Vyatka Interventions

A series of project proposals on developing and landscaping the city of Kirov and its surrounding areas.

Written by:
Alla Pavlikova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

05 July 2016

"ILand" villa community © Arkhstroidesign
"ILand" villa community © Arkhstroidesign

The town and its surrounding areas
The city of Kirov that seems to be long about recovering its historical name of "Vyatka" ("Kirov" being the name of one of the legendary Russian revolutionaries) is getting several projects at once from "Arkhstroidesign" Company. It all began from the residential area of "ILand" that got "Best Business Class Residential Area" award in 2014. After that, the client invited the architectural company to take part in the competition for building one of the suburbs of the city. Aleksey Ivanov won the contest; this brought about a detailed architectural and engineering proposal under a poetic name of "Amphitheater". 

The master plan of the city of Kirov, "Amphitheater" © Arkhstroidesign

Square and Park
Before the October Revolution, there were more than sixty churches and monasteries in Vyatka. Currently, on the donated money, the Spassky Temple is being restored - the building survived but it first served as a community center, and later on as a dormitory. The architects and their client took the square in front of the temple as the starting point for developing the city center. "Restoring the historical shopping arcades is no longer realistic - the architect shares - but turning what is now a wasteland into a nice public territory is quite possible.

Reconstruction of Kirov's Spasskaya Square. Birds-eye view © Arkhstroidesign

The Velikoretsky Cross Procession that has been carried out here for more than three hundred years prompted the idea of creating here a religion and information center with a weekend school, a center of fine arts for the little ones, a media center, and lecture halls. The authors came up with two versions of the project: in the style of historicism and in the "quasi-landscape" tradition with inclusion of the greenery and the terrain elements into the interior design. The new building of this Art Center will hold the corner of the square, there will be a fountain in front of it; the architects are planning to pave the whole square with granite paving stones, the pattern of which will represent a fragment of the city map. In the warm time of the year, vacant spaces by the walls of the Center will be occupied by the tables of the summer cafes. The landscaped territory of the temple and the chapel will be partially marked by a semicircle of benches. The authors propose to preserve as many as possible of the existing trees. Also they propose to keep intact the Stalin monument, the Stephan Khalturin (Russian revolutionary of the XIX century) monument, and the obelisk to those who died for the Soviet Power. A little bit further down the line, there will be a spacious parking lot stretching along the Spasskaya Street - among other things, the parking lot will also serve the pilgrimage busses. 

Reconstruction of Kirov's Spasskaya Square. Traffic diagram with the adjacent projects © Arkhstroidesign

Reconstruction of Kirov's Spasskaya Square. Masterplan. Eco-project © Arkhstroidesign

The concept of organizing the Revolution Fighters Square (that is meant to be renamed into the Spasskaya Square) was considered by the architects together with the other public territories of the city center that they proposed to unite with one pedestrian and tourist route. Each square is meant to get a highlight and a centerpiece of its own. The future Spasskaya Square will be the square of fine arts, while others will turn into theater, shopping, and information-for-kids squares, as well as into tourist or recreation city parks. 

Reconstruction of Kirov's Spasskaya Square. The square and the Mutimedia Art Center if viewed from the temple © Arkhstroidesign

Reconstruction of Kirov's Spasskaya Square. The square and the Mutimedia Art Center if viewed from the temple. Eco project © Arkhstroidesign

Reconstruction of Kirov's Spasskaya Square. The square and the Mutimedia Art Center if viewed from the square © Arkhstroidesign

Reconstruction of Kirov's Spasskaya Square. The square and the Mutimedia Art Center if viewed from the temple. Eco project © Arkhstroidesign

Reconstruction of Kirov's Spasskaya Square. The shopping arcades and the park if viewed from the square © Arkhstroidesign

Reconstruction of Kirov's Spasskaya Square. The square if viewed from the park © Arkhstroidesign

Housing Project 
This is in fact a 30000 square meter single house flanked by driveways along its entire perimeter. The longest façade - more than 200 meters long - is only broken by an arch at its center. The symmetric composition with a decrease in the number of floors at its central part and massive towers at the corners of the building is meant to suggest a likeness to the Kremlin. The outlines of the street façades are rather neutral - in the tradition of Moscow "environmental" construction: brickwork, large window apertures, and latticed railings of the balconies. The yard façades have more color to them; they surround green lawns with apple trees, playgrounds, sport facilities, and a bicycle trail.

"Bastion" residential project in Kirov © Arkhstroidesign

"Bastion" residential project in Kirov © Arkhstroidesign

"Bastion" residential project in Kirov © Arkhstroidesign

"Bastion" residential project in Kirov. Masterplan © Arkhstroidesign

"Bastion" residential project in Kirov. Facade © Arkhstroidesign

School, Kindergarten, Sports and Recreation Center 
Concurrently, the architects developed the project of a school, a kindergarten, and a sports and recreation center for the under-construction residential complex of "Metrograd". What is interesting is the fact that the architects are planning to place all the three functions into one volume with individual entrances, different height and number of floors, and a different design pitch. 

Sports training complex in Kirov © Arkhstroidesign

Sports training complex in Kirov. Plan of the 1st floor © Arkhstroidesign

Sports training complex in Kirov. Plan of the 2nd floor © Arkhstroidesign

Villa Community 
"Arkhstroidesign" is also doing a residential project named "Elki-Park" in Kirov's Novovyatsky District. The land site borders on botanical gardens on the one side, and on the Vyatka River on the other. The villas, townhouses, and the low-rise multi-apartment buildings are all positioned to command the river views. According to Aleksey Ivanov, this housing project is an experimental one because it is designed for the young and active generation. What makes this project special is the architects' attempt to create the type of an apartment building where the first-floor apartments have private little yards of their own and an individual entrance (these apartments have in fact two levels), while the apartments on the third floor have less square footage but they have an extra loft to compensate.

Low-rise high-comfort residential project in "Elki-Park" area. Project, 2015 © Arkhstroidesign

Low-rise high-comfort residential project in "Elki-Park" area. Project, 2015 © Arkhstroidesign

Low-rise high-comfort residential project in "Elki-Park" area. Plan of the 1st floor © Arkhstroidesign

Shooting Club 
In the project of a private shooting club, located near the village of Doronichi 10 kilometers away from Kirov, near a protected conservation zone, the architects let their fantasy cut loose. The constructivist motifs, images in the vein of El Lisitsky, and compositional techniques in the spirit of Malevich are readable in a small but dramatic wooden volume painted red, with long overpasses and "bull's eye" windows. 

Architectural and engineering proposal of a shooting club in Kirov © Arkhstroidesign

Architectural and engineering proposal of a shooting club in Kirov. Development drawing © Arkhstroidesign

Architectural and engineering proposal of a shooting club in Kirov. Birds-eye view © Arkhstroidesign

Thus, ultimately, Aleksey Ivanov's company had to take into consideration the entire city with its suburbs, residential areas, and its historical part - the architects piece the city's image together like a jigsaw puzzle, connecting the dots, filling the voids, and finding new gravity centers.

05 July 2016

Written by:

Alla Pavlikova
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
​The Possibility of Flight
The project of the airport, which ASADOV Architects developed for the city of Tobolsk, and which won in the architectural competition, was not implemented. However, it is interesting as an example of designing an airport building of a very small scale, where the main challenge is the optimal organization of space and infrastructure without compromising the imagery component.
​The Wavelength
Built in the town of Pushkino in the Moscow area, the “Turgeneva 13” housing complex, while fitting in with the surrounding context, differs from it with the rhythmic austerity of its dual composition, a slight wave of the façade, and the color design, in which one can see two images, winter and summer, both “growing” from the specifics of the place.
​A Shell by the Sea
Designing the Sports Palace that will determine the development of the entire northern part of Derbent, ASADOV Architects turned to the architectural legacy of Dagestan, local lore, and ancient layers of history.
​Christmas Skyscrapers
Karen Saprichyan is wishing everyone a merry Christmas, presenting a series of letter-shaped skyscrapers. The architect has long since been working on this theme, and has calendars of various years in stock. His latest development is a group of towers designed for the city of NEOM, which will be built in Saudi Arabia.
​Parade Order
The three brick blocks of the “River Park” housing complex gaze at the water with their terraces. Each block forms a backdrop and two wings, while the residents-only yards turn into “stages” perceived from the river. The landscaped embankment, accessible to all the city people, complements the hierarchy of private, semi-private and public city life that is formed here.
Pompidou Inside Out
Renzo Piano and his GES-2 have already been compared to Ridolfo Aristotele Fioravanti and his Cathedral of the Assumption. And for a good reason: GES-2 also stuns you with its grace and loftiness, but ultimately turns out to be the richest collection of recognizable motifs from an early masterpiece by Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers, the George Pompidou Center in Paris. These motifs are fused into the grid of Shukhov-esque structures, painted white, and they create a dialogue between 1910, 1971, and 2021, built on references (not devoid of a poster-like quality) to the main masterpiece. The basilica-shaped space of the former power station is taken apart virtually just like the museum, in accordance with the concept by Teresa Mavica.
​Next to Lidval and Nobel
The housing complex designed by Anatoly Stolyarchuk in Neishlotsky Alley: tactful change of scale, tribute to the memory of the place, Finnish additions to the functional typology – specifically, saunas in the apartments – and plans for receiving a BREEAM certificate.
​And stabbed it with a knife
The leader of Coop Himmelb(l)au, Wolf D. Prix, presented three projects that he is currently doing in Russia: a complex in Sevastopol, Crimea, which, as it turned out, a western architect could build bypassing the sanctions, because this is a cultural project; a museum and theater center in Kemerovo, and the “SKA Arena”, which is built in the stead of the destroyed Sports and Concert Complex in St. Petersburg – during the presentation the latter was symbolized by a round cake that the architect eventually cut.
​The Thin Matter
The house named “Medny 3.14” (“Copper 3.14”) is composed of two textures, each of which resembles in its own way some kind of precious fabric, and of three units, each of which is oriented towards one cardinal point. The architecture of the house absorbs the nuances of the context, summing them up and turning them into a single rhythmic structure. In this article, we are examining the new, just-completed, house designed by Sergey Skuratov in Donskaya Street.
​Super Pergola
The new business center built in Moscow’s district of Presnya in the 1st Zemelny Lane is all about technology and sustainability. Its streamlined shapes and white facade grid are combined with a new version of vertical greenery: the green of wild grapes, placed at a distance from the facade, instead of arguing with the “pergola” grid, sets it off by contrast.
​Lightness of Being
Blooming Sakura, a campfire party, kids splashing in a swimming pool – no, these are not pictures from a vacation, but everyday life going on in the yards of Kiev’s housing complex “Fayna Town”. In this issue, we are examining how the utopia designed by the architects is wired, and what they did to make it a reality.
​A Triangular Folded Structure
The project of the new terminal of the Muraviev-Amursky airport in Blagoveshchensk offers architecture based on a modular form – endowed with a special imagery, it becomes the basis both for the carrying structures of the building and the plastique of the facade, at the same time reverberating in the interior design.
​The Breath of the East
Designing a residential complex for Tashkent, GENPRO is turning to traditional architecture and modern trends, aiming at emotionality and efficiency: the panjar window lattices and mishrabias are neighboring on vertical greenery and parametric ornaments, while the theme buildings do on a cotton alley and an oriental bazaar.
​The Openwork XX-Construction Set
The yard of the Architecture Museum on Moscow’s Vozdvizhenka hosts an installation by DNK ag. It is timed to coincide with the 20th anniversary of the company, and was originally presented at Arch Moscow. The art object is expected to stay in the yard of the museum for one year and set a new tradition – a regularly renewed exhibition project called “Modern Architecture in the yard of MUAR”.
The Spinning Vibe
The pavilion designed by Sergey Tchoban for the World EXPO 2020 in Dubai is a bright and integral architectural statement, whose imagery can be traced back to avant-garde graphic experiments by Jacob Chernikhov, but allows for multiple interpretations. The pavilion looks both like a dome temple, a spinning “Planet Russia”, and the head of a matryoshka doll. Still more interestingly, the core of the exposition is a “brain”. In this article, we take a closer look at the interpretations and the subtleties of the implementation.
Tolerant Aesthetics of Terraforming
The World Expo is a gigantic event; it is difficult to give it one definition or cover it at a glance. All the more so – such an ambitious and record-breaking fair as the one that is now open in Dubai despite all the pandemic restrictions. By no means claiming to present an all-rounded review, we are making an attempt to examine Expo 2020, where signs of aesthetic tolerance of a developer project begin to loom behind the imposing-looking “wings” of “star” architects and delights from space exploration.
The Town in the Snuff-box
The new academic building of Cooperation School in Moscow’s Taganka, designed and built by ASADOV Architects, is a compact volume, at the same time filled with functions and impressions. It easily combines classrooms, a theater, a cafeteria, a gym, and a double-height atrium with an open library and an exit to the terrace – virtually everything that you expect to see in a modern school.
​The Northern Versailles
On the bank of the magnificent Vychegda River, in a picturesque location six kilometers away from Syktyvkar, the capital of the Komi republic, the renowned neoclassical architect Mikhail Filippov has designed the town of Yugyd-Choi in the traditional aesthetics inspired by the center of St. Petersburg. The customer Elena Soboleva, the head of the Syktyvkar Housing Construction Fund, sees her mission in making Yugyd-Choi the hallmark of the republic.
​Analysis and Synthesis
The project of the housing complex “Krasin”, designed for the historical center of St. Petersburg, and situated in a very obliging place – next to the Mining University designed by Voronikhin, yet bordering on an industrial area – became the result of a thorough analysis of the specifics of historical construction on the Vasilyevsky Island, and a subsequent synthesis with avoidance of direct stylization, yet forming a recognizable silhouette, resonant with the “old town”.
​Tatiana Guk: “A document that determines the development of the city has to be flexible”
In this issue, we are talking to the director of the Genplan Institute of Moscow about trends that determine the future, about the 70-year history of the Institute, which is celebrating an anniversary this year, about electronic computing in the field of urban planning and about international experience accumulated in this area, as well as about how the Institute is involved with other cities, and about the perfect document for the city development, which has to be flexible and strategic.
​Dialectical Manifesto
The high-rise housing complex MOD, whose construction has begun in Moscow’s district of Maryina Roshcha next to the site, on which the new Russian Railways headquarters will be built, is responding to the “central” context of the future city surroundings, and at the same time is positioned by the architects as a “manifesto of Modernist minimalist principles in architecture”.
​Asimov’s Dream
A project by DNK ag won in a competition for the science campus of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in the city of Sarov, conducted by ROSATOM corporation in collaboration with the Moscow State University, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Kurchatov Institute.
​Near-Earth Space
The new terminal of the Leonov Airport in Kemerovo was built in record-breaking time, despite the pandemic. It became one of the important factors for the rapid development of the city, visually reflecting its dedication to the first spacewalk, both in the interiors and on the facades. Its main features are the “starry sky” effect and overall openness.
​The Spiral Approach
The school building in the city of Nur-Sultan, designed by Vera Budko and Anton Nadtochiy from beginning to end – from concept to working documentation – became the embodiment of the architects’ method for creating a modern educational environment, which the ATRIUM architects have been developing for years. Its fundamentals include creating an inspiring environment that motivates you to create. This is why the new school received a shape of an ornamental golden spiral that symbolizes ascension to knowledge; on the inside, the building is a compound and multifunctional “city within a city” with multilevel atriums, amphitheaters, and varying routes.
​The Ecological Bend
A story about how plans for laying a road on the border of a park turned into plans for saving the ecosystem and improving the walking trails.
​Kasimir from Kemerovo
The project of the branch of the Russian Museum for the Siberian Art Cluster is based on the ideas of Suprematism: basic shapes, and dynamism of color and form.
​Stream and Lines
Stepan Liphart’s projects of Art Deco villas demonstrate technical symbolism in combination with a subtle reference to the 1930s. One of the projects is a “paper” one; the others are designed for real customers: a top manager, an art collector, and a developer.
On the Bank of a Very Quiet River
The project of landscaping the territory of the residential complex NOW in Moscow’s Nagatinskaya Valley goes beyond the limits of its task and looks more like a modern park: with viewing platforms, an embankment, spaces different in their moods, and thought-out scenarios for visitors aged between 0 and 80.
​The Strategy of Transformation
In this article, we are publishing eight projects of reconstructing postwar Modernist buildings that have been implemented by Tchoban Voss Architekten and showcased in the AEDES gallery at the recent Re-Use exhibition. Parallel to that, we are meditating on the demonstrated approaches and the preservation of things that architectural legislation does not require to preserve.