По-русски

Towers in Aptekarsky Ogorod

This autumn studio of A.Asadov has developed a number of variants of the construction project in the place of former “Aptekarsky Ogorod” by Moscow-City. Here is the review of the concept’s evolution.

Written by:
Anna Gerasimenko

05 December 2008
Object
mainImg
Architect:
Karen Saprichyan
Alexander Asadov
Andrey Asadov
Object:
Concept on development of sites 24 and 25 of MMDC “Moscow-City”
Russia, Moscow, MMDC "Moscow-City", sites 24 and 25

Project Team:
A.Asadov, K.Saprichyan, A.A.Asadov, A.Poroshkin, N.Poroshkina, D.Zrazhevski co-authors: ANO "Proekt-KS" company

2008

In summer “Mirax-group” chose the winner of the contest on a reconstruction project of the embankment opposite to MMDC – it is “Mirax-Garden” by the studio of A.A Asadov, a residential bridge connected with the largest lawn in Europe, a spectacular, complete and remarkable project. The embankment and the bridge were showcased to the community board together with the project for the opposite bank of the river – place once occupied by “Aptekarsky ogorod”, now there is a green city block by the Third Ring, which was saved by the city for “green lungs” Moscow-City. There are to site, 24 and 25.

First, “Mirax-group” suggested A.A.Asadov’s studio participating in the contest on development of the site 24. The architects designed the project of a two towers which shape repeats flying move of the bridge. They grow from the ground like a glass wave, spiral and somewhere in the middle they grow together creating a narrow but tall atrium-gorge – everything nature-wise. Its exterior area has something in common with the architectural solution for the bridge – it follows the idea of diagonal structure, only they are not rainbow, but green. A.Asadov says “from the very first start it was clear we would not build there skyscrapers, but there must appear some geological formation of another kind” Well, changeable sculpturesque plastics and green covered the towers make them different from skyscrapers of the “main” City, more traditional.

Further, A.A.Asadov’s studio was suggested developing the nearby MMDC site 25. Thinking over territory the architects realized it would be wrong to adjust another two skyscrapers to the glass forest of the City. Searching for variants there appeared the idea to join the sites and construct a kind of triumphal arch – gates of the Moscow-City. So there is a 280 m height tower-arch. It is more symmetrical and simpler than the original volume of the site 24. Architects of A.A. Asadov’s studio have developed the plan of the arch-building in co-work with Vladimir Travush, the chief constructor of the City. The variant was showcased on “Zodchestvo” festival in Manezh.

The third result of the research was a very tall building, shape of which reminds of the Eiffel Tower. The two straight glass “legs” merge on the height of 410 m and grow on as a vertical volume crowned with a spire – it would be 100 m higher than “Russia” tower by Foster. Between “legs” there would be a number of horizontal storeys of hanging gardens. This, the largest one, was architects’ response to the clients’ spontaneous idea to build in the place of “Aptekarsky ogorod” a high dominant of the future City and be ahead of Foster. The authors compared the giant tower to a medieval dominant of the old Moscow – Bell tower of Ivan the Great, it gave popular in the studio secret name to this variant of the project.

After challenging researches and even fantastic variant it was time to come down to the earth and design a more realistic project, lower and plainer construction arrangement. There emerged the two pairs of constructions of mild smooth shape, layout outline of which resembles a butterfly wings. Their height – 160m and 200m and the both pairs mirror each other. They are similar to the first variant, only doubled and more reserved in its sculptural flight. As well, they are similar to the bridge and Mirax-Garden: their facades are covered with a diagonal net with rainbow stripes.
As if some colored energy of the residential bridge thrown over the river spattered creating the four buildings covered with a net ornament. The architects consider their main achieved that they have designed it different from the glass forest of the City’s towers.

This set of alike and different projects of the sites nearby the City is remarkable firstly as an illustration of the process of the project’s evolution. It went through a few regular stages: from impressionist plastic work piece, which has absorbed the energy of the neighboring project by same authors, to a significant and ancient arch shape, than – went growing to “Ivan” of fantastic height, similar to the Eiffel Tower, and finally have come to simple and rational, divided into parts connected by a rigid geometry of lines. So different, they are joined by the aim to create something different from the popular City and similar to the bridge-garden. And heritage of “Aptekarsky ogorod” in the shape of everywhere green, which might not have anything in common with the garden but is closer to ecological researches of the modern architecture planting trees everywhere possible.



Architect:
Karen Saprichyan
Alexander Asadov
Andrey Asadov
Object:
Concept on development of sites 24 and 25 of MMDC “Moscow-City”
Russia, Moscow, MMDC "Moscow-City", sites 24 and 25

Project Team:
A.Asadov, K.Saprichyan, A.A.Asadov, A.Poroshkin, N.Poroshkina, D.Zrazhevski co-authors: ANO "Proekt-KS" company

2008

05 December 2008

Written by:

Anna Gerasimenko
Headlines now
​The Gallery Approach
In this article, we are covering the concept of a Central District Clinic for 240 patients, designed by Ginzburg Architects, which won at a competition organized by the Architects Union and the Healthcare Ministry.
​A Comfortable City in Itself
The project that we are about to cover is seemingly impossible amidst human anthills, chaotically interspersed with old semi-neglected dachas. Meanwhile, the housing complex built on the Comcity business part does offer a comfortable environment of decent city: not excessively high-rise and moderately private as a version of the perfect modern urbanist solution.
Moving on the Edge
The housing complex “Litsa” (“Faces”) on Moscow’s Khodynka Field is one of the new grand-scale buildings that complement the construction around it. This particular building skillfully tackles the scale, subjugating it to the silhouette and the pattern; it also makes the most of the combination of a challenging land site and formidable square footage requirements, packing a whole number of features within one volume, so the house becomes an analogue of a city. And, to cap it all, it looks like a family that securely protects the children playing in the yard from... well, from everything, really.
Visual Stability Agent
A comparatively small house standing on the border of the Bolshevik Factory combines two diametrically opposite features: expensive materials and decorative character of Art Deco, and a wide-spaced, even somewhat brutal, facade grid that highlights a laminated attic.
The Faraday Cage
The project of the boutique apartment complex in the 1st Truzhenikov Lane is the architects’ attempt to squeeze a considerable volume into a tiny spot of land, at the same time making it look graceful and respectable. What came to their rescue was metal, stone, and curvilinear glass.
Color and Line
The new successful techniques developed by A.Len for designing a kindergarten under budget constraints: the mosaic of irregular windows and working with color.
The Union of Art and Technology
His interest for architecture of the 1930’s is pretty much the guiding star for Stepan Liphart. In his project of the “Amo” house on St. Petersburg’s Vasilyevsky Island, the architect based himself on Moscow Art Deco - aesthetically intricate and decorated in scratch-work technique. As a bonus, he developed the city block typology as an organic structure.
The Countdown
The project that Evgeniy Gerasimov and Partners developed for Moscow’s Leningrad Avenue: the tallest building in the company’s portfolio, continuing the tradition of Moscow’s Stalin architecture.
White Town
In the project that they developed for a southern region of Russia, OSA Architects use multilayered facades that create an image of seaside resort architecture, and, in the vein of the latest trends of today, mix up different social groups that the residents belong to.
​Just a Mirror for the Sun
The house that Sergey Skuratov designed in Nikolovorobinsky Alley is thought out down to the last detail. It adapts three historical facades, interprets a feeling of a complex city, is composed of many layers, and catches plenty of sunlight, from sunrises to sunsets. The architect himself believes that the main role of this house is creating a background for another nearby project of his, Art House in the Tessinsky Alley.
​Part of the Whole
On June 5, the winners of Moscow Architectural Award were announced. The winners list includes the project of a school in Troitsk for 2,100 students, with its own astronomy dome, IT testing ground, museum, and a greenhouse on the roof.
Pedagogical Architecture
Yet another project of a private school, in which Archimatika realizes the concept of aesthetic education and introduces a new tradition: combining Scandinavian and Soviet experience, turning to works of art, and implementing sustainable technologies.
​Rational Arrangement
In this article, we are examining a complex of buildings and interiors of the first stage of the project that has recently become extremely popular – the Kommunarka clinic.
​Parallel Universe
In the “Parallel House” residence that he designed in the Moscow metropolitan area, the architect Roman Leonidov created a dramatic sculptural composition from totally basic shapes – parallelepipeds, whose collision turned into an exciting show.
​Breakwater
In the Istra district of Moscow metropolitan area, the tandem of 4izmerenie and ARS-ST designed a sports complex – a monovolume that has the shape of a chamfered parallelepiped with a pointed “nose” like a ship’s bow.
​Stairway to Heaven
The project of a hotel in the settlement of Yantarny is an example of a new recreational complex typology, and a new format that unites the hotel, the business, and the cultural functions. All of this is complemented by 100% integration with nature.
​Cape of Good Hope
In this issue, we are showing all the seven projects that participated in a closed-door competition to create a concept for the headquarters of Gazprom Neft, as well as provide expert opinions on those projects.
​Waves of Sound
The conceptual design of a music school: proximity to an Alvar Aalto building, expressive organics, and an attempt to draw public attention to a “low-profile” competition.
​The Outer Space
Honoring the 300th anniversary of the Kuznetsk coal fields in 2021, a new passenger terminal of the Aleksey Leonov Airport in the city of Kemerovo will be built, designed by GK Spectrum and ASADOV Architectural Bureau.
​The Pivot of Narkomfin Building
Ginzburg Architects finished the restoration of the Narkomfin Building’s laundry unit – one of the most important elements of the famous monument of Soviet avant-garde architecture.
​Wicker Vitality
Next to the Dubrovka metro station, ADM has designed a Vitality housing complex with a polychrome mixture of Klinker brick on its ridged facades.
​Freedom Factory
The housing complex “Respublika” is so large that it can be arguably called a micro-town, yet, at the same time, it easily overcomes most of the problems that usually arise with mass housing construction. How could Archimatika achieve that? We are examining that on the example of the first stage of the complex.
​The Flowing Lines
The five houses of the “Svoboda” block belonging to the “Simvol” residential complex present a vivid example of all-rounded work performed by the architects on an integral fragment of the city, which became the embodiment of the approach to architecture that hitherto was not to be seen anywhere in Moscow: everything is subjected to the flow of lines – something like a stream, enhanced by the powerful pattern of the facades akin to “super-graphics”.
​A City by the Water
The concept of a large-scale housing development at the edge of Voronezh, near the city reservoir, or “the sea”, as it is locally called, uses the waterside height difference to create a sophisticated public space, paying a lot of attention to the distribution of masses that determine the look of the future complex if viewed from the opposite bank of the river.
A Journey to the Country of Art Deco
The “Little France” residential complex on the 20th line of the Vasilyevsky Island presents an interesting make-believe dialogue between its architect, Stepan Liphart, the architect of the New Hermitage, masters of the Silver Age, and Soviet Art Deco, about interesting professional topics, such as a house with a courtyard in the historical center of Saint Petersburg, and the balance between the wall and the stained glass in the architectonics of the facade. Here are the results of this make-believe conversation.
​A House in a Port
This housing complex on the Dvinskaya Street is the first case of modern architecture on the Gutuevsky Island. The architectural bureau “A-Len” thoroughly explores the context and creates a landmark for further transformations of this area of Saint Petersburg.
​Balance of Infill Development
Anatoly Stolyarchuk Architectural Studio is designing a house that inadvertently prevails over the surrounding buildings, yet still tries to peacefully coexist with the surrounding environment, taking it to a next level.
​The Precious Space
Evolution Design and T+T Architects reported about the completion of the interior design project of Sberbank headquarters on the Kutuzovsky Avenue. In the center of the atrium, hovers the “Diamant” meeting room; everything looks like a chest full of treasures, including the ones of a hi-tech kind.
​Big Little Victory
In a small-sized school located in Domodedovo in Moscow metropolitan area, ASADOV_ architects did a skillful job of tackling the constraints presented by the modest budget and strict spatial limitations – they designed sunlit classrooms, comfortable lounges, and even a multi-height atrium with an amphitheater, which became the center of school life.
​The Social Biology of Landscape
The list of new typologies of public spaces and public projects has been expanded yet again — thanks to Wowhaus. This time around, this company came up with a groundbreaking by Russian standards approach to creating a place where people and animals can communicate.
​Watched by the Angels from up Above
Held in the General Staff building of the Hermitage Museum, the anniversary exhibition of “Studio 44” is ambitious and diverse. The exhibition was designed to give a comprehensive showcase of the company’s architecture in a whole number of ways: through video, models, drawings, installations, and finally, through a real-life project, the Enfilade, which the exhibition opens up, intensifies, and makes work the way it was originally intended.
​A New Version of the Old City
The house at Malaya Ordynka, 19, fits in perfectly with the lineup of the street, looking even as if it straightened the street up a little, setting a new tone for it – a tone of texture, glitter, “sunny” warmth, and, at the same time, reserved balance of everything that makes the architecture of an expensive modern house.
Stepan Liphart: “Standing your ground is the right thing to do”
A descendant of German industrialists, “Jophan’s son”, and an architect, speaks about how studying architectural orders tempers one’s character, and how a team of just a few people can design grand-scale housing projects to be built in the center of Saint Petersburg. Also: Santa Claus appearing in a Stalin high-rise, an arch portal to the outer space, mannerism painting, and the palaces of Paris – all covered in an interview with Stepan Liphart.
​Honey and Copper
In the Moscow area, the architect Roman Leonidov designed the “Cool House” residence, very much in the spirit of Frank Lloyd Wright, spreading it parallel to the ground, and accentuating the horizontal lines in it. The color composition is based on juxtaposition of warm wood of a honey hue and cold copper blue.
​The Ring on the Saisara Lake
The building of the Philharmonic Hall and the Theater of Yakut Epos, standing on the shore of the sacred lake, is inscribed into an epic circle and contains three volumes, reminiscent of the traditional national housing. The roof is akin to the Alaas – a Yakut village standing around a lake. In spite of its rich conceptual agenda, the project remains volumetrically abstract, and keeps up a light form, making the most of its transparency, multiple layers, and reflections.
Architecture of Evanescence
On the Vernadskogo Avenue, next to the metro station, appeared a high-rise landmark that transformed the entire area: designed by UNK Project, the “Academic” business center uncovered, in the form of its architecture, the meanings of the local place names.
The Theater and Music Circles
The contest-winning ambitious grand-scale project of the main theater and concert complex of the Moscow area includes three auditoriums, a yard – a public area – a higher school of music, and a few hotels. It promises to become a high-profile center for the classical music festivals on a national scale.
​The Line of a Hardened Breakthrough
Designed by Stepan Liphart, the housing complex “Renaissance” continues the line of the historical center of Saint Petersburg, reinterpreting the Leningrad Art Deco and the neoclassical architecture of the 1930-50’s in reference to the civilization challenges posed by our century.
The Regeneration Experience
The housing project “Metsenat”, which occupies the area next to the Resurrection Church in Moscow’s Kadashi, has a long and complicated history, full of protests, victories, and hopes. Now the project is complete: the architects were able to keep the views, the scale, and a few historical buildings; we can examine the end result now. The project was developed by Ilia Utkin.
The Terraces of the Crystal Cape
Proposed by Nikita Yavein, the concept of a museum, educational, and memorial complex to be built in the city of Sevastopol avoids straightforward accents and over-the-top dramatics, interpreting the history of this place along with the specifics of its landscape, and joining the public space of the operated stairway and amphitheaters with an imposing monument.
​A New Unit
The housing city block within an IT park: Archimatika is combining innovative technologies with a human-friendly scale, and a cozy environment.
​Next to the Theater
On the Zemlyanoi Val Street, left of the entrance to the automotive tunnel underneath the Taganskaya Square, in front of the Taganka Theater, and next to the side end of Chocolate housing complex, the eight-story Novotel building, designed by Pavel Andreev, is being completed.