The settlement of Daryino-Uspenskoe is situated in the Odintsovo District, three kilometers away from the Rublevo-Uspenskoe Highway. The 55-hectare land site is situated in the center of the territory that is generally considered to be the most respectable place of Moscow suburban area, between the settlements of Nikolino and Lapino. On its east, it neighbors on the “academic dachas” of Novodaryino, on its north – on a settlement named “Diplomat”, on its west – on Novo-Nikolino, and its south border is marked by a creek behind which stands the new Saint Nicholas Temple. About two thirds of Daryino-Uspenskoe once used to be a farm field, to the north of which mixed woodland begins.
Initially, the developers were planning to build a large and dense cluster on the southeast part of the future settlement. For this, Roman Leonidov came up with a master plan in which the houses were grouped in the pattern of clover leaves. Then the client asked to carry the first stage over to the north part, closer to the woodland; the number of buildings was significantly curtailed, and they were arranged in a different way. Today, the territories of (1) the first stage that has already been put into operation and (2) the second stage that has been designed – are divided by a wedge-shaped land site that was divided into plots and put on sale without any houses on them.
What makes Daryino-Uspenskoe different is the fact that this is a rent-out type of settlement; this housing was designed to be rented out, not sold. Roman Leonidov architectural bureau had a task of designing two types of projects different in their square footage. As far as the materials and technologies were concerned, the client was less specific and preferred to make to make choses in the process of construction, estimating the construction costs by trial and error. This way, the settlement got one log house, one half-timber, and the others – of a stick-frame type, because in the long run the client settled for this particular type. The settlement is dominated by linked townhouses two-stories high with a residential section floor space 240 square meters – there are ten of them. Three other houses are three-story villas 500 square meters each, and these are called in the project in the most literal way – “The Big Ones”. The “Forest House”, the only building of its kind – stands separately in the thicket.
Ultimately, the whole first stage of the settlement is hidden in the forest – which to a large extent defines its architectural image. Unlike most of the Rublevskoe Highway area, the houses of Daryino-Uspenskoe look very open. Neither the villas nor the townhouses have fences or individual land plots of their own. What’s more, Roman Leonidov insisted that the houses should have no perimeter walks – instead of them, there are plants growing along their perimeters. The settlement looks very “European”, this impression being strengthened by the glass entrance doors and the absence of the base floor.
It is planned that asphalt will only be laid on the access driveways; the other paths and trails will be lime trees boardwalks. The pile foundations, devoid of perimeter walks and habitual paving were also determined by the architects’ desire to preserve the landscape: they do not create a closed contour in the soil, and do not violate the established circulation of water, i.e. do not harm the old trees, some of which would otherwise perish.
In the space-organizing solution, one can easily discern the signature style of Roman Leonidov: rectangular geometry of the façades, absence of any excessive details, and single-pitch roofs. In spite of the fact that the houses were built in accordance with a standardized project, the village looks anything but monotonous. First of all, the houses are placed in an irregular fashion: only five of them are neatly arrayed along the highway, the others being scattered among the trees. Second, the façade materials: some of the townhouses are decorated with wooden boards, and some – with fiber cement panels imitating brickwork, which makes the houses look different, even though in actuality there are no significant differences between them.
The linked townhouses have no common walls; their sections are terminally open to the surrounding space but still existing individually. They are united not so much constructively as visually. The role of a link is played by the garage awnings. There no garages as such, neither in-built, nor separately standing: “As practice of using townhouses in the Moscow area shows, the garages are virtually never used to their direct purpose. Most of the time, the car is still parked somewhere just outside the house, and the garage is turned either into a gym or something like that” – Roman Leonidov explains.
From the side of the front façade, the first floor is almost completely glazed, an open-air terrace running along its entire length. Above it, there is a large balcony with a wide-spaced metallic railing. From the terrace, the door leads to the kitchen / dining room and the living room zone. From the opposite side, there is yet another entrance to the house – through the anteroom. On one side of it, there is a closet and a washing room, on the other side – there is an isolated room. The role of the “buffer” territory between the guest zone (which is open to the terrace) and the private / maintenance zone is played by the bathroom and a staircase leading to the second floor.
According to the project, the side ends in the upper part of the second floor were supposed to be glass in order to create an impression that the roof is hovering in the air, and the windows must be of the “down-to-the-floor” type. However, the client had to give up on the stained glass idea for economic reasons, and on the idea of the large windows as well – out of fear that the tenants would be disconcerted by the absence of traditional wall-mounted radiators. As a result, the townhouses lost a little in expressiveness but functionally they did not suffer much: the roof descends over the bathroom, the staircase, and the children’s room, while the other two rooms of the second floor have windows on the front façade, and, in addition to these large-sized windows, there is also a balcony there.
The “big houses” consist of three rectangular volumes of different height. The decoration of their façades uses three colors – dark-brown, beige, and white. In the he central block – the darkest and the tallest one – the windows are stretched vertically, while in the other ones they are stretched horizontally. The borders of colors here ignore geometric ones, thanks to which the houses look light and compact, in spite of their size.
The spacious balcony also serves as a garage awning capable of housing two cars. Beneath it, there is also the entrance to the boiler room. Two entrances to the house are situated in the “guest” horizontal sector: from one side, a person can enter through the anteroom/hall, and from the other side – through the dining room, which in this type of houses is separated from the kitchen. The other part of the building includes a guest bedroom and a bathroom. The second traversal “compartment” includes a staircase hall and a closet, the third – a large living room and a study.
The second floor includes the master’s bedroom and two children’s room, separated by the nanny’s room. One of the two children’s rooms is very large, with a bathroom of its own, and, in addition, it is double-height, with a loft. From the side of the opposite front façade, on the third level, there is also a room equipped for cooking, with a spacious balcony, fit for family breakfasts and dinners in the open air.
The arrangement of houses in Daryino-Uspenskoe does not follow any specific geometrical pattern: they look as if they were scattered around the landscaped site with its trimmed shrubs, lawns, and pieces of modern sculpture from the private stock of the owners of the settlement. At their disposal, the tenants will also have a children’s playground with a trampoline, a picnic zone, and a large public tent. The open character of the architecture of Daryino-Uspenskoe is to a large extent conductive of this territory becoming a single public space. “By renting the housing here, a person also is renting a lifestyle” – says the authors of the project Roman Leonidov.
The Energy Family
The housing complex Symphony 34 will be built in Moscow’s Savelovsky district; it will consist of four towers from 36 to 54 stories high. Each of the towers has an image of its own, but they all are gathered into a single architectural ensemble – a fragment of a new high-rise urban space lying outside the Third Transport Ring.
The Fifth Element
The high-end residential development in the Vsevolozhsky Lane features a combination of expensive stone and metal textures, immersing them into a feast of ornaments. The house looks like a fantasy inspired by the theater of the Art Nouveau and Symbolism era; a kind of oriental fairy tale, which paradoxically allows it to avoid direct stylization and become a reflection of one of the aspects of modern Moscow life.
Springboards and Patios
The central element of the manor house in the village of Antonovka, designed by Roman Leonidov, is the inner yard with pergolas, meant to remind its owner about his vacations in exotic countries. The exposed wooden structures emphasize the soaring diagonals of single-pitched roofs.
Adding Up a Growing City
The housing quarter “1147” is located at the border between the old “Stalin” district in the north and the actively developing territories in the south. Its image responds to a difficult task: the compound brick facades of the neighboring sections are different, their height varying from 9 to 22 floors, and, if we are look from the street, it seems as though the front of the city development, consisting from long narrow elements, is forming some sophisticated array at this very moment in front of our eyes.
Agility of the Modular
In the Discovery housing complex that they designed, ADM architects proposed a modern version of structuralism: the form is based on modular cells, which, smoothly protruding and deepening, make the volumes display a kind of restrained flexibility, differentiated element by element. The lamellar and ledged facades are “stitched” with golden threads – they unite the volumes, emphasizing the textured character of the architectural solution.
Polyphony of a Chaste Style
The “ID Moskovskiy” housing project on St. Petersburg’s Moscow Avenue was designed by the team of Stepan Liphart in the past 2020. The ensemble of two buildings, joined by a colonnade, is executed in a generalized neoclassical style with elements of Art Deco.
In Three Voices
The high-rise – 41 stories high – housing complex HIDE is being built on the bank of the Setun River, near the Poklonnaya Mountain. It consists of three towers of equal height, yet interpreted in three different ways. One of the towers, the most conspicuous one looks as if it was twisted in a spiral, composed of a multitude of golden bay windows.
In the Space of Pobedy Park
In the project of a housing complex designed by Sergey Skuratov, which is now being built near the park of the Poklonnaya Hill, a multifunctional stylobate is turned into a compound city space with intriguing “access” slopes that also take on the role of mini-plazas. The architecture of the residential buildings responds to the proximity of the Pobedy Park, on the one hand, “dissolving in the air”, and, on the other hand, supporting the memorial complex rhythmically and color-wise.
Dynamics of the Avenue
On Leningrad Avenue, not far away from the Sokol metro station, the construction of the A-Class business center Alcon II has been completed. ADM architects designed the main façade as three volumetric ribbons, as if the busy traffic of the avenue “shook” the matter sending large waves through it.
Steamer at the Pier
An apartment hotel that looks like a ship with wide decks has been designed for a land plot on a lake shore in Moscow’s South Tushino. This “steamer” house, overlooking the lake and the river port, does indeed look as if it were ready to sail away.
The Magic of Rhythm or Ornament as a Theme
Designed by Sergey Tchoban, the housing complex Veren Place in St. Petersburg is the perfect example of inserting a new building into a historical city, and one the cases of implementing the strategy that the architect presented a few years ago in the book, which he coauthored with Vladimir Sedov, called “30:70. Architecture as a Balance of Forces”.
Walking on Water
In the nearest future, the Marc Chagall Embankment will be turned into Moscow’s largest riverside park with green promenades, cycling and jogging trails, a spa center on water, a water garden, and sculptural pavilions designed in the spirit of the Russian avant-garde artists of the 1920, and, first of all, Chagall himself. In this issue, we are covering the second-stage project.
A-Len has developed and patented the “Perfect Apartments” program, which totally eliminates “bad” apartment layouts. In this article, we are sharing how this program came around, what it is about, who can benefit from it, and how.
“Architectural Archaeology of the Narkomfin Building”: the Recap
One of the most important events of 2020 has been the completion of the long-awaited restoration of the monument of Soviet avant-garde architecture – the Narkomfin Building, the progenitor of the typology of social housing in this country. The house retained its residential function as the main one, alongside with a number of artifacts and restoration clearances turned into living museum exhibits.
LIFE on the Setun River
The area in the valley of the Setun River near the Vereiskaya Street got two new blocks of the “LIFE-Kutuzovsky” housing complex, designed by ADM architects. The two new blocks have a retail boulevard of their own, and a small riverside park.
Three towers on a podium over the Ramenka River are the new dominant elements on the edge of a Soviet “microdistrict”. Their scale is quite modern: the height is 176 m – almost a skyscraper; the facades are made of glass and steel. Their graceful proportions are emphasized by a strict white grid, and the volumetric composition picks up the diagonal “grid of coordinates” that was once outlined in the southwest of Moscow by the architects of the 1970’s and 1980’s.
Clouds over the Railroad
In the stead of former warehouses near “Lyubertsy-1” station, a new housing complex has been built, which peacefully coexists with the railroad, with the flyover bridge, and with the diverse surrounding scenery, not only dominating over the latter, but improving it.
Towers in a Forest
The authors of the housing complex “In the Heart of Pushkino” were faced with a difficult task: to preserve the already existing urban forest, at the same time building on it a compound of rather high density. This is how three towers at the edge of the forest appeared with highly developed public spaces in their podiums and graceful “tucks” in the crowning part of the 18-story volumes.
The Towers of “Sputnik”
Six towers, which make up a large housing complex standing on the bank of the Moskva River at the very start of the Novorizhskoe Highway, provide the answers to a whole number of marketing requirements and meets a whole number of restrictions, offering a simple rhythm and a laconic formula for the houses that the developer preferred to see as “flashy”.
The Starting Point
In this article, we are reviewing two retro projects: one is 20 years old, the other is 25. One of them is Saint Petersburg’s first-ever townhouse complex; the other became the first example of a high-end residential complex on Krestovsky Island. Both were designed and built by Evgeny Gerasimov and Partners.
The Path to New Ornamentation
The high-end residential complex “Aristocrat” situated next to a pine park at the start of the Rublev Highway presents a new stage of development of Moscow’s decorative historicist architecture: expensively decorated, yet largely based on light-colored tones, and masterfully using the romantic veneer of majolica inserts.
Renovation: the Far East Style
The competition project of renovating two central city blocks of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, developed by UNK project, won the nomination “Architectural and planning solutions of city construction”.
The Istituto Centrale per la Grafica in Rome presents Sergei Tchoban’s exhibition “Imprint of the future. Destiny of Piranesi’s City”. The exhibition includes four etchings, based on Roman architectural views of the XVIII century complemented by futuristic insertions, as well as a lot of drawings that investigate the same topic, at times quite expressively. The exhibition poses questions, but does not seem to give any answers. Since going to Rome is pretty problematic now, let’s at least examine the pictures.
In Search of Visual Clarity
In this article, we are reviewing a discussion devoted to the question of designing city space elements, which is quite complicated for the Russian expanses of land. The discussion was organized by the Genplan Institute of Moscow at the ArchMoscow convention in Gostiny Dvor.
The City of the Sun
Jointly designed by Sergey Tchoban and Vladimir Plotkin, the VTB Arena Park complex can arguably be considered the perfect experiment on solving the centuries-old controversy between traditional architecture and modernism. The framework of the design code, combined with the creative character of the plastique-based dialogue between the buildings, formed an all-but-perfect fragment of the city fabric.
...The Other Was Just Railroad Gin*
In their project of the third stage of “Ligovsky City” housing complex, located in the industrial “gray” belt of Saint Petersburg, the KCAP & Orange Architects & A-Len consortium set before themselves a task of keeping up the genius loci by preserving the contours of the railroad and likening the volumes of residential buildings to railroad containers, stacked up at the goods unloading station.
Lions on Glass
While reconstructing the facades of Building 4 of Moscow Hospital #23, SPEECH architects applied a technique, already known from Saint Petersburg projects by Sergey Tchoban – cassettes with elements of classical architecture printed on glass. The project was developed gratis, as a help to the hospital.