Working with the four options of facade solutions for a residential quarter in Moscow area's city of Vidnoe, the architects of PANACOM went beyond the task that was offered to them, striving for the Moscow standards of residential projects.
At the investor's commission, the architects came up with a number of options of the facade solutions for the residential quarter that is being designed in the Moscow region, the main function of the façades consisting in making the buildings look comfortable, attractive, and human-proportionate. Still, though, besides this particular task, the architects also tried to endow the project with a number of important qualities that today are becoming the standard in housing projects. It is about designing convenient entrance groups, clear division of the yard and the street space, and saturating the first floors along the inside streets with various public and social functions.
The architects worked with an existing master plan, according to which the project consisted of small-sized quarters of L-shaped buildings and independent two-hallway units stopping the yards. The buildings are no more than seven-eight stories high. Although this residential complex does not have in it the traditional "square" of houses, the separation of the residential yards into public and semi-private territory with limited driving access is clearly readable. Furthermore, the architects stress this by means of design, using, for example, a deeper and more saturated color for the inside façades of the buildings and a lighter color on the outside, as well as various graphic techniques.
Arseniy Leonovich, Founder and chief architect of PANACOM:
"In the first version, we tried fracturing and scaling the façades by means of using color and plastic solutions, as though dividing larger volumes with local "Tetris"-like inserts. The color here also actively marks the inside and outside territory of the quarter: we are getting a denser, more saturated solution on the yard side, and a more opaque large-figured one - turned on the outside.
The options of the façades proposed by PANACOM allow the architects to endow each of the yards with a similar configuration and a characteristic identify giving the opportunity to "read" and correctly identify your "own" house. In the second option, for example, by means of color and active plastics, and at the expense of including projections and embossed panels of different textures, the architects achieve the effect of joining the "different" houses that look as tough they belonged to different times".
Arseniy Leonovich, Founder and chief architect of PANACOM:
This solution works according to the principle of the historical city "gaining momentum", when the small "human-proportional" volumes can be glued to each other, each one having, at the same time, its own facade finish - fence lath, bright red window frames, timber framing, and other decorative elements".
Within the framework of the set sizes of the buildings, PANACOM also worked on optimizing and improving the planning solutions, coming up with several options for the residential sections - from economy to business class. The "casing" also will be changing in accordance with the "contents": for example, in the third option that refers to the business-class format, the buildings are getting wider glazing, while the roof is made usable, with a possibility of placing the recreation area upon it.
The overall plastic solution also includes stanza balconies, while one of the options included the outdoor air conditioning units marked by the red color. In the other versions, the air conditioners - the placement of which is regulated by the appropriate regulations nowadays - are hidden inside the stanza balconies. The plastic solutions also vary along the vertical axis: sections of different height are combined in various ways which goes a long way to form a diverse and interesting skyline.
In all the solutions, the architects paid particular attention to the design of the entrance groups. The new rules and regulations for housing projects that only came into effect in 2015 but have long since become the common decency among all the developers who want to keep abreast of the competition provide for designing the lobbies of residential houses on a level with the yard, so as to make them as accessible as possible, including for people of limited mobility, with clear and convenient navigation. Responding to these requirements, PANACOM designed the hallway entrances with minimal height drop in reference to the yard, and, in accordance with the technical conditions, it is less than half a meter - meaning, two or three steps, with a fair share of glazing, bathrooms, rooms for storing bicycles and go-carts, as well as for the caretaker's office.
"In this project, a lot of intentions were coming from us as architects who already did a number of large-scale town-planning projects, and caused by our desire to convince our customer that a number of critical parameters, without which you cannot do a modern housing project, must be pre-programmed very early on".
The bottom floors of the residential complex are designed with a view to place apartments in them - that was one of the "givens" that the architects had to work with. Nevertheless, realizing that today's residential environment is successfully developing also at the expense of the active stock of the bottom floors opening up to the inner streets of the blocks, the architects provided for the opportunity of turning the "outside perimeter" (where studios and double-room apartments are situated) into a busy residential front.
As part of the project, the architects also developed a landscaping concept uniting one's spacial perception of all the yards and marking them with various art objects, sport fields and playgrounds, recreation places, and original minor sculptural forms.
"Everything that was formulated in Moscow's standards for residential projects is now being actively picked up by the market and the developers. And these many options set by the architects make the ideology that I think is very attractive for the investors and developers. Not so long ago the end result completely depended on the developer's open or narrow mind - but now that we have the city's policy and we have the norms and standards, the developers are forced to offer the product that is guaranteed to be above some certain level. I like this situation very much. We as architects have the mission of bringing the quality of modern comfort to the segment of inexpensive housing, making the stylish and modern housing available to people".
Renovation: the Far East Style
The competition project of renovating two central city blocks of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, developed by UNK project, won the nomination “Architectural and planning solutions of city construction”.
Park of Sentiments
The project of “Romantic Park Tuchkov Buyan”, which was developed by the consortium of Studio 44 and WEST 8, and has won an international competition, combines sculptural landscape design and wooden structures, variety of spatial features and an eventful agenda, designed for diverse audience, with a beautiful and complex passeist idea of a palace park, meant to evoke thoughts and feelings.
Architecture as an Educational Tool
The concept of a charity school “Tochka Budushchego” (“Point of the Future”) in Irkutsk is based on cutting-edge educational programs, and is designed, among other things, for adapting orphaned children for independent life. An important role is played by the architecture of the building: its structure and different types of interconnected spaces.
The Gallery Approach
In this article, we are covering the concept of a Central District Clinic for 240 patients, designed by Ginzburg Architects, which won at a competition organized by the Architects Union and the Healthcare Ministry.
In this issue, we are publishing the concept of a standard clinic designed by UNK Project, which took second place in the competition organized by the Union of Architects of Russia in collaboration with the Healthcare Ministry.
From Foundation to Teaspoon
Based on the taste of their friendly clients, the architects Olga Budennaya and Roman Leonidov designed and built a house in the Moscow metropolitan area playing Art Nouveau. At the same time, they enriched the typology of a private house with modern functions of a garage loft and a children’s art studio.
Continuation and Development
The second “office” stage of Comcity, the most popular business park of the “New Moscow” area, continues the underground street of the already existing part of the complex, responding to its architectural identity.
A Comfortable City in Itself
The project that we are about to cover is seemingly impossible amidst human anthills, chaotically interspersed with old semi-neglected dachas. Meanwhile, the housing complex built on the Comcity business part does offer a comfortable environment of decent city: not excessively high-rise and moderately private as a version of the perfect modern urbanist solution.
Moving on the Edge
The housing complex “Litsa” (“Faces”) on Moscow’s Khodynka Field is one of the new grand-scale buildings that complement the construction around it. This particular building skillfully tackles the scale, subjugating it to the silhouette and the pattern; it also makes the most of the combination of a challenging land site and formidable square footage requirements, packing a whole number of features within one volume, so the house becomes an analogue of a city. And, to cap it all, it looks like a family that securely protects the children playing in the yard from... well, from everything, really.
Visual Stability Agent
A comparatively small house standing on the border of the Bolshevik Factory combines two diametrically opposite features: expensive materials and decorative character of Art Deco, and a wide-spaced, even somewhat brutal, facade grid that highlights a laminated attic.
The Faraday Cage
The project of the boutique apartment complex in the 1st Truzhenikov Lane is the architects’ attempt to squeeze a considerable volume into a tiny spot of land, at the same time making it look graceful and respectable. What came to their rescue was metal, stone, and curvilinear glass.
The Union of Art and Technology
His interest for architecture of the 1930’s is pretty much the guiding star for Stepan Liphart. In his project of the “Amo” house on St. Petersburg’s Vasilyevsky Island, the architect based himself on Moscow Art Deco - aesthetically intricate and decorated in scratch-work technique. As a bonus, he developed the city block typology as an organic structure.
The project that Evgeniy Gerasimov and Partners developed for Moscow’s Leningrad Avenue: the tallest building in the company’s portfolio, continuing the tradition of Moscow’s Stalin architecture.
In the project that they developed for a southern region of Russia, OSA Architects use multilayered facades that create an image of seaside resort architecture, and, in the vein of the latest trends of today, mix up different social groups that the residents belong to.
Just a Mirror for the Sun
The house that Sergey Skuratov designed in Nikolovorobinsky Alley is thought out down to the last detail. It adapts three historical facades, interprets a feeling of a complex city, is composed of many layers, and catches plenty of sunlight, from sunrises to sunsets. The architect himself believes that the main role of this house is creating a background for another nearby project of his, Art House in the Tessinsky Alley.
Part of the Whole
On June 5, the winners of Moscow Architectural Award were announced. The winners list includes the project of a school in Troitsk for 2,100 students, with its own astronomy dome, IT testing ground, museum, and a greenhouse on the roof.
Yet another project of a private school, in which Archimatika realizes the concept of aesthetic education and introduces a new tradition: combining Scandinavian and Soviet experience, turning to works of art, and implementing sustainable technologies.
In the “Parallel House” residence that he designed in the Moscow metropolitan area, the architect Roman Leonidov created a dramatic sculptural composition from totally basic shapes – parallelepipeds, whose collision turned into an exciting show.
In the Istra district of Moscow metropolitan area, the tandem of 4izmerenie and ARS-ST designed a sports complex – a monovolume that has the shape of a chamfered parallelepiped with a pointed “nose” like a ship’s bow.
Stairway to Heaven
The project of a hotel in the settlement of Yantarny is an example of a new recreational complex typology, and a new format that unites the hotel, the business, and the cultural functions. All of this is complemented by 100% integration with nature.
Cape of Good Hope
In this issue, we are showing all the seven projects that participated in a closed-door competition to create a concept for the headquarters of Gazprom Neft, as well as provide expert opinions on those projects.
The Outer Space
Honoring the 300th anniversary of the Kuznetsk coal fields in 2021, a new passenger terminal of the Aleksey Leonov Airport in the city of Kemerovo will be built, designed by GK Spectrum and ASADOV Architectural Bureau.
The Pivot of Narkomfin Building
Ginzburg Architects finished the restoration of the Narkomfin Building’s laundry unit – one of the most important elements of the famous monument of Soviet avant-garde architecture.
The housing complex “Respublika” is so large that it can be arguably called a micro-town, yet, at the same time, it easily overcomes most of the problems that usually arise with mass housing construction. How could Archimatika achieve that? We are examining that on the example of the first stage of the complex.
The Flowing Lines
The five houses of the “Svoboda” block belonging to the “Simvol” residential complex present a vivid example of all-rounded work performed by the architects on an integral fragment of the city, which became the embodiment of the approach to architecture that hitherto was not to be seen anywhere in Moscow: everything is subjected to the flow of lines – something like a stream, enhanced by the powerful pattern of the facades akin to “super-graphics”.
A City by the Water
The concept of a large-scale housing development at the edge of Voronezh, near the city reservoir, or “the sea”, as it is locally called, uses the waterside height difference to create a sophisticated public space, paying a lot of attention to the distribution of masses that determine the look of the future complex if viewed from the opposite bank of the river.
A Journey to the Country of Art Deco
The “Little France” residential complex on the 20th line of the Vasilyevsky Island presents an interesting make-believe dialogue between its architect, Stepan Liphart, the architect of the New Hermitage, masters of the Silver Age, and Soviet Art Deco, about interesting professional topics, such as a house with a courtyard in the historical center of Saint Petersburg, and the balance between the wall and the stained glass in the architectonics of the facade. Here are the results of this make-believe conversation.
A House in a Port
This housing complex on the Dvinskaya Street is the first case of modern architecture on the Gutuevsky Island. The architectural bureau “A-Len” thoroughly explores the context and creates a landmark for further transformations of this area of Saint Petersburg.
Balance of Infill Development
Anatoly Stolyarchuk Architectural Studio is designing a house that inadvertently prevails over the surrounding buildings, yet still tries to peacefully coexist with the surrounding environment, taking it to a next level.
The Precious Space
Evolution Design and T+T Architects reported about the completion of the interior design project of Sberbank headquarters on the Kutuzovsky Avenue. In the center of the atrium, hovers the “Diamant” meeting room; everything looks like a chest full of treasures, including the ones of a hi-tech kind.
Big Little Victory
In a small-sized school located in Domodedovo in Moscow metropolitan area, ASADOV_ architects did a skillful job of tackling the constraints presented by the modest budget and strict spatial limitations – they designed sunlit classrooms, comfortable lounges, and even a multi-height atrium with an amphitheater, which became the center of school life.
The Social Biology of Landscape
The list of new typologies of public spaces and public projects has been expanded yet again — thanks to Wowhaus. This time around, this company came up with a groundbreaking by Russian standards approach to creating a place where people and animals can communicate.
Watched by the Angels from up Above
Held in the General Staff building of the Hermitage Museum, the anniversary exhibition of “Studio 44” is ambitious and diverse. The exhibition was designed to give a comprehensive showcase of the company’s architecture in a whole number of ways: through video, models, drawings, installations, and finally, through a real-life project, the Enfilade, which the exhibition opens up, intensifies, and makes work the way it was originally intended.
A New Version of the Old City
The house at Malaya Ordynka, 19, fits in perfectly with the lineup of the street, looking even as if it straightened the street up a little, setting a new tone for it – a tone of texture, glitter, “sunny” warmth, and, at the same time, reserved balance of everything that makes the architecture of an expensive modern house.
Stepan Liphart: “Standing your ground is the right thing to do”
A descendant of German industrialists, “Jophan’s son”, and an architect, speaks about how studying architectural orders tempers one’s character, and how a team of just a few people can design grand-scale housing projects to be built in the center of Saint Petersburg. Also: Santa Claus appearing in a Stalin high-rise, an arch portal to the outer space, mannerism painting, and the palaces of Paris – all covered in an interview with Stepan Liphart.
Honey and Copper
In the Moscow area, the architect Roman Leonidov designed the “Cool House” residence, very much in the spirit of Frank Lloyd Wright, spreading it parallel to the ground, and accentuating the horizontal lines in it. The color composition is based on juxtaposition of warm wood of a honey hue and cold copper blue.
The Ring on the Saisara Lake
The building of the Philharmonic Hall and the Theater of Yakut Epos, standing on the shore of the sacred lake, is inscribed into an epic circle and contains three volumes, reminiscent of the traditional national housing. The roof is akin to the Alaas – a Yakut village standing around a lake. In spite of its rich conceptual agenda, the project remains volumetrically abstract, and keeps up a light form, making the most of its transparency, multiple layers, and reflections.
Architecture of Evanescence
On the Vernadskogo Avenue, next to the metro station, appeared a high-rise landmark that transformed the entire area: designed by UNK Project, the “Academic” business center uncovered, in the form of its architecture, the meanings of the local place names.