern part has long since been abandoned. The place has a wild and homeless flavor to it; it is cluttered with trash in spite of its protected status, even though there are lots of things that nostalgically remind, with a rusty flavor, about the damp and foggy mid-Russia pastoral. Meanwhile, according to the planning project of 2014, 150 out of 350 hectares of the territory will be used for construction of, among other things, residential buildings around two metro stations whose names were inherited from these two villages. Shortly, the landscape will drastically change and will look more like a megalopolis, even though it is planned to preserve at least half of the natural enclaves. In a word, the architects got down to work on the Terekhovo project keeping in mind both the past and the future of this territory. 

"What we wanted to do was make an out-of-the-box and memorable project for this place - Sergey Estrin says - We wanted to catch the mood of the local commuters that get down to the metro early in the morning. We wanted to give the people an opportunity to look at themselves from the side. See the landscaped islets, think about the true values in their lives, and forget about this perpetual motion for a brief moment". 

The leitmotif of the project came from the memory about the character of the place that the architects were to transform. In the lowland with a couple of semi-abandoned villages that are just about to get devoured by the huge city, one can hardly see a paragon of beauty. These parts look like they were meant to become the antithesis of high spirits: fog instead of sunshine, swampland instead of mountains, autumn instead of spring... However, the subtle Moscow suburb melancholy is something that is something that is almost palpable; some places look like autumn brings out the best in them, and this swamped lowland is definitely one of them. In the process of working on the project outline, the architects came up with the story of "Hedgehog in a Fog". This hero of a Yury Norstein cartoon is a "warm and kind recognizable character that wanders around a mysterious forest" - the architect shares. The analogy with the cartoon helped the architects find graphic shapes that were concise and visually clear. Well, we will not see the hedgehog himself in the concept - this would have been too much of a straightforward and literal solution. 

"Terekhovo" metro station. The platform area @Sergey Estrin Architects
"Terekhovo" metro station. The search for the architecturaal and artistic concept. Frame from "Hedgehog in Fog" cartoon. Provided by Sergey Estrin Architects


zooming
"Terekhovo" metro station. The search for the architecturaal and artistic concept. Frames from "Hedgehog in Fog" cartoon. Provided by Sergey Estrin Architects


Borrowed from nature itself as much as from the classic cartoon, the project's main content points are the phosphorescent fog, the grass, and the birds. The recognizable silhouettes of the cattail inflorescences grew up to the size of the southern real typha on the building's columns, or maybe even bigger. Originally it was planned that the broad shafts of the columns would be made of hardened opaque glass backlit with white diodes from the inside. The cattail stems are executed from laser-cut stainless steel. The same backlit silhouettes of grass blades are superimposed over the large letters of the station's name that is still impossible to miss when looking from inside the train carriage.  

"Terekhovo" metro station. The area of the underground lobbies @Sergey Estrin Architects


There is a single pair of railroad tracks running through the station, and the architects treat it as the riverbed of the conditional river: decorated with dark metal, the band of the ceiling above the trains reflects the glitter of the rails as a water surface turned upside down. In the center, there is a flow. On the sides of the riverbed, there are banks of platforms where on the glowing columns the giant cattail grows. A little bit further away from the edge of the platform, there are benches, the metal waves of their bases resembling the edges of clay bank washed up by the water. The dark-gray granite of the floor brings together all the spaces from the entrance to the platform, marking the ground surface.

The "fog" theme on the walls is picked up from the glowing columns by the light-colored marble with a mist of grayish veins. The mist is not all-too-realistic - just as the ground it is only hinted at. The exaggerated "cartoon" size of the grass blades strengthens the feeling of a game, a feeling of one being trapped inside a fantasy story - which, indeed, provokes one to look at themselves from the side: just why is the grass so big? Who am I if the grass has grown larger than me? Somebody who would hide in the corn field as a child would probably get some kind of this feeling among the graphic "thicket" of this metro station.  

Unlike the recognizable cattail, the birds are stylized into voluminous silhouettes with different configurations of their wings. To this or that degree, all the lights became birds, their prototype being the duck skein, as the authors explain. The white "diamond" birds only slightly stand out from the ceiling, being inscribed into a diagonal pattern of its panels; the multicolored triangular birds, voluminous panels, resembling paragliders, and, echoing the motion of the people's flow, serve as the extra navigation elements setting the direction. The shape of birds' beaks is also suggested by the triangular lights on the moving stairs, although the authors are speaking about a different prototype: the crests of the roofs reminding of the lost villages.

"Terekhovo" metro station. The area of the ticket offices and the moving stairs @Sergey Estrin Architects


"Terekhovo" metro station. The style-forming elements of the concept @Sergey Estrin Architects


There is yet another bird on the outside: a big streamlined metal wing covers the glass pavilion that glows in the dark. In front of the doors, there are large backlit marquees, while on the sides, between the glass walls and the pinpoint supports of the wing, there appear spacious "cavities" with benches and bicycle stalls -the public spaces for rest and relaxation.

"Terekhovo" metro station. View of the entrance pavilion @Sergey Estrin Architects


"Terekhovo" metro station. Diagrams and basic units @Sergey Estrin Architects
 

An architect as much as an artist, Sergey Estrin have been able to tie into one cohesive story the graphics of the reeds, the plastics of the wings, and catch the resonance between the rhythm of the metro and the skein of birds of passage, between the hi-tech and the autumn blues. Modern builders make extensive use of the well-known cliché about the "underground palaces" of Moscow metro. In this project, however, instead of a palace, we see a semblance of the city of Kitezh that once went underwater: with a memory of the resonating silence of an autumn morning, so bizarre in a big city's traffic flow.
"Terekhovo" metro station. Palettes of the employed materials @Sergey Estrin Architects


16 February 2016

Written by:

Alla Pavlikova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
​The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
​MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.
This Beetle Has Flown
The story of designing a business center in the Zhukov (“Beetle”) Drive: a number of attempts to preserve a hundred-year-old cold storage facility, at the same time introducing modern buildings interpreting the industrial theme. The project remained on paper, but the story behind it seems to be worth our attention.
​The Childhood Territory
The project of the educational complex within the second stage of “Spanish Quarters” was developed by ASADOV Architects. The project is all about creating a friendly and transparent environment that in itself educates and forms the personality of a child.
Man and the City
Designing this large-scale housing complex, GAFA architects accentuated two types of public spaces: bustling streets with shops and cafes – and a totally natural yard, visually separated as much as possible from the city. Making the most out of the contrast, both work together to make the life of the residents of EVER housing complex eventful and diverse.
​Andy Snow: “I aim for an architecture which is rational and poetic”
The British architect Andy Snow has recently become the chief architect at GENPRO Architects & Engineers. Projects, which Andy Snow did in the UK in collaboration with world-famous architectural firms, scored numerous international awards. In Russia, the architect took part in designing Moscow’s Stanislavsky Factory business center, iLove housing complex, and AFI2B business center on the 2nd Brestskaya Street. In our interview, Andy Snow compared the construction realities in Russia and the UK, and also shared his vision of architectural prospects in Russia.
​The Living Growth
The grand-scale housing complex AFI PARK Vorontsovsky in Moscow’s southwest consists of four towers, a “slab” house, and a kindergarten building. Interestingly, the plastique of the residential buildings is quite active – they seem to be growing before your eyes, responding to the natural context, and first of all opening the views of the nearby park. As for the kindergarten building, it is cute and lyrical, like a little sugar house.
Sergey Skuratov: “A skyscraper is a balance of technology, economic performance, and aesthetic...
In March, two buildings of the Capital Towers complex were built up to a 300-meter elevation mark. In this issue, we are speaking to the creator of Moscow’s cutting-edge skyscrapers: about heights and proportions, technologies and economics, laconicism and beauty of superslim houses, and about the boldest architectural proposal of recent years – the Le Corbusier Tower above the Tsentrosoyuz building.
​The Red Building
The area of Novoslobodskaya has received Maison Rouge – an apartment complex designed by ADM, which continues the wave of renovation, started by the Atmosphere business center, from the side of the Palikha Street.
​The Uplifting Effect
The project of Ostankino Business Park was developed for the land site lying between two metro stations (one operating and the other in construction), and because of that its public space is designed to equally cater for the city people and the office workers. The complex stands every chance of becoming the catalyst for development of the Butyrsky area.
​Binary Opposition
In this article, we are examining a rather rare and interesting case – two projects by Evgeny Gerasimov situated on one street and completed with a five years’ difference, presenting the perfect example of example for analyzing the overall trends and approaches practiced by the architectural company.
Raising the Yard
The housing complex Renome consists of two buildings: a modern stone house and a red-brick factory building of the end of the XIX century, reconstructed by measurements and original drafts. The two buildings are connected by an “inclined” yard – a rare, by Moscow standards, version of geoplastics that smoothly ascends to the roof of the stores lined up along a pedestrian street.
​Hearing the Tune of the Past
The Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist in the park near the Novodevichy Convent was conceived in 2012 in honor of the 200th anniversary of the victory over Napoleon. However, instead of declamatory grandeur and “fanfare”, the architect Ilia Utkin presented a concentrated and prayerful mood, combined with a respectful attitude of this tent-shaped church, which also includes some elements of architecture of orders. The basement floor hosts a museum of excavations found on the site of the church.
​Semantic Shift
The high-end residential complex STORY, situated near the Avtozavodskaya metro station and the former ZIL factory, is delicately inscribed in the contrastive context, while its shape, which combines a regular grid and a stunning “shift” of the main facade, seems to respond to the dramatic history of the place, at the same time, however, allowing for multiple interpretations.
​Yards and Towers: the Samara Experiment
The project of “Samara Arena Park”, proposed by Sergey Skuratov, scored second place in the competition. The project is essentially based on experimenting with typology of residential buildings and gallery/corridor-type city blocks combined with towers – as well as on sensitive response to the context and the urge to turn the complex into a full-fledged urban space providing a wide range of functions and experiences.
​The Fili Duo
The second phase of the Filicity housing complex, designed by ADM architects, is based on the contrast between a 57-story skyscraper 200 meters high and an 11-story brick house. The high-rise building sets a futuristic vector in Moscow housing architecture.
​The Wall and the Tower
The OSA architects have been searching for solutions that could be opposed to the low-rise construction in the center of Khabarovsk, as well as an opportunity to say a new word in the discourse about mass housing.
​The Energy Family
The housing complex Symphony 34 will be built in Moscow’s Savelovsky district; it will consist of four towers from 36 to 54 stories high. Each of the towers has an image of its own, but they all are gathered into a single architectural ensemble – a fragment of a new high-rise urban space lying outside the Third Transport Ring.
The Fifth Element
The high-end residential development in the Vsevolozhsky Lane features a combination of expensive stone and metal textures, immersing them into a feast of ornaments. The house looks like a fantasy inspired by the theater of the Art Nouveau and Symbolism era; a kind of oriental fairy tale, which paradoxically allows it to avoid direct stylization and become a reflection of one of the aspects of modern Moscow life.
​Springboards and Patios
The central element of the manor house in the village of Antonovka, designed by Roman Leonidov, is the inner yard with pergolas, meant to remind its owner about his vacations in exotic countries. The exposed wooden structures emphasize the soaring diagonals of single-pitched roofs.
​Adding Up a Growing City
The housing quarter “1147” is located at the border between the old “Stalin” district in the north and the actively developing territories in the south. Its image responds to a difficult task: the compound brick facades of the neighboring sections are different, their height varying from 9 to 22 floors, and, if we are look from the street, it seems as though the front of the city development, consisting from long narrow elements, is forming some sophisticated array at this very moment in front of our eyes.
Agility of the Modular
In the Discovery housing complex that they designed, ADM architects proposed a modern version of structuralism: the form is based on modular cells, which, smoothly protruding and deepening, make the volumes display a kind of restrained flexibility, differentiated element by element. The lamellar and ledged facades are “stitched” with golden threads – they unite the volumes, emphasizing the textured character of the architectural solution.
Polyphony of a Strict Style
The “ID Moskovskiy” housing project on St. Petersburg’s Moscow Avenue was designed by the team of Stepan Liphart in the past 2020. The ensemble of two buildings, joined by a colonnade, is executed in a generalized neoclassical style with elements of Art Deco.
​In Three Voices
The high-rise – 41 stories high – housing complex HIDE is being built on the bank of the Setun River, near the Poklonnaya Mountain. It consists of three towers of equal height, yet interpreted in three different ways. One of the towers, the most conspicuous one looks as if it was twisted in a spiral, composed of a multitude of golden bay windows.
​In the Space of Pobedy Park
In the project of a housing complex designed by Sergey Skuratov, which is now being built near the park of the Poklonnaya Hill, a multifunctional stylobate is turned into a compound city space with intriguing “access” slopes that also take on the role of mini-plazas. The architecture of the residential buildings responds to the proximity of the Pobedy Park, on the one hand, “dissolving in the air”, and, on the other hand, supporting the memorial complex rhythmically and color-wise.
​Dynamics of the Avenue
On Leningrad Avenue, not far away from the Sokol metro station, the construction of the A-Class business center Alcon II has been completed. ADM architects designed the main façade as three volumetric ribbons, as if the busy traffic of the avenue “shook” the matter sending large waves through it.
​Steamer at the Pier
An apartment hotel that looks like a ship with wide decks has been designed for a land plot on a lake shore in Moscow’s South Tushino. This “steamer” house, overlooking the lake and the river port, does indeed look as if it were ready to sail away.