По-русски

​Asimov’s Dream

A project by DNK ag won in a competition for the science campus of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in the city of Sarov, conducted by ROSATOM corporation in collaboration with the Moscow State University, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Kurchatov Institute.

Julia Tarabarina

Written by:
Julia Tarabarina
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

03 September 2021
Contest Results
mainImg
The idea of creating the National City for Physics and Mathematics in the science city of Sarov was proposed by the president of the Russian Federation in November 2020. It is understood as a “new type science campus” situated beyond the confines of the Sarov nuclear station, its task being fundamental and applied research in the above-mentioned areas, as well as in the field of information technology. The result that is ultimately expected is “getting world-class results, training top-class scientists, strengthening the human resources of the nuclear weapons complex”.

The PM Mikhail Mishustin signed the decree on the creation of the NCFM on August 30, and the competition for the architectural and urban planning of the campus was held starting in the spring of 2021. The operator of the competition was Citymakers. The contestants were required to propose “an innovative sustainable architectural solution of space for future residents, combining opportunities for effective science and a comfortable life”. It was necessary to think through the layout of the territory, the organization of public spaces and the architecture of the buildings of the center.

The projects were developed by 6 architectural companies that reached the final: Timur Bashkaev, KAMEN Architects, Buromoscow, Kleinewelt Architekten, Studio 44, and DNK. The results were announced September 2, and the winner was the project submitted by DNK ag, developed by Natalia Sidorova, Daniel Lorentz, and Konstantin Khodnev. 

The center will be built on the territory of the Sarov technology park, north of Satis settlement. From the south side, both the settlement, and Sarov, located a little more to the east, are surrounded by the forests of the Mordovsky Natural Reserve – but then again, there is a forest stepping up to the very future center, and even now there is a rectangular strip of forestland on the future campus grounds, which the architects are planning to preserve, surrounding it with campus buildings.

Architectural and urban planning of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in Sarov, the winning project September 9, 2021
Copyright: © DNK ag


The forest fragment, the natural environment, and the parallels with the wooden houses of the employees of the restricted-entrance town Arzamas-16 became the main conceptual basis of the winning project developed by DNK ag.

The low-rise buildings: the science and educational complex, the library, the dormitory, and the residents of the teachers and researchers, as well as the hotel and the cultural center – are grouped along the contour of the preserved forest rectangle, a peculiar “forest plaza” of sorts, then continue down south, sprouting a small branch in the southwest part. According to the authors, what appears on the inside is a walking-distance space with a string of interconnected public sub-spaces, designed for pedestrians and cyclists. The cyclists will be able to move around both inside the complex and reach the city of Sarov, which is about 5 kilometers away.

Architectural and urban planning of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in Sarov, the winning project September 9, 2021
Copyright: © DNK ag


The main building – the research center – is located to the north of the forest area and was designed in a very curious way: on the one hand, it is spread out with a clear preference for horizontal, which is very suitable for the style of any modern scientific campus – it is customary to build them without obvious centerpieces. On the other hand, its silhouette is pyramidal, which, according to the authors of the project, is intended to remind of the famous skyscraper of Moscow University, one of the founders of the new center in Sarov.

The pyramid is formed because the building consists of two three-story square volumes with large courtyards that accommodate auditoriums and laboratories, and one more, one-story square of the library, also with a hole in the center, installed on their “shoulders” along the central axis.

Architectural and urban planning of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in Sarov, the winning project September 9, 2021
Copyright: © DNK ag


What it ends up being is a spectacular transparent link – a bridge floating in space between the two units of the main building. Below it, there is an amphitheater facing the forest – a place of communication, an almost indispensable element of modern educational and research spaces, welcoming, at the same time, to contemplate nature.

Architectural and urban planning of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in Sarov, the winning project September 9, 2021
Copyright: © DNK ag


The building, transparent and light, rhymes with the natural environment and seems to even accentuate it, strives to be its continuation.

Architectural and urban planning of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in Sarov, the winning project September 9, 2021
Copyright: © DNK ag


The facades of other buildings are also made of natural materials.

Architectural and urban planning of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in Sarov, the winning project September 9, 2021
Copyright: © DNK ag


DNK ag architects define their project of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics as “a working model of the city of the future”. One can definitely agree with them: in the proposed imagery one can read an example of a campus that has been repeatedly described in fantastic literature: it is so high-tech that it can afford harmonious coexistence with nature, its preservation, admiration, contemplation, walks to “clear the registers” in front of the next brain by storm. A campus from the books of Isaac Asimov – when you go straight out of a transparent wall to the lawn or into the forest and start jogging – which has many examples of its embodiment in post-war modernist architecture, but in this case, adjusted for the relevance of the 21st century.

The project is scheduled to be implemented in 2024.

The judging panel:
Alexey Likhachev, General Director of the State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM;
Victor Sadovnichy, President of Moscow State University;
Alexander Sergeev, President of the Russian Academy of Sciences;
Sergey Kuznetsov, Chief Architect of Moscow;
Anton Finogenov, Deputy General Director of the DOM.RF Foundation;
Andrey Gnezdilov, partner of the Ostozhenka architects;
Oleg Shapiro, co-founder of the WOWHAUS architects;
Alexey Novikov, President of Habidatum;
Sergey Zuev, President of the Moscow Higher School of Social and Economic Sciences;
Elena Bunina, General Director of Yandex Russia

03 September 2021

Julia Tarabarina

Written by:

Julia Tarabarina
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
comments powered by HyperComments
Headlines now
​The Thin Matter
The house named “Medny 3.14” (“Copper 3.14”) is composed of two textures, each of which resembles in its own way some kind of precious fabric, and of three units, each of which is oriented towards one cardinal point. The architecture of the house absorbs the nuances of the context, summing them up and turning them into a single rhythmic structure. In this article, we are examining the new, just-completed, house designed by Sergey Skuratov in Donskaya Street.
​Super Pergola
The new business center built in Moscow’s district of Presnya in the 1st Zemelny Lane is all about technology and sustainability. Its streamlined shapes and white facade grid are combined with a new version of vertical greenery: the green of wild grapes, placed at a distance from the facade, instead of arguing with the “pergola” grid, sets it off by contrast.
​Lightness of Being
Blooming Sakura, a campfire party, kids splashing in a swimming pool – no, these are not pictures from a vacation, but everyday life going on in the yards of Kiev’s housing complex “Fayna Town”. In this issue, we are examining how the utopia designed by the architects is wired, and what they did to make it a reality.
​A Triangular Folded Structure
The project of the new terminal of the Muraviev-Amursky airport in Blagoveshchensk offers architecture based on a modular form – endowed with a special imagery, it becomes the basis both for the carrying structures of the building and the plastique of the facade, at the same time reverberating in the interior design.
​The Breath of the East
Designing a residential complex for Tashkent, GENPRO is turning to traditional architecture and modern trends, aiming at emotionality and efficiency: the panjar window lattices and mishrabias are neighboring on vertical greenery and parametric ornaments, while the theme buildings do on a cotton alley and an oriental bazaar.
​Analysis and Synthesis
The project of the housing complex “Krasin”, designed for the historical center of St. Petersburg, and situated in a very obliging place – next to the Mining University designed by Voronikhin, yet bordering on an industrial area – became the result of a thorough analysis of the specifics of historical construction on the Vasilyevsky Island, and a subsequent synthesis with avoidance of direct stylization, yet forming a recognizable silhouette, resonant with the “old town”.
​Tatiana Guk: “A document that determines the development of the city has to be flexible”
In this issue, we are talking to the director of the Genplan Institute of Moscow about trends that determine the future, about the 70-year history of the Institute, which is celebrating an anniversary this year, about electronic computing in the field of urban planning and about international experience accumulated in this area, as well as about how the Institute is involved with other cities, and about the perfect document for the city development, which has to be flexible and strategic.
​Dialectical Manifesto
The high-rise housing complex MOD, whose construction has begun in Moscow’s district of Maryina Roshcha next to the site, on which the new Russian Railways headquarters will be built, is responding to the “central” context of the future city surroundings, and at the same time is positioned by the architects as a “manifesto of Modernist minimalist principles in architecture”.
​Asimov’s Dream
A project by DNK ag won in a competition for the science campus of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in the city of Sarov, conducted by ROSATOM corporation in collaboration with the Moscow State University, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Kurchatov Institute.
​Near-Earth Space
The new terminal of the Leonov Airport in Kemerovo was built in record-breaking time, despite the pandemic. It became one of the important factors for the rapid development of the city, visually reflecting its dedication to the first spacewalk, both in the interiors and on the facades. Its main features are the “starry sky” effect and overall openness.
​The Spiral Approach
The school building in the city of Nur-Sultan, designed by Vera Budko and Anton Nadtochiy from beginning to end – from concept to working documentation – became the embodiment of the architects’ method for creating a modern educational environment, which the ATRIUM architects have been developing for years. Its fundamentals include creating an inspiring environment that motivates you to create. This is why the new school received a shape of an ornamental golden spiral that symbolizes ascension to knowledge; on the inside, the building is a compound and multifunctional “city within a city” with multilevel atriums, amphitheaters, and varying routes.
​The Ecological Bend
A story about how plans for laying a road on the border of a park turned into plans for saving the ecosystem and improving the walking trails.
​Kasimir from Kemerovo
The project of the branch of the Russian Museum for the Siberian Art Cluster is based on the ideas of Suprematism: basic shapes, and dynamism of color and form.
​Stream and Lines
Stepan Liphart’s projects of Art Deco villas demonstrate technical symbolism in combination with a subtle reference to the 1930s. One of the projects is a “paper” one; the others are designed for real customers: a top manager, an art collector, and a developer.
On the Bank of a Very Quiet River
The project of landscaping the territory of the residential complex NOW in Moscow’s Nagatinskaya Valley goes beyond the limits of its task and looks more like a modern park: with viewing platforms, an embankment, spaces different in their moods, and thought-out scenarios for visitors aged between 0 and 80.
​The Strategy of Transformation
In this article, we are publishing eight projects of reconstructing postwar Modernist buildings that have been implemented by Tchoban Voss Architekten and showcased in the AEDES gallery at the recent Re-Use exhibition. Parallel to that, we are meditating on the demonstrated approaches and the preservation of things that architectural legislation does not require to preserve.
In the Rhythm of Block Construction
Last week, the housing complex “Ty i Ya” (“You and Me”) was presented, built in the northwest of Moscow. By a number of parameters, it exceeds the originally stated comfort-class format, and, on the other hand, fully meeting the city block construction paradigm, popular in Moscow, demonstrates a few interesting features, such as a new kind of public spaces for the residents, and high-ceilinged apartments on the first floors.
​Five Nonlinear Ones
Recently, at the Moscow Urban Forum, they announced a large-scale project that Zaha Hadid Architects would do for Moscow – the multifunctional housing complex Union Towers designed for Quarter 82 of Khoroshevo-Mnevniki at the commission of KROST development.
​Etudes in Glass
The housing complex, located not far away from the Paveletskaya Railway Station, as a symbol of a sweeping transformation of this area: a composition of towers of different height, ingenious detailing of stained glass windows, and a green lawn in the yard.
A Flyover in Watercolor
For the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Vasilkovsky, the architectural office of Evgeny Gerasimov is reflecting on the Ushakov Flyover, which was designed with input from this artist and architect. In this article, we are showing its watercolors and sketches, including the preliminary ones that were not included in the final project, as well as speaking about the importance of architectural drawing.
​Walking on Clouds
A restaurant in the Khibiny skiing complex: 820 meters above the sea level, sweeping views, a levitation effect, and ingenious engineering solutions.
​Transformation with Multiplication
The Palace of Water Sports in Luzhniki is one of the high-profile and nontrivial reconstructions of recent years, and a project that won one of the first competitions, initiated by Sergey Kuznetsov as the main architect of Moscow. The complex opened 2 years ago; this article about it comes out at the start of the bathing season.
​Sergey Tchoban: “I believe it’s very important to preserve this city as a record...
Although originally we planned to speak in this interview with Sergey Tchoban about high-rise construction, the conversation turned out to be 70% about meditation on the ways of regenerating the historical city and about the role of the city fabric as the most objective and unbiased historical record. And, as for the towers, which manifest social contrasts and leave a lot of junk when torn down, the conversation was about the expected construction norms and regulations. We took this interview one day before the Lakhta-2 project was announced, and this is why this newsbreak is not commented upon in any way in this article.
​Courtyards and Constructivism
In this issue, we are examining the second major block of the “city within a city” Ligovsky City complex, designed and built by A-Len, and combining several trends characteristic of modern urban architecture.
​Inside of a Drawn Grid
Designing the apartment complex PLAY in Danilovskaya Sloboda, ADM architects placed their bet on the imagery of construction. The area where it manifested itself the most vividly was the sophisticated grid of the facades.
​Headquarters of the Future
The project by “Arena Group”, which won in an open competition of ideas for the headquarters of the Italian company FITT, combines futuristic forms, an interesting set of functions, energy efficiency, and subtle references to the archetypes of Italian architecture. Particularly beautiful is the “continuous” fountain. In this issue, we are sharing about the three winners of the competition.
​A Tiered Composition
A little bit of New York in Odessa: an apartment complex designed and built by “Archimatika” with towers, townhouses, a square, and swimming pools.
​The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
​MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.