​A High Line Complex

Boasting a unique set of features interconnected in a sophisticated way, this complex consists of ten different units. The Saint Petersburg architectural company A.Len designed it for Voronezh on the basis of the soviet sports center “Energiya”.

Elena Petukhova

Written by:
Elena Petukhova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

15 May 2017
Sergey Oreshkin

The sports complex “Energiya” was built back in the 1980’s. Originally, it was planned that it would become a regional center for track and field activities, team and water sports, martial arts, and dancing. However, these plans were thwarted by the perestroika turmoil. Maintaining and operating a huge building with a floor space of 170 hundred square meters turned out to be prohibitively expensive, and the complex was all but neglected. The Khamina Group that bought out this land site for 250 million rubles came up with a plan that included, among other things, building on the vacant part of the territory five residential towers with subsequent financing and reconstruction of the former sports center into a modern multifunctional complex maintaining the original sports function and including residential premises, a hotel, shops and cafes, a cultural and business center, a parking garage, as well as integrated landscaping and creating a green park with a monument to Russia's first champion in figure skating. The project of the complex was designed by the Saint Petersburg company A.Len.

Multifunctional complex "Five Stars". Birds-eye view © A.Len
Multifunctional complex "Five Stars". Master plan © A.Len

The number of functions that the architects were to combine within this project called not only for complexity of a multilevel structure saturated with various zones and premises, each of which would have a set of parametric and technical requirements of its own (never mind the fact that some of these zones would have to be isolated from, and some – interconnected with others), but also for the necessity to observe the safety rules and regulations.

Multifunctional complex "Five Stars" © A.Len

Multifunctional complex "Five Stars" © A.Len

THe structure of the multifunctional complex "Five Stars" © A.Len

In the center of the triangular construction blueprint, there was the old building of the sports complex. Some of its structures were kept intact, and some were dismantled. New sports blocks were added and inserted into the “historical nucleus”, as if enshrouding it and filling in all the lacunae. As a result, the total floor space of the sports part of the complex amounted to 260 hundred square meters with an estimated number of visitors being up to a million per year. The list of sports traditionally popular in Voronezh was augmented with a few new formats. The future center will include 40 modern gyms for team sports: handball, volleyball, mini-football, badminton, and table tennis. These were joined by a modernized 16-meter high rock-climbing wall, a gym for martial arts, two fitness clubs, and four swimming pools, two of which are 25 meters each with five and six lanes, as well as dance practice halls. The architects would put together the volumes and functions, as if putting together Tetris pieces of different sizes and shapes. In addition, the customer planned to place one of the large swimming pools on the level of the first floor on the street side – so as the passers-by would be able to see the swimmers behind the immense “showcase” windows as a sort of a living advertisements of the fitness club, and the healthy lifestyle as well.

The club house "Grand Prix" in the multifunctional complex "Five Stars" © A.Len

Multifunctional complex "Five Stars". Stela erected in the honor of the first Olympic figure-skating champion Nikolai Panin-Kolomeikin © A.Len

Closer to the Voroshilova Street and the beginning of the “sports” park, the architects placed the residential, business, and representative functions. Like in a ball of yarn, entwined are the club house “Grand Prix”, a business center of the same name, a congress hall, and a hotel: they soar upward, forming a high-rise centerpiece that accentuates the complex in the panorama of the city. 

Multifunctional complex "Five Stars". Longitudinal section view (along the "Sports" park) © A.Len

Across from the business part of the complex, along the Delegatskaya Street, there will be a landscaped park with a backlighting system whose design solutions and the quality of the materials used will match the top-of-the-line Moscow analogs. On the opposite side, the architects placed a shopping center with a large supermarket and a traditional set of shops and businesses. There are also a multilevel parking garage and a parking lot nearby.

Multifunctional complex "Five Stars". Lateral section view (along the Moiseeva Street) © A.Len

The outside appearance of the complex matches its inside structure. The function of each of the blocks can be easily read from its size and glazing type. The huge stained-glass windows highlight the public zones: the sport segment, the business center, the retail, and the cultural zones. The modern-style multitude of differently sized window apertures adorns the façades of the club house and the hotel.

Multifunctional complex "Five Stars". Facade as seen from the "Sports" park © A.Len

Multifunctional complex "Five Stars". Facade as seen from the Voroshilova Street © A.Len

The golden-yellow anodized aluminum of the façade panels serves as the metaphor for the complex's name of “Energiya” embodying a lightning-like flow of energy. Backlit at night, the golden band “snakes” over the façade framing the outstanding fragments of the building and connecting individual blocks. In addition, the bright yellow backdrop will hold the signs of shops and cafes – it is meant, on the one side, to attract people’s attention, and, on the other side, give the high-profile part of the building a kind of integrity uniting the colorful diversity of brand signs and logos with a single-color golden background.

Multifunctional complex "Five Stars". Facade of the multifunctional complex as seen from its residential section © A.Len

Multifunctional complex "Five Stars". Facade as seen from the Moiseeva Street © A.Len

Thanks to the cooperation between the developers and one of the leading Russian architectural companies, Voronezh saw the process of implementing a concept of a new type of a regional community center that creates favorable conditions for business, as well as for cultural and sports recreation. The role that was played by the soviet sport clubs or neighborhood movie theaters is now, at a new level of social development, is played by multifunctional complexes. The search for sustainable formats for such synergy systems is on not only in the nation's capital but also in the main regional centers. And already in the nearest future one will be able to appreciate the fruits of turning the derelict sports complex into an epicenter of business, sports, and cultural life of Voronezh.

Multifunctional complex "Five Stars". Birds-eye view © A.Len

Multifunctional complex "Five Stars" © A.Len
Multifunctional complex "Five Stars" © A.Len

Sergey Oreshkin

15 May 2017

Elena Petukhova

Written by:

Elena Petukhova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
​The Strategy of Transformation
In this article, we are publishing eight projects of reconstructing postwar Modernist buildings that have been implemented by Tchoban Voss Architekten and showcased in the AEDES gallery at the recent Re-Use exhibition. Parallel to that, we are meditating on the demonstrated approaches and the preservation of things that architectural legislation does not require to preserve.
In the Rhythm of Block Construction
Last week, the housing complex “Ty i Ya” (“You and Me”) was presented, built in the northwest of Moscow. By a number of parameters, it exceeds the originally stated comfort-class format, and, on the other hand, fully meeting the city block construction paradigm, popular in Moscow, demonstrates a few interesting features, such as a new kind of public spaces for the residents, and high-ceilinged apartments on the first floors.
​Five Nonlinear Ones
Recently, at the Moscow Urban Forum, they announced a large-scale project that Zaha Hadid Architects would do for Moscow – the multifunctional housing complex Union Towers designed for Quarter 82 of Khoroshevo-Mnevniki at the commission of KROST development.
​Etudes in Glass
The housing complex, located not far away from the Paveletskaya Railway Station, as a symbol of a sweeping transformation of this area: a composition of towers of different height, ingenious detailing of stained glass windows, and a green lawn in the yard.
A Flyover in Watercolor
For the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Vasilkovsky, the architectural office of Evgeny Gerasimov is reflecting on the Ushakov Flyover, which was designed with input from this artist and architect. In this article, we are showing its watercolors and sketches, including the preliminary ones that were not included in the final project, as well as speaking about the importance of architectural drawing.
​Walking on Clouds
A restaurant in the Khibiny skiing complex: 820 meters above the sea level, sweeping views, a levitation effect, and ingenious engineering solutions.
​Transformation with Multiplication
The Palace of Water Sports in Luzhniki is one of the high-profile and nontrivial reconstructions of recent years, and a project that won one of the first competitions, initiated by Sergey Kuznetsov as the main architect of Moscow. The complex opened 2 years ago; this article about it comes out at the start of the bathing season.
​Sergey Tchoban: “I believe it’s very important to preserve this city as a record...
Although originally we planned to speak in this interview with Sergey Tchoban about high-rise construction, the conversation turned out to be 70% about meditation on the ways of regenerating the historical city and about the role of the city fabric as the most objective and unbiased historical record. And, as for the towers, which manifest social contrasts and leave a lot of junk when torn down, the conversation was about the expected construction norms and regulations. We took this interview one day before the Lakhta-2 project was announced, and this is why this newsbreak is not commented upon in any way in this article.
​Courtyards and Constructivism
In this issue, we are examining the second major block of the “city within a city” Ligovsky City complex, designed and built by A-Len, and combining several trends characteristic of modern urban architecture.
​Inside of a Drawn Grid
Designing the apartment complex PLAY in Danilovskaya Sloboda, ADM architects placed their bet on the imagery of construction. The area where it manifested itself the most vividly was the sophisticated grid of the facades.
​Headquarters of the Future
The project by “Arena Group”, which won in an open competition of ideas for the headquarters of the Italian company FITT, combines futuristic forms, an interesting set of functions, energy efficiency, and subtle references to the archetypes of Italian architecture. Particularly beautiful is the “continuous” fountain. In this issue, we are sharing about the three winners of the competition.
​A Tiered Composition
A little bit of New York in Odessa: an apartment complex designed and built by “Archimatika” with towers, townhouses, a square, and swimming pools.
​The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
​MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.
This Beetle Has Flown
The story of designing a business center in the Zhukov (“Beetle”) Drive: a number of attempts to preserve a hundred-year-old cold storage facility, at the same time introducing modern buildings interpreting the industrial theme. The project remained on paper, but the story behind it seems to be worth our attention.
​The Childhood Territory
The project of the educational complex within the second stage of “Spanish Quarters” was developed by ASADOV Architects. The project is all about creating a friendly and transparent environment that in itself educates and forms the personality of a child.
Man and the City
Designing this large-scale housing complex, GAFA architects accentuated two types of public spaces: bustling streets with shops and cafes – and a totally natural yard, visually separated as much as possible from the city. Making the most out of the contrast, both work together to make the life of the residents of EVER housing complex eventful and diverse.
​Andy Snow: “I aim for an architecture which is rational and poetic”
The British architect Andy Snow has recently become the chief architect at GENPRO Architects & Engineers. Projects, which Andy Snow did in the UK in collaboration with world-famous architectural firms, scored numerous international awards. In Russia, the architect took part in designing Moscow’s Stanislavsky Factory business center, iLove housing complex, and AFI2B business center on the 2nd Brestskaya Street. In our interview, Andy Snow compared the construction realities in Russia and the UK, and also shared his vision of architectural prospects in Russia.
​The Living Growth
The grand-scale housing complex AFI PARK Vorontsovsky in Moscow’s southwest consists of four towers, a “slab” house, and a kindergarten building. Interestingly, the plastique of the residential buildings is quite active – they seem to be growing before your eyes, responding to the natural context, and first of all opening the views of the nearby park. As for the kindergarten building, it is cute and lyrical, like a little sugar house.
Sergey Skuratov: “A skyscraper is a balance of technology, economic performance, and aesthetic...
In March, two buildings of the Capital Towers complex were built up to a 300-meter elevation mark. In this issue, we are speaking to the creator of Moscow’s cutting-edge skyscrapers: about heights and proportions, technologies and economics, laconicism and beauty of superslim houses, and about the boldest architectural proposal of recent years – the Le Corbusier Tower above the Tsentrosoyuz building.
​The Red Building
The area of Novoslobodskaya has received Maison Rouge – an apartment complex designed by ADM, which continues the wave of renovation, started by the Atmosphere business center, from the side of the Palikha Street.
​The Uplifting Effect
The project of Ostankino Business Park was developed for the land site lying between two metro stations (one operating and the other in construction), and because of that its public space is designed to equally cater for the city people and the office workers. The complex stands every chance of becoming the catalyst for development of the Butyrsky area.
​Binary Opposition
In this article, we are examining a rather rare and interesting case – two projects by Evgeny Gerasimov situated on one street and completed with a five years’ difference, presenting the perfect example of example for analyzing the overall trends and approaches practiced by the architectural company.
Raising the Yard
The housing complex Renome consists of two buildings: a modern stone house and a red-brick factory building of the end of the XIX century, reconstructed by measurements and original drafts. The two buildings are connected by an “inclined” yard – a rare, by Moscow standards, version of geoplastics that smoothly ascends to the roof of the stores lined up along a pedestrian street.
​Hearing the Tune of the Past
The Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist in the park near the Novodevichy Convent was conceived in 2012 in honor of the 200th anniversary of the victory over Napoleon. However, instead of declamatory grandeur and “fanfare”, the architect Ilia Utkin presented a concentrated and prayerful mood, combined with a respectful attitude of this tent-shaped church, which also includes some elements of architecture of orders. The basement floor hosts a museum of excavations found on the site of the church.
​Semantic Shift
The high-end residential complex STORY, situated near the Avtozavodskaya metro station and the former ZIL factory, is delicately inscribed in the contrastive context, while its shape, which combines a regular grid and a stunning “shift” of the main facade, seems to respond to the dramatic history of the place, at the same time, however, allowing for multiple interpretations.
​Yards and Towers: the Samara Experiment
The project of “Samara Arena Park”, proposed by Sergey Skuratov, scored second place in the competition. The project is essentially based on experimenting with typology of residential buildings and gallery/corridor-type city blocks combined with towers – as well as on sensitive response to the context and the urge to turn the complex into a full-fledged urban space providing a wide range of functions and experiences.
​The Fili Duo
The second phase of the Filicity housing complex, designed by ADM architects, is based on the contrast between a 57-story skyscraper 200 meters high and an 11-story brick house. The high-rise building sets a futuristic vector in Moscow housing architecture.
​The Wall and the Tower
The OSA architects have been searching for solutions that could be opposed to the low-rise construction in the center of Khabarovsk, as well as an opportunity to say a new word in the discourse about mass housing.