По-русски

Collected Works

Designing a large residential project for Odintsovo area of Moscow region, Alexey Ivanov’s Workshop “Arkhstroydesign ASD” has developed several layouts of building.

Anna Martovitskaya

Written by:
Anna Martovitskaya
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov

13 March 2013
mainImg
Architect:
Aleksey Ivanov
Firm:
Arkhstroydesign ASD
Object:
VTB City
Russia, Moscow, Moscow Region, Odintsovo area, settlement of Uspenskoe

2011 — 2012

The tender for the sketch plan of the new district took place in December of last year. It was organized by the company “VTB Real Estate” which holds a territory of 99.87 hectares in arguably the most prestigious area of Moscow region, between Rublyovo-Uspensky and Novorizhskoye highways. About a half of these hectares though falls on the restricted zone of the gas pipeline, which breaks up the area into three nearly equal segments. On the one hand, it forced the investor to include a landscape park into the future residential district (there are no other possible options of using this area). On the other hand, it suggested him an idea of creating three neighborhoods of different class. Basically, these neighborhoods were the actual subject of the tender - the participants had to suggest either an option of a neighborhood of low-rise residential houses, or a district of townhouses, or a cottage settlement. Alexey Ivanov’s Workshop “Arkhstroydesign ASD” having an impressive experience in each of the mentioned genres, suggested a perspective of developing the whole territory. That is why they named the project “Anthology”.

“Our “Collected Works” not only suggests different forms of site development but also three essentially different master plans, – says architect Alexey Ivanov. – We proceeded from the assumption that cottage buyers appreciate a more traditional housing, the audience for townhouses doesn’t mind some liberties, and the dwellers of the city block are open to innovations and experiments. So our design concept of the housing gradually evolves from traditional to futuristic”.

Actually, already by the time of the tender, the customer had a rather detailed zoning scheme of the future district and the layout of the three neighborhoods. However, the participants of the contest could change it at will, and Alexey Ivanov’s team used this opportunity. In the scheme, the site itself has a very intricate shape: you might probably compare it only with a hammer with a pointed tip. This very tip is the border of the area, closest to the road, which is planned to be a neighborhood of low-rise multifamily housing. The rectangular area of townhouses spreads on the other side of the “handle”, perpendicular to the road that runs through the park; and only behind the park area there is the future cottage settlement with a layout that looks like a fish with its tail leaning to the park and its sharp nose turned away from the highway.

Original master plan of the territory

According to the plan of VTB the “fish” was dotty with households – square houses and compact lots that the territory is cut into. Between the building lines VTB ran a road that forms a simple loop in the center of the village. “It seems as though a lasso was thrown in there – says Alexey Ivanov, who found this layout not very humane from the very beginning – Too many houses, no hierarchy of space and, as a result, no harmonized environment – only cottages, fences, and roads”. The architects came up with another town-building design: they built a central avenue, shifting it closer to the western boundary of the site; in its broadest point they outlined a semi-circle, arranging the houses like an amphitheater in the center of which they placed a public square. In order not to place all the households along one single axis the architects shoot out several short “sprouts” and projected another loop closer to the park. As a result, the panorama of the township became more interesting and the total number of households is almost in no loss. As to the architectural design of the cottages, Alexey Ivanov stays loyal to his principle: offer to the customer only time-proved options. Almost flat roofs with wide overhangs, large windows, the combination of dark stone and light wood are all obvious allusions to Wright’s “Prairie House” and the architect admits it. The use of wood adds seclusion and warmth to the houses, creating an image of a cozy countryside dwelling, close to the nature.

Master plan developed by Aleksey Ivanov studio

Townhouses in developers’ project looked like two snakes intertwining between the driveways on one side or the other. It seemed like an interesting layout idea but it expanded on the whole territory it might have caused monotony of the surrounding panorama. “Arkhstroydesign ASD” built a road along the perimeter of the site intending to separate it from the motorway with planted land instead of houses. This choice helped to keep the townhouses as far from the road as possible. The houses are interconnected in various ways: stepwise, in stiches and in small arcs. Such arrangement allowed placing a maximum number of houses on the site, but due to the fact that all of them were turned in different ways, none of them face each other “window to window”. Multi-gabled roofs and sections of different height turned different ways emphasize the feeling of privacy of every separate house. These volumes seem to be formed of several houses inserted into one another. This makes their silhouettes picturesque and compensates for the high density of the housing.

And finally the low-rise district is carried out in a deliberately futuristic way.

Alexandr Khomyakov, the author of the master plan, called it “Flexibility” which implies a flexible approach to the site cultivation, i.e. changing stages of construction and financing and the possibility of independent adjustment of each cluster. Transportation services are provided on the outer perimeter of the lot. In a pointed triangle of the sector, the architects introduce a bisector of a wide green boulevard with houses on both sides. These are fairly large structures, shaped like ovals and smooth arcs in the plan, and therefore reminding ships. Certain similarity with liners is achieved through numerous terraces formed by the reducing the area of each consecutive floor, and also through coating the building with transparent and colored glass. Stylobates of all the buildings are developed to the maximum. Not only do they hold numerous public functions and parking, they also serve to organize cozy pedestrian plazas, protected from sun and rain. The architects apply the green roof system, thus the main deck of the ship-houses turns into a fully-fledged public garden connected to the adjacent park with a wide bridge. In fact, the boulevard gets a whole upper level mainly meant for the dwellers.

In other words, the architects join each of the segments of the future “VTB city” landscape park. It turns into a boulevard that leads through the gated estate, then a broad promenade through the townhouse district, and finally as a wide protuberance it floats into the low-storey section. This gives a clear flavor of country life to city-like (both in its spirit and density) landscape.



Architect:
Aleksey Ivanov
Firm:
Arkhstroydesign ASD
Object:
VTB City
Russia, Moscow, Moscow Region, Odintsovo area, settlement of Uspenskoe

2011 — 2012

13 March 2013

Anna Martovitskaya

Written by:

Anna Martovitskaya
Translated by:
Anton Mizonov
Headlines now
Feed ’Em All
A “House of Russian Cuisine” was designed and built by KROST Group at VDNKh for the “Rossiya” exhibition in record-breaking time. The pavilion is masterfully constructed in terms of the standards of modern public catering industry multiplied by the bustling cultural program of the exhibition, and it interprets the stylistically diverse character of VDNKh just as successfully. At the same time, much of its interior design can be traced back to the prototypes of the 1960s – so much so that even scenes from iconic Soviet movies of those years persistently come to mind.
The Ensemble at the Mosque
OSA prepared a master plan for a district in the southern part of Derbent. The main task of the master plan is to initiate the formation of a modern comfortable environment in this city. The organization of residential areas is subordinated to the city’s spiritual center: depending on the location relative to the cathedral mosque, the houses are distinguished by façade and plastique solutions. The program also includes a “hospitality center”, administrative buildings, an educational cluster, and even an air bridge.
Pargolovo Protestantism
A Protestant church is being built in St. Petersburg by the project of SLOI architects. One of the main features of the building is a wooden roof with 25-meter spans, which, among other things, forms the interior of the prayer hall. Also, there are other interesting details – we are telling you more about them.
The Shape of the Inconceivable
The ATOM Pavilion at VDNKh brings to mind a famous maxim of all architects and critics: “You’ve come up with it? Now build it!” You rarely see such a selfless immersion in implementation of the project, and the formidable structural and engineering tasks set by UNK architects to themselves are presented here as an integral and important part of the architectural idea. The challenge matches the obliging status of the place – after all, it is an “exhibition of achievements”, and the pavilion is dedicated to the nuclear energy industry. Let’s take a closer look: from the outside, from the inside, and from the underside too.
​Rays of the Desert
A school for 1750 students is going to be built in Dubai, designed by IND Architects. The architects took into account the local specifics, and proposed a radial layout and spaces, in which the children will be comfortable throughout the day.
The Dairy Theme
The concept of an office of a cheese-making company, designed for the enclosed area of a dairy factory, at least partially refers to industrial architecture. Perhaps that is why this concept is very simple, which seems the appropriate thing to do here. The building is enlivened by literally a couple of “master strokes”: the turning of the corner accentuates the entrance, and the shade of glass responds to the theme of “milk rivers” from Russian fairy tales.
The Road to the Temple
Under a grant from the Small Towns Competition, the main street and temple area of the village of Nikolo-Berezovka near Neftekamsk has been improved. A consortium of APRELarchitects and Novaya Zemlya is turning the village into an open-air museum and integrating ruined buildings into public life.
​Towers Leaning Towards the Sun
The three towers of the residential complex “Novodanilovskaya 8” are new and the tallest neighbors of the Danilovsky Manufactory, “Fort”, and “Plaza”, complementing a whole cluster of modern buildings designed by renowned masters. At the same time, the towers are unique for this setting – they are residential, they are the tallest ones here, and they are located on a challenging site. In this article, we explore how architects Andrey Romanov and Ekaterina Kuznetsova tackled this far-from-trivial task.
In the spirit of ROSTA posters
The new Rostselmash tractor factory, conceptualized by ASADOV Architects, is currently being completed in Rostov-on-Don. References to the Soviet architecture of the 1920’s and 1960’s resonate with the mission and strategic importance of the enterprise, and are also in line with the client’s wish: to pay homage to Rostov’s constructivism.
The Northern Thebaid
The central part of Ferapontovo village, adjacent to the famous monastery with frescoes by Dionisy, has been improved according to the project by APRELarchitects. Now the place offers basic services for tourists, as well as a place for the villagers’ leisure.
Brilliant Production
The architects from London-based MOST Architecture have designed the space for the high-tech production of Charge Cars, a high-performance production facility for high-speed electric cars that are assembled in the shell of legendary Ford Mustangs. The founders of both the company and the car assembly startup are Russians who were educated in their home country.
Three-Part Task: St. Petersburg’s Mytny Dvor
The so-called “Mytny Dvor” area lying just behind Moscow Railway Station – the market rows with a complex history – will be transformed into a premium residential complex by Studio 44. The project consists of three parts: the restoration of historical buildings, the reconstruction of the lost part of the historical contour, and new houses. All of them are harmonized with each other and with the city; axes and “beams of light” were found, cozy corners and scenic viewpoints were carefully thought out. We had a chat with the authors of the historical buildings’ restoration project, and we are telling you about all the different tasks that have been solved here.
The Color of the City, or Reflections on the Slope of an Urban Settlement
In 2022, Ostozhenka Architects won a competition, and in 2023, they developed and received all the necessary approvals for a master plan for the development of Chernigovskaya Street for the developer GloraX. The project takes into account a 10-year history of previous developments; it was done in collaboration with architects from Nizhny Novgorod, and it continues to evolve now. We carefully examined it, talked to everyone, and learned a lot of interesting things.
A Single-Industry Town
Kola MMC and Nornickel are building a residential neighborhood in Monchegorsk for their future employees. It is based on a project by an international team that won the 2021 competition. The project offers a number of solutions meant to combat the main “demons” of any northern city: wind, grayness and boredom.
A New Age Portico
At the beginning of the year, Novosibirsk Tolmachevo Airport opened Terminal C. The large-scale and transparent entrance hall with luminous columns inside successfully combines laconism with a bright and photogenic WOW-effect. The terminal is both the new façade of the whole complex and the starting point of the planned reconstruction, upon completion of which Tolmachevo will become the largest regional airport in Russia. In this article, we are examining the building in the context of modernist prototypes of both Novosibirsk and Leningrad: like puzzle pieces, they come together to form their individual history, not devoid of curious nuances and details.
A New Starting Point
We’ve been wanting to examine the RuArts Foundation space, designed by ATRIUM for quite a long time, and we finally got round to it. This building looks appropriate and impressive; it amazingly combines tradition – represented in our case by galleries – and innovation. In this article, we delve into details and study the building’s historical background as well.
Molding Perspectives
Stepan Liphart introduces “schematic Art Deco” on the outskirts of Kazan – his houses are executed in green color, with a glassy “iced” finish on the facades. The main merits of the project lie in his meticulous arrangement of viewing angles – the architect is striving to create in a challenging environment the embryo of a city not only in terms of pedestrian accessibility but also in a sculptural sense. He works with silhouettes, proposing intriguing triangular terraces. The entire project is structured like a crystal, following two grids, orthogonal and diagonal. In this article, we are examining what worked, and what eventually didn’t.
An Educational Experiment for the North
City-Arch continues to work on the projects that can be termed as “experimental public preschools”: private kindergartens and schools can envy such facilities in many respects. This time around, the project is done for the city of Gubkinsky, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District. A diverse educational and play environment, including a winter garden, awaits future students, while the teachers will have abundant opportunities to implement new practices.
Alexandra Kuzmina: “Working is easy when the rules are the same for everyone”
The subject matter of Moscow Region’s booth and presentations at Zodchestvo Festival was the concept of “Integrated Land Development”, and for a good reason: this task is very challenging, very relevant, and Moscow Region has already accumulated quite a formidable experience in this regard. In this article, we are speaking to the main architect of the region: about master plans and who makes them, about where you obtain resources for creating a comfortable environment, about her favorite projects, about why there are so few good architects, and what we should do with the bad ones.
The Cemetery: Inside and Outside
The workshop organized by the Genplan Institute of Moscow scored one of the two first places at the “Open City” festival. Its subject is reorganization of municipal cemeteries. Two action plans were proposed, diametrically opposite: one for the downtown and one for the suburbs.
Our Everything
Who is Alexey Shchusev? In the last couple of weeks, since the architect’s 150th birthday, different individuals have answered this question differently. The most detailed, illustrated, and elegantly presented response is an exhibition held in two buildings of the Museum of Architecture on Vozdvizhenka. Four curators, a year and a half of work performed by the entire museum, and exhibition design by Sergey Tchoban and Alexandra Sheiner – in this article, we take you on a tour of the exhibition and show what’s what in it.
For Mental Reboot
At the architectural competition held in 2023 in Novosibirsk, the project by GORA Architects – a pedestrian bridge leading to the town of Bor – was awarded the “Golden Capital” prize. In this country, more than a hundred pedestrian bridges are constructed each year. What makes the Bor bridge different?
Gold Embroidery
A five-story housing complex designed by Stepan Liphart in Kazan, responds to the stylistically diverse context with its form, both integral and agile, and as for the vicinity of the “Ekiyat” movie theater, the complex responds to it with a semblance of theater curtain folds, and active plastique of its balconies, that bear some resemblance to theater boxes. Even if excessively pompous a little bit, the complex does look fresh and modern. One will have a hard time finding Art Deco elements in it, even though the spirit of the 1930s, run through the filter of neo-modernism, is still clearly felt, just as a twist of the Occident.
Reconciliation
The restoration of the Salt Warehouse for the Zvenigorod Museum, on the one hand, was quite accurately implemented according to the design of the People’s Architect, and, on the other hand, it was not without some extra research and adjustments, which, in this case, was quite beneficial for the project. The architects discovered the original paint color, details of the facades, and studied the history of rebuilds of this building. As a result, the imposing character of the empire building, the oldest one in the city, and the differences of later additions were accurately revealed. Most importantly, however, the city got a new cultural and public space, which is already “working” in full swing.
From Moscow to Khabarovsk
This year, the works submitted by the students of the Genplan Institute of Moscow included a proposal for revitalizing Moscow’s “Pravda” complex with its structures designed by Ilia Golosov, landscaping an East Siberian town, located a 12-hour drive away from the nearest big city, and three versions of turning a derelict “pioneer camp” into an educational hub, similar to “Sirius”. Two sites out of three have an interested client, so chances are that the students’ works will be ultimately implemented.
Harmonization of Intentions
We met and talked with the chief architect of Genplan Institute of Moscow Grigory Mustafin and the chief architect of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Maxim Efanov – about how the master plan of the city is formed. The key to success: gathering data, digital simulation, working with the city people, thinking infrastructure, and presentation.
​Cité for Naro-Fominsk
The new neighborhood on an island in the center of Naro-Fominsk continues the ideas of developing the territory of the silk-weaving factory, around which the city actually formed. The authors skillfully mix different formats of mid-rise development and make the most of the island location, offering a variety of formats of interaction with water, available to all citizens. No wonder that the project is considered exemplary and worthy of duplication in the region. It is also an example of rare synergy between the client and the architects.
A Tower and a Manor House
The concept of a high-density residential district replacing a set of outdated privately owned houses in Yekaterinburg preserves the street grid and, in some cases, even the scale of construction. OSA Architects combine towers with townhouses and other types of housing, orienting the silhouette composition towards a pedestrian boulevard. Through non-linear routes and spatial diversity, the residents will see their neighborhood in a new way every day.
​The Warm Stone
The housing complex in Zelenogorsk is interpreted by Mayak architects as a scatter of stones. The unconventional outline of houses with a pentagon plan not only helped to form the image part of the project, but also facilitated the architects’ work with the density of construction and insolation of the apartments.
For All Times
The modular technology combined with the building material of glued wood allows the architectural company Rhizome to create quick-mount hotels (no less!) that are highly rated by the architectural community: last week, the new hotel “Vremena Goda. Igora” scored three awards. Below, we are examining the project in detail.