The state-of-the-art multifunctional gym was designed for the World Championship 2018 and "Spartak" football team. Keeping in mind just who Spartacus was, the architects endowed the gym's glass facade with a resemblance to an antique temple, almost the Parthenon.
Written by: Alla Pavlikova Translated by: Anton Mizonov
18 December 2015
Next to the new stadium of "Spartak" football team, in the northeast part of "Tushino" airfield situated in the district of Pokroskoe-Streshnevo, it is planned to build a multifunctional gym complex for 12 thousand spectators. The stadium that got a name of "Otkrytie Arena" ("Opening Arena" or "Discovery Arena") opened its doors in August 2014. Its scaly facades, designed in the colors of this football club, were developed by the British bureau Dexter Moren Associates (MAKE ACTIVE) based on the previous project of this arena prepared by AECOM. This same year, the metro station under the same name of "Spartak" was opened - its construction having been halted and put in a state of suspended animation as early as back in the 1975. The construction of the multifunctional gym is supposed to become the final step in preparing this venue for the Soccer World Championship 2018.
The considerable territory allotted for the objects of the multifunctional complex of "Spartak" is limited on the south and west by the Moskva River; its northern boundary is fixed by the Volokolamsk Highway; the eastern one - by the valley of the Khimki River. Rather close to the land site, there are residential houses and infrastructure objects. It is expected that once the construction work is completed the complex will become the "gravity center" of this entire area, a focal point of the public infrastructure and a powerful transport center. For this reason, the new yet-incomplete project automatically assumes all the functions - even those that were left unprovided for in the original project. Besides the extra football field, it must also become a concert hall, and a venue for organizing other public events and activities. Located closer to the metro station - and thus significantly obscuring the view of the red-and-white volume of the Arena, the gym becomes in fact the main façade of the entire complex. Besides, it must be borne in mind that the very venue itself is situated in extremely reduced circumstances, squeezed between the metro line, the existing buildings, and pedestrian and automotive routes. These were the "givens" that Karen Saprichyan and Alexander Asadov had to work with designing this new sports facility.
For the construction of the multifunctional gym as such, a land site with an area of some 1.34 hectares was allotted to the southwest of the existing stadium. As an offset to its rounded neighbor, the architects drew a volume of a rectangular plan, its elongated facet turned in the direction of the metro. The grand entrance to the building is also situated on this side. The covered five-story high arena with a tall "cap" of a roof was originally designed by the authors as being even brighter and more colorful than the stadium itself. As Karen Saprichyan shared, they wanted to cover the entire building with an amorphous "shell" or "casing" looking like a poncho or maybe a Russian scarf with national folk ornaments. According to the authors, such a solution was really the best option for "Spartak" that has always enjoyed a reputation for being Russia's "national" team. However, the customer asked the architects to consider the perforated-façade solution to be a "reserve" option, the main option being a contemporary glass façade.
Meeting their customer halfway, the architects still endowed the new glass solution with an extra meaning, again, referring to Spartacus, but this time literally - to the name of the historical rebel gladiator, the name that the team has proudly born since 1935. The concept based upon evoking associations with the Ancient Rome made the architects give the parallelepiped of the roofed stadium a resemblance with a peripteral antique temple: the glass surface of the hang-on façade curves in equal-size wave undulations, their outstanding parts covered by slender vertical flutes looking very much like those of the antique columns. The concave fragments, on the other hand, are smooth and transparent, looking a bit like the spaces between the columns (even though there are no columns as such here, as we know). It looks as though the glass blanket outlines the contours of the Dorian colonnade turning into a memory mould hovering in the air - the columns have neither bases nor capitals. At night, all these peculiarities of the façade will be enhanced by dynamic backlighting.
The upper part of the building - the attic of the temple devoid of frontons - is significantly shifted inside of it and is not to be seen from any point. The architects covered it with bas-reliefs depicting the scenes of sport competitions and ancient myths. By doing it, the architect and artist Karen Saprichyan not only turned the building into a "peripteral sculpture" but also endowed it with a fair share of monumental art - staying true both to the ideas of gesamkunstwerk and rules of antiquity. But then again, one must admit that the "entablement" will only be seen well from a distance - as one approaches the building, the reliefs will get lost in the glass waves - but one will still be able to take a walk underneath them along the glass walls of the significantly sunken-in ground floor.
As far as the "fifth facade" - the top view - is concerned, here the digression from the historical prototype is particularly evident. The simple and modern flat roof displays numerous pyramids of the lampposts with a total opening area of 384 square meters. They occupy the entire space above the football field so densely that they easily provide sufficient light and ventilation to the inside.
But, however interesting and intricate the outward appearance of the building is, its "content" is still more important. The unbelievably sophisticated structures, wide-span steel pillars, and the cobweb of trusses - all contribute to the creation of multifunctional universal space. As was already said, the scope of its operation will not be limited to soccer games and soccer practice. Laying special coverage on the field, one will be able to use it for public functions, concerts, performances, and even trade shows. The construction of the roof is designed to bear heavy equipment and decorations of any complexity. For conducting spectacular events, the upper girders and trusses are designed to carry 120 winches with a carrying capacity of two tons each - which will provide an opportunity to organize such extraordinary shows as "Circus Du Soleil". In 2018, it is also planned to organize a press center in the designed building.
Besides the field itself and the four spectator stalls, at each floor along the perimeter of the building, there are all the necessary premises - from lobbies to cafes on the first floor to the management offices and the mass media zone and a filming room on the fourth. The cloakroom, together with the lockers for sports equipment, is situated on the underground level which leaves more room for the grand foyer upstairs. On either side of the multifunctional gym, there are high-ceilinged above-ground garages that echo the style and the image of the central volume. The complex is surrounded by loops of roads, pavements, spots of green lawns, young trees, streetlights, and inclusions of outdoor furniture.
The Strategy of Transformation
In this article, we are publishing eight projects of reconstructing postwar Art Nouveau buildings that have been implemented by Tchoban Voss Architekten and showcased in the AEDES gallery at the recent Re-Use exhibition. Parallel to that, we are meditating on the demonstrated approaches and the preservation of things that architectural legislation does not require to preserve.
Five Nonlinear Ones
Recently, at the Moscow Urban Forum, they announced a large-scale project that Zaha Hadid Architects would do for Moscow – the multifunctional housing complex Union Towers designed for Quarter 82 of Khoroshevo-Mnevniki at the commission of KROST development.
Etudes in Glass
The housing complex, located not far away from the Paveletskaya Railway Station, as a symbol of a sweeping transformation of this area: a composition of towers of different height, ingenious detailing of stained glass windows, and a green lawn in the yard.
A Flyover in Watercolor
For the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Vasilkovsky, the architectural office of Evgeny Gerasimov is reflecting on the Ushakov Flyover, which was designed with input from this artist and architect. In this article, we are showing its watercolors and sketches, including the preliminary ones that were not included in the final project, as well as speaking about the importance of architectural drawing.
Transformation with Multiplication
The Palace of Water Sports in Luzhniki is one of the high-profile and nontrivial reconstructions of recent years, and a project that won one of the first competitions, initiated by Sergey Kuznetsov as the main architect of Moscow. The complex opened 2 years ago; this article about it comes out at the start of the bathing season.
Sergey Tchoban: “I believe it’s very important to preserve this city as a record...
Although originally we planned to speak in this interview with Sergey Tchoban about high-rise construction, the conversation turned out to be 70% about meditation on the ways of regenerating the historical city and about the role of the city fabric as the most objective and unbiased historical record. And, as for the towers, which manifest social contrasts and leave a lot of junk when torn down, the conversation was about the expected construction norms and regulations. We took this interview one day before the Lakhta-2 project was announced, and this is why this newsbreak is not commented upon in any way in this article.
Courtyards and Constructivism
In this issue, we are examining the second major block of the “city within a city” Ligovsky City complex, designed and built by A-Len, and combining several trends characteristic of modern urban architecture.
Inside of a Drawn Grid
Designing the apartment complex PLAY in Danilovskaya Sloboda, ADM architects placed their bet on the imagery of construction. The area where it manifested itself the most vividly was the sophisticated grid of the facades.
Headquarters of the Future
The project by “Arena Group”, which won in an open competition of ideas for the headquarters of the Italian company FITT, combines futuristic forms, an interesting set of functions, energy efficiency, and subtle references to the archetypes of Italian architecture. Particularly beautiful is the “continuous” fountain. In this issue, we are sharing about the three winners of the competition.
The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.
This Beetle Has Flown
The story of designing a business center in the Zhukov (“Beetle”) Drive: a number of attempts to preserve a hundred-year-old cold storage facility, at the same time introducing modern buildings interpreting the industrial theme. The project remained on paper, but the story behind it seems to be worth our attention.
The Childhood Territory
The project of the educational complex within the second stage of “Spanish Quarters” was developed by ASADOV Architects. The project is all about creating a friendly and transparent environment that in itself educates and forms the personality of a child.
Man and the City
Designing this large-scale housing complex, GAFA architects accentuated two types of public spaces: bustling streets with shops and cafes – and a totally natural yard, visually separated as much as possible from the city. Making the most out of the contrast, both work together to make the life of the residents of EVER housing complex eventful and diverse.
Andy Snow: “I aim for an architecture which is rational and poetic”
The British architect Andy Snow has recently become the chief architect at GENPRO Architects & Engineers. Projects, which Andy Snow did in the UK in collaboration with world-famous architectural firms, scored numerous international awards. In Russia, the architect took part in designing Moscow’s Stanislavsky Factory business center, iLove housing complex, and AFI2B business center on the 2nd Brestskaya Street. In our interview, Andy Snow compared the construction realities in Russia and the UK, and also shared his vision of architectural prospects in Russia.
The Living Growth
The grand-scale housing complex AFI PARK Vorontsovsky in Moscow’s southwest consists of four towers, a “slab” house, and a kindergarten building. Interestingly, the plastique of the residential buildings is quite active – they seem to be growing before your eyes, responding to the natural context, and first of all opening the views of the nearby park. As for the kindergarten building, it is cute and lyrical, like a little sugar house.
Sergey Skuratov: “A skyscraper is a balance of technology, economic performance, and aesthetic...
In March, two buildings of the Capital Towers complex were built up to a 300-meter elevation mark. In this issue, we are speaking to the creator of Moscow’s cutting-edge skyscrapers: about heights and proportions, technologies and economics, laconicism and beauty of superslim houses, and about the boldest architectural proposal of recent years – the Le Corbusier Tower above the Tsentrosoyuz building.
The Red Building
The area of Novoslobodskaya has received Maison Rouge – an apartment complex designed by ADM, which continues the wave of renovation, started by the Atmosphere business center, from the side of the Palikha Street.
The Uplifting Effect
The project of Ostankino Business Park was developed for the land site lying between two metro stations (one operating and the other in construction), and because of that its public space is designed to equally cater for the city people and the office workers. The complex stands every chance of becoming the catalyst for development of the Butyrsky area.
In this article, we are examining a rather rare and interesting case – two projects by Evgeny Gerasimov situated on one street and completed with a five years’ difference, presenting the perfect example of example for analyzing the overall trends and approaches practiced by the architectural company.
Raising the Yard
The housing complex Renome consists of two buildings: a modern stone house and a red-brick factory building of the end of the XIX century, reconstructed by measurements and original drafts. The two buildings are connected by an “inclined” yard – a rare, by Moscow standards, version of geoplastics that smoothly ascends to the roof of the stores lined up along a pedestrian street.
Hearing the Tune of the Past
The Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist in the park near the Novodevichy Convent was conceived in 2012 in honor of the 200th anniversary of the victory over Napoleon. However, instead of declamatory grandeur and “fanfare”, the architect Ilia Utkin presented a concentrated and prayerful mood, combined with a respectful attitude of this tent-shaped church, which also includes some elements of architecture of orders. The basement floor hosts a museum of excavations found on the site of the church.
The high-end residential complex STORY, situated near the Avtozavodskaya metro station and the former ZIL factory, is delicately inscribed in the contrastive context, while its shape, which combines a regular grid and a stunning “shift” of the main facade, seems to respond to the dramatic history of the place, at the same time, however, allowing for multiple interpretations.
Yards and Towers: the Samara Experiment
The project of “Samara Arena Park”, proposed by Sergey Skuratov, scored second place in the competition. The project is essentially based on experimenting with typology of residential buildings and gallery/corridor-type city blocks combined with towers – as well as on sensitive response to the context and the urge to turn the complex into a full-fledged urban space providing a wide range of functions and experiences.
The Fili Duo
The second phase of the Filicity housing complex, designed by ADM architects, is based on the contrast between a 57-story skyscraper 200 meters high and an 11-story brick house. The high-rise building sets a futuristic vector in Moscow housing architecture.
The Wall and the Tower
The OSA architects have been searching for solutions that could be opposed to the low-rise construction in the center of Khabarovsk, as well as an opportunity to say a new word in the discourse about mass housing.
An Office for Concentrating Ideas
T+T Architects have designed an office for a French IT company, where the employees in any point of the premises can discuss with their colleagues new ideas or even write them on the wall.