По-русски

A High-Rise Erector Set

In this article, we are examining one of the projects submitted for a closed-door competition for a housing complex to be built in the north of Moscow. The KPLN architects proposed a simple volumetric pair of 100 meter high towers, united by a common sculptural design based on laconic contrast, yet dramatic at the same time. Another interesting thing is an oval yard that is “carved out” in the stylobate roof.

Tatiana Shovskaya Julia Tarabarina

Written by:
Tatiana Shovskaya, Julia Tarabarina
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

04 August 2022
mainImg
Architect:
Sergey Nikeshkin
The project was prepared for a closed-door competition, conducted in 2021 for a land site in the north of Moscow. The land of the former industrial parks lying between the Dmitrovskoe Highway and the Northeast Chord is a spacious and convenient place for new construction; currently, it is being intensively developed with various housing projects. Across the street from the site in question, there is an already-complete large housing complex built by a well-established development company; nearby, there is yet another one, consisting of blocks of varying colors and heights. Today, the client is developing the neighboring site. The project that we are examining in this article did not win the competition; such projects are rather numerous in Moscow today, and we believe it will be interesting to cover them later on as well. At the architects’ request, the exact location of the site remains undisclosed.

The construction territory is not excessively large for the planned height: 1 hectare for two 100-meter towers. The height is justified by both significant density of the neighboring complexes and the remoteness from the city center. At the same time, the volumetric and spatial solution in this case is different from the ones implemented in the nearby housing complexes: in this case, the architects and the customer agreed on the format of towers on a stylobate, which has been popular in Moscow in recent years, naturally combining the volumetric features of three-dimensional construction with the technology of laconic, yet at the same time not devoid of texture, facades.

Ilmensky Level housing complex
Copyright: © KPLN


On the plan, the towers look elongated, and are nothing like a perfect square, which yields a small corridor running on either side of the elevator core. Their volumes are placed along the borders of the site at a 90-degree angle, and are fitted with cantilevered structures on one of the side ends: the “head” of the tower positioned crosswise “gazes” upon the street outside, the other one is positioned longitudinally, gazing south. This way, a dialogue appears, and at a first glance one may think that the cantilevers are identical, but then you realize that one of them is significantly higher, and you can imagine that these two volumes are matching pieces of one simple puzzle that you can turn round, put together – and they will fit perfectly. This is a very common and fail-proof technique for coming up with flashy and laconic solutions for large-scale forms.

Ilmensky Level housing complex
Copyright: © KPLN


This “turning” game continues on the facades, albeit in a different way: the facades launch a narrative of their own because the street is overlooked by glass surfaces, and the sidewalls are executed in brick. Thus, it turns out that in one case glass is used on the sidewalls, and in the other on the longitudinal surface: as if the building’s redline was “sliced” with some hot wire so that the surface around the cut melted slightly.

The regular and the tinted kinds of glass form one single surface; it is livened up by asymmetric pixel inserts of glass of a lighter shade, whose strokes unite each two floors. The brick is dark, and the facades made of it are interpreted as a textured grid of multiple piers, not devoid of the inherent classic character of American skyscrapers: a flat frieze band on top and vertical “blades” running the entire height of the building.

Ilmensky Level housing complex
Copyright: © KPLN


Inside this grid, the windows are separated by slim horizontals, also indulging in pixel asymmetry, rather lively, and – thanks to the recessed balconies – volumetric, akin to some kind of an ancient “cave” city. This way, two surfaces appear: one can see in them a contrast between black and white, earth and sky, yet at the same time rendered more subtle by the nuances of the transparency and the color of the glass, as well as the color and the texture of the brick facades. Furthermore, this pixelization of glass is something like a projection of the brick relief, which brings us back to the “slice” associations: one can easily imagine that the towers are “made” of a material with a certain uneven internal structure, which is rough and textured on the outer surface, but behaves differently on the polished section – retaining at the same time the general principles of construction. This is also one of the ways to endow this pair of buildings with internal integrity; in this case, it is combined with the material component and context – brick responds to the facades of neighboring complexes, while the glass sets a new theme.

  • zooming
    Ilmensky Level housing complex. Version 1
    Copyright: © KPLN
  • zooming
    Ilmensky Level housing complex. Version 1
    Copyright: © KPLN


The apartment range of the complex correlates with its form making. As a matter of fact, it is the changes in the floor plans that determine the changes in the plastique of the volumes, and this organic combination is something that the architect Sergey Nikeshkin believes to be very important. One tower has in it two types of floor-by-floor plans, the other has three. In the floor plans of the upper floors, the apartments become larger, the share of studios shrinking. Each of the towers is equipped with just one vertical communication core, which spells a corridor system, but this does not affect the floor plans negatively – the complex refers to economy class, and the overwhelming majority of the residential units is constituted by studios and single-room apartments, which by definition are designed in lines, and the larger apartments are placed at the building’s sidewalls. The entrances of the two towers are see-through, and their lobbies are designed as a double-height space.

  • zooming
    1 / 7
    Ilmensky Level housing complex. Plan of the 1st floor
    Copyright: © KPLN
  • zooming
    2 / 7
    Ilmensky Level housing complex. A simplified plan, type 1
    Copyright: © KPLN
  • zooming
    3 / 7
    Ilmensky Level housing complex. A simplified plan, type 2
    Copyright: © KPLN
  • zooming
    4 / 7
    Ilmensky Level housing complex. A simplified plan, type 3
    Copyright: © KPLN
  • zooming
    5 / 7
    Ilmensky Level housing complex. Plan of the parking garage
    Copyright: © KPLN
  • zooming
    6 / 7
    Ilmensky Level housing complex
    Copyright: © KPLN
  • zooming
    7 / 7
    Ilmensky Level housing complex. A section view
    Copyright: © KPLN


The towers rest on a stylobate that occupies the entire site almost on the redlines. The stylobate, in turn, organizes the courtyard and hosts a set of necessary functions – stores, a kindergarten, and other public places.

Ilmensky Level housing complex. The functional zoning
Copyright: © KPLN


The oval yard on the stylobate’s roof refers to the images that are rather unusual for Moscow suburbs, for example, to squares of late Italian Renaissance – amongst the former industrial parks shooting off housing complexes, this technique looks unconventional and positive. The roof of the stylobate grows lower as we go deeper inside the block – the father away from the highway the quieter; in addition, its space is double-height, which enhances the privacy of some zones, making them look separate from the street outside, at the same time maintaining the visual contact with the city. This “distributed zoning”, generally valuable in high-rise projects, where the residents value not only their own apartments, but also a competently organized fragment of the city of their own – is a very interesting feature of this project.

  • zooming
    1 / 3
    Ilmensky Level housing complex. Axonometry
    Copyright: © KPLN
  • zooming
    2 / 3
    Ilmensky Level housing complex. An axonometric section view
    Copyright: © KPLN
  • zooming
    3 / 3
    Ilmensky Level housing complex. The master plan
    Copyright: © KPLN


***

The contest, however, was won by this project. 



The Level Seligerskaya project can be seen on the website https://наш.дом.рф/

The authors of the final version according to the project declaration: Metropolis & Simple Project.

Architect:
Sergey Nikeshkin

04 August 2022

Tatiana Shovskaya Julia Tarabarina

Written by:

Tatiana Shovskaya, Julia Tarabarina
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
​A Circular Arrangement
The project by UNK interiors, which won in the competition for the “Zagorye” metro station, is resonant to the ideas of the surrounding industrial and housing construction thanks to its modular laconic shapes. At the same time, the station is “all metal”, which is a nod towards the name of the nearby Lipetskaya Street because Lipetsk is a metallurgical center. One could expect that the authors would fall for the brutal images of metallurgy and blast furnaces but the project turned out to be light and laconic – we are examining why.
A Complex Dimension of a Dream
The TOTEMENT/PAPER project by Levon Airapetov and Valeria Preobrazhenskaya became, as was announced in the beginning of August, the winner of the competition for designing “Ostrov Mechty” (“Dream Island”) metro station. Contrastive graphics, united by a common method of geometric composition, “grows into the volume”, gets embellished with color, and ultimately results in a compound solution that seemed to us nothing short of exceptional. Below, we examine the construction method and keep our fingers crossed for the project to be implemented the way it should be – it would be exciting to see it become a reality.
The Beams of Energy Effectiveness
On August 22, Berlin saw an official opening of the new HQ of the energy company Vattenfall, the office complex named EDGE. One of its buildings is Germany’s biggest wood hybrid building. The term means that its supporting frame is made of glued timber, but in certain places wood cooperates with metal, reinforced concrete and fiberglass. Below, we are sharing about the inner design of this structure, not just environmentally friendly but energy efficient as well.
Inside Out: Pavilions of Eternity
The reconstruction of the warehouses of the Spit of Nizhny Novgorod – they opened in the beginning of June as concert and exhibition halls – became, without exaggeration, the event of the year, both in the field of culture and architecture. Their story seems to us to be extremely attention-worthy from the point of view of discovering, researching, and protecting this monument to engineering thought of the 19th century. At the same time, the solution proposed by Sergey Tchoban on how to adjust and how to expose these structures is as relevant as it is bold and unconventional – on the edge of temporary, timeless, and eternal.
A High-Rise Erector Set
In this article, we are examining one of the projects submitted for a closed-door competition for a housing complex to be built in the north of Moscow. The KPLN architects proposed a simple volumetric pair of 100 meter high towers, united by a common sculptural design based on laconic contrast, yet dramatic at the same time. Another interesting thing is an oval yard that is “carved out” in the stylobate roof.
The Leisure Culture
In the new extra building of the Klyazma resort center, whose project was developed by KPLN, the aesthetics of Soviet modernist architecture is combined with modern ideas of how leisure activities should be organized.
The White Grove
This project by “Ginzburg Architects” scored first place in the international competition for a draft project of a Cathedral Mosque in Kazan, dedicated to the 1100th anniversary of the adoption of Islam in Volga Bulgaria. The concept of a “white garden”, which the architects presented in modern shapes, interprets the rules and notions of Islam and refers to historical figures. Below, we are examining the project in detail.
Triangle Function
The eccentric shape of this thin slab that expands upwards is not a formal gesture but the UNK architects’ response to the site’s requirements and the technical and economic performance specifications. The solutions are modernist, cost-effective, and functional. The building is terraced, the side ends are accentuated with a “slab” shift, and the wide facades are composed of triangular bay windows.
The Shelter of a Digital Wanderer
The apartment hotel that GAFA designed for the central district of Moscow offers its guests living the habitual routine through a new spatial experience, and claims the status of a new landmark as well.
The Takeoff of a Multifunctional Approach
ASADOV architects presented a concept of developing the old airport in Rostov-on-Don. A four kilometer long boulevard stretching in the stead of the former runway and the block housing, multiplied by a wide range of business and public functions, possibly including the governmental one, will allow this area to claim the role of a new attraction point with a high level of self-sufficiency.
A Ringlet Bridge
The project of a pedestrian bridge, proposed by the architectural company ATRIUM, headed by Vera Butko and Anton Nadtochiy, for the city of Almaty, Kazakhstan, became the winner of the A+A Awards organized by the Architizer portal in the “Unbuilt Transportation” nomination. The bridge is indeed a stunner: a “hanging garden” in concrete tubs of columns, suspended over a city highway, is fitted with ringlets of wooden ramps, which in the bridge’s key point form an element of national ornament.
​Consistency of the Method
Marking its 35th anniversary, Reserve Union (officially named OOO TPO Reserve in Russia) used the venue of the Arch Moscow convention to showcase its hitherto unannounced projects. We asked Vladimir Plotkin a few questions, and we are showing a few pictures – without any captions yet.
Vladimir Plotkin: “Our profession is complex, vulnerable, and sometimes defenseless against...
As part of the editorial project devoted to the high-rise and high-density construction that Moscow is seeing in recent years, we spoke to the leading architect of CU Reserve Vladimir Plotkin, the author of many grand-scale – and high-profile – buildings of this city. We spoke about an architect’s role and his tasks in the mega-construction process, about the drive of the megalopolis, about the strong sides of mixed and multifunctional construction, and about the methods of organizing big forms.
Upping the Stakes
The concept of a housing complex in Samara from T+T Architects: a new landmark in the cityscape, view of the Zhiguli Mountains, and VR technologies.
The Book Sanctuary
Reconstructed and renovated by Studio 44, the building of Vladimir Mayakovsky Public Library received modern technical content, at the same time becoming closer to its authentic image from the times when it was part of the compound of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra.
In Tune with Mendelsohn
The “Kersten House” standing next to the “Krasnoye Znamya” (“Red Banner”) factory fits in with the tactful course adopted by Anatoly Stolyarchuk studio: it allows of no historical stylization, yet at the same time is quite respectful of the surrounding context.
​Foothills and Peaks
Developed by OSA, the concept of revitalization of the territory of Stankoagregat plant combines two scales: extreme-high towers and relatively “human-friendly” urban villas. In the conditions of ultra-dense construction, this solution makes it possible to vacate territories for public spaces and trees, as well as adapt the project for the conditions of the changing market.
City in the Stream
The books by Genplan Institute of Moscow, published for the Institute’s 70th anniversary and for the coinciding exhibition, are the most amazing three-volume edition that I ever saw: the books are totally different, yet packed in one box. This, on the other hand, is justified by the specifics of each of the volumes, the diversity of approaches to processing information used in them, and the complexity of the material as such: town planning is a multifaceted science, bordering on art.
Stop the [special operetion]!
The collective letter Russian architects was published here the 26.02.2022. Now, 04.03.2022, it's text is edited according the new law of the Russian Federation. All the signatures, more than 6800, are deleted, as well as weblinks. But we coserved the edited text for the history.
​Shape of the Winery
In this article, we are telling you more about the development of the shape and the implementation of the “Skalisty Bereg” (“Rocky Shore”) winery, designed by Alexander Balabin and his company “Severin-Project” in the Krasnodar Territory, and one of the finalists of WAF 2021.
​An Architectural Reality Show
Roman Leonidov, the well-known architect of luxury countryside residences, about which Archi.ru repeatedly wrote, launched a new online project called “Build YOUR House” on his YouTube channel.
​Buyan and the Court Quarter
The news about cancellation of the Tuchkov Buyan park has been stirring the minds of people of St. Petersburg for a week already. In the absence of any verified specific information, we discussed the situation with the architects of the park and the Court Quarter: Nikita Yavein and Evgeny Gerasimov.