По-русски

​Leaf Code

In the Nauchny Proezd, an office center has been remodeled upon the project by ADM achitects.

author pht

Written by:
Julia Tarabarina
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

16 October 2014
Object
mainImg
Business park in the Nauchny Proezd. Photo courtesy by ADM / Anatoly Shostak


We already covered this project in our previous issues: built back in the 1970's in the hideous and faceless soviet style, the Vitamins Research Institute, located in the Nauchny Proezd next to "Kaluzhskaya" metro station, was in a desperate need of remodeling. By the moment the remodeling started, the building already no longer functioned as a research center but was just renting out its office premises.

"And after the complex was completely "redressed" upon the ADM project, Moscow's southwest got, not far away from the Gasprom HQ, something that could be arguably called a unique “Smart Park” business quarter. 


Business park in the Nauchny Proezd. Photo courtesy by ADM / Anatoly Shostak

The starting point that the architects took for designing the Smart Park concept was its very environment. The business park occupies an area of two hectares and in the summertime it is so saturated with verdure that the visual border between the office buildings and the nature practically disappears. "What we did was boost this impression, making the unity of the buildings and the nature the trademark technique of our project, the golden thread that runs through it - Andrew Romanov shares - and we selected our materials in accordance with this idea: the wood-imitating alpolic, and the painted panels of fiber-cement". 

From these, relatively unassuming, materials coupled with glass, the architects made new facades that helped transform the awkward proportions of the not-too-gracious late-soviet buildings into more elegant, multilayer, and dramatic ones. The composition of the facades, as the architect puts it, resembles the furniture doors: the "open shutters" effect is created by the panels that are placed perpendicular to the facade surface - as if they were some kind of little doors rotating on a pivot - even though they perform the function of firmly fastened lamellae that protect the windows from the slanted sunbeams and thus create an interesting play of light and shade on the facades. This theme is supported by the uneven breadth of the panels that stay within the facade surface: one could think that they are capable of sliding over the rails of the double L beams. In actuality, the shutters do not either slide or turn but they endow the facade with an intrigue without turning it into a mechanical toy (the latter, though, would have been impossible with the modest budget of the reconstruction). The metallic guiding rails are also placed not quite in the places that one might think at first sight they would be: it seems like the intermediate floor must be placed directly behind them but in actuality the floor is placed higher up - what from the outside is perceived as the top of the window in fact conceals the windowsill behind it. "To a large extent, this is a decorative technique that allows to create the dramatic facade - Andrew Romanov explains – thus, what we see is a case of successful camouflage, something that is seemingly the direct opposite of the modernist principle of "reflecting the truth of the construction" but still resonant with what Le Corbusier said about the independence of the hang-on facade. Since this facade is merely a screen, it is free to play by its own rules”.

The metallic guiding rails and the wooden "shutters" make the visual framework; deeper inside the surface of the facade, the inserts of the fiber cement panels fall together to make horizontal bands, forming above the windows some semblance of a lambrequin with curtains, or, "forehead", as the Russian people of the XVII century would have said (from the outside, the green inserts look nothing short of the "top" of the window, although in actuality they are the lower partition wall and the floor line is situated exactly in the bottom part of the green band, an interesting visual effect). The vertical partitions of the main entrance building turned out a bit thicker, the wooden panels alternating with the green inserts there. 


Business park in the Nauchny Proezd. Photo courtesy by ADM / Anatoly Shostak

The facade grid that we just described is the main story of this reconstruction embellished by a few details: the "wooden" grilles in the top part of the buildings and on the walls of the substation in the courtyard, the pristine gray metal of the window frames matching the color of the L-beams, and the salad-green rectangles of the unit doors whose numbers are written in thin but very large numbers. 


Business park in the Nauchny Proezd. Photo courtesy by ADM / Anatoly Shostak

The buildings in the yard of the main entrance building decrease their height in a gradual way - from five to three and even two floors - and consist of sections, each building being long but having a lot of hallway units in it with a stairwell in the middle of each one. Due to the fact that the breadth of these buildings is also considerable, the architects lighted up the stairways with a "light well": the exit to the roof is executed in the shape of a pavilion with walls made of glass, and because there are two or three floors here, this pavilion does a good job of letting a lot of daylight inside. On the roofs of the minor buildings, the architects are planning to organize terraces - the wooden paving and the aluminum railings are already there. 


Business park in the Nauchny Proezd. Photo courtesy by ADM / Anatoly Shostak

The architects were able to arrange the had scraping and the backlighting in such a way that the complex really looks like one indivisible whole, like a well-drawn painting whose with every little detail of it thought out by its careful author. Thus, the architects neatly inscribe into the paving the lines of the parking marks and even the numbers of the parking stalls, the alpolic grilles on the buildings echo the real ones around the benches and the trash bins. 


Business park in the Nauchny Proezd. Photo courtesy by ADM / Anatoly Shostak


Business park in the Nauchny Proezd. Photo courtesy by ADM / Anatoly Shostak

When ADM architects came here, this territory looked like a wasteland overgrown with trees - and the architects were able to keep them intact and even add new man-planted ones. 

Today the trees do not look exactly like the garden type - but no longer "wild" anyway; upon entering the yard, one first sees the neat landscaping job that is probably the first thing here to catch the eye. The second impression must be the differences between the territories: the first yard is larger and it has more contrastive things about it - trees and shade on the one side, and pavement and more light on the other. The other yard is long, light and transparent in some "autumn" fashion. Both buildings that form this yard are low-rise, two and three floors high, but their very floors are taller and the grid's proportions here are vertical, they have more glass in them (it is here that one notices that the massiveness of the first building is but partly concealed by the decorative techniques). Together with the not-too-abundant trees and the striped rhythm of the pavement, the whole thing looks like a light autumn-transparent watercolor painting. The architects also landscaped the "adjacent territory": the small parking lot before the entrance and the tousle next to the driveway's bend; while formally unrelated to the territory is question, they are now organized in pretty much the same way: the cut grass, the curvilinear trails, the paving... this mini-park became something like the welcoming facade of the whole complex.


Business park in the Nauchny Proezd. Photo courtesy by ADM / Anatoly Shostak

This is not the most important thing, though. Getting the overgrown land site (one that was also historically tied to the "vitamin" institute), the architects managed to make the buildings of the remodeled office center take on an "assimilative coloration" of the environment, and they were quite successful in it, too. The ever-shifting grid of green and ochre spots looks like a continuation of the thicket, only brought to a geometric order. This place might become the haunt of elfs, if there are modernists among them - the level of "resonant transparency" here, especially in the second yard, is quite a "non-Moscow". 

In order to get a better understanding of what the architects really achieved here, one has to go outside to the Nauchny Proezd and take a good look around but, better still, drive down its loop as far as the Profsoyuznaya Street. Among the buildings of the soviet and post-soviet era, the former "vitamin" institute looks now like a glitter in the darkness. It even appears in a different way - it does not loom as a huge monster but looks as if it were woven from the leaves and dappled shadows, shooting up from the coppice. It looks as though it has a different "gene code", looks as if, being of the native population of this land, it has always been here and has finally manifested itself - somehow you do not even doubt that it is the real thing. A great way to fit in with the context, I think.


16 October 2014

author pht

Written by:

Julia Tarabarina
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
​Renovation: the Far East Style
The competition project of renovating two central city blocks of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, developed by UNK project, won the nomination “Architectural and planning solutions of city construction”.
Park of Sentiments
The project of “Romantic Park Tuchkov Buyan”, which was developed by the consortium of Studio 44 and WEST 8, and has won an international competition, combines sculptural landscape design and wooden structures, variety of spatial features and an eventful agenda, designed for diverse audience, with a beautiful and complex passeist idea of a palace park, meant to evoke thoughts and feelings.
​Architecture as an Educational Tool
The concept of a charity school “Tochka Budushchego” (“Point of the Future”) in Irkutsk is based on cutting-edge educational programs, and is designed, among other things, for adapting orphaned children for independent life. An important role is played by the architecture of the building: its structure and different types of interconnected spaces.
​The Gallery Approach
In this article, we are covering the concept of a Central District Clinic for 240 patients, designed by Ginzburg Architects, which won at a competition organized by the Architects Union and the Healthcare Ministry.
Health Constructor
In this issue, we are publishing the concept of a standard clinic designed by UNK Project, which took second place in the competition organized by the Union of Architects of Russia in collaboration with the Healthcare Ministry.
From Foundation to Teaspoon
Based on the taste of their friendly clients, the architects Olga Budennaya and Roman Leonidov designed and built a house in the Moscow metropolitan area playing Art Nouveau. At the same time, they enriched the typology of a private house with modern functions of a garage loft and a children’s art studio.
Continuation and Development
The second “office” stage of Comcity, the most popular business park of the “New Moscow” area, continues the underground street of the already existing part of the complex, responding to its architectural identity.
​The Aperture Effect
For a housing complex built in the town of Pushkino in the Moscow metropolitan area, KPLN Architects designed facades that adjust the stream of light by using the wall geometry.
​A Comfortable City in Itself
The project that we are about to cover is seemingly impossible amidst human anthills, chaotically interspersed with old semi-neglected dachas. Meanwhile, the housing complex built on the Comcity business part does offer a comfortable environment of decent city: not excessively high-rise and moderately private as a version of the perfect modern urbanist solution.
Moving on the Edge
The housing complex “Litsa” (“Faces”) on Moscow’s Khodynka Field is one of the new grand-scale buildings that complement the construction around it. This particular building skillfully tackles the scale, subjugating it to the silhouette and the pattern; it also makes the most of the combination of a challenging land site and formidable square footage requirements, packing a whole number of features within one volume, so the house becomes an analogue of a city. And, to cap it all, it looks like a family that securely protects the children playing in the yard from... well, from everything, really.
Visual Stability Agent
A comparatively small house standing on the border of the Bolshevik Factory combines two diametrically opposite features: expensive materials and decorative character of Art Deco, and a wide-spaced, even somewhat brutal, facade grid that highlights a laminated attic.
The Faraday Cage
The project of the boutique apartment complex in the 1st Truzhenikov Lane is the architects’ attempt to squeeze a considerable volume into a tiny spot of land, at the same time making it look graceful and respectable. What came to their rescue was metal, stone, and curvilinear glass.
Color and Line
The new successful techniques developed by A.Len for designing a kindergarten under budget constraints: the mosaic of irregular windows and working with color.
The Union of Art and Technology
His interest for architecture of the 1930’s is pretty much the guiding star for Stepan Liphart. In his project of the “Amo” house on St. Petersburg’s Vasilyevsky Island, the architect based himself on Moscow Art Deco - aesthetically intricate and decorated in scratch-work technique. As a bonus, he developed the city block typology as an organic structure.
The Countdown
The project that Evgeniy Gerasimov and Partners developed for Moscow’s Leningrad Avenue: the tallest building in the company’s portfolio, continuing the tradition of Moscow’s Stalin architecture.
White Town
In the project that they developed for a southern region of Russia, OSA Architects use multilayered facades that create an image of seaside resort architecture, and, in the vein of the latest trends of today, mix up different social groups that the residents belong to.
​Just a Mirror for the Sun
The house that Sergey Skuratov designed in Nikolovorobinsky Alley is thought out down to the last detail. It adapts three historical facades, interprets a feeling of a complex city, is composed of many layers, and catches plenty of sunlight, from sunrises to sunsets. The architect himself believes that the main role of this house is creating a background for another nearby project of his, Art House in the Tessinsky Alley.
​Part of the Whole
On June 5, the winners of Moscow Architectural Award were announced. The winners list includes the project of a school in Troitsk for 2,100 students, with its own astronomy dome, IT testing ground, museum, and a greenhouse on the roof.
Pedagogical Architecture
Yet another project of a private school, in which Archimatika realizes the concept of aesthetic education and introduces a new tradition: combining Scandinavian and Soviet experience, turning to works of art, and implementing sustainable technologies.
​Rational Arrangement
In this article, we are examining a complex of buildings and interiors of the first stage of the project that has recently become extremely popular – the Kommunarka clinic.
​Parallel Universe
In the “Parallel House” residence that he designed in the Moscow metropolitan area, the architect Roman Leonidov created a dramatic sculptural composition from totally basic shapes – parallelepipeds, whose collision turned into an exciting show.
​Breakwater
In the Istra district of Moscow metropolitan area, the tandem of 4izmerenie and ARS-ST designed a sports complex – a monovolume that has the shape of a chamfered parallelepiped with a pointed “nose” like a ship’s bow.
​Stairway to Heaven
The project of a hotel in the settlement of Yantarny is an example of a new recreational complex typology, and a new format that unites the hotel, the business, and the cultural functions. All of this is complemented by 100% integration with nature.
​Cape of Good Hope
In this issue, we are showing all the seven projects that participated in a closed-door competition to create a concept for the headquarters of Gazprom Neft, as well as provide expert opinions on those projects.
​Waves of Sound
The conceptual design of a music school: proximity to an Alvar Aalto building, expressive organics, and an attempt to draw public attention to a “low-profile” competition.
​The Outer Space
Honoring the 300th anniversary of the Kuznetsk coal fields in 2021, a new passenger terminal of the Aleksey Leonov Airport in the city of Kemerovo will be built, designed by GK Spectrum and ASADOV Architectural Bureau.
​The Pivot of Narkomfin Building
Ginzburg Architects finished the restoration of the Narkomfin Building’s laundry unit – one of the most important elements of the famous monument of Soviet avant-garde architecture.
​Wicker Vitality
Next to the Dubrovka metro station, ADM has designed a Vitality housing complex with a polychrome mixture of Klinker brick on its ridged facades.
​Freedom Factory
The housing complex “Respublika” is so large that it can be arguably called a micro-town, yet, at the same time, it easily overcomes most of the problems that usually arise with mass housing construction. How could Archimatika achieve that? We are examining that on the example of the first stage of the complex.
​The Flowing Lines
The five houses of the “Svoboda” block belonging to the “Simvol” residential complex present a vivid example of all-rounded work performed by the architects on an integral fragment of the city, which became the embodiment of the approach to architecture that hitherto was not to be seen anywhere in Moscow: everything is subjected to the flow of lines – something like a stream, enhanced by the powerful pattern of the facades akin to “super-graphics”.
​A City by the Water
The concept of a large-scale housing development at the edge of Voronezh, near the city reservoir, or “the sea”, as it is locally called, uses the waterside height difference to create a sophisticated public space, paying a lot of attention to the distribution of masses that determine the look of the future complex if viewed from the opposite bank of the river.
A Journey to the Country of Art Deco
The “Little France” residential complex on the 20th line of the Vasilyevsky Island presents an interesting make-believe dialogue between its architect, Stepan Liphart, the architect of the New Hermitage, masters of the Silver Age, and Soviet Art Deco, about interesting professional topics, such as a house with a courtyard in the historical center of Saint Petersburg, and the balance between the wall and the stained glass in the architectonics of the facade. Here are the results of this make-believe conversation.
​A House in a Port
This housing complex on the Dvinskaya Street is the first case of modern architecture on the Gutuevsky Island. The architectural bureau “A-Len” thoroughly explores the context and creates a landmark for further transformations of this area of Saint Petersburg.
​Balance of Infill Development
Anatoly Stolyarchuk Architectural Studio is designing a house that inadvertently prevails over the surrounding buildings, yet still tries to peacefully coexist with the surrounding environment, taking it to a next level.
​The Precious Space
Evolution Design and T+T Architects reported about the completion of the interior design project of Sberbank headquarters on the Kutuzovsky Avenue. In the center of the atrium, hovers the “Diamant” meeting room; everything looks like a chest full of treasures, including the ones of a hi-tech kind.
​Big Little Victory
In a small-sized school located in Domodedovo in Moscow metropolitan area, ASADOV_ architects did a skillful job of tackling the constraints presented by the modest budget and strict spatial limitations – they designed sunlit classrooms, comfortable lounges, and even a multi-height atrium with an amphitheater, which became the center of school life.
​The Social Biology of Landscape
The list of new typologies of public spaces and public projects has been expanded yet again — thanks to Wowhaus. This time around, this company came up with a groundbreaking by Russian standards approach to creating a place where people and animals can communicate.
​Watched by the Angels from up Above
Held in the General Staff building of the Hermitage Museum, the anniversary exhibition of “Studio 44” is ambitious and diverse. The exhibition was designed to give a comprehensive showcase of the company’s architecture in a whole number of ways: through video, models, drawings, installations, and finally, through a real-life project, the Enfilade, which the exhibition opens up, intensifies, and makes work the way it was originally intended.
​A New Version of the Old City
The house at Malaya Ordynka, 19, fits in perfectly with the lineup of the street, looking even as if it straightened the street up a little, setting a new tone for it – a tone of texture, glitter, “sunny” warmth, and, at the same time, reserved balance of everything that makes the architecture of an expensive modern house.
Stepan Liphart: “Standing your ground is the right thing to do”
A descendant of German industrialists, “Jophan’s son”, and an architect, speaks about how studying architectural orders tempers one’s character, and how a team of just a few people can design grand-scale housing projects to be built in the center of Saint Petersburg. Also: Santa Claus appearing in a Stalin high-rise, an arch portal to the outer space, mannerism painting, and the palaces of Paris – all covered in an interview with Stepan Liphart.
​Honey and Copper
In the Moscow area, the architect Roman Leonidov designed the “Cool House” residence, very much in the spirit of Frank Lloyd Wright, spreading it parallel to the ground, and accentuating the horizontal lines in it. The color composition is based on juxtaposition of warm wood of a honey hue and cold copper blue.
​The Ring on the Saisara Lake
The building of the Philharmonic Hall and the Theater of Yakut Epos, standing on the shore of the sacred lake, is inscribed into an epic circle and contains three volumes, reminiscent of the traditional national housing. The roof is akin to the Alaas – a Yakut village standing around a lake. In spite of its rich conceptual agenda, the project remains volumetrically abstract, and keeps up a light form, making the most of its transparency, multiple layers, and reflections.
Architecture of Evanescence
On the Vernadskogo Avenue, next to the metro station, appeared a high-rise landmark that transformed the entire area: designed by UNK Project, the “Academic” business center uncovered, in the form of its architecture, the meanings of the local place names.