По-русски

Circles on water

Project of the city block in microdistrict "Uzhny" in Domodedovo combines free arrangement of an English garden where picturesque parkways stretch along the banks of small rivers – and in an equal measure some classical and popular form of round houses. So there appears a unique space for living – it focuses on nature, but it is modest due to inner yards

Elena Petukhova Julia Tarabarina

Written by:
Elena Petukhova, Julia Tarabarina

04 June 2008
Object
mainImg
Object:
New housing estates "Krugi na vode" [Ripples in the water]
Russia, Domodedovo, mikrorayon "Uzhny"

Project Team:
architects: A.Asadov, E.Phor, A.A.Asadov, A.Zarubina; engineer: G. Karklo

2007 — 2008

client: Coalco Development company

Exposition of «Archkatalog», this year devoted to residential city blocks, will consist of stands and models placed in a row on a long podium. Some blocks there are noted for special, almost sculptural plastic of the architectural idea. One of them is the project presented by architects of A. Asadov’s studio.

The city block consists of round and ring-like houses freely placed on 26ha territory. To someone this composition will remind of multiplied Roman amphitheaters, someone will think of pictures of lunar craters. Authors insist that they were inspired by a picture of circles running on water surface. This bucolic association - rare drops of summer rain drawing circles on a smooth surface of some forest lake - is responds to the ecological orientation of the project.

Today the site given for the city block is a field located to the south from Domodedovo, between the old and the new line of Kashirski highway (they are quite far apart here). To the West now there are forests, meadows and Redkino village, soon however they will be built up. To the east there are continuous country sites by Vostryakovo platform.

Architects decided to transform all the territory into park zone. Most part of parking places (proportion of apartments and garages is 1:1) will be concentrated in the 3 levels of garages extended along the western border of the site, they will protect apartment buildings from noise of “Don” route – Kashirskoe highway. Additional car places are located in the area between the inner yards.

Through the city block, bending, there is streaming an artificial small river with four "inflows". Its course drawn by architects marks the lines of main transport axes – these are the five parkways – one central and four its branches. A core of each parkway is the small river, on its banks there are green small gardens, and their sides there are one-way roads. The structure is very branchy, and this makes the lay-out open and excludes traffic jam on both directions. Curves of the rivers make roads curve, this is why the plan of ensemble becomes similar to a picturesque English park. Foot paths of the block are on the opposite, absolutely straight, but there are many of them and they often cross each other. And this has practical idea, it makes a way shorter, including the way to a garage.

Overgrown natural pond in the north-east part of territory will be accomplished, around there will be a landscape park with a few private houses saved over the pond. This park will be continue the "river" inner parkways, it is designed as a main leisure area for residents.

Geometrically correct round form of the buildings takes us from park bucolic sphere back to classical town-planning. A round temple and a round tower – classical ideas as well as a round courtyard. But a ring-shaped house is more likely to be modern. In Moscow there are the two famous houses-rings in diameter of 180 m constructed in the beginning of 1970 of standard 9storey sections in Matveevsky and on the bank of Setun river. In 2006, PIK company announced a grandiose mixed-use complex "Coliseum" in Dolgoprudny by architect Andrey Chernihov, its diameter 140m.

In microdistrict of architects of A.Asadov’s there are five round towers, diameter 26 m and height 50m. And there are 10 ring-shaped houses (on the average of 30m height), they are the basis of the project. Houses will differ in color of facades and number of floors, in diameter and arrangement of ways into the yard: somewhere there will be arches, breaks along the full height of a construction. Instead of ordinary flat roofs residents of upper storeys will have open terraces with green lawns. And on ground floors there will be grocery stores, pharmacy, youth clubs and cafes.

However the key feature of ring-shaped houses is the closed inner yards. This is a way for creation of community of "neighbors" lost with arrival of standard dormitory suburbs where a person lives only “around strangers”. Architects have a fine gift for the future residents of this city block - spacious green yards with children playgrounds and sports fields. All together and close. Such house will give a new sound for expression “one’s own circle”, because there will a whole house inside the “own circle”.

There remains a question – why there is no such city block yet? The answer is in technical and economic parameters of the city-block: for 3 960 people there are 198 000 sq.m.; so final population density is: 154 person on 1ha. Each person will have 50 sq.m. These 26 ha can be more profitable if one will not try to create a new world of round houses. Though, townhouses are more common now in Russia, but sometime before few believed it would be possible. We hope this project will not vanish like circles on water but will be realized and will live no less than «fort Bayard».

zooming


Object:
New housing estates "Krugi na vode" [Ripples in the water]
Russia, Domodedovo, mikrorayon "Uzhny"

Project Team:
architects: A.Asadov, E.Phor, A.A.Asadov, A.Zarubina; engineer: G. Karklo

2007 — 2008

client: Coalco Development company

04 June 2008

Elena Petukhova Julia Tarabarina

Written by:

Elena Petukhova, Julia Tarabarina
Headlines now
​The Thin Matter
The house named “Medny 3.14” (“Copper 3.14”) is composed of two textures, each of which resembles in its own way some kind of precious fabric, and of three units, each of which is oriented towards one cardinal point. The architecture of the house absorbs the nuances of the context, summing them up and turning them into a single rhythmic structure. In this article, we are examining the new, just-completed, house designed by Sergey Skuratov in Donskaya Street.
​Super Pergola
The new business center built in Moscow’s district of Presnya in the 1st Zemelny Lane is all about technology and sustainability. Its streamlined shapes and white facade grid are combined with a new version of vertical greenery: the green of wild grapes, placed at a distance from the facade, instead of arguing with the “pergola” grid, sets it off by contrast.
​Lightness of Being
Blooming Sakura, a campfire party, kids splashing in a swimming pool – no, these are not pictures from a vacation, but everyday life going on in the yards of Kiev’s housing complex “Fayna Town”. In this issue, we are examining how the utopia designed by the architects is wired, and what they did to make it a reality.
​A Triangular Folded Structure
The project of the new terminal of the Muraviev-Amursky airport in Blagoveshchensk offers architecture based on a modular form – endowed with a special imagery, it becomes the basis both for the carrying structures of the building and the plastique of the facade, at the same time reverberating in the interior design.
​Analysis and Synthesis
The project of the housing complex “Krasin”, designed for the historical center of St. Petersburg, and situated in a very obliging place – next to the Mining University designed by Voronikhin, yet bordering on an industrial area – became the result of a thorough analysis of the specifics of historical construction on the Vasilyevsky Island, and a subsequent synthesis with avoidance of direct stylization, yet forming a recognizable silhouette, resonant with the “old town”.
​Tatiana Guk: “A document that determines the development of the city has to be flexible”
In this issue, we are talking to the director of the Genplan Institute of Moscow about trends that determine the future, about the 70-year history of the Institute, which is celebrating an anniversary this year, about electronic computing in the field of urban planning and about international experience accumulated in this area, as well as about how the Institute is involved with other cities, and about the perfect document for the city development, which has to be flexible and strategic.
​Dialectical Manifesto
The high-rise housing complex MOD, whose construction has begun in Moscow’s district of Maryina Roshcha next to the site, on which the new Russian Railways headquarters will be built, is responding to the “central” context of the future city surroundings, and at the same time is positioned by the architects as a “manifesto of Modernist minimalist principles in architecture”.
​Asimov’s Dream
A project by DNK ag won in a competition for the science campus of the National Center for Physics and Mathematics in the city of Sarov, conducted by ROSATOM corporation in collaboration with the Moscow State University, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Kurchatov Institute.
​Near-Earth Space
The new terminal of the Leonov Airport in Kemerovo was built in record-breaking time, despite the pandemic. It became one of the important factors for the rapid development of the city, visually reflecting its dedication to the first spacewalk, both in the interiors and on the facades. Its main features are the “starry sky” effect and overall openness.
​The Spiral Approach
The school building in the city of Nur-Sultan, designed by Vera Budko and Anton Nadtochiy from beginning to end – from concept to working documentation – became the embodiment of the architects’ method for creating a modern educational environment, which the ATRIUM architects have been developing for years. Its fundamentals include creating an inspiring environment that motivates you to create. This is why the new school received a shape of an ornamental golden spiral that symbolizes ascension to knowledge; on the inside, the building is a compound and multifunctional “city within a city” with multilevel atriums, amphitheaters, and varying routes.
​The Ecological Bend
A story about how plans for laying a road on the border of a park turned into plans for saving the ecosystem and improving the walking trails.
​Kasimir from Kemerovo
The project of the branch of the Russian Museum for the Siberian Art Cluster is based on the ideas of Suprematism: basic shapes, and dynamism of color and form.
​Stream and Lines
Stepan Liphart’s projects of Art Deco villas demonstrate technical symbolism in combination with a subtle reference to the 1930s. One of the projects is a “paper” one; the others are designed for real customers: a top manager, an art collector, and a developer.
On the Bank of a Very Quiet River
The project of landscaping the territory of the residential complex NOW in Moscow’s Nagatinskaya Valley goes beyond the limits of its task and looks more like a modern park: with viewing platforms, an embankment, spaces different in their moods, and thought-out scenarios for visitors aged between 0 and 80.
​The Strategy of Transformation
In this article, we are publishing eight projects of reconstructing postwar Modernist buildings that have been implemented by Tchoban Voss Architekten and showcased in the AEDES gallery at the recent Re-Use exhibition. Parallel to that, we are meditating on the demonstrated approaches and the preservation of things that architectural legislation does not require to preserve.
In the Rhythm of Block Construction
Last week, the housing complex “Ty i Ya” (“You and Me”) was presented, built in the northwest of Moscow. By a number of parameters, it exceeds the originally stated comfort-class format, and, on the other hand, fully meeting the city block construction paradigm, popular in Moscow, demonstrates a few interesting features, such as a new kind of public spaces for the residents, and high-ceilinged apartments on the first floors.
​Five Nonlinear Ones
Recently, at the Moscow Urban Forum, they announced a large-scale project that Zaha Hadid Architects would do for Moscow – the multifunctional housing complex Union Towers designed for Quarter 82 of Khoroshevo-Mnevniki at the commission of KROST development.
​Etudes in Glass
The housing complex, located not far away from the Paveletskaya Railway Station, as a symbol of a sweeping transformation of this area: a composition of towers of different height, ingenious detailing of stained glass windows, and a green lawn in the yard.
A Flyover in Watercolor
For the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Vasilkovsky, the architectural office of Evgeny Gerasimov is reflecting on the Ushakov Flyover, which was designed with input from this artist and architect. In this article, we are showing its watercolors and sketches, including the preliminary ones that were not included in the final project, as well as speaking about the importance of architectural drawing.
​Walking on Clouds
A restaurant in the Khibiny skiing complex: 820 meters above the sea level, sweeping views, a levitation effect, and ingenious engineering solutions.
​Transformation with Multiplication
The Palace of Water Sports in Luzhniki is one of the high-profile and nontrivial reconstructions of recent years, and a project that won one of the first competitions, initiated by Sergey Kuznetsov as the main architect of Moscow. The complex opened 2 years ago; this article about it comes out at the start of the bathing season.
​Sergey Tchoban: “I believe it’s very important to preserve this city as a record...
Although originally we planned to speak in this interview with Sergey Tchoban about high-rise construction, the conversation turned out to be 70% about meditation on the ways of regenerating the historical city and about the role of the city fabric as the most objective and unbiased historical record. And, as for the towers, which manifest social contrasts and leave a lot of junk when torn down, the conversation was about the expected construction norms and regulations. We took this interview one day before the Lakhta-2 project was announced, and this is why this newsbreak is not commented upon in any way in this article.
​Courtyards and Constructivism
In this issue, we are examining the second major block of the “city within a city” Ligovsky City complex, designed and built by A-Len, and combining several trends characteristic of modern urban architecture.
​Inside of a Drawn Grid
Designing the apartment complex PLAY in Danilovskaya Sloboda, ADM architects placed their bet on the imagery of construction. The area where it manifested itself the most vividly was the sophisticated grid of the facades.
​Headquarters of the Future
The project by “Arena Group”, which won in an open competition of ideas for the headquarters of the Italian company FITT, combines futuristic forms, an interesting set of functions, energy efficiency, and subtle references to the archetypes of Italian architecture. Particularly beautiful is the “continuous” fountain. In this issue, we are sharing about the three winners of the competition.
​A Tiered Composition
A little bit of New York in Odessa: an apartment complex designed and built by “Archimatika” with towers, townhouses, a square, and swimming pools.
​The Yard Aesthetics
Organizing the yard of a premium-class housing complex, GAFA architects took care not just about the image that matches the project’s high status, but also about simple human joys, masterfully overcoming the construction regulations.
​MasterMind: a Neural Network for Developers and Architects
Created by Genpro, this software allows you to generate within half an hour dozens of development and construction options in accordance with the set parameters. At the same time, however, being more focused on the technical aspects, the program does not exclude creative work, and can be used by architects for preparing projects with a subsequent data export to AutoCAD, Revit, and ArchiCAD.
This Beetle Has Flown
The story of designing a business center in the Zhukov (“Beetle”) Drive: a number of attempts to preserve a hundred-year-old cold storage facility, at the same time introducing modern buildings interpreting the industrial theme. The project remained on paper, but the story behind it seems to be worth our attention.