A series of project proposals on developing and landscaping the city of Kirov and its surrounding areas.
Written by: Alla Pavlikova Translated by: Anton Mizonov
05 July 2016
The town and its surrounding areas
The city of Kirov that seems to be long about recovering its historical name of "Vyatka" ("Kirov" being the name of one of the legendary Russian revolutionaries) is getting several projects at once from "Arkhstroidesign" Company. It all began from the residential area of "ILand" that got "Best Business Class Residential Area" award in 2014. After that, the client invited the architectural company to take part in the competition for building one of the suburbs of the city. Aleksey Ivanov won the contest; this brought about a detailed architectural and engineering proposal under a poetic name of "Amphitheater".
Square and Park
Before the October Revolution, there were more than sixty churches and monasteries in Vyatka. Currently, on the donated money, the Spassky Temple is being restored - the building survived but it first served as a community center, and later on as a dormitory. The architects and their client took the square in front of the temple as the starting point for developing the city center. "Restoring the historical shopping arcades is no longer realistic - the architect shares - but turning what is now a wasteland into a nice public territory is quite possible.
The Velikoretsky Cross Procession that has been carried out here for more than three hundred years prompted the idea of creating here a religion and information center with a weekend school, a center of fine arts for the little ones, a media center, and lecture halls. The authors came up with two versions of the project: in the style of historicism and in the "quasi-landscape" tradition with inclusion of the greenery and the terrain elements into the interior design. The new building of this Art Center will hold the corner of the square, there will be a fountain in front of it; the architects are planning to pave the whole square with granite paving stones, the pattern of which will represent a fragment of the city map. In the warm time of the year, vacant spaces by the walls of the Center will be occupied by the tables of the summer cafes. The landscaped territory of the temple and the chapel will be partially marked by a semicircle of benches. The authors propose to preserve as many as possible of the existing trees. Also they propose to keep intact the Stalin monument, the Stephan Khalturin (Russian revolutionary of the XIX century) monument, and the obelisk to those who died for the Soviet Power. A little bit further down the line, there will be a spacious parking lot stretching along the Spasskaya Street - among other things, the parking lot will also serve the pilgrimage busses.
The concept of organizing the Revolution Fighters Square (that is meant to be renamed into the Spasskaya Square) was considered by the architects together with the other public territories of the city center that they proposed to unite with one pedestrian and tourist route. Each square is meant to get a highlight and a centerpiece of its own. The future Spasskaya Square will be the square of fine arts, while others will turn into theater, shopping, and information-for-kids squares, as well as into tourist or recreation city parks.
This is in fact a 30000 square meter single house flanked by driveways along its entire perimeter. The longest façade - more than 200 meters long - is only broken by an arch at its center. The symmetric composition with a decrease in the number of floors at its central part and massive towers at the corners of the building is meant to suggest a likeness to the Kremlin. The outlines of the street façades are rather neutral - in the tradition of Moscow "environmental" construction: brickwork, large window apertures, and latticed railings of the balconies. The yard façades have more color to them; they surround green lawns with apple trees, playgrounds, sport facilities, and a bicycle trail.
School, Kindergarten, Sports and Recreation Center
Concurrently, the architects developed the project of a school, a kindergarten, and a sports and recreation center for the under-construction residential complex of "Metrograd". What is interesting is the fact that the architects are planning to place all the three functions into one volume with individual entrances, different height and number of floors, and a different design pitch.
"Arkhstroidesign" is also doing a residential project named "Elki-Park" in Kirov's Novovyatsky District. The land site borders on botanical gardens on the one side, and on the Vyatka River on the other. The villas, townhouses, and the low-rise multi-apartment buildings are all positioned to command the river views. According to Aleksey Ivanov, this housing project is an experimental one because it is designed for the young and active generation. What makes this project special is the architects' attempt to create the type of an apartment building where the first-floor apartments have private little yards of their own and an individual entrance (these apartments have in fact two levels), while the apartments on the third floor have less square footage but they have an extra loft to compensate.
In the project of a private shooting club, located near the village of Doronichi 10 kilometers away from Kirov, near a protected conservation zone, the architects let their fantasy cut loose. The constructivist motifs, images in the vein of El Lisitsky, and compositional techniques in the spirit of Malevich are readable in a small but dramatic wooden volume painted red, with long overpasses and "bull's eye" windows.
Thus, ultimately, Aleksey Ivanov's company had to take into consideration the entire city with its suburbs, residential areas, and its historical part - the architects piece the city's image together like a jigsaw puzzle, connecting the dots, filling the voids, and finding new gravity centers.
Inside of a Drawn Grid
Designing the apartment complex PLAY in Danilovskaya Sloboda, ADM architects placed their bet on the imagery of construction. The area where it manifested itself the most vividly was the sophisticated grid of the facades.
The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.
This Beetle Has Flown
The story of designing a business center in the Zhukov (“Beetle”) Drive: a number of attempts to preserve a hundred-year-old cold storage facility, at the same time introducing modern buildings interpreting the industrial theme. The project remained on paper, but the story behind it seems to be worth our attention.
The Childhood Territory
The project of the educational complex within the second stage of “Spanish Quarters” was developed by ASADOV Architects. The project is all about creating a friendly and transparent environment that in itself educates and forms the personality of a child.
Man and the City
Designing this large-scale housing complex, GAFA architects accentuated two types of public spaces: bustling streets with shops and cafes – and a totally natural yard, visually separated as much as possible from the city. Making the most out of the contrast, both work together to make the life of the residents of EVER housing complex eventful and diverse.
Andy Snow: “I aim for an architecture which is rational and poetic”
The British architect Andy Snow has recently become the chief architect at GENPRO Architects & Engineers. Projects, which Andy Snow did in the UK in collaboration with world-famous architectural firms, scored numerous international awards. In Russia, the architect took part in designing Moscow’s Stanislavsky Factory business center, iLove housing complex, and AFI2B business center on the 2nd Brestskaya Street. In our interview, Andy Snow compared the construction realities in Russia and the UK, and also shared his vision of architectural prospects in Russia.
The Living Growth
The grand-scale housing complex AFI PARK Vorontsovsky in Moscow’s southwest consists of four towers, a “slab” house, and a kindergarten building. Interestingly, the plastique of the residential buildings is quite active – they seem to be growing before your eyes, responding to the natural context, and first of all opening the views of the nearby park. As for the kindergarten building, it is cute and lyrical, like a little sugar house.
Sergey Skuratov: “A skyscraper is a balance of technology, economic performance, and aesthetic...
In March, two buildings of the Capital Towers complex were built up to a 300-meter elevation mark. In this issue, we are speaking to the creator of Moscow’s cutting-edge skyscrapers: about heights and proportions, technologies and economics, laconicism and beauty of superslim houses, and about the boldest architectural proposal of recent years – the Le Corbusier Tower above the Tsentrosoyuz building.
The Red Building
The area of Novoslobodskaya has received Maison Rouge – an apartment complex designed by ADM, which continues the wave of renovation, started by the Atmosphere business center, from the side of the Palikha Street.
The Uplifting Effect
The project of Ostankino Business Park was developed for the land site lying between two metro stations (one operating and the other in construction), and because of that its public space is designed to equally cater for the city people and the office workers. The complex stands every chance of becoming the catalyst for development of the Butyrsky area.
In this article, we are examining a rather rare and interesting case – two projects by Evgeny Gerasimov situated on one street and completed with a five years’ difference, presenting the perfect example of example for analyzing the overall trends and approaches practiced by the architectural company.
Raising the Yard
The housing complex Renome consists of two buildings: a modern stone house and a red-brick factory building of the end of the XIX century, reconstructed by measurements and original drafts. The two buildings are connected by an “inclined” yard – a rare, by Moscow standards, version of geoplastics that smoothly ascends to the roof of the stores lined up along a pedestrian street.
Hearing the Tune of the Past
The Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist in the park near the Novodevichy Convent was conceived in 2012 in honor of the 200th anniversary of the victory over Napoleon. However, instead of declamatory grandeur and “fanfare”, the architect Ilia Utkin presented a concentrated and prayerful mood, combined with a respectful attitude of this tent-shaped church, which also includes some elements of architecture of orders. The basement floor hosts a museum of excavations found on the site of the church.
The high-end residential complex STORY, situated near the Avtozavodskaya metro station and the former ZIL factory, is delicately inscribed in the contrastive context, while its shape, which combines a regular grid and a stunning “shift” of the main facade, seems to respond to the dramatic history of the place, at the same time, however, allowing for multiple interpretations.
Yards and Towers: the Samara Experiment
The project of “Samara Arena Park”, proposed by Sergey Skuratov, scored second place in the competition. The project is essentially based on experimenting with typology of residential buildings and gallery/corridor-type city blocks combined with towers – as well as on sensitive response to the context and the urge to turn the complex into a full-fledged urban space providing a wide range of functions and experiences.
The Fili Duo
The second phase of the Filicity housing complex, designed by ADM architects, is based on the contrast between a 57-story skyscraper 200 meters high and an 11-story brick house. The high-rise building sets a futuristic vector in Moscow housing architecture.
The Wall and the Tower
The OSA architects have been searching for solutions that could be opposed to the low-rise construction in the center of Khabarovsk, as well as an opportunity to say a new word in the discourse about mass housing.
An Office for Concentrating Ideas
T+T Architects have designed an office for a French IT company, where the employees in any point of the premises can discuss with their colleagues new ideas or even write them on the wall.
The Energy Family
The housing complex Symphony 34 will be built in Moscow’s Savelovsky district; it will consist of four towers from 36 to 54 stories high. Each of the towers has an image of its own, but they all are gathered into a single architectural ensemble – a fragment of a new high-rise urban space lying outside the Third Transport Ring.
The Fifth Element
The high-end residential development in the Vsevolozhsky Lane features a combination of expensive stone and metal textures, immersing them into a feast of ornaments. The house looks like a fantasy inspired by the theater of the Art Nouveau and Symbolism era; a kind of oriental fairy tale, which paradoxically allows it to avoid direct stylization and become a reflection of one of the aspects of modern Moscow life.
Springboards and Patios
The central element of the manor house in the village of Antonovka, designed by Roman Leonidov, is the inner yard with pergolas, meant to remind its owner about his vacations in exotic countries. The exposed wooden structures emphasize the soaring diagonals of single-pitched roofs.
Adding Up a Growing City
The housing quarter “1147” is located at the border between the old “Stalin” district in the north and the actively developing territories in the south. Its image responds to a difficult task: the compound brick facades of the neighboring sections are different, their height varying from 9 to 22 floors, and, if we are look from the street, it seems as though the front of the city development, consisting from long narrow elements, is forming some sophisticated array at this very moment in front of our eyes.
Agility of the Modular
In the Discovery housing complex that they designed, ADM architects proposed a modern version of structuralism: the form is based on modular cells, which, smoothly protruding and deepening, make the volumes display a kind of restrained flexibility, differentiated element by element. The lamellar and ledged facades are “stitched” with golden threads – they unite the volumes, emphasizing the textured character of the architectural solution.
Polyphony of a Strict Style
The “ID Moskovskiy” housing project on St. Petersburg’s Moscow Avenue was designed by the team of Stepan Liphart in the past 2020. The ensemble of two buildings, joined by a colonnade, is executed in a generalized neoclassical style with elements of Art Deco.
In Three Voices
The high-rise – 41 stories high – housing complex HIDE is being built on the bank of the Setun River, near the Poklonnaya Mountain. It consists of three towers of equal height, yet interpreted in three different ways. One of the towers, the most conspicuous one looks as if it was twisted in a spiral, composed of a multitude of golden bay windows.
In the Space of Pobedy Park
In the project of a housing complex designed by Sergey Skuratov, which is now being built near the park of the Poklonnaya Hill, a multifunctional stylobate is turned into a compound city space with intriguing “access” slopes that also take on the role of mini-plazas. The architecture of the residential buildings responds to the proximity of the Pobedy Park, on the one hand, “dissolving in the air”, and, on the other hand, supporting the memorial complex rhythmically and color-wise.
Dynamics of the Avenue
On Leningrad Avenue, not far away from the Sokol metro station, the construction of the A-Class business center Alcon II has been completed. ADM architects designed the main façade as three volumetric ribbons, as if the busy traffic of the avenue “shook” the matter sending large waves through it.
Steamer at the Pier
An apartment hotel that looks like a ship with wide decks has been designed for a land plot on a lake shore in Moscow’s South Tushino. This “steamer” house, overlooking the lake and the river port, does indeed look as if it were ready to sail away.