Working with the four options of facade solutions for a residential quarter in Moscow area's city of Vidnoe, the architects of PANACOM went beyond the task that was offered to them, striving for the Moscow standards of residential projects.
10 February 2016
Description provided by the architectural studio.
At the investor's commission, the architects came up with a number of options of the facade solutions for the residential quarter that is being designed in the Moscow region, the main function of the façades consisting in making the buildings look comfortable, attractive, and human-proportionate. Still, though, besides this particular task, the architects also tried to endow the project with a number of important qualities that today are becoming the standard in housing projects. It is about designing convenient entrance groups, clear division of the yard and the street space, and saturating the first floors along the inside streets with various public and social functions.
The architects worked with an existing master plan, according to which the project consisted of small-sized quarters of L-shaped buildings and independent two-hallway units stopping the yards. The buildings are no more than seven-eight stories high. Although this residential complex does not have in it the traditional "square" of houses, the separation of the residential yards into public and semi-private territory with limited driving access is clearly readable. Furthermore, the architects stress this by means of design, using, for example, a deeper and more saturated color for the inside façades of the buildings and a lighter color on the outside, as well as various graphic techniques.
Arseniy Leonovich, Founder and chief architect of PANACOM:
"In the first version, we tried fracturing and scaling the façades by means of using color and plastic solutions, as though dividing larger volumes with local "Tetris"-like inserts. The color here also actively marks the inside and outside territory of the quarter: we are getting a denser, more saturated solution on the yard side, and a more opaque large-figured one - turned on the outside.
The options of the façades proposed by PANACOM allow the architects to endow each of the yards with a similar configuration and a characteristic identify giving the opportunity to "read" and correctly identify your "own" house. In the second option, for example, by means of color and active plastics, and at the expense of including projections and embossed panels of different textures, the architects achieve the effect of joining the "different" houses that look as tough they belonged to different times".
Arseniy Leonovich, Founder and chief architect of PANACOM:
This solution works according to the principle of the historical city "gaining momentum", when the small "human-proportional" volumes can be glued to each other, each one having, at the same time, its own facade finish - fence lath, bright red window frames, timber framing, and other decorative elements".
Within the framework of the set sizes of the buildings, PANACOM also worked on optimizing and improving the planning solutions, coming up with several options for the residential sections - from economy to business class. The "casing" also will be changing in accordance with the "contents": for example, in the third option that refers to the business-class format, the buildings are getting wider glazing, while the roof is made usable, with a possibility of placing the recreation area upon it.
The overall plastic solution also includes stanza balconies, while one of the options included the outdoor air conditioning units marked by the red color. In the other versions, the air conditioners - the placement of which is regulated by the appropriate regulations nowadays - are hidden inside the stanza balconies. The plastic solutions also vary along the vertical axis: sections of different height are combined in various ways which goes a long way to form a diverse and interesting skyline.
In all the solutions, the architects paid particular attention to the design of the entrance groups. The new rules and regulations for housing projects that only came into effect in 2015 but have long since become the common decency among all the developers who want to keep abreast of the competition provide for designing the lobbies of residential houses on a level with the yard, so as to make them as accessible as possible, including for people of limited mobility, with clear and convenient navigation. Responding to these requirements, PANACOM designed the hallway entrances with minimal height drop in reference to the yard, and, in accordance with the technical conditions, it is less than half a meter - meaning, two or three steps, with a fair share of glazing, bathrooms, rooms for storing bicycles and go-carts, as well as for the caretaker's office.
"In this project, a lot of intentions were coming from us as architects who already did a number of large-scale town-planning projects, and caused by our desire to convince our customer that a number of critical parameters, without which you cannot do a modern housing project, must be pre-programmed very early on".
The bottom floors of the residential complex are designed with a view to place apartments in them - that was one of the "givens" that the architects had to work with. Nevertheless, realizing that today's residential environment is successfully developing also at the expense of the active stock of the bottom floors opening up to the inner streets of the blocks, the architects provided for the opportunity of turning the "outside perimeter" (where studios and double-room apartments are situated) into a busy residential front.
As part of the project, the architects also developed a landscaping concept uniting one's spacial perception of all the yards and marking them with various art objects, sport fields and playgrounds, recreation places, and original minor sculptural forms.
"Everything that was formulated in Moscow's standards for residential projects is now being actively picked up by the market and the developers. And these many options set by the architects make the ideology that I think is very attractive for the investors and developers. Not so long ago the end result completely depended on the developer's open or narrow mind - but now that we have the city's policy and we have the norms and standards, the developers are forced to offer the product that is guaranteed to be above some certain level. I like this situation very much. We as architects have the mission of bringing the quality of modern comfort to the segment of inexpensive housing, making the stylish and modern housing available to people".
The Strategy of Transformation
In this article, we are publishing eight projects of reconstructing postwar Modernist buildings that have been implemented by Tchoban Voss Architekten and showcased in the AEDES gallery at the recent Re-Use exhibition. Parallel to that, we are meditating on the demonstrated approaches and the preservation of things that architectural legislation does not require to preserve.
In the Rhythm of Block Construction
Last week, the housing complex “Ty i Ya” (“You and Me”) was presented, built in the northwest of Moscow. By a number of parameters, it exceeds the originally stated comfort-class format, and, on the other hand, fully meeting the city block construction paradigm, popular in Moscow, demonstrates a few interesting features, such as a new kind of public spaces for the residents, and high-ceilinged apartments on the first floors.
Five Nonlinear Ones
Recently, at the Moscow Urban Forum, they announced a large-scale project that Zaha Hadid Architects would do for Moscow – the multifunctional housing complex Union Towers designed for Quarter 82 of Khoroshevo-Mnevniki at the commission of KROST development.
Etudes in Glass
The housing complex, located not far away from the Paveletskaya Railway Station, as a symbol of a sweeping transformation of this area: a composition of towers of different height, ingenious detailing of stained glass windows, and a green lawn in the yard.
A Flyover in Watercolor
For the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Vasilkovsky, the architectural office of Evgeny Gerasimov is reflecting on the Ushakov Flyover, which was designed with input from this artist and architect. In this article, we are showing its watercolors and sketches, including the preliminary ones that were not included in the final project, as well as speaking about the importance of architectural drawing.
Transformation with Multiplication
The Palace of Water Sports in Luzhniki is one of the high-profile and nontrivial reconstructions of recent years, and a project that won one of the first competitions, initiated by Sergey Kuznetsov as the main architect of Moscow. The complex opened 2 years ago; this article about it comes out at the start of the bathing season.
Sergey Tchoban: “I believe it’s very important to preserve this city as a record...
Although originally we planned to speak in this interview with Sergey Tchoban about high-rise construction, the conversation turned out to be 70% about meditation on the ways of regenerating the historical city and about the role of the city fabric as the most objective and unbiased historical record. And, as for the towers, which manifest social contrasts and leave a lot of junk when torn down, the conversation was about the expected construction norms and regulations. We took this interview one day before the Lakhta-2 project was announced, and this is why this newsbreak is not commented upon in any way in this article.
Courtyards and Constructivism
In this issue, we are examining the second major block of the “city within a city” Ligovsky City complex, designed and built by A-Len, and combining several trends characteristic of modern urban architecture.
Inside of a Drawn Grid
Designing the apartment complex PLAY in Danilovskaya Sloboda, ADM architects placed their bet on the imagery of construction. The area where it manifested itself the most vividly was the sophisticated grid of the facades.
Headquarters of the Future
The project by “Arena Group”, which won in an open competition of ideas for the headquarters of the Italian company FITT, combines futuristic forms, an interesting set of functions, energy efficiency, and subtle references to the archetypes of Italian architecture. Particularly beautiful is the “continuous” fountain. In this issue, we are sharing about the three winners of the competition.
The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.
This Beetle Has Flown
The story of designing a business center in the Zhukov (“Beetle”) Drive: a number of attempts to preserve a hundred-year-old cold storage facility, at the same time introducing modern buildings interpreting the industrial theme. The project remained on paper, but the story behind it seems to be worth our attention.
The Childhood Territory
The project of the educational complex within the second stage of “Spanish Quarters” was developed by ASADOV Architects. The project is all about creating a friendly and transparent environment that in itself educates and forms the personality of a child.
Man and the City
Designing this large-scale housing complex, GAFA architects accentuated two types of public spaces: bustling streets with shops and cafes – and a totally natural yard, visually separated as much as possible from the city. Making the most out of the contrast, both work together to make the life of the residents of EVER housing complex eventful and diverse.
Andy Snow: “I aim for an architecture which is rational and poetic”
The British architect Andy Snow has recently become the chief architect at GENPRO Architects & Engineers. Projects, which Andy Snow did in the UK in collaboration with world-famous architectural firms, scored numerous international awards. In Russia, the architect took part in designing Moscow’s Stanislavsky Factory business center, iLove housing complex, and AFI2B business center on the 2nd Brestskaya Street. In our interview, Andy Snow compared the construction realities in Russia and the UK, and also shared his vision of architectural prospects in Russia.
The Living Growth
The grand-scale housing complex AFI PARK Vorontsovsky in Moscow’s southwest consists of four towers, a “slab” house, and a kindergarten building. Interestingly, the plastique of the residential buildings is quite active – they seem to be growing before your eyes, responding to the natural context, and first of all opening the views of the nearby park. As for the kindergarten building, it is cute and lyrical, like a little sugar house.
Sergey Skuratov: “A skyscraper is a balance of technology, economic performance, and aesthetic...
In March, two buildings of the Capital Towers complex were built up to a 300-meter elevation mark. In this issue, we are speaking to the creator of Moscow’s cutting-edge skyscrapers: about heights and proportions, technologies and economics, laconicism and beauty of superslim houses, and about the boldest architectural proposal of recent years – the Le Corbusier Tower above the Tsentrosoyuz building.
The Red Building
The area of Novoslobodskaya has received Maison Rouge – an apartment complex designed by ADM, which continues the wave of renovation, started by the Atmosphere business center, from the side of the Palikha Street.
The Uplifting Effect
The project of Ostankino Business Park was developed for the land site lying between two metro stations (one operating and the other in construction), and because of that its public space is designed to equally cater for the city people and the office workers. The complex stands every chance of becoming the catalyst for development of the Butyrsky area.
In this article, we are examining a rather rare and interesting case – two projects by Evgeny Gerasimov situated on one street and completed with a five years’ difference, presenting the perfect example of example for analyzing the overall trends and approaches practiced by the architectural company.
Raising the Yard
The housing complex Renome consists of two buildings: a modern stone house and a red-brick factory building of the end of the XIX century, reconstructed by measurements and original drafts. The two buildings are connected by an “inclined” yard – a rare, by Moscow standards, version of geoplastics that smoothly ascends to the roof of the stores lined up along a pedestrian street.
Hearing the Tune of the Past
The Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist in the park near the Novodevichy Convent was conceived in 2012 in honor of the 200th anniversary of the victory over Napoleon. However, instead of declamatory grandeur and “fanfare”, the architect Ilia Utkin presented a concentrated and prayerful mood, combined with a respectful attitude of this tent-shaped church, which also includes some elements of architecture of orders. The basement floor hosts a museum of excavations found on the site of the church.
The high-end residential complex STORY, situated near the Avtozavodskaya metro station and the former ZIL factory, is delicately inscribed in the contrastive context, while its shape, which combines a regular grid and a stunning “shift” of the main facade, seems to respond to the dramatic history of the place, at the same time, however, allowing for multiple interpretations.
Yards and Towers: the Samara Experiment
The project of “Samara Arena Park”, proposed by Sergey Skuratov, scored second place in the competition. The project is essentially based on experimenting with typology of residential buildings and gallery/corridor-type city blocks combined with towers – as well as on sensitive response to the context and the urge to turn the complex into a full-fledged urban space providing a wide range of functions and experiences.
The Fili Duo
The second phase of the Filicity housing complex, designed by ADM architects, is based on the contrast between a 57-story skyscraper 200 meters high and an 11-story brick house. The high-rise building sets a futuristic vector in Moscow housing architecture.
The Wall and the Tower
The OSA architects have been searching for solutions that could be opposed to the low-rise construction in the center of Khabarovsk, as well as an opportunity to say a new word in the discourse about mass housing.