По-русски

Sprouted historicism

The building that will be constructed on Mozhaiskoe highway consists of 11-storey "stone" arch and a futuristic object embedded into it at right angle. The first impression is that within ruins of Roman aqueduct a portal has opened, like those stargates in a movie and an alien is coming down to our planet

Julia Tarabarina

Written by:
Julia Tarabarina

21 February 2007
mainImg
Architect:
Alexey Bavykin
Object:
Office building with underground parking place in 4 levels on Mozhaiskoe highway
Russia, Moscow, The address Highway Mozhajskoe, possession. 6/2

Project Team:
Group of authors A.L.Bavykin, M.M.Marek, D.N.Tchistov, D.A.Gumenjuk, at N.A.Bavykinoj's participation; the main designer - K.O.Kabanov; the chief engineer of the project - L.N.Slutskovskaja; fire-prevention safety - S.V.Tomin

2006

Customer - Open Company " Medstroiinvest "

The impressive composition is made up of the two office buildings almost equal in volume and proportions. The first one is glassed and is extended alongside the highway, the other one is a generalized image of a half destroyed antique bridge: one arch is safe and the other starts from the roadside and breaks in the middle. The place of the hypothetical «crash» hangs over the sidewalk and turns into the remote console-balcony with the view to a small square «Kuntzevo» that is on the opposite side of the highway and further on, to the University, Troekurovo and Troparevo.

The building in the shape of arch will be another "Roman" accent on the line of Kutuzovski avenue, where in the end of 1960 was constructed the Triumphal arch by Bove. The distance between them is large for pedestrians, by car it will take about 5 or 10 minutes – this allows to draw up a logical link between the two strong landmarks of the road to the West, Mozhajskoe highway is such here, having interpreted as a Roman or leading to Rome. There is the town-planning meaning of a building that is not large according to the modern standards, actively takes part in interpretation of the city texture, it structures, finishes the existing "text" – so, already on the design stage it claims to become a new sight of Kutuzovka.

The "Arch-bridge" is fronted with rustication that imitates stone and is cut with square, rectangular and even constructivist corner windows. There are more of them from the site of the next house, there they respond to a rigid rhythm of its panel grid, and further, to arches - windows become smaller and rare. Scattered in a purposely chaotic order windows do not disturb, but rather enliven the stone-like surface of the arch – comparing to its size they look like traces of fallen stone blocks, within geometrical frame developing the theme of ruins. At the corner, viewing the highway, the stone laying thickens, turning into blurred archivolt of long thin plates. Altogether they quite precisely reconstruct an impression of a Roman concrete - huge, with rare chips of the stone mass.

The climax of the architectural story is in the moment where glass and stone parts cross. The shiny rounded "nose" goes under the "undamaged" arch of the "bridge" and comes out on the opposite part. The flat area under the arch is glassed – the "nose" as though is overcoming some substance, this is why the piece of the joint looks like spread by a film ‘teleport’ from a fantastic movie.

Altogether reminds of a city ruins exclave, through which the aluminium-glass ‘today’ tries to get ‘inside’: a crosswise skyscraper, an ambassador of the present, stands at some distance ‘from that’ side’, and the ‘advanced guard’ meanwhile has found an creep hole and opened a portal under the ‘ancient’ arch. A significant and precise image of modern relations between architecture of the center and suburbs has shaped. With this story the building greets its audience that leave the city by Mozhajskoe highway.

Fusion of varied forms by ‘piercing’ one through the other is Alexey Bavykin's favorite technique that derives from the times of ‘plastic’ searches of ASNOVA in 1920’s. But now it has another meaning, more then formal - figuratively old is opposite to ultra-new. Still, at Arch-Moscow 2006 the architect represented the exact historical analogy of his project - the Roman bridge by censor Emilia (The Pons Aemilius (today Ponte Rotto) 179-142 BC.). It is interesting because it has got a semicircular form cut into the arch – this is one of the supports (‘bulls’) of the ancient bridge. So, the form can be understood as entirely borrowed from ancient, but hardly created over avant-garde design, that in fact does not remove the plastic diversity of the two parts of composition.

In general, one of the most noticeable peculiarities of the project is the keenly directed interaction of history and the present day. Unlike the antique prototype with its Corinthian capitals, tritons and mascarons, there is not a single order form - only an image of a man-made stone massif, where like in a fine theatrical scenery, impression and sensation, a smell of historical memoirs of different sorts are compactly put into a still bank of human experience from Romans to architectural avant-garde. It is interesting, that they all live and interact within one story - the bridge similar to Moscow rostokinski aqueduct, laying of flat planes, resembling something Rome-Byzantium, and corner windows of avant-garde, successfully playing parts of lost blocks of Cyclops laying. Driving up, from afar, one may think the quadras that compound the bridge are of a window-size, but having driven closer you might realize this is the elegant stone facing. All this is quite like scenography, to such scenery that itself is a performance with the theme of history of architecture. The arch is not a copy, not revival and not classicism, but a historian reflections, and when this historian is an architect, those reflections transform into a building. Or a building is in a shape of reflections upon entire history of architecture, including avant-garde.

The glass corpus-antagonist in contrary to historicism of the neighbour is filled with hints to the nature. The two oval supports are made like a hypertrophied long poplar trunks - approximately in the middle they split into two ‘wood’ springs: one from ‘this’ side holds the ‘nose’ piercing through the arch, the other – from ‘that’, sprouts through the corner with the air bath balconies. This idea was applied by Bavykin for the ‘poplar house’ in Bryusov pereulok, and probably, has come out there. But here the trunks are generalized and their meaning is much wider. The ‘bridge’ is urban and stone, it is penetrated with humanitarian historicism, and the intrusive into it glass alien is not just ultra-new, plastically flexible, but also is an element of nature. This reminds of Kipling’s jungle that enlaced the stone city, and it seems after all that the impulse of the present biomodernism is quite similar to those jungles.

zooming
zooming


Architect:
Alexey Bavykin
Object:
Office building with underground parking place in 4 levels on Mozhaiskoe highway
Russia, Moscow, The address Highway Mozhajskoe, possession. 6/2

Project Team:
Group of authors A.L.Bavykin, M.M.Marek, D.N.Tchistov, D.A.Gumenjuk, at N.A.Bavykinoj's participation; the main designer - K.O.Kabanov; the chief engineer of the project - L.N.Slutskovskaja; fire-prevention safety - S.V.Tomin

2006

Customer - Open Company " Medstroiinvest "

21 February 2007

Julia Tarabarina

Written by:

Julia Tarabarina
Headlines now
A Ringlet Bridge
The project of a pedestrian bridge, proposed by the architectural company ATRIUM, headed by Vera Butko and Anton Nadtochiy, for the city of Almaty, Kazakhstan, became the winner of the A+A Awards organized by the Architizer portal in the “Unbuilt Transportation” nomination. The bridge is indeed a stunner: a “hanging garden” in concrete tubs of columns, suspended over a city highway, is fitted with ringlets of wooden ramps, which in the bridge’s key point form an element of national ornament.
​Consistency of the Method
Marking its 35th anniversary, Reserve Union (officially named OOO TPO Reserve in Russia) used the venue of the Arch Moscow convention to showcase its hitherto unannounced projects. We asked Vladimir Plotkin a few questions, and we are showing a few pictures – without any captions yet.
Vladimir Plotkin: “Our profession is complex, vulnerable, and sometimes defenseless against...
As part of the editorial project devoted to the high-rise and high-density construction that Moscow is seeing in recent years, we spoke to the leading architect of CU Reserve Vladimir Plotkin, the author of many grand-scale – and high-profile – buildings of this city. We spoke about an architect’s role and his tasks in the mega-construction process, about the drive of the megalopolis, about the strong sides of mixed and multifunctional construction, and about the methods of organizing big forms.
Upping the Stakes
The concept of a housing complex in Samara from T+T Architects: a new landmark in the cityscape, view of the Zhiguli Mountains, and VR technologies.
The Book Sanctuary
Reconstructed and renovated by Studio 44, the building of Vladimir Mayakovsky Public Library received modern technical content, at the same time becoming closer to its authentic image from the times when it was part of the compound of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra.
In Tune with Mendelsohn
The “Kersten House” standing next to the “Krasnoye Znamya” (“Red Banner”) factory fits in with the tactful course adopted by Anatoly Stolyarchuk studio: it allows of no historical stylization, yet at the same time is quite respectful of the surrounding context.
​Foothills and Peaks
Developed by OSA, the concept of revitalization of the territory of Stankoagregat plant combines two scales: extreme-high towers and relatively “human-friendly” urban villas. In the conditions of ultra-dense construction, this solution makes it possible to vacate territories for public spaces and trees, as well as adapt the project for the conditions of the changing market.
City in the Stream
The books by Genplan Institute of Moscow, published for the Institute’s 70th anniversary and for the coinciding exhibition, are the most amazing three-volume edition that I ever saw: the books are totally different, yet packed in one box. This, on the other hand, is justified by the specifics of each of the volumes, the diversity of approaches to processing information used in them, and the complexity of the material as such: town planning is a multifaceted science, bordering on art.
Stop the [special operetion]!
The collective letter Russian architects was published here the 26.02.2022. Now, 04.03.2022, it's text is edited according the new law of the Russian Federation. All the signatures, more than 6800, are deleted, as well as weblinks. But we coserved the edited text for the history.
​Shape of the Winery
In this article, we are telling you more about the development of the shape and the implementation of the “Skalisty Bereg” (“Rocky Shore”) winery, designed by Alexander Balabin and his company “Severin-Project” in the Krasnodar Territory, and one of the finalists of WAF 2021.
​An Architectural Reality Show
Roman Leonidov, the well-known architect of luxury countryside residences, about which Archi.ru repeatedly wrote, launched a new online project called “Build YOUR House” on his YouTube channel.
​Buyan and the Court Quarter
The news about cancellation of the Tuchkov Buyan park has been stirring the minds of people of St. Petersburg for a week already. In the absence of any verified specific information, we discussed the situation with the architects of the park and the Court Quarter: Nikita Yavein and Evgeny Gerasimov.
​The Possibility of Flight
The project of the airport, which ASADOV Architects developed for the city of Tobolsk, and which won in the architectural competition, was not implemented. However, it is interesting as an example of designing an airport building of a very small scale, where the main challenge is the optimal organization of space and infrastructure without compromising the imagery component.
​The Wavelength
Built in the town of Pushkino in the Moscow area, the “Turgeneva 13” housing complex, while fitting in with the surrounding context, differs from it with the rhythmic austerity of its dual composition, a slight wave of the façade, and the color design, in which one can see two images, winter and summer, both “growing” from the specifics of the place.
​A Shell by the Sea
Designing the Sports Palace that will determine the development of the entire northern part of Derbent, ASADOV Architects turned to the architectural legacy of Dagestan, local lore, and ancient layers of history.
​Christmas Skyscrapers
Karen Saprichyan is wishing everyone a merry Christmas, presenting a series of letter-shaped skyscrapers. The architect has long since been working on this theme, and has calendars of various years in stock. His latest development is a group of towers designed for the city of NEOM, which will be built in Saudi Arabia.
​Parade Order
The three brick blocks of the “River Park” housing complex gaze at the water with their terraces. Each block forms a backdrop and two wings, while the residents-only yards turn into “stages” perceived from the river. The landscaped embankment, accessible to all the city people, complements the hierarchy of private, semi-private and public city life that is formed here.
Pompidou Inside Out
Renzo Piano and his GES-2 have already been compared to Ridolfo Aristotele Fioravanti and his Cathedral of the Assumption. And for a good reason: GES-2 also stuns you with its grace and loftiness, but ultimately turns out to be the richest collection of recognizable motifs from an early masterpiece by Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers, the George Pompidou Center in Paris. These motifs are fused into the grid of Shukhov-esque structures, painted white, and they create a dialogue between 1910, 1971, and 2021, built on references (not devoid of a poster-like quality) to the main masterpiece. The basilica-shaped space of the former power station is taken apart virtually just like the museum, in accordance with the concept by Teresa Mavica.
​Next to Lidval and Nobel
The housing complex designed by Anatoly Stolyarchuk in Neishlotsky Alley: tactful change of scale, tribute to the memory of the place, Finnish additions to the functional typology – specifically, saunas in the apartments – and plans for receiving a BREEAM certificate.
​And stabbed it with a knife
The leader of Coop Himmelb(l)au, Wolf D. Prix, presented three projects that he is currently doing in Russia: a complex in Sevastopol, Crimea, which, as it turned out, a western architect could build bypassing the sanctions, because this is a cultural project; a museum and theater center in Kemerovo, and the “SKA Arena”, which is built in the stead of the destroyed Sports and Concert Complex in St. Petersburg – during the presentation the latter was symbolized by a round cake that the architect eventually cut.
​The Thin Matter
The house named “Medny 3.14” (“Copper 3.14”) is composed of two textures, each of which resembles in its own way some kind of precious fabric, and of three units, each of which is oriented towards one cardinal point. The architecture of the house absorbs the nuances of the context, summing them up and turning them into a single rhythmic structure. In this article, we are examining the new, just-completed, house designed by Sergey Skuratov in Donskaya Street.
​Super Pergola
The new business center built in Moscow’s district of Presnya in the 1st Zemelny Lane is all about technology and sustainability. Its streamlined shapes and white facade grid are combined with a new version of vertical greenery: the green of wild grapes, placed at a distance from the facade, instead of arguing with the “pergola” grid, sets it off by contrast.
​Lightness of Being
Blooming Sakura, a campfire party, kids splashing in a swimming pool – no, these are not pictures from a vacation, but everyday life going on in the yards of Kiev’s housing complex “Fayna Town”. In this issue, we are examining how the utopia designed by the architects is wired, and what they did to make it a reality.