The project of the farm, about the first stage of which we already wrote, appeared thanks to the desire of the VDNKH management to bring back to life one of the derelict corners in the northeast of the exhibition park territory. Formerly, this was the place that predominantly consisted of venues demonstrating the achievements of the Soviet agricultural industry. In addition to the pavilions with self-explanatory names of “Pig Breeding”, “Sheep Breeding” and “Poultry Farming”, next to the cascade of creeks there was an exposition dedicated to hunting and fur farming. The latter did not survive the transition period from VDNKH to All-Russia Exhibition Center and back to VDNKH again. The whole territory fell into decay.
However, the surviving genius loci prompted the architects of Wowhaus to embark on a rather courageous experiment. They decided to create an educational venue where children and their parents could get acquainted with the wildlife, as well as master various skills related to subsistence farming. This is not a copy-paste from the western urban farms but a whole new original concept that combines family outdoor recreation, a mini-zoo, a club of young naturalists, and craft shops.
For this unconventional idea, the management of VDNKH allotted a land site with a total area of about 3 hectares. A significant height difference divided the territory into two unequal parts: the lower larger one with a creek, and the upper one stretching along the slope. The first one https://archi.ru/en/64821/razmyshleniya-na-gorodskoi-ferme with a cowshed, a poultry-house, fruit and vegetable garden, and a children’s playground was finished very quickly and was opened in 2015, becoming an almost instant success.
The construction of the second part, which included building a few new pavilions meant for year-round studies of crafts and agricultural activities, was postponed until the next 2016.
Because of the specifics of the terrain, construction was only possible on a narrow strip of land running along the edge of a slope, and on a wide land site that used to be occupied by the “Hunting and Fur Farming” pavilion – now this place was to function as the grand entrance hall. Here the guests of the farm are welcomed by the entrance group with ticket offices and an info desk that embraces in a broad semicircle a square with flower beds and two surviving statues of “Hunter” and “Fox Nursery”. Inside the territory, literally two steps away from the entrance, in order to prevent any possible complaints about the underdeveloped service infrastructure, the architects placed a farmers’ cafe that will also host a cooking class for children. Further on, the pedestrian route runs parallel to the slope of the hill. Alongside the trail stand two pavilions, one after another. The first one contains various craft shops: pottery, joinery, and others, while the other contains greenhouses. In the second stage, the trail makes a smooth bend and leads the visitors over the bridge above the canal and to the main square of the first stage with a cowshed and a bird creek. The master plan of the farm took into account the results of the social and economic survey conducted by KB23 – the possible features of the future farm and the set of buildings necessary for their realization were defined collaboratively. The project was developed by nine architects, all of them working within the framework of a single design code.
The chief architect of the second stage, Anastasia Izmakova describes the task set by the company before the project team on the following way: “We were to design pavilions in the spirit of the whole VDNKH in general, with literary associations and even symbolism”.
The entrance group that now meets the guests almost exactly traces the outlines of the semicircular colonnade with wooden girders instead of columns (something that was widely spread still in the classic Russian manor architecture tradition) – one could not think of a more direct reference to the spirit of the former VDNKH.
The next object along the path – a spacious cafe, stylish and laconic – is probably inspired by the Scandinavian architecture. The cafe is notable for the elegance of working with the wood in a combination with glass that is characteristic of Wowhaus.
The complex of craft shops is one of the most impressive structures in the ensemble of the Urban Farm – first of the unusual parabolic shape of the roofs of three large sections. “The first thing that I imagined was a huge hangar of metal corrugated sheets – shares the author of the craft workshops project, Anastasia Izmakova – And I tried to come up with structures that would sort of call up this image in one’s mind, at the same time creating a totally different atmosphere”. The solution was in the form of bent wooden arches, on top of which a roof of larch lath was laid. Also – arguably, for the first time in local architecture – the architects of Wowhaus used the burn-based wood protection technology. This is not only an interesting decorative design solution widely used in the traditional Japanese architecture, but one that has a number of practical benefits: it keeps the wood moisture-fungus-proofed, and provides for low heat conductivity.
The maximum height of the parabola of each craft shop section is more than 6 meters, and the architects endowed two sections out of three with lofts in order to increase the useful floor space. One section was left devoid of such intermediate floor, and, being inside of it, one can fully appreciate the dynamic beauty of the ribs of glued wood with their almost-Gothic strained lightness.
The next pavilion – the greenhouse – is in fact a chain of several blocks meant for different types of indoor cultivation of plants: one has in it racks for hydroponic growing of greens and vegetables, the other has flowers growing in the soil, the third has exotic plants growing in tubs; the pavilion is covered with a translucent pitched roof from cell polycarbonate. The side façades of the blocks are decorated with sophisticated intertwining stained glass patterns. The vertical and slanting imposts form a pattern that reminds a spike or even a pineapple.
The experiment of VDNKH management and the creative search of the Wowhaus architects ended up being a doubtless success. The farm is growing ever more popular. The idea and its realization are so much about love of nature, wildlife, and people that it is even surprising that it could get implemented in our pragmatic time of give and take. In addition to all other things, the project of the Urban Farm at VDNKH once again proved the status of Wowhaus as number one explorer of new formats for recreational spaces.
The Gallery Approach
In this article, we are covering the concept of a Central District Clinic for 240 patients, designed by Ginzburg Architects, which won at a competition organized by the Architects Union and the Healthcare Ministry.
In this issue, we are publishing the concept of a standard clinic designed by UNK Project, which took second place in the competition organized by the Union of Architects of Russia in collaboration with the Healthcare Ministry.
From Foundation to Teaspoon
Based on the taste of their friendly clients, the architects Olga Budennaya and Roman Leonidov designed and built a house in the Moscow metropolitan area playing Art Nouveau. At the same time, they enriched the typology of a private house with modern functions of a garage loft and a children’s art studio.
Continuation and Development
The second “office” stage of Comcity, the most popular business park of the “New Moscow” area, continues the underground street of the already existing part of the complex, responding to its architectural identity.
A Comfortable City in Itself
The project that we are about to cover is seemingly impossible amidst human anthills, chaotically interspersed with old semi-neglected dachas. Meanwhile, the housing complex built on the Comcity business part does offer a comfortable environment of decent city: not excessively high-rise and moderately private as a version of the perfect modern urbanist solution.
Moving on the Edge
The housing complex “Litsa” (“Faces”) on Moscow’s Khodynka Field is one of the new grand-scale buildings that complement the construction around it. This particular building skillfully tackles the scale, subjugating it to the silhouette and the pattern; it also makes the most of the combination of a challenging land site and formidable square footage requirements, packing a whole number of features within one volume, so the house becomes an analogue of a city. And, to cap it all, it looks like a family that securely protects the children playing in the yard from... well, from everything, really.
Visual Stability Agent
A comparatively small house standing on the border of the Bolshevik Factory combines two diametrically opposite features: expensive materials and decorative character of Art Deco, and a wide-spaced, even somewhat brutal, facade grid that highlights a laminated attic.
The Faraday Cage
The project of the boutique apartment complex in the 1st Truzhenikov Lane is the architects’ attempt to squeeze a considerable volume into a tiny spot of land, at the same time making it look graceful and respectable. What came to their rescue was metal, stone, and curvilinear glass.
The Union of Art and Technology
His interest for architecture of the 1930’s is pretty much the guiding star for Stepan Liphart. In his project of the “Amo” house on St. Petersburg’s Vasilyevsky Island, the architect based himself on Moscow Art Deco - aesthetically intricate and decorated in scratch-work technique. As a bonus, he developed the city block typology as an organic structure.
The project that Evgeniy Gerasimov and Partners developed for Moscow’s Leningrad Avenue: the tallest building in the company’s portfolio, continuing the tradition of Moscow’s Stalin architecture.
In the project that they developed for a southern region of Russia, OSA Architects use multilayered facades that create an image of seaside resort architecture, and, in the vein of the latest trends of today, mix up different social groups that the residents belong to.
Just a Mirror for the Sun
The house that Sergey Skuratov designed in Nikolovorobinsky Alley is thought out down to the last detail. It adapts three historical facades, interprets a feeling of a complex city, is composed of many layers, and catches plenty of sunlight, from sunrises to sunsets. The architect himself believes that the main role of this house is creating a background for another nearby project of his, Art House in the Tessinsky Alley.
Part of the Whole
On June 5, the winners of Moscow Architectural Award were announced. The winners list includes the project of a school in Troitsk for 2,100 students, with its own astronomy dome, IT testing ground, museum, and a greenhouse on the roof.
Yet another project of a private school, in which Archimatika realizes the concept of aesthetic education and introduces a new tradition: combining Scandinavian and Soviet experience, turning to works of art, and implementing sustainable technologies.
In the “Parallel House” residence that he designed in the Moscow metropolitan area, the architect Roman Leonidov created a dramatic sculptural composition from totally basic shapes – parallelepipeds, whose collision turned into an exciting show.
In the Istra district of Moscow metropolitan area, the tandem of 4izmerenie and ARS-ST designed a sports complex – a monovolume that has the shape of a chamfered parallelepiped with a pointed “nose” like a ship’s bow.
Stairway to Heaven
The project of a hotel in the settlement of Yantarny is an example of a new recreational complex typology, and a new format that unites the hotel, the business, and the cultural functions. All of this is complemented by 100% integration with nature.
Cape of Good Hope
In this issue, we are showing all the seven projects that participated in a closed-door competition to create a concept for the headquarters of Gazprom Neft, as well as provide expert opinions on those projects.
The Outer Space
Honoring the 300th anniversary of the Kuznetsk coal fields in 2021, a new passenger terminal of the Aleksey Leonov Airport in the city of Kemerovo will be built, designed by GK Spectrum and ASADOV Architectural Bureau.
The Pivot of Narkomfin Building
Ginzburg Architects finished the restoration of the Narkomfin Building’s laundry unit – one of the most important elements of the famous monument of Soviet avant-garde architecture.
The housing complex “Respublika” is so large that it can be arguably called a micro-town, yet, at the same time, it easily overcomes most of the problems that usually arise with mass housing construction. How could Archimatika achieve that? We are examining that on the example of the first stage of the complex.
The Flowing Lines
The five houses of the “Svoboda” block belonging to the “Simvol” residential complex present a vivid example of all-rounded work performed by the architects on an integral fragment of the city, which became the embodiment of the approach to architecture that hitherto was not to be seen anywhere in Moscow: everything is subjected to the flow of lines – something like a stream, enhanced by the powerful pattern of the facades akin to “super-graphics”.
A City by the Water
The concept of a large-scale housing development at the edge of Voronezh, near the city reservoir, or “the sea”, as it is locally called, uses the waterside height difference to create a sophisticated public space, paying a lot of attention to the distribution of masses that determine the look of the future complex if viewed from the opposite bank of the river.
A Journey to the Country of Art Deco
The “Little France” residential complex on the 20th line of the Vasilyevsky Island presents an interesting make-believe dialogue between its architect, Stepan Liphart, the architect of the New Hermitage, masters of the Silver Age, and Soviet Art Deco, about interesting professional topics, such as a house with a courtyard in the historical center of Saint Petersburg, and the balance between the wall and the stained glass in the architectonics of the facade. Here are the results of this make-believe conversation.
A House in a Port
This housing complex on the Dvinskaya Street is the first case of modern architecture on the Gutuevsky Island. The architectural bureau “A-Len” thoroughly explores the context and creates a landmark for further transformations of this area of Saint Petersburg.
Balance of Infill Development
Anatoly Stolyarchuk Architectural Studio is designing a house that inadvertently prevails over the surrounding buildings, yet still tries to peacefully coexist with the surrounding environment, taking it to a next level.
The Precious Space
Evolution Design and T+T Architects reported about the completion of the interior design project of Sberbank headquarters on the Kutuzovsky Avenue. In the center of the atrium, hovers the “Diamant” meeting room; everything looks like a chest full of treasures, including the ones of a hi-tech kind.
Big Little Victory
In a small-sized school located in Domodedovo in Moscow metropolitan area, ASADOV_ architects did a skillful job of tackling the constraints presented by the modest budget and strict spatial limitations – they designed sunlit classrooms, comfortable lounges, and even a multi-height atrium with an amphitheater, which became the center of school life.
The Social Biology of Landscape
The list of new typologies of public spaces and public projects has been expanded yet again — thanks to Wowhaus. This time around, this company came up with a groundbreaking by Russian standards approach to creating a place where people and animals can communicate.
Watched by the Angels from up Above
Held in the General Staff building of the Hermitage Museum, the anniversary exhibition of “Studio 44” is ambitious and diverse. The exhibition was designed to give a comprehensive showcase of the company’s architecture in a whole number of ways: through video, models, drawings, installations, and finally, through a real-life project, the Enfilade, which the exhibition opens up, intensifies, and makes work the way it was originally intended.
A New Version of the Old City
The house at Malaya Ordynka, 19, fits in perfectly with the lineup of the street, looking even as if it straightened the street up a little, setting a new tone for it – a tone of texture, glitter, “sunny” warmth, and, at the same time, reserved balance of everything that makes the architecture of an expensive modern house.
Stepan Liphart: “Standing your ground is the right thing to do”
A descendant of German industrialists, “Jophan’s son”, and an architect, speaks about how studying architectural orders tempers one’s character, and how a team of just a few people can design grand-scale housing projects to be built in the center of Saint Petersburg. Also: Santa Claus appearing in a Stalin high-rise, an arch portal to the outer space, mannerism painting, and the palaces of Paris – all covered in an interview with Stepan Liphart.
Honey and Copper
In the Moscow area, the architect Roman Leonidov designed the “Cool House” residence, very much in the spirit of Frank Lloyd Wright, spreading it parallel to the ground, and accentuating the horizontal lines in it. The color composition is based on juxtaposition of warm wood of a honey hue and cold copper blue.
The Ring on the Saisara Lake
The building of the Philharmonic Hall and the Theater of Yakut Epos, standing on the shore of the sacred lake, is inscribed into an epic circle and contains three volumes, reminiscent of the traditional national housing. The roof is akin to the Alaas – a Yakut village standing around a lake. In spite of its rich conceptual agenda, the project remains volumetrically abstract, and keeps up a light form, making the most of its transparency, multiple layers, and reflections.
Architecture of Evanescence
On the Vernadskogo Avenue, next to the metro station, appeared a high-rise landmark that transformed the entire area: designed by UNK Project, the “Academic” business center uncovered, in the form of its architecture, the meanings of the local place names.
The Theater and Music Circles
The contest-winning ambitious grand-scale project of the main theater and concert complex of the Moscow area includes three auditoriums, a yard – a public area – a higher school of music, and a few hotels. It promises to become a high-profile center for the classical music festivals on a national scale.
The Line of a Hardened Breakthrough
Designed by Stepan Liphart, the housing complex “Renaissance” continues the line of the historical center of Saint Petersburg, reinterpreting the Leningrad Art Deco and the neoclassical architecture of the 1930-50’s in reference to the civilization challenges posed by our century.
The Regeneration Experience
The housing project “Metsenat”, which occupies the area next to the Resurrection Church in Moscow’s Kadashi, has a long and complicated history, full of protests, victories, and hopes. Now the project is complete: the architects were able to keep the views, the scale, and a few historical buildings; we can examine the end result now. The project was developed by Ilia Utkin.