Sergey Nadtochiy: “In our research, we formulate which qualities and features modern educational spaces must have, and, even more importantly, how they must be created”
Recently, AB ATRIUM announced its all-but-complete research project dedicated to formats of designing modern educational spaces. In this article, we are speaking to the leader of the project Sergey Nadtochiy about the goals and specifics of the future book, which is going to have about 300 pages in it.
06 June 2022
Archi.ru: So, you are the leader of this research project. Who are your coauthors?
Sergey Nadtochiy, ATRIUM:
Yes, I’ve been coordinating this project for about two years, but a lot of people contributed to writing this book. This is not just a traditional research project: we tried to look at the problem first of all from the architect’s perspective because architecture is a profession that is meant to accumulate and generalize the best practices developed in different areas of human activity, and integrate them in the actual building with regard to a huge number of limitations and factors that apply in every specific situation. Dealing with the most diverse scales and typologies, we came to realize that designing schools is one of the most challenging tasks, and in this book we share our own experience, providing detailed analysis of various professional aspects of architectural design.
In order to broaden the professional examination of this question, we also involved people from different areas of expertise. These were psychologists, teachers, methodologists, school principals, builders and developers, and producers of materials and technologies in one way or another related to education.
The book is published by “Project Russia”; its editor-in-chief Julia Shishalova helps us tremendously.
Why did you decide to do research on designing educational facilities?
We enjoy designing educational environments because this typology makes it possible to combine solutions that are complex and at the same time unique space-wise. And, even more importantly, we believe in the huge educational role of the environment that we form. Our kids spend a good deal of their time at school; this is where their habits and basic values form, this is where they learn interacting with other people, where they learn individual and team work, and lots of other things.
The decision to systematize our experience in designing educational environments and get a deeper understanding of its pedagogical role, was the logical continuation of ATRIUM’s almost 30-year history. We have more than 30 various educational facilities in our portfolio: large and small, state and privately owned, mass-construction and custom-designed, for children and adults. Many of them are quite ambitious and complex. Working from Kaliningrad to Yakutsk and Kazakhstan, we developed an expertise in designing these things in very diverse cultural and geographical contexts.
Throughout its history, our company has worked and collaborated with many progressive specialists and clients. Our educational projects received much critical acclaim and many Russian and international professional awards. We have been invited to be on the judging panels of the competitions that formed the most up-to-date agenda in terms of designing school buildings, and we participated in numerous thematic conferences and seminars. In short, we know our stuff. This is why when two years ago I started working as the art director of our company, the task of generalizing our experience in working with educational facilities in such a way that it could be easily shared seemed to us to be something that was interesting from the architectural standpoint, and something that could generally make a positive difference. This subject is becoming increasingly popular, and we wanted to arouse even more interest to it. We ourselves were surprised at how popular it turned out to be: among other things, I never expected that the Telegram channel of our research would gather 500 subs within a couple of weeks.
What materials were you based upon? The ATRIUM projects?
Of course. We began analyzing our own projects, technical specifications, and then – the already known and widely discussed research publications within the industry. We re-watched our BuildSchool videos. Sometimes the information lay in the open sources, sometimes we had access to members-only research papers and briefs related to our practice – and we analyzed them as well. Then we realized that we could indeed make sense of it all, and systematize the problems, helping other people. On the other hand, as we delved deeper into the subject, more questions appeared. This is how we got this idea of involving industry experts, psychologists, developers, and so on.
Which of those questions could you call the main or the most relevant ones?
The main question – from our point of view as architects – is the question of architecture itself. Not facades or decor, but first of all the spatial organization of the functions of the environment. What properties must these spaces possess to form a fundamentally new environment? What is this environment all about? And this entails a huge amount of other tasks that require professional solutions. Among these tasks, there are those that are not really solved effectively yet, such as using green technologies. Yes, they are much talked about, but adequate examples of them in Russia are virtually nonexistent. Then the problems of inclusion and children’s mental health: as it seems to us, this topic is also becoming increasingly relevant. And, of course, we are very much interested in how modern technologies, such as AR and VR will influence the educational process. We realize that in about 10 years VR glasses will be used by everyone, and we are sure to be learning using these technologies. There are already companies out there that try to integrate them into the educational process. Having examined their experience, we assumed that it would be possible to combine several classrooms scattered all around the globe into one common virtual auditorium, using virtual and augmented reality for the gamification of the educational process. All of these scenarios are yet to be developed in the future, but the architects should start addressing these potential challenges already now, otherwise solutions for them will be proposed by technology companies instead, which – with all due respect – are no experts in organizing space.
What is the audience of your research? Architects, developers, state officials? For whom is it intended? Does it have a prime client or, let’s say, a title partner?
The publication is intended for a very wide variety of readers, from professional architects to school teachers and principals. Basically, for everyone who is one way or another involved with educational processes and creation of educational spaces – and that’s a pretty long list of people.
We discussed the idea of supporting our research project with some advanced development companies, and received a lot of positive feedback. However, ultimately it turned out that they are too engrossed in their current tasks, and we gave up on the idea of making analytics for one specific company. There was a similar situation with the state, although a little bit different: they have a very pragmatic goal of building so many schools across the country by a certain date, so all of our attempts to develop unique solutions and go beyond standardized projects seemed to be excessive to them.
Therefore, we decided: what makes our publication different is that it does not take orders from anyone. We have already grown up to the level where we can do our own in-company analytics, form our own agenda, and share them with everyone who is interested in bettering our educational environment. Essentially, this book is an architectural project, only devised for an unlimited audience; a project that we ourselves finance with the support of our partners whom we invite to participate. This will be our own social mission!
In what format will you distribute your project? What is the circulation? Do you have any plans for making a PDF and posting it online?
We did have such an idea, but after we analyzed other projects posted online we came to a conclusion that such a format slightly devalues the depth of the research. It is one thing if you upload a 50-page book that you can scroll through and use in a quick mode, and it is quite another thing when you have a 300-page book. What we ultimately got is quite a fundamental work, and you cannot read it at one sitting, much less on a monitor screen. That’s why we settled for the format of a book, an actual book. We generally like books, I even call myself “the company’s librarian”; we have more than seven hundred books and more than a thousand magazines.
So far, we decided to publish 1000 copies, and then we will see if we will need to print extras. We will buy out part of the press run and present it to our colleagues; the rest of the books will be sold in specialized stores. It would be just great if we could get meaningful feedback, and maybe some criticism… then in a couple of years we could publish the next version, “corrected and supplemented”, as they say.
What do you think about the recommendations from Moskomarkhitektura? You studied them, didn’t you?
Of course we did. It seems to me this is a very useful work, only on a different pole. We nicely complement each other. If our research project makes an attempt to define what makes a great modern school, and form the idea of the upper bar for quality, Moskomarkhitektura is trying to tackle it from the opposite side: they try – and I will emphasize this – without addressing the functional and planning solutions – to propose a minimum level for aesthetic solutions. This is also very important and useful, but our messages do not cross here. However paradoxical this may seem, in our research project we speak very little about aesthetics and such details as the rhythm of the windows, and such like – we just give examples. Oh, and by the way, the Moskomarkhitektura recommendations contain three of our projects as examples: we are happy that our work was noticed and appreciated.
What is the structure of your research? Do you analyze your 30 projects?
We one way or another use the projects from our portfolio simply because we know them well. The goal of the book, however, is not to showcase our projects – one can easily look them up at our website. We gave a lot of thought to coming up with the right structure of presentation: there is the classic approach when each project is analyzed from all sides. We decided to try a different approach: we start from the problems that we are faced with, and break them down using our projects as examples. For example, if we are speaking about the yards or atrium spaces, we give various complex examples, typologically diverse: for example, in this instance this auditorium also works as a lobby, and in this instance we see two atriums… And we try to find interesting parallels from the world practice. But then again, we did not analyze each project in great detail – rather, we just used the most interesting moments as examples. We analyzed not just schools, but also universities; we searched for cool ideas and interesting technologies.
How many such themes/problems do you have?
Currently, we have 11 or 12 chapters: pedagogical theory, general strategy, and so on… The biggest section is dedicated to functional and spatial solutions. We paid special attention to analyzing entrance halls, cafeterias, classrooms, lounges, and so on – all the key spaces that just must be there in accordance with the state standards, yet at the same time must be revised. We also gave examples of secondary optional functions – these things are relevant today. There is also a big chapter dedicated to working with the adjacent territories. It is followed by the “Effectiveness” block: a go-to set of the key solutions that will help you to streamline your project. Even though we are trying to ultimately get “the ideal school”, this does not mean that it must become an amusement park. Then there is a separate narrative of school and city. Currently, there is a shortage of schools, but I hope that by 2025 we will hit a plateau, then there will be fewer students due to the demographic decline, and then the extracurricular use of school spaces will become more and more relevant. To a large degree, our project is all-inclusive: it covers the students’ mental health, AR and VR technologies. A large block before that consists of technological solutions, for which we are actively searching for partners in order to share about specific materials, specific furniture that will be used, specific lighting, and so on. Some of this we know from our practice, but it’s always important to get information firsthand, possibly, even share the results of in-company research provided by companies that actively operate on the market.
What are the practical benefits from this research for the future ATRIUM projects? Will you do something new and unusual, something that you haven’t done before?
Not quite that way. Of course, we will be growing, but one of the important goals of this research is to create some quality basis for creating educational facilities. So far, the industry on the whole lacks such experience, and the cases are few and far between. While with apartments, for example, the developers have already achieved a level where they know everything about each square inch of their product, with schools, it’s not yet the case. Yes, schools are indeed talked about, and even advertised, but they are not a part of the product so far. What never ceases to amaze me is that everyone in Moscow knows what “business class housing” is – and this is about a half of all the projects that are currently in construction – but nobody is in a hurry to form a level of a “business class school”, even though the high-quality educational environment must be accessible to anyone regardless of their income and/or place residence.
Often, we are approached by customers who want to build a modern school but without a clear brief, and in a very short time (deadlines are one of the main issues with schools because if they are postponed, they are postponed for a whole year). Building something unique is always a risk, but we try to show the whole range of cool ideas that we analyzed in order to select a few fundamentals and include them in our design brief. This approach ensures a more predictable and effective work process, which ultimately yields a better result.
A classic example is obtaining the so-called “special technical conditions”. This takes time and money, and our customers often opt out of obtaining special technical conditions because they don’t understand what they need them for. However, if you show them real examples of the benefits that they will get with special technical conditions, and what they will be missing without, it all becomes clear and simple.
I hope that this research project will become a tool that will help you make sense of the complex process of creating a school and at once define some key steps and make very early on key decisions that will ultimately take your construction project to a whole new level. This way, you will be able to avoid the necessity to start your project from scratch every time, and optimize our work as well.
Could you give us more examples? And, by the way, multifunctional is hot now, but where does it end?
The multifunctional approach gives interesting architectural ideas and allows you to make the most of the space available to you, which sometimes does matter a lot. Let’s take the cafeteria zone, for example: you can also use it as a students’ lounge, which lets you save up a huge amount of space, but it’s seldom done. Another favorite example of mine is libraries. According to all construction regulations, they are essentially archives or book storages fitted with reading rooms – a place that is not exactly attractive to high school students. When I went to school back in my days, I visited the library a couple of times at most, and then only because I forgot some textbook. However, if we use the agile principle, you can turn the library into a coworking space, a lecture hall, a place for individual work, and a video room… Speaking about a specific school in a specific city – we had an experience of building a school in the Symbol housing complex: we found a solution based on creating a few extra entrances, and thus the library could also be used as a community center, and there was also a gym built right next to it, which was also a useful vicinity.
Was it OK with the safety norms?
The safety norms keep toggling between “allow everything” and “prohibit everything”. An interesting solution was making two checkpoints instead of just one: one at the entrance to the school grounds, and one at the entrance to the school building. This way, the territory would be open to transit on non-school days, and its sports facilities would be open to the general public. One of such projects of a school with two checkpoints, as far as I know, was built by A101 in New Moscow: they took the lobby where the parents usually wait for their kids, and organized a cafe in there, so that the place would be less crowded, and people could spend their time in a more pleasant way.
On the other hand, it often happens that the architect proposes and even implements an interesting solution, such as a little yard or an open-air gym on the roof, but then the school management keeps it under lock and key, and never uses it. Do you know of such instances?
I do. We did have a gym on the roof in the project of an international school within the “Life Botanical Garden” housing complex built by Pioneer developers. We did not do the architectural part in that project; we just did the interiors and the yards. A lot of questions came up, but they all were resolved through negotiations. The decisions were collectively taken: by the architects, the developers, and the teachers’ team.
The architect can indeed propose a lot of “groundbreaking” and “mind-blowing” ideas that will never be ultimately used, and this is why it’s critical that you understand the client’s needs. 10 or 15 years ago, there was a popular opinion that a school outfitted with a full-size swimming pool was a breakthrough, but as time went by it turned out that the operational costs were prohibitively high, and you had better spent the funds on other functions: enlarge the gyms or purchase better equipment for workshops and creative studios. Or – another vivid example – we asked school principals to give us feedback on whether they use pull-out partitions, and, if they do, then how often. Here you also need to draw a line at some point: a teacher cannot spend time constantly opening and closing these things; teachers also need some time to rest. We came to a conclusion that not every classroom needs pullout partitions, and not every classroom needs to be transformable – you do need this feature in two or three cases, and that’s it. This is why it is important that the operator joins the project very early on; it is important that you use consultants because this will allow you to pay unnecessary extra costs and remake different things. This is especially true if your client is building his first school. The consultant must work on the client’s side; he must adjust and fine-tune the process, using his expertise: he can not only say whether this is beautiful or not but also calculate the economic balance.
Where can the recommendations from your research be applied? How are they suited for governmental schools with all their special technical conditions that you need to obtain for every modern quality project?
We obtain special technical conditions virtually on every project, and, as far as I know, so do our colleagues. I would say that our recommendations, analysis, and examples can be used everywhere. In our research project, we do not provide a recipe for such unique projects as “Khoroshkola”, “Point of the Future” or the Letovo school, which were all created by teams of highly skilled professionals who managed gigantic budgets, even though we hope that our project will come in handy for solving such grand-scale tasks as well. We see that the gap between such projects and the mid-class ones is just huge, even though there are a lot of not-too-complicated solutions that still can be used to bridge it.
Creating the project of a school building and its construction is a complex process that involves a large number of stakeholders, if you want to take it to a new level. Everyone must propose new ideas and try to make the project better. For example, the department of education also issues its recommendations, many of which we also take into consideration, but many of them we consider to be too complex and even excessive. However, the more we share our ideas and our experience, the more professionals from different areas of expertise will be invited to the discussion, the more archive will be the qualitative growth of the industry on the whole, and the more will be there unique projects, and the mid-class level will also rise. Ultimately, this will take us to the realization of our global goal – raising the level of education.
How do you plan to announce your publication at the Arch Moscow convention?
On June 10 we are going to hold a roundtable discussion, to which we invited very different speakers: experts in international trends and in integrating new international formats in the school buildings of new housing complexes, the authors of the Moskomarkhitektura research and the managers of the already complete schools, which already have the experience in operating these or those solutions. We will speak about why a well-designed school is something that both developers and the city must be interested in, what benefits a good school as an institution gives to its area, and about how to form the process of interaction between the government, the developer, and the educational operator to achieve the best result.
All of our guests will automatically become the experts of the research project, and the materials of the round table will supplement its results. In addition, we are inviting to the discussion everyone who is impartial to this subject, and we hope to receive their feedback. As I already said, the question of a quality educational environment is so important and multifaceted that the more important experts are invited to solve it the better. Do join in!
Stepan Liphart introduces “schematic Art Deco” on the outskirts of Kazan – his houses are executed in green color, with a glassy “iced” finish on the facades. The main merits of the project lie in his meticulous arrangement of viewing angles – the architect is striving to create in a challenging environment the embryo of a city not only in terms of pedestrian accessibility but also in a sculptural sense. He works with silhouettes, proposing intriguing triangular terraces. The entire project is structured like a crystal, following two grids, orthogonal and diagonal. In this article, we are examining what worked, and what eventually didn’t.
Who is Alexey Shchusev? In the last couple of weeks, since the architect’s 150th birthday, different individuals have answered this question differently. The most detailed, illustrated, and elegantly presented response is an exhibition held in two buildings of the Museum of Architecture on Vozdvizhenka. Four curators, a year and a half of work performed by the entire museum, and exhibition design by Sergey Tchoban and Alexandra Sheiner – in this article, we take you on a tour of the exhibition and show what’s what in it.
A five-story housing complex designed by Stepan Liphart in Kazan, responds to the stylistically diverse context with its form, both integral and agile, and as for the vicinity of the “Ekiyat” movie theater, the complex responds to it with a semblance of theater curtain folds, and active plastique of its balconies, that bear some resemblance to theater boxes. Even if excessively pompous a little bit, the complex does look fresh and modern. One will have a hard time finding Art Deco elements in it, even though the spirit of the 1930s, run through the filter of neo-modernism, is still clearly felt, just as a twist of the Occident.
The restoration of the Salt Warehouse for the Zvenigorod Museum, on the one hand, was quite accurately implemented according to the design of the People’s Architect, and, on the other hand, it was not without some extra research and adjustments, which, in this case, was quite beneficial for the project. The architects discovered the original paint color, details of the facades, and studied the history of rebuilds of this building. As a result, the imposing character of the empire building, the oldest one in the city, and the differences of later additions were accurately revealed. Most importantly, however, the city got a new cultural and public space, which is already “working” in full swing.
From Moscow to Khabarovsk
This year, the works submitted by the students of the Genplan Institute of Moscow included a proposal for revitalizing Moscow’s “Pravda” complex with its structures designed by Ilia Golosov, landscaping an East Siberian town, located a 12-hour drive away from the nearest big city, and three versions of turning a derelict “pioneer camp” into an educational hub, similar to “Sirius”. Two sites out of three have an interested client, so chances are that the students’ works will be ultimately implemented.
Harmonization of Intentions
We met and talked with the chief architect of Genplan Institute of Moscow Grigory Mustafin and the chief architect of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Maxim Efanov – about how the master plan of the city is formed. The key to success: gathering data, digital simulation, working with the city people, thinking infrastructure, and presentation.
Cité for Naro-Fominsk
The new neighborhood on an island in the center of Naro-Fominsk continues the ideas of developing the territory of the silk-weaving factory, around which the city actually formed. The authors skillfully mix different formats of mid-rise development and make the most of the island location, offering a variety of formats of interaction with water, available to all citizens. No wonder that the project is considered exemplary and worthy of duplication in the region. It is also an example of rare synergy between the client and the architects.
A Tower and a Manor House
The concept of a high-density residential district replacing a set of outdated privately owned houses in Yekaterinburg preserves the street grid and, in some cases, even the scale of construction. OSA Architects combine towers with townhouses and other types of housing, orienting the silhouette composition towards a pedestrian boulevard. Through non-linear routes and spatial diversity, the residents will see their neighborhood in a new way every day.
The Warm Stone
The housing complex in Zelenogorsk is interpreted by Mayak architects as a scatter of stones. The unconventional outline of houses with a pentagon plan not only helped to form the image part of the project, but also facilitated the architects’ work with the density of construction and insolation of the apartments.
For All Times
The modular technology combined with the building material of glued wood allows the architectural company Rhizome to create quick-mount hotels (no less!) that are highly rated by the architectural community: last week, the new hotel “Vremena Goda. Igora” scored three awards. Below, we are examining the project in detail.
The Other Way Around
Few awards instead of many, the award ceremony conducted on the first day instead of last, projections instead of sketch boards, trees inside and art objects outside – the renewal of the Architecton festival seemingly took the sure-fire path of turning all the professional traditions upside down – or at least those that happened to be within the scope of the organizers’ attention. There’s certainly a lot to pick on, but the exhibition does feel fresh and improvisational. It looks that pretty soon these guys will set trends for Moscow as well. We shared with you about some elements of the festival in our Telegram channel, and now we are examining the whole thing.
ArchiWOOD-14: Building Bridges
This season, the festival’s jury decided not to award a grand prize: judging by the fact that the shortlist included several projects that had not reached the award in previous years, and the “best house” was pronounced to be an undoubtedly beautiful but mass-produced model, the “harvest” of wooden buildings in 2023 was not too abundant. However, there were many unusual typologies among the finalists, and restoration and revitalization projects received their share of recognition. Let’s take a look at all the finalists.
The Chinese Symphony
The construction of the Chinese center “Huaming Park” has been a long story that came to fruition relatively recently. The building is adjacent to a traditional Chinese garden, but it is very modern, laconic and technological, and the simple-in-form, yet spectacular, white lamellae promise to someday be incorporated as a media facade. This complex is also truly multifunctional: it contains different types of living spaces, offices, a large fitness center, conference halls and restaurants – all wrapped in one volume. You can comfortably hold international forums in it, having everything you may possibly need at your fingertips, and going outside only to take a walk. In this article, we are examining this complex in detail.
Ensemble of Individualities
Construction of the first phase of the INDY Towers multifunctional complex on Kuusinen Street, designed by Ostozhenka, has started. The project opens new angles of similarity between the column and the skyscraper, and we examine the nuances and parallels.
Black and Red
Kazakov Grand Loft received its name for a reason: responding to the client’s brief and proceeding from the historical industrial architecture of its immediate surroundings, Valery Kanyashin and Ostozhenka architects proposed a new version of a modern house designed in the fashionable “loft” style. What makes this building different is the fact that the bricks here are dark gray, and the facades of the romantic “fortress” towers blossom with magnificent glazing of the windows in the upper part. The main highlight of the complex, however, is the multiple open air terraces situated on different levels.
Mezonproject has won the national architectural and town planning competition for designing a hotel and a water recreation center in the city of Irkutsk. The architects chose hummocks of Baikal ice as a visual image.
The Mastery of Counterpoint
In the sculpture of Classical Greece, counterpoint was first invented: the ability to position the human body as if it were about to take a step, imbuing it with a hint of the energy of future movement, and with hidden dynamics. For architecture, especially in the 20th century and now, this is also one of the main techniques, and the ATRIUM architects implement it diligently, consistently – and always slightly differently. The new residential complex “Richard” is a good example of such exploration, based on the understanding of contrasts in the urban environment, which was fused into the semblance of a living being.
The project of the museum of Aleksey Gastev, the ideologist of scientific organization of work, located in his hometown of Suzdal, is inscribed in multiple contexts: the contest of a small town, the context of avant-garde design, the context of “lean production”, and the context of the creative quest of Nikolai Lyzlov’s minimalist architecture – and it seems to us that this project even reveals a distant memory of the fact that Aleksey Gastev learned his craft in France.
In memory of Jean-Louis Cohen
Marina Khrustaleva – about Jean-Louis Cohen (20.07.1949-7.08.2023), French architect and architectural historian that specialized in modern architecture and city planning.
On the Hills
In the project by Studio 44, the “distributed” IT campus of Nizhny Novgorod is based on well-balanced contracts. Sometimes it is hovering, sometimes undulating, sometimes towering over a rock. For every task, the architects found appropriate form and logic: the hotels are based on a square module, the academic buildings are based on a “flying” one, and so on. Modernist prototypes, specifically, Convent Sainte-Marie de La Tourette, stand next to references to the antique Forum and the tower of a medieval university – as well as next to contextual allusions that help inscribe the buildings of the future campus into the landscape of the city hills with their dominants, high slopes, breathtaking river views, the historical city center, and the Nizhny Novgorod University.
The Magic Carpet
The anniversary exhibition of Totan Kuzembaev’s drawings named “Event Horizons” shows both very old drawings made by the architect in the formative 1980’s, and now extracted from the Museum of Architecture, as well as quite a few pictures from the “Weightlessness” series that Totan Kuzembaev drew specifically for this exhibition in 2023. It seemed to us that the architect represented reality from the point of view of someone levitating in space, and sometimes even upside down, like a magic carpet with multiple layers.
A Copper Step
Block 5, designed by ASADOV architects as part of the “Ostrov” (“Island”) housing complex, is at the same time grand-scale, conspicuous thanks to its central location – and contextual. It does not “outshout” the solutions used in the neighboring buildings, but rather gives a very balanced implementation of the design code: combining brick and metal in light and dark shades and large copper surfaces, orthogonal geometry on the outside and flexible lines in the courtyard.
The Light for the Island
For the first time around, we are examining a lighting project designed for a housing complex; but then again, the authors of the nighttime lighting of the Ostrov housing complex, UNK lighting, proudly admit that this project is not just the largest in their portfolio, but also the largest in this country. They describe their approach as a European one, its chief principles being smoothness of transitions, comfort to the eye, and the concentration of most of the light at the “bottom” level – meaning, it “works” first of all for pedestrians.
Spots of Light
A new housing complex in Tyumen designed by Aukett Swanke is a very eye-pleasing example of mid-rise construction: using simple means of architectural expression, such as stucco, pitched roofs, and height changes, the architects achieve a “human-friendly” environment, which becomes a significant addition to the nearby park and forest.
Ledges and Swirls
The housing complex “Novaya Zarya” (“New Dawn”) designed by ASADOV Architects will become one of the examples of integrated land development in Vladivostok. The residential area will be characterized by various typologies of its housing sections, and a multitude of functions – in addition to the social infrastructure, the complex will include pedestrian promenades, shopping malls, office buildings, and recreational facilities. The complex is “inscribed” in a relief with a whopping 40-meter height difference, and overlooks the Amur Bay.
Agglomeration on an Island
Recently, an approval came for the master plan of the Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk agglomeration, which was developed by a consortium headed by the Genplan Institute of Moscow. The document provides for the creation of 12 clusters, the totality of which will give the region a qualitative leap in development and make the island more self-sufficient, more accessible, and less dependent on the mainland. We are inviting you to examine the details.
Ivan Grekov: “A client that wants to make a building that is “about architecture” is...
In this article, we are talking to Ivan Grekov, the leader of the architectural company KAMEN (translates as “stone”), the author of many high-profile projects that have been built in Moscow in the recent years, about the history of his company, about different approaches to form making, about different meanings of volume and facade, and about “layers” in working with the environment – at the example of two projects by Osnova Group. These are the MIRAPOLIS complex on the Mira Avenue in Rostokino, whose construction began at the end of last year, and the multifunctional complex in the 2nd Silikatny Proezd on the Zvenigorodsky Highway; recently, it received all the required approvals.
Grasping and Formulating
The special project “Tezisy” (“Abstracts”), showcased at Arch Moscow exhibition in Moscow’s Gostiny Dvor, brought together eight young “rock stars of architecture”, the headliner being Vladislav Kirpichev, founder of the EDAS school. In this article, we share our impressions of the installations and the perspectives of the new generation of architects.
The White Tulip
Currently, there are two relevant projects for the Great Cathedral Mosque in Kazan, which was transferred to a land site in Admiralteiskaya Sloboda in February. One of them, designed by TsLP, was recently showcased at Arch Moscow. In this article, we are covering another project, which was proposed during the same period for the same land site. Its author is Aleksey Ginzburg, the winner of the 2022 competition, but now the project is completely different. Today, it is a sculptural “flower” dome symbolizing a white tulip.
The architectural company ATRIUM opened a gallery of its own in a metaverse. Inside, one can examine the company’s approach and main achievements, as well as get some emotional experience. The gallery is already hosting cyberspace business meetings and corporate events.