По-русски

​The Possibility of Flight

The project of the airport, which ASADOV Architects developed for the city of Tobolsk, and which won in the architectural competition, was not implemented. However, it is interesting as an example of designing an airport building of a very small scale, where the main challenge is the optimal organization of space and infrastructure without compromising the imagery component.

Tatiana Shovskaya

Written by:
Tatiana Shovskaya
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

17 January 2022
Object
mainImg
Today, Tobolsk is a classic example of a provincial city, small and remote. Among the cities of a similar scale, Tobolsk, the ex-capital of Siberia, from which in the late 16th century Russia began systematic development thereof, is remarkable both for its history and monuments of architecture. Later on, however, the trade routes shifted southward; the city stopped growing, and now its population is a little under a hundred thousand people. Thus, it comes as no surprise that hitherto Tobolsk did not have an airport. Its construction was scheduled within the framework of the new program for developing the city’s infrastructure; an architectural competition was held for the airport project in 2020, it was won by ASADOV Architects. Alas, the building of the Tobolsk terminal, which was opened recently in September, was constructed in accordance with a different, slightly simpler, project. In this article, however, we are going to share about the project that won in the competition but was not implemented.

The Tobolsk airport, a project, 2020
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects


In the project by ASADOV Architects, a small building with a total area of 3,000 square meters comprised the terminal and the offices of the airport services. 

And the driving idea, from which the architects proceeded in their work on the airport’s imagery, was the value of the possibility of flight per se. Indeed, Tobolsk has always, or at least for quite a while, been connected with the center or the main transport arteries only indirectly. This is why the architects took as a basis an airplane as such, or one might even say, the idea of an airplane the way Plato envisaged it.

The graphic silhouette of an airliner was designed and drawn in such a way as to be clearly read both from a birds-eye view, as well as from the ground level. This construction was meant to enrich the basic rectangular volume of the terminal: to create height differences in the roof, thus highlighting the central zones in the interior, to form skylights, as well as to organize entrance groups – one from the side of the city, and one from the side of the airfield.

The Tobolsk airport, a project, 2020
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects


The Tobolsk airport. The original version, a view from the landside area
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects


However, the client asked the architects to revise the project and come up with a simpler version. This is how a second version appeared, in which the architects came up with new imagery – pitched roofs, clad in wooden finish and bringing up associations with northern architecture or log houses that were abundant here when the city was just founded. Thus, the second version refers to the historical past of Tobolsk, and this associative series is much more complex than one may think when a log house was mentioned: the smooth curves of the ridges and pitches of the roof, and the prominent thickness of the roof coverage create an effect of a thick layer of snow that softens all the shapes and inevitably comes to mind as one main attributes of Siberia.

The Tobolsk airport. The original version, a birds-eye view
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects


At the same time, this smoothness makes it possible to make a transition to the modern interpretation of the traditional pitched roof – the entire silvery roof is perceived as a parabolic surface that hovers above the weightless glass base. Its dynamic outline is telling the tale of moving upwards and gaining height. Another interesting fact is that technically the curvilinear roof was designed by the architects in an even more cost-effective way than the faceted shapes of the conditional airplane – the ridge of the roof is taking up the position of the diagonal, yet at the same time it is symmetrical, and therefore it will include metallic beams of just a handful of types and sizes, which will streamline the construction costs.

The Tobolsk airport. A view from the landside area
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects


The Tobolsk airport. A birds-eye view
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects


In the course of working on the project, the inner plan was also changing – after the “Regional Airports” company became the official operator of the Tobolsk airport, the floor plans became even more open, and merging of zones yielded more useful floor space. Such a thought-out floor plan is particularly important for an ultra-small airport. Everything is very compact here, all the modules are positioned on one level, but the terminal contains the full set of the zones that you would expect to see in an airport, including retail, cafes, and an executive lounge.

The interior design solution again refers to the images of Siberia as a harsh northern land – the decoration of the ceiling in its high part with light-colored lamellas imitates a cloudy sky; there are pinpoint lights shimmering between their facets, which create a theatrical effect of falling snow; the lower zones are decorated with warm wood, and by contrast they look particularly cozy.

The Tobolsk airport. A birds-eye view
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects


The Tobolsk airport. The interior
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects


The Tobolsk airport. The interior
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects


The Tobolsk airport. The interior
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects


The elongated wing of the curvilinear roof connects the terminal to the office building of airport services, which, again, allows you to save up on the infrastructure – for example, the office coworkers may use the cafes in the terminal. However, the main advantage of combining the two buildings into a single complex is the design of the plaza in front of the terminal. Typologically, the “landside area” has been around for almost 150 years, and, as the architectural styles kept changing, it went through various ways of interpreting its space. And, while in major airports it is designed based solely on the technological and logistics approach, in this small-scale version, in the absence of several levels and the need for large capacity, it retains a few features of previous approaches and styles. In the ASADOV architects project, the plaza comprises several zones: the pedestrian space, the landscape section with greenery, the driveway, and the parking lot – everything sets a “human-friendly” scale instead of a “conveyor belt”. 

The Tobolsk airport. A cross section view
Copyright: © ASADOV Architects


Meanwhile, pursuing the path of cost optimization, the client company ultimately refrained from any architectural imagery and eventually built the airport in accordance with the most simplified project. And still, the appearance of an airport in Tobolsk as such is hard to overestimate. In the earlier versions of the project, one can see the name of the conqueror of Siberia, Ataman Ermak, but ultimately the airport was named after Simon Remezov – the Siberian map-maker, chronicler, icon painter and architect of the Tobolsk Kremlin. This versatile man fully deserves the name of the Siberian Leonardo, and acquaintance with his heritage is part of the cultural program for tourists visiting Tobolsk. Thanks to the airport, their number is expected to increase to seven million per year. However, the airport does not just improve transport links – it boosts the investment attractiveness of the city, and ultimately gives a powerful impetus to its development, which Tobolsk has been waiting for 300 years.
  • zooming
    The Tobolsk airport. The northern and southern facades
    Copyright: © ASADOV Architects
  • zooming
    The Tobolsk airport. The eastern and western facades
    Copyright: © ASADOV Architects
The Tobolsk airport. Plan of the terminal and the office building of airport services


17 January 2022

Tatiana Shovskaya

Written by:

Tatiana Shovskaya
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
Vladimir Plotkin: “Our profession is complex, vulnerable, and sometimes defenseless against...
As part of the editorial project devoted to the high-rise and high-density construction that Moscow is seeing in recent years, we spoke to the leading architect of CU Reserve Vladimir Plotkin, the author of many grand-scale – and high-profile – buildings of this city. We spoke about an architect’s role and his tasks in the mega-construction process, about the drive of the megalopolis, about the strong sides of mixed and multifunctional construction, and about the methods of organizing big forms.
Upping the Stakes
The concept of a housing complex in Samara from T+T Architects: a new landmark in the cityscape, view of the Zhiguli Mountains, and VR technologies.
The Book Sanctuary
Reconstructed and renovated by Studio 44, the building of Vladimir Mayakovsky Public Library received modern technical content, at the same time becoming closer to its authentic image from the times when it was part of the compound of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra.
In Tune with Mendelsohn
The “Kersten House” standing next to the “Krasnoye Znamya” (“Red Banner”) factory fits in with the tactful course adopted by Anatoly Stolyarchuk studio: it allows of no historical stylization, yet at the same time is quite respectful of the surrounding context.
​Foothills and Peaks
Developed by OSA, the concept of revitalization of the territory of Stankoagregat plant combines two scales: extreme-high towers and relatively “human-friendly” urban villas. In the conditions of ultra-dense construction, this solution makes it possible to vacate territories for public spaces and trees, as well as adapt the project for the conditions of the changing market.
City in the Stream
The books by Genplan Institute of Moscow, published for the Institute’s 70th anniversary and for the coinciding exhibition, are the most amazing three-volume edition that I ever saw: the books are totally different, yet packed in one box. This, on the other hand, is justified by the specifics of each of the volumes, the diversity of approaches to processing information used in them, and the complexity of the material as such: town planning is a multifaceted science, bordering on art.
Stop the [special operetion]!
The collective letter Russian architects was published here the 26.02.2022. Now, 04.03.2022, it's text is edited according the new law of the Russian Federation. All the signatures, more than 6800, are deleted, as well as weblinks. But we coserved the edited text for the history.
​Shape of the Winery
In this article, we are telling you more about the development of the shape and the implementation of the “Skalisty Bereg” (“Rocky Shore”) winery, designed by Alexander Balabin and his company “Severin-Project” in the Krasnodar Territory, and one of the finalists of WAF 2021.
​An Architectural Reality Show
Roman Leonidov, the well-known architect of luxury countryside residences, about which Archi.ru repeatedly wrote, launched a new online project called “Build YOUR House” on his YouTube channel.
​Buyan and the Court Quarter
The news about cancellation of the Tuchkov Buyan park has been stirring the minds of people of St. Petersburg for a week already. In the absence of any verified specific information, we discussed the situation with the architects of the park and the Court Quarter: Nikita Yavein and Evgeny Gerasimov.
​The Possibility of Flight
The project of the airport, which ASADOV Architects developed for the city of Tobolsk, and which won in the architectural competition, was not implemented. However, it is interesting as an example of designing an airport building of a very small scale, where the main challenge is the optimal organization of space and infrastructure without compromising the imagery component.
​The Wavelength
Built in the town of Pushkino in the Moscow area, the “Turgeneva 13” housing complex, while fitting in with the surrounding context, differs from it with the rhythmic austerity of its dual composition, a slight wave of the façade, and the color design, in which one can see two images, winter and summer, both “growing” from the specifics of the place.
​A Shell by the Sea
Designing the Sports Palace that will determine the development of the entire northern part of Derbent, ASADOV Architects turned to the architectural legacy of Dagestan, local lore, and ancient layers of history.
​Christmas Skyscrapers
Karen Saprichyan is wishing everyone a merry Christmas, presenting a series of letter-shaped skyscrapers. The architect has long since been working on this theme, and has calendars of various years in stock. His latest development is a group of towers designed for the city of NEOM, which will be built in Saudi Arabia.
​Parade Order
The three brick blocks of the “River Park” housing complex gaze at the water with their terraces. Each block forms a backdrop and two wings, while the residents-only yards turn into “stages” perceived from the river. The landscaped embankment, accessible to all the city people, complements the hierarchy of private, semi-private and public city life that is formed here.
Pompidou Inside Out
Renzo Piano and his GES-2 have already been compared to Ridolfo Aristotele Fioravanti and his Cathedral of the Assumption. And for a good reason: GES-2 also stuns you with its grace and loftiness, but ultimately turns out to be the richest collection of recognizable motifs from an early masterpiece by Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers, the George Pompidou Center in Paris. These motifs are fused into the grid of Shukhov-esque structures, painted white, and they create a dialogue between 1910, 1971, and 2021, built on references (not devoid of a poster-like quality) to the main masterpiece. The basilica-shaped space of the former power station is taken apart virtually just like the museum, in accordance with the concept by Teresa Mavica.
​Next to Lidval and Nobel
The housing complex designed by Anatoly Stolyarchuk in Neishlotsky Alley: tactful change of scale, tribute to the memory of the place, Finnish additions to the functional typology – specifically, saunas in the apartments – and plans for receiving a BREEAM certificate.
​And stabbed it with a knife
The leader of Coop Himmelb(l)au, Wolf D. Prix, presented three projects that he is currently doing in Russia: a complex in Sevastopol, Crimea, which, as it turned out, a western architect could build bypassing the sanctions, because this is a cultural project; a museum and theater center in Kemerovo, and the “SKA Arena”, which is built in the stead of the destroyed Sports and Concert Complex in St. Petersburg – during the presentation the latter was symbolized by a round cake that the architect eventually cut.
​The Thin Matter
The house named “Medny 3.14” (“Copper 3.14”) is composed of two textures, each of which resembles in its own way some kind of precious fabric, and of three units, each of which is oriented towards one cardinal point. The architecture of the house absorbs the nuances of the context, summing them up and turning them into a single rhythmic structure. In this article, we are examining the new, just-completed, house designed by Sergey Skuratov in Donskaya Street.
​Super Pergola
The new business center built in Moscow’s district of Presnya in the 1st Zemelny Lane is all about technology and sustainability. Its streamlined shapes and white facade grid are combined with a new version of vertical greenery: the green of wild grapes, placed at a distance from the facade, instead of arguing with the “pergola” grid, sets it off by contrast.
​Lightness of Being
Blooming Sakura, a campfire party, kids splashing in a swimming pool – no, these are not pictures from a vacation, but everyday life going on in the yards of Kiev’s housing complex “Fayna Town”. In this issue, we are examining how the utopia designed by the architects is wired, and what they did to make it a reality.
​A Triangular Folded Structure
The project of the new terminal of the Muraviev-Amursky airport in Blagoveshchensk offers architecture based on a modular form – endowed with a special imagery, it becomes the basis both for the carrying structures of the building and the plastique of the facade, at the same time reverberating in the interior design.
​The Breath of the East
Designing a residential complex for Tashkent, GENPRO is turning to traditional architecture and modern trends, aiming at emotionality and efficiency: the panjar window lattices and mishrabias are neighboring on vertical greenery and parametric ornaments, while the theme buildings do on a cotton alley and an oriental bazaar.
​The Openwork XX-Construction Set
The yard of the Architecture Museum on Moscow’s Vozdvizhenka hosts an installation by DNK ag. It is timed to coincide with the 20th anniversary of the company, and was originally presented at Arch Moscow. The art object is expected to stay in the yard of the museum for one year and set a new tradition – a regularly renewed exhibition project called “Modern Architecture in the yard of MUAR”.
The Spinning Vibe
The pavilion designed by Sergey Tchoban for the World EXPO 2020 in Dubai is a bright and integral architectural statement, whose imagery can be traced back to avant-garde graphic experiments by Jacob Chernikhov, but allows for multiple interpretations. The pavilion looks both like a dome temple, a spinning “Planet Russia”, and the head of a matryoshka doll. Still more interestingly, the core of the exposition is a “brain”. In this article, we take a closer look at the interpretations and the subtleties of the implementation.
Tolerant Aesthetics of Terraforming
The World Expo is a gigantic event; it is difficult to give it one definition or cover it at a glance. All the more so – such an ambitious and record-breaking fair as the one that is now open in Dubai despite all the pandemic restrictions. By no means claiming to present an all-rounded review, we are making an attempt to examine Expo 2020, where signs of aesthetic tolerance of a developer project begin to loom behind the imposing-looking “wings” of “star” architects and delights from space exploration.