По-русски

The house-arch

There has been started construction of an office building on Mozhaiskoe highway by the project of Alexey Bavykin. The author says he has managed to add considerable changes on the last stage of the project and they made it possible to develop better the subject so important for the architect

author pht

Written by:
Julia Tarabarina

20 May 2008
Object
mainImg
Architect:
Alexey Bavykin
Object:
Office building with underground parking place in 4 levels on Mozhaiskoe highway
Russia, Moscow, The address Highway Mozhajskoe, possession. 6/2

Project Team:
Group of authors A.L.Bavykin, M.M.Marek, D.N.Tchistov, D.A.Gumenjuk, at N.A.Bavykinoj's participation; the main designer - K.O.Kabanov; the chief engineer of the project - L.N.Slutskovskaja; fire-prevention safety - S.V.Tomin

2006

Customer - Open Company " Medstroiinvest "

We have already spoken about the office building on Mozhaiskaya highway. It has a giant 11storey arch crossed by the “nose” of the glass volume that is piercing it. The line of the Kutuzovsky prospect, which is passing into Mozhaiskoe, curves a bit and turns to the left from the centre line – says Alexey Bavykin. Though his arch is not centrally, but to the right from the highway, it appears on the geometrical centerline of the Bove arch. Nearby there is a very stretched bearing-wall house, which has good location away from the frontage line of the highway. In front of the house there is a small garden and nothing hides the imagery “ray” between the two arches. The garden will be improved and will become a parterre of the Bavykin’s arch, at most opening perspective at the arch from the centre.

The arch by Bavykin can be seen as an inaccurate projection of the Bove’s arch in perspective, made by the large camera obscura. As if someone have shined a flashlight from the hotel “Ukraine” towards the Triumphal arch, and far behind it put a screen and there appeared a giant shadow of the arch – like in a shadow play it started it’s own life, became a three-span one. Moreover, Bavykin’s arch is not in the centre, but on the edge of the highway, and struggling with the modernist city it has lost a half. The arch resembles an ancient ruin and associates with a half-ruined bridge or an aqueduct – at the “Zolotoe Sechenie” [Golden ratio] the architect added to the project picture of the Roman bridge Emilia Lepida which is broken into two. But the main prototype is not an aqueduct but the arch, Bove’s arch that is in perspective, says Alexey Bavykin.

The changes done for the past half of the year made the project more valued and more specifically developed the idea. First, in the “broken” part there are no windows any more, before they were like quadras dropped out of the laying. The architect managed to gather lifts in that place and the rest services that do not need windows. Outside it looks like a cyclopean masonry have been repaired and the gapes have been filled. Alexey Bavykin has “restored” its ruin not built yet.

The other change – the glass modernist-volume has no columns of specific wooden order now, which Bavykin invented in 1994 for the gallery of a countryside villa and recently realized in Brusovsky pereulok. No rough supports – the architect separated ideas, left trees for Brusov, and pointed the main idea, the arch.

The third and most interesting is inside, the architect made an atrium in the upper part of the bay of the “whole” arch. It is well known an atrium is a delicate and favorite subject of our architects of model architecture. Since the end of 1980’s there are have been lots of them in Moscow. But this one is unique. An atrium is an inner yard covered with glass roof; Bavykin used such for a residential building in Brusov pereulok. And here there are no roofs and yards. The atrium is 3storey high and is under the concrete barrel arch. So the arch outside is not an illusion created on the facade, it is real, not a bluff. The arch is inside and probably will created a rare space like Roman thermae. Curve of the concrete arch, to the left and to the right – glass walls, in the middle there is a bridge from impost to impost.

Alexey Bavykin considers the arch on Mozhayskoe highway his program work. And this is interesting because nowadays our architects rarely call their works as program works. And this project is very important for Bavykin. This is the first of the constructions being built which so clearly shows one of the key ideas of this architect – as Alexey Bavykin says, combining culture one and culture two. The first is definitely modernism, the other is harder to define. It might be historism, but if look closely, not really so.

In 1984 Alexey Bavykin did an architectural object, very like a bronze sculpture, for the contest “stil 2001 goda” [style of 2001 year]. This sculpture is a model of glass building and in one of its corners there is “removed a pattern” of the skyscraper-column by Adolf Loos. Now it is well-known (see the article by Gregory Revzin) that this contest is a fundamental one for many architects of model architecture: Yury Avvakumov decided on avant-garde, Mikhail Filippov chose the classics, and Alexey Bavykin worked on putting together “pushing” and “reunion”. That time the young architects took very seriously the contest task, thought of the future and developed – for themselves – plans for the 21st century. Sooner or later, one way or another, they are being gradually realized.

Since than the column of Loos, and that bronze sculpture-model have become a symbol of the Bavykin’s studio, and must say, nowadays this studio has maybe the most meaningful and “speaking” logo in Moscow, it clearly and visibly shows what Alexey Bavykin calls his art program. Generally speaking this program has three parts: continue work on Russian avant-garde of the 30’s, combining “culture one and culture two”, focus on town-planning value of an object.

The three parts of Bavykin’s program are relative: on the verge of 20’s and 30’s of the 20th century when the first type of modernism – avant-garde, architecture of abstract forms – was about to give way to a new evocation of classical theme: art-deco, in different countries there appeared some significant works, which are right between the culture “one” and culture “two”. And the interaction of the two types-antogonists was not decorative, but structural. As if avant-gardists, having carefully refined the architectural from everything odd, and thought about the basics, about classical archetypes and started defining those archetypes.

But those were mostly classicist avant-gardists and probably they were concerned about their own canonical training, it appeared not outside, but somehow “within” their projects and buildings. The two remarkable architects of that brief type – Adolf Loos, Austria, and in our country – Ilya Golosov – the favorite authors of Alexey Bavykin. These experiences on development of classical forms within modernist did not last long, they exist on the turning point and they are promptly get swept by the main stream of art-deco. Seems that Alexey Bavykin tries to “pull out” that swift-passing tendency and let it grow, and does it without any irony, but absolutely seriously, and though postmodernist roots of the idea are obvious, this is not pure postmodernism. This is a mark renaissance, renaissance of what did not grow on the verge between avant-garde and the new wave of classical forms.

The main peculiarity of the tendency is that classic forms are being thought over as grand. So they pass from décor to a volume. The idea of Loos to create a sakyscraper in the shape of a column and the idea of Golosov to turn the corner rotunda of a house into a huge column are relative in this regard. The enlargement of small elements to a house size finds closest connection in the “speaking” architecture of avant-garde: houses-stars, houses-tractors and the rest constructions based on an image of enlarged symbols and machines. Alexey Bavykin, by the way, also has the restaurant in the form of a frying pan.

In other words, when architects of avant-garde with their academic training thought of brining together their searches of pure shapes, instead a house-tank, they tried a house-column. Watching that, Alexey Bavykin in his turn, thought – this might be a fundamental way out, favor for antagonism. He already has the two houses-columns, inspired by Loos (“stil 2001 goda”) and by Golosov (the building in the 3d Avtozavodsky proezd, where golosov’s corner cylinder has cannelures, it has it’s “column nature”). And his has a house-arch.

Thus, the house-arch is the second major Alexey Bavykin’s try to present in his architecture conflict life of modernism and reconsidered classic archetypes. There is an arch instead of a column – this is the second, the next step on developing the idea. To be fair must say that like Loos and Golosov reconsidered the idea of a column, the architects of neoclassic of 1910’s appealed to the idea of a triumphal arch. For European architects it was fundamental because not only Roman and other imperators made constructions for their military triumph, but in architecture they were used as sanctuary for Christian churches. Arch is not less an archetype than column. Here, “in struggle with modernism”, it lost its half, decoration, the shapes became more neat, but the idea remained. It has even grown and will be most remarkable on Mozhaika

zooming


Architect:
Alexey Bavykin
Object:
Office building with underground parking place in 4 levels on Mozhaiskoe highway
Russia, Moscow, The address Highway Mozhajskoe, possession. 6/2

Project Team:
Group of authors A.L.Bavykin, M.M.Marek, D.N.Tchistov, D.A.Gumenjuk, at N.A.Bavykinoj's participation; the main designer - K.O.Kabanov; the chief engineer of the project - L.N.Slutskovskaja; fire-prevention safety - S.V.Tomin

2006

Customer - Open Company " Medstroiinvest "

20 May 2008

author pht

Written by:

Julia Tarabarina
Headlines now
​Dynamics of the Avenue
On Leningrad Avenue, not far away from the Sokol metro station, the construction of the A-Class business center Alcon II has been completed. ADM architects designed the main façade as three volumetric ribbons, as if the busy traffic of the avenue “shook” the matter sending large waves through it.
​Steamer at the Pier
An apartment hotel that looks like a ship with wide decks has been designed for a land plot on a lake shore in Moscow’s South Tushino. This “steamer” house, overlooking the lake and the river port, does indeed look as if it were ready to sail away.
The Magic of Rhythm or Ornament as a Theme
Designed by Sergey Tchoban, the housing complex Veren Place in St. Petersburg is the perfect example of inserting a new building into a historical city, and one the cases of implementing the strategy that the architect presented a few years ago in the book, which he coauthored with Vladimir Sedov, called “30:70. Architecture as a Balance of Forces”.
​Walking on Water
In the nearest future, the Marc Chagall Embankment will be turned into Moscow’s largest riverside park with green promenades, cycling and jogging trails, a spa center on water, a water garden, and sculptural pavilions designed in the spirit of the Russian avant-garde artists of the 1920, and, first of all, Chagall himself. In this issue, we are covering the second-stage project.
​Architectural Laboratory
A-Len has developed and patented the “Perfect Apartments” program, which totally eliminates “bad” apartment layouts. In this article, we are sharing how this program came around, what it is about, who can benefit from it, and how.
​“Architectural Archaeology of the Narkomfin Building”: the Recap
One of the most important events of 2020 has been the completion of the long-awaited restoration of the monument of Soviet avant-garde architecture – the Narkomfin Building, the progenitor of the typology of social housing in this country. The house retained its residential function as the main one, alongside with a number of artifacts and restoration clearances turned into living museum exhibits.
​LIFE on the Setun River
The area in the valley of the Setun River near the Vereiskaya Street got two new blocks of the “LIFE-Kutuzovsky” housing complex, designed by ADM architects. The two new blocks have a retail boulevard of their own, and a small riverside park.
​Celestial Tectonics
Three towers on a podium over the Ramenka River are the new dominant elements on the edge of a Soviet “microdistrict”. Their scale is quite modern: the height is 176 m – almost a skyscraper; the facades are made of glass and steel. Their graceful proportions are emphasized by a strict white grid, and the volumetric composition picks up the diagonal “grid of coordinates” that was once outlined in the southwest of Moscow by the architects of the 1970’s and 1980’s.
Clouds over the Railroad
In the stead of former warehouses near “Lyubertsy-1” station, a new housing complex has been built, which peacefully coexists with the railroad, with the flyover bridge, and with the diverse surrounding scenery, not only dominating over the latter, but improving it.
​Towers in a Forest
The authors of the housing complex “In the Heart of Pushkino” were faced with a difficult task: to preserve the already existing urban forest, at the same time building on it a compound of rather high density. This is how three towers at the edge of the forest appeared with highly developed public spaces in their podiums and graceful “tucks” in the crowning part of the 18-story volumes.
​The Towers of “Sputnik”
Six towers, which make up a large housing complex standing on the bank of the Moskva River at the very start of the Novorizhskoe Highway, provide the answers to a whole number of marketing requirements and meets a whole number of restrictions, offering a simple rhythm and a laconic formula for the houses that the developer preferred to see as “flashy”.
​The Starting Point
In this article, we are reviewing two retro projects: one is 20 years old, the other is 25. One of them is Saint Petersburg’s first-ever townhouse complex; the other became the first example of a high-end residential complex on Krestovsky Island. Both were designed and built by Evgeny Gerasimov and Partners.
The Path to New Ornamentation
The high-end residential complex “Aristocrat” situated next to a pine park at the start of the Rublev Highway presents a new stage of development of Moscow’s decorative historicist architecture: expensively decorated, yet largely based on light-colored tones, and masterfully using the romantic veneer of majolica inserts.
​Renovation: the Far East Style
The competition project of renovating two central city blocks of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, developed by UNK project, won the nomination “Architectural and planning solutions of city construction”.
​The Contact
The Istituto Centrale per la Grafica in Rome presents Sergei Tchoban’s exhibition “Imprint of the future. Destiny of Piranesi’s City”. The exhibition includes four etchings, based on Roman architectural views of the XVIII century complemented by futuristic insertions, as well as a lot of drawings that investigate the same topic, at times quite expressively. The exhibition poses questions, but does not seem to give any answers. Since going to Rome is pretty problematic now, let’s at least examine the pictures.
​In Search of Visual Clarity
In this article, we are reviewing a discussion devoted to the question of designing city space elements, which is quite complicated for the Russian expanses of land. The discussion was organized by the Genplan Institute of Moscow at the ArchMoscow convention in Gostiny Dvor.
​The City of the Sun
Jointly designed by Sergey Tchoban and Vladimir Plotkin, the VTB Arena Park complex can arguably be considered the perfect experiment on solving the centuries-old controversy between traditional architecture and modernism. The framework of the design code, combined with the creative character of the plastique-based dialogue between the buildings, formed an all-but-perfect fragment of the city fabric.
​...The Other Was Just Railroad Gin*
In their project of the third stage of “Ligovsky City” housing complex, located in the industrial “gray” belt of Saint Petersburg, the KCAP & Orange Architects & A-Len consortium set before themselves a task of keeping up the genius loci by preserving the contours of the railroad and likening the volumes of residential buildings to railroad containers, stacked up at the goods unloading station.
​Lions on Glass
While reconstructing the facades of Building 4 of Moscow Hospital #23, SPEECH architects applied a technique, already known from Saint Petersburg projects by Sergey Tchoban – cassettes with elements of classical architecture printed on glass. The project was developed gratis, as a help to the hospital.
Park of Sentiments
The project of “Romantic Park Tuchkov Buyan”, which was developed by the consortium of Studio 44 and WEST 8, and has won an international competition, combines sculptural landscape design and wooden structures, variety of spatial features and an eventful agenda, designed for diverse audience, with a beautiful and complex passeist idea of a palace park, meant to evoke thoughts and feelings.
​Architecture as an Educational Tool
The concept of a charity school “Tochka Budushchego” (“Point of the Future”) in Irkutsk is based on cutting-edge educational programs, and is designed, among other things, for adapting orphaned children for independent life. An important role is played by the architecture of the building: its structure and different types of interconnected spaces.
​The Gallery Approach
In this article, we are covering the concept of a Central District Clinic for 240 patients, designed by Ginzburg Architects, which won at a competition organized by the Architects Union and the Healthcare Ministry.
Health Constructor
In this issue, we are publishing the concept of a standard clinic designed by UNK Project, which took second place in the competition organized by the Union of Architects of Russia in collaboration with the Healthcare Ministry.
From Foundation to Teaspoon
Based on the taste of their friendly clients, the architects Olga Budennaya and Roman Leonidov designed and built a house in the Moscow metropolitan area playing Art Nouveau. At the same time, they enriched the typology of a private house with modern functions of a garage loft and a children’s art studio.
Continuation and Development
The second “office” stage of Comcity, the most popular business park of the “New Moscow” area, continues the underground street of the already existing part of the complex, responding to its architectural identity.
​The Flying One
Expected to become an analogue of Moscow’s Skolkovo, the project of the High Park campus at Saint Petersburg’s ITMO University, designed by Studio 44, mesmerizes us with its sheer scale and the passion that the architects poured into it. Its core – the academic center – is interpreted as an avant-garde composition inspired by Piazza del Campo with a bell tower; the park is reminiscent of the “rays” of the main streets of Saint Petersburg, and, if watched from a birds-eye view, the whole complex looks like a motherboard with at least four processors on it. The design of the academic building even displays a few features of a sports arena. The project has a lot of meanings and allusions about it; all of them are united by plastique energy that the hadron collider itself could be jealous of.
​The Aperture Effect
For a housing complex built in the town of Pushkino in the Moscow metropolitan area, KPLN Architects designed facades that adjust the stream of light by using the wall geometry.
​A Comfortable City in Itself
The project that we are about to cover is seemingly impossible amidst human anthills, chaotically interspersed with old semi-neglected dachas. Meanwhile, the housing complex built on the Comcity business part does offer a comfortable environment of decent city: not excessively high-rise and moderately private as a version of the perfect modern urbanist solution.
Moving on the Edge
The housing complex “Litsa” (“Faces”) on Moscow’s Khodynka Field is one of the new grand-scale buildings that complement the construction around it. This particular building skillfully tackles the scale, subjugating it to the silhouette and the pattern; it also makes the most of the combination of a challenging land site and formidable square footage requirements, packing a whole number of features within one volume, so the house becomes an analogue of a city. And, to cap it all, it looks like a family that securely protects the children playing in the yard from... well, from everything, really.
Visual Stability Agent
A comparatively small house standing on the border of the Bolshevik Factory combines two diametrically opposite features: expensive materials and decorative character of Art Deco, and a wide-spaced, even somewhat brutal, facade grid that highlights a laminated attic.
The Faraday Cage
The project of the boutique apartment complex in the 1st Truzhenikov Lane is the architects’ attempt to squeeze a considerable volume into a tiny spot of land, at the same time making it look graceful and respectable. What came to their rescue was metal, stone, and curvilinear glass.
Color and Line
The new successful techniques developed by A.Len for designing a kindergarten under budget constraints: the mosaic of irregular windows and working with color.
The Union of Art and Technology
His interest for architecture of the 1930’s is pretty much the guiding star for Stepan Liphart. In his project of the “Amo” house on St. Petersburg’s Vasilyevsky Island, the architect based himself on Moscow Art Deco - aesthetically intricate and decorated in scratch-work technique. As a bonus, he developed the city block typology as an organic structure.
The Countdown
The project that Evgeniy Gerasimov and Partners developed for Moscow’s Leningrad Avenue: the tallest building in the company’s portfolio, continuing the tradition of Moscow’s Stalin architecture.
White Town
In the project that they developed for a southern region of Russia, OSA Architects use multilayered facades that create an image of seaside resort architecture, and, in the vein of the latest trends of today, mix up different social groups that the residents belong to.
​Just a Mirror for the Sun
The house that Sergey Skuratov designed in Nikolovorobinsky Alley is thought out down to the last detail. It adapts three historical facades, interprets a feeling of a complex city, is composed of many layers, and catches plenty of sunlight, from sunrises to sunsets. The architect himself believes that the main role of this house is creating a background for another nearby project of his, Art House in the Tessinsky Alley.
​Part of the Whole
On June 5, the winners of Moscow Architectural Award were announced. The winners list includes the project of a school in Troitsk for 2,100 students, with its own astronomy dome, IT testing ground, museum, and a greenhouse on the roof.
Pedagogical Architecture
Yet another project of a private school, in which Archimatika realizes the concept of aesthetic education and introduces a new tradition: combining Scandinavian and Soviet experience, turning to works of art, and implementing sustainable technologies.
​Rational Arrangement
In this article, we are examining a complex of buildings and interiors of the first stage of the project that has recently become extremely popular – the Kommunarka clinic.
​Parallel Universe
In the “Parallel House” residence that he designed in the Moscow metropolitan area, the architect Roman Leonidov created a dramatic sculptural composition from totally basic shapes – parallelepipeds, whose collision turned into an exciting show.
​Breakwater
In the Istra district of Moscow metropolitan area, the tandem of 4izmerenie and ARS-ST designed a sports complex – a monovolume that has the shape of a chamfered parallelepiped with a pointed “nose” like a ship’s bow.
​Stairway to Heaven
The project of a hotel in the settlement of Yantarny is an example of a new recreational complex typology, and a new format that unites the hotel, the business, and the cultural functions. All of this is complemented by 100% integration with nature.
​Cape of Good Hope
In this issue, we are showing all the seven projects that participated in a closed-door competition to create a concept for the headquarters of Gazprom Neft, as well as provide expert opinions on those projects.