Built by ADM on Moscow’s Sparrow Hills, the new residential complex, although totally up-to-date, shows nobility in its every detail, being a rightful heir to the legacy of this legendary part of Moscow.
Running between two rivers and two streets – Kosygina Street and Berezhkovskaya Embankment – the Vorobyevskoe Highway continues the tradition of these parts: back in the day, this land hosted manors of the nobility, and still later on, during the soviet period, the houses of academicians and prominent scientists. Today, this place is extremely popular among those who seek a cozy shelter offering a respectable kind of countryside life essentially in the very heart of one of the world’s busiest megalopolises. On the one side, you are surrounded by greenery and water, and, on the other side, you can admire the main “postcard” views of Moscow, which were once admired by Napoleon and Bulgakov’s Voland.
The peculiarity of the land site where the residential complex “Vorobyev Dom” was built, apart from its being situated on the very borderline of the nature reserve and the go-down to the Setun River, is the fact that legally there were two land sites, and uniting them would have hindered the project significantly. To a certain extent, this defined the composition of the complex: the land site of a smaller size of 0.06-hectare got the most compact unit out of three, five stories high, while the 0.8-hectare land site got two more residential buildings, one with flats, the other with apartments, 13 and 16 stories high respectively. Joining these three buildings with a transparent podium gave the contours of the green plateau of the yard and opened it up to the woodland and the river, turning the whole complex to them.
In addition, the idea to cover the human-proportionate level of the complex with the marquee of the podium allowed the architects to make a far more impressive turnaround of the project – taking it from the level of another rank-and-file housing project to the level of a residential complex marked by nobility and aristocratic exquisiteness. The latter are to be seen in the proportions of the structure and in the arrangement of the propylaea; in the wood sheathing on the inner side – where its texture catches the eye and literally wraps one into warmth; in the perfectly circular windows that “cut through” this sheathing and turn out to be sometimes spotlights and sometimes frames for trees; and in the very configuration of the marquee and the design of the driving access to the buildings: the cantilevered structure follows the contours of the roundabout that the hallways of all the three buildings go out to, and together they form a grand entrance, the kind you see in expensive hotels. The driver comes around, the passenger alights, and off the car goes – it drives either totally away or to the two-level underground parking garage. There is an overland parking lot as well but it is a very compact and payable one, devised for a short stay only – like near the mentioned hotels or airport terminals.
Therefore, the yard is designed as being completely vehicle-free – although small in size, it is surprisingly versatile. The architects even deliberately recreated relief drops characteristic for the local terrain and planted trees on the hills, while in the recessions that, when viewed from above, look like giant boulders (the authors jokingly called them “the balls”) and are paved with granite mosaic of painstakingly selected colors (yet another minute detail that, nonetheless, surely indicates class and nobility), they made zones for active and meditative recreation, including circular wooden benches, tubs for the trees and the lawn, and a playground of the same streamlined shape as the other recessions with a practical rubber coverage.
The yard is also the place, to which comes out the platform, raised on a podium, with a balustrade and yet another marquee, which gives four apartments on the ground floor of the 16-story high building a whole new quality: they have patios of their own, upon which they can make dacha-style tea parties. The rest of the premises on the ground floor are non-residential: lobbies, management offices, and a children’s center in one of the buildings. And, if we are to look at the complex from the woodland and the Setun River, we will see an array of stores that look as if they had grown into the hill – and one will hardly guess that the architects designed the façade of the underground parking garage in this way.
Generally speaking, depending on one’s angle of vision, new and new layers come up. Again, if we are to look from up above (which is quite natural, come right down to it, for most of the residents of the complex, isn’t it?) that the roof of the podium – although the architects weren’t ultimately able to make it completely green the way they originally intended – became an organic part of the landscaping solutions and is marked by the characteristic mosaic “belts”.
Now we are making a 90-degree turn and put our gaze on the façades: if the architects took such a great pain selecting the tones of the granite paving we can only imagine how much effort was invested in the façades. The materials, just as they should be, are exclusively noble and, to some extent, of the signature “Moscow” kind: white stone, red brick, wood (rather, thin ceramic panels that imitate it). But then again, the list of painstakingly chosen materials could be fairly augmented by glass. For example, at the corners of the 16-story building, from where the best views open up, the glass parts are curvilinear and moulded, which yields full-fledged panoramic windows. And, again, these are framed at the top and bottom by stone belts: in order to achieve that, the stone was sawn circle-wise. In combination with the cornice that crowns the residential floors, the image of this house gets something about it that makes it imperceptibly related to the monumental architecture of the buildings standing along the Kosygina Street.
In the building of a smaller height, where the stone is liberally diluted with brick, the corner glass is also of a sophisticated kind - not bent, but without any lintels, so that nothing would stop the view.
The most interesting thing, however, is how these elements made of different materials combine with one another. It would not be an overstatement to call ADM geniuses of façade design: somehow they always manage to make the façade surface just as interesting and diverse as, seemingly, only a landscape of some super-up-to-date park can be (although, speaking on that particular subject, we can see that ADM were still able to make a mini model of it within the space of a regular yard). The staggered rhythm of brick and glazed surfaces, surprise inserts of alternative materials, recessions and screens for the air conditioning units, corrugated surface of the stone – all of this sophisticated (yet still looking quite natural) multilayered structure again puts you in the mind of, on the other hand, a “nest” made with love and care, and, on the other hand, about something that has been formed for years, imbibing the signs and traits of the previous generations.
So, the advertising slogan of the complex “See the Best” is equally applicable to its architecture. Because this a veritable feast for one’s eyes – quite comparable, in terms of breathtaking views, with the iconic panoramas of Moscow that these windows command.
The Gallery Approach
In this article, we are covering the concept of a Central District Clinic for 240 patients, designed by Ginzburg Architects, which won at a competition organized by the Architects Union and the Healthcare Ministry.
In this issue, we are publishing the concept of a standard clinic designed by UNK Project, which took second place in the competition organized by the Union of Architects of Russia in collaboration with the Healthcare Ministry.
From Foundation to Teaspoon
Based on the taste of their friendly clients, the architects Olga Budennaya and Roman Leonidov designed and built a house in the Moscow metropolitan area playing Art Nouveau. At the same time, they enriched the typology of a private house with modern functions of a garage loft and a children’s art studio.
Continuation and Development
The second “office” stage of Comcity, the most popular business park of the “New Moscow” area, continues the underground street of the already existing part of the complex, responding to its architectural identity.
A Comfortable City in Itself
The project that we are about to cover is seemingly impossible amidst human anthills, chaotically interspersed with old semi-neglected dachas. Meanwhile, the housing complex built on the Comcity business part does offer a comfortable environment of decent city: not excessively high-rise and moderately private as a version of the perfect modern urbanist solution.
Moving on the Edge
The housing complex “Litsa” (“Faces”) on Moscow’s Khodynka Field is one of the new grand-scale buildings that complement the construction around it. This particular building skillfully tackles the scale, subjugating it to the silhouette and the pattern; it also makes the most of the combination of a challenging land site and formidable square footage requirements, packing a whole number of features within one volume, so the house becomes an analogue of a city. And, to cap it all, it looks like a family that securely protects the children playing in the yard from... well, from everything, really.
Visual Stability Agent
A comparatively small house standing on the border of the Bolshevik Factory combines two diametrically opposite features: expensive materials and decorative character of Art Deco, and a wide-spaced, even somewhat brutal, facade grid that highlights a laminated attic.
The Faraday Cage
The project of the boutique apartment complex in the 1st Truzhenikov Lane is the architects’ attempt to squeeze a considerable volume into a tiny spot of land, at the same time making it look graceful and respectable. What came to their rescue was metal, stone, and curvilinear glass.
The Union of Art and Technology
His interest for architecture of the 1930’s is pretty much the guiding star for Stepan Liphart. In his project of the “Amo” house on St. Petersburg’s Vasilyevsky Island, the architect based himself on Moscow Art Deco - aesthetically intricate and decorated in scratch-work technique. As a bonus, he developed the city block typology as an organic structure.
The project that Evgeniy Gerasimov and Partners developed for Moscow’s Leningrad Avenue: the tallest building in the company’s portfolio, continuing the tradition of Moscow’s Stalin architecture.
In the project that they developed for a southern region of Russia, OSA Architects use multilayered facades that create an image of seaside resort architecture, and, in the vein of the latest trends of today, mix up different social groups that the residents belong to.
Just a Mirror for the Sun
The house that Sergey Skuratov designed in Nikolovorobinsky Alley is thought out down to the last detail. It adapts three historical facades, interprets a feeling of a complex city, is composed of many layers, and catches plenty of sunlight, from sunrises to sunsets. The architect himself believes that the main role of this house is creating a background for another nearby project of his, Art House in the Tessinsky Alley.
Part of the Whole
On June 5, the winners of Moscow Architectural Award were announced. The winners list includes the project of a school in Troitsk for 2,100 students, with its own astronomy dome, IT testing ground, museum, and a greenhouse on the roof.
Yet another project of a private school, in which Archimatika realizes the concept of aesthetic education and introduces a new tradition: combining Scandinavian and Soviet experience, turning to works of art, and implementing sustainable technologies.
In the “Parallel House” residence that he designed in the Moscow metropolitan area, the architect Roman Leonidov created a dramatic sculptural composition from totally basic shapes – parallelepipeds, whose collision turned into an exciting show.
In the Istra district of Moscow metropolitan area, the tandem of 4izmerenie and ARS-ST designed a sports complex – a monovolume that has the shape of a chamfered parallelepiped with a pointed “nose” like a ship’s bow.
Stairway to Heaven
The project of a hotel in the settlement of Yantarny is an example of a new recreational complex typology, and a new format that unites the hotel, the business, and the cultural functions. All of this is complemented by 100% integration with nature.
Cape of Good Hope
In this issue, we are showing all the seven projects that participated in a closed-door competition to create a concept for the headquarters of Gazprom Neft, as well as provide expert opinions on those projects.
The Outer Space
Honoring the 300th anniversary of the Kuznetsk coal fields in 2021, a new passenger terminal of the Aleksey Leonov Airport in the city of Kemerovo will be built, designed by GK Spectrum and ASADOV Architectural Bureau.
The Pivot of Narkomfin Building
Ginzburg Architects finished the restoration of the Narkomfin Building’s laundry unit – one of the most important elements of the famous monument of Soviet avant-garde architecture.
The housing complex “Respublika” is so large that it can be arguably called a micro-town, yet, at the same time, it easily overcomes most of the problems that usually arise with mass housing construction. How could Archimatika achieve that? We are examining that on the example of the first stage of the complex.
The Flowing Lines
The five houses of the “Svoboda” block belonging to the “Simvol” residential complex present a vivid example of all-rounded work performed by the architects on an integral fragment of the city, which became the embodiment of the approach to architecture that hitherto was not to be seen anywhere in Moscow: everything is subjected to the flow of lines – something like a stream, enhanced by the powerful pattern of the facades akin to “super-graphics”.
A City by the Water
The concept of a large-scale housing development at the edge of Voronezh, near the city reservoir, or “the sea”, as it is locally called, uses the waterside height difference to create a sophisticated public space, paying a lot of attention to the distribution of masses that determine the look of the future complex if viewed from the opposite bank of the river.
A Journey to the Country of Art Deco
The “Little France” residential complex on the 20th line of the Vasilyevsky Island presents an interesting make-believe dialogue between its architect, Stepan Liphart, the architect of the New Hermitage, masters of the Silver Age, and Soviet Art Deco, about interesting professional topics, such as a house with a courtyard in the historical center of Saint Petersburg, and the balance between the wall and the stained glass in the architectonics of the facade. Here are the results of this make-believe conversation.
A House in a Port
This housing complex on the Dvinskaya Street is the first case of modern architecture on the Gutuevsky Island. The architectural bureau “A-Len” thoroughly explores the context and creates a landmark for further transformations of this area of Saint Petersburg.
Balance of Infill Development
Anatoly Stolyarchuk Architectural Studio is designing a house that inadvertently prevails over the surrounding buildings, yet still tries to peacefully coexist with the surrounding environment, taking it to a next level.
The Precious Space
Evolution Design and T+T Architects reported about the completion of the interior design project of Sberbank headquarters on the Kutuzovsky Avenue. In the center of the atrium, hovers the “Diamant” meeting room; everything looks like a chest full of treasures, including the ones of a hi-tech kind.
Big Little Victory
In a small-sized school located in Domodedovo in Moscow metropolitan area, ASADOV_ architects did a skillful job of tackling the constraints presented by the modest budget and strict spatial limitations – they designed sunlit classrooms, comfortable lounges, and even a multi-height atrium with an amphitheater, which became the center of school life.
The Social Biology of Landscape
The list of new typologies of public spaces and public projects has been expanded yet again — thanks to Wowhaus. This time around, this company came up with a groundbreaking by Russian standards approach to creating a place where people and animals can communicate.
Watched by the Angels from up Above
Held in the General Staff building of the Hermitage Museum, the anniversary exhibition of “Studio 44” is ambitious and diverse. The exhibition was designed to give a comprehensive showcase of the company’s architecture in a whole number of ways: through video, models, drawings, installations, and finally, through a real-life project, the Enfilade, which the exhibition opens up, intensifies, and makes work the way it was originally intended.
A New Version of the Old City
The house at Malaya Ordynka, 19, fits in perfectly with the lineup of the street, looking even as if it straightened the street up a little, setting a new tone for it – a tone of texture, glitter, “sunny” warmth, and, at the same time, reserved balance of everything that makes the architecture of an expensive modern house.
Stepan Liphart: “Standing your ground is the right thing to do”
A descendant of German industrialists, “Jophan’s son”, and an architect, speaks about how studying architectural orders tempers one’s character, and how a team of just a few people can design grand-scale housing projects to be built in the center of Saint Petersburg. Also: Santa Claus appearing in a Stalin high-rise, an arch portal to the outer space, mannerism painting, and the palaces of Paris – all covered in an interview with Stepan Liphart.
Honey and Copper
In the Moscow area, the architect Roman Leonidov designed the “Cool House” residence, very much in the spirit of Frank Lloyd Wright, spreading it parallel to the ground, and accentuating the horizontal lines in it. The color composition is based on juxtaposition of warm wood of a honey hue and cold copper blue.
The Ring on the Saisara Lake
The building of the Philharmonic Hall and the Theater of Yakut Epos, standing on the shore of the sacred lake, is inscribed into an epic circle and contains three volumes, reminiscent of the traditional national housing. The roof is akin to the Alaas – a Yakut village standing around a lake. In spite of its rich conceptual agenda, the project remains volumetrically abstract, and keeps up a light form, making the most of its transparency, multiple layers, and reflections.
Architecture of Evanescence
On the Vernadskogo Avenue, next to the metro station, appeared a high-rise landmark that transformed the entire area: designed by UNK Project, the “Academic” business center uncovered, in the form of its architecture, the meanings of the local place names.
The Theater and Music Circles
The contest-winning ambitious grand-scale project of the main theater and concert complex of the Moscow area includes three auditoriums, a yard – a public area – a higher school of music, and a few hotels. It promises to become a high-profile center for the classical music festivals on a national scale.
The Line of a Hardened Breakthrough
Designed by Stepan Liphart, the housing complex “Renaissance” continues the line of the historical center of Saint Petersburg, reinterpreting the Leningrad Art Deco and the neoclassical architecture of the 1930-50’s in reference to the civilization challenges posed by our century.
The Regeneration Experience
The housing project “Metsenat”, which occupies the area next to the Resurrection Church in Moscow’s Kadashi, has a long and complicated history, full of protests, victories, and hopes. Now the project is complete: the architects were able to keep the views, the scale, and a few historical buildings; we can examine the end result now. The project was developed by Ilia Utkin.
The Terraces of the Crystal Cape
Proposed by Nikita Yavein, the concept of a museum, educational, and memorial complex to be built in the city of Sevastopol avoids straightforward accents and over-the-top dramatics, interpreting the history of this place along with the specifics of its landscape, and joining the public space of the operated stairway and amphitheaters with an imposing monument.