The apartment hotel “Europe” is being built near the Chemburkskoe lake on the Simferopol highway. It stands on the second line, a small distance away from the lake shore. From the complex, the beach can be accessed by a quiet lane of paving stones. The construction site has a regular rectangular shape – it is the territory of the former children’s summer camp “Timurovets”. Every Russian remembers, of course, the legendary Arcady Gaidar story “Timur and His Squad” about a boy who secretly helped those who needed help, fought his antagonist Kvakin and saves Zhenya girl. Many a “young pioneer detachment” was named after this literary character.
“Anapa presents a rather mottled architectural context: seaside resort architecture, Soviet construction, and the heritage of the chaotic 1990’s. This is why our hotel stands out with its pristine European appearance – says the cofounder of “Mezonproect” Ilia Mashkov – At the same time, we tried to be respectful of the memory of the place, and enrich our idea with a few characteristic techniques of the past, which ultimately goes a long way to create identity of the architectural ensemble”. Indeed, it would have been a waste to let such identity go unused, and, getting ahead of the story, I will say that it got reflected in the art concept of the project.
On the territory of Timurovets, there are a lot of valuable trees, some of which are no less than fifty years old. The main challenge for the architects was to preserve as many trees as possible because they create a healthy atmosphere, absorb noise and dust, serve as windbreakers, and give shade and coolness in the hot climate. The complex is designed as a mini city block with a closed-door central part. This way, the architects are minimizing the road noise coming from the highway. The yard-side driveways are situated in such a way so as not to compromise the trees. A few of the older pine trees had to be replanted. “It must be said that the client appreciated our idea of preserving the trees. It’s great when the client trusts the architect. The architect sees the future, and the client’s trust increases the project’s odds for being a success” – Ilia Mashkov says.
The buildings stand rather close to one another, three lines with two yards, but then again, it does not seem cramped because of the small number of floors. The first and second lines are separated by a small green yard with a sculpture loosely based on Rembrandt’s “The Abduction of Europa”. There is also a nicely decorated recreational yard with a swimming pool situated in the depth of the complex – essentially, it is a place of recreation on the way to the sea.
The front line composition of Europe apartment hotel faces the Simferopol Highway, and is designed to be perceived from the window of a driving car. The pristine integrity is created by a line of cornices that stand out and are accentuated by color. I would say that this is a visual demonstration of the harmony that we achieved inside of the complex – Ilia Mashkov says.
On the whole, color-wise and plastique-wise, the architecture is close to the Scandinavian residential houses with terraces windows down to the floor, and glass fences (Northern Europeans like meditating on their terraces and never clutter them with household junk but, on the contrary, use them as a means of self-presentation with the help of designer furniture and decorative plants). At the same time, the composition of the main façade displays some features of the classic symmetric unity of three parts: the main building with two projections plus two “wings” on the sides. A casual observer may think that the three buildings, which face the red line, are actually parts of one and the same building with a sophisticated system of inside yards. And a pompous and grand building it is, too! In actuality, the composition is still more sophisticated, and, as was already said, this sophistication was dictated by the necessity to save the trees and by the insolation standards as well.
The emergency staircase made from corten steel makes the complex truly unique. This staircase is an active element of the main façade: it attracts people’s attention thanks to its pattern and noble texture. “One must be aware that the self-costs in Anapa are pretty low, on the verge of strict economy – Ilia Mashkov notes – It is planned that the staircase will be executed from expanded oxidized steel. This noble material requires that things that are near it also be of high quality; it must neighbor on a perfect surface. If it’s going to be the standard rank-and-file ceramic tiles with the joints that you would expect to see, then it would be the natural thing to do to replace the brutal corten with ceramics as well. So far, we are in the process of choosing and approving the materials. We will also make sure that our tiles are textured and that they have a size that’s different from the standard”.
Yet another important aspect was keeping a fair bit of the Soviet identity. Out of it, the architects chose the most touching and romantic things. The blind wall of the parking lot is turned into the yard, which is done in order to protect it from the exhaust fumes. The wall is decorated with a panel that displays a picture of seamen, ships and boats – it becomes one of the main accents and evokes associations with the soviet monumental art. It also looks like a vintage artifact from the past like a reminder of the Soviet young pioneer camp.
In spite of its Scandinavian appearance, the complex has a lot of elements of southern architecture in it. The deep recessed balconies and open terraces, ledgy balconies and French windows with fences made of glass and metal – all of these come together to form the necessary prerequisites for the Italian supper in the open air, and goes a long way to diversify the plastique of the façades. And, if we are to speak about the southern Russian cities, which today, instead of vernacular architecture, demonstrate an odd mix of different epochs and styles, the architecture of “Europe” apartment hotel – seven-story city block with green yards, gardens on the roof, and other joys of south – could become a model example for duplication.
Renovation: the Far East Style
The competition project of renovating two central city blocks of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, developed by UNK project, won the nomination “Architectural and planning solutions of city construction”.
Park of Sentiments
The project of “Romantic Park Tuchkov Buyan”, which was developed by the consortium of Studio 44 and WEST 8, and has won an international competition, combines sculptural landscape design and wooden structures, variety of spatial features and an eventful agenda, designed for diverse audience, with a beautiful and complex passeist idea of a palace park, meant to evoke thoughts and feelings.
Architecture as an Educational Tool
The concept of a charity school “Tochka Budushchego” (“Point of the Future”) in Irkutsk is based on cutting-edge educational programs, and is designed, among other things, for adapting orphaned children for independent life. An important role is played by the architecture of the building: its structure and different types of interconnected spaces.
The Gallery Approach
In this article, we are covering the concept of a Central District Clinic for 240 patients, designed by Ginzburg Architects, which won at a competition organized by the Architects Union and the Healthcare Ministry.
In this issue, we are publishing the concept of a standard clinic designed by UNK Project, which took second place in the competition organized by the Union of Architects of Russia in collaboration with the Healthcare Ministry.
From Foundation to Teaspoon
Based on the taste of their friendly clients, the architects Olga Budennaya and Roman Leonidov designed and built a house in the Moscow metropolitan area playing Art Nouveau. At the same time, they enriched the typology of a private house with modern functions of a garage loft and a children’s art studio.
Continuation and Development
The second “office” stage of Comcity, the most popular business park of the “New Moscow” area, continues the underground street of the already existing part of the complex, responding to its architectural identity.
A Comfortable City in Itself
The project that we are about to cover is seemingly impossible amidst human anthills, chaotically interspersed with old semi-neglected dachas. Meanwhile, the housing complex built on the Comcity business part does offer a comfortable environment of decent city: not excessively high-rise and moderately private as a version of the perfect modern urbanist solution.
Moving on the Edge
The housing complex “Litsa” (“Faces”) on Moscow’s Khodynka Field is one of the new grand-scale buildings that complement the construction around it. This particular building skillfully tackles the scale, subjugating it to the silhouette and the pattern; it also makes the most of the combination of a challenging land site and formidable square footage requirements, packing a whole number of features within one volume, so the house becomes an analogue of a city. And, to cap it all, it looks like a family that securely protects the children playing in the yard from... well, from everything, really.
Visual Stability Agent
A comparatively small house standing on the border of the Bolshevik Factory combines two diametrically opposite features: expensive materials and decorative character of Art Deco, and a wide-spaced, even somewhat brutal, facade grid that highlights a laminated attic.
The Faraday Cage
The project of the boutique apartment complex in the 1st Truzhenikov Lane is the architects’ attempt to squeeze a considerable volume into a tiny spot of land, at the same time making it look graceful and respectable. What came to their rescue was metal, stone, and curvilinear glass.
The Union of Art and Technology
His interest for architecture of the 1930’s is pretty much the guiding star for Stepan Liphart. In his project of the “Amo” house on St. Petersburg’s Vasilyevsky Island, the architect based himself on Moscow Art Deco - aesthetically intricate and decorated in scratch-work technique. As a bonus, he developed the city block typology as an organic structure.
The project that Evgeniy Gerasimov and Partners developed for Moscow’s Leningrad Avenue: the tallest building in the company’s portfolio, continuing the tradition of Moscow’s Stalin architecture.
In the project that they developed for a southern region of Russia, OSA Architects use multilayered facades that create an image of seaside resort architecture, and, in the vein of the latest trends of today, mix up different social groups that the residents belong to.
Just a Mirror for the Sun
The house that Sergey Skuratov designed in Nikolovorobinsky Alley is thought out down to the last detail. It adapts three historical facades, interprets a feeling of a complex city, is composed of many layers, and catches plenty of sunlight, from sunrises to sunsets. The architect himself believes that the main role of this house is creating a background for another nearby project of his, Art House in the Tessinsky Alley.
Part of the Whole
On June 5, the winners of Moscow Architectural Award were announced. The winners list includes the project of a school in Troitsk for 2,100 students, with its own astronomy dome, IT testing ground, museum, and a greenhouse on the roof.
Yet another project of a private school, in which Archimatika realizes the concept of aesthetic education and introduces a new tradition: combining Scandinavian and Soviet experience, turning to works of art, and implementing sustainable technologies.
In the “Parallel House” residence that he designed in the Moscow metropolitan area, the architect Roman Leonidov created a dramatic sculptural composition from totally basic shapes – parallelepipeds, whose collision turned into an exciting show.
In the Istra district of Moscow metropolitan area, the tandem of 4izmerenie and ARS-ST designed a sports complex – a monovolume that has the shape of a chamfered parallelepiped with a pointed “nose” like a ship’s bow.
Stairway to Heaven
The project of a hotel in the settlement of Yantarny is an example of a new recreational complex typology, and a new format that unites the hotel, the business, and the cultural functions. All of this is complemented by 100% integration with nature.
Cape of Good Hope
In this issue, we are showing all the seven projects that participated in a closed-door competition to create a concept for the headquarters of Gazprom Neft, as well as provide expert opinions on those projects.
The Outer Space
Honoring the 300th anniversary of the Kuznetsk coal fields in 2021, a new passenger terminal of the Aleksey Leonov Airport in the city of Kemerovo will be built, designed by GK Spectrum and ASADOV Architectural Bureau.
The Pivot of Narkomfin Building
Ginzburg Architects finished the restoration of the Narkomfin Building’s laundry unit – one of the most important elements of the famous monument of Soviet avant-garde architecture.
The housing complex “Respublika” is so large that it can be arguably called a micro-town, yet, at the same time, it easily overcomes most of the problems that usually arise with mass housing construction. How could Archimatika achieve that? We are examining that on the example of the first stage of the complex.
The Flowing Lines
The five houses of the “Svoboda” block belonging to the “Simvol” residential complex present a vivid example of all-rounded work performed by the architects on an integral fragment of the city, which became the embodiment of the approach to architecture that hitherto was not to be seen anywhere in Moscow: everything is subjected to the flow of lines – something like a stream, enhanced by the powerful pattern of the facades akin to “super-graphics”.
A City by the Water
The concept of a large-scale housing development at the edge of Voronezh, near the city reservoir, or “the sea”, as it is locally called, uses the waterside height difference to create a sophisticated public space, paying a lot of attention to the distribution of masses that determine the look of the future complex if viewed from the opposite bank of the river.
A Journey to the Country of Art Deco
The “Little France” residential complex on the 20th line of the Vasilyevsky Island presents an interesting make-believe dialogue between its architect, Stepan Liphart, the architect of the New Hermitage, masters of the Silver Age, and Soviet Art Deco, about interesting professional topics, such as a house with a courtyard in the historical center of Saint Petersburg, and the balance between the wall and the stained glass in the architectonics of the facade. Here are the results of this make-believe conversation.
A House in a Port
This housing complex on the Dvinskaya Street is the first case of modern architecture on the Gutuevsky Island. The architectural bureau “A-Len” thoroughly explores the context and creates a landmark for further transformations of this area of Saint Petersburg.
Balance of Infill Development
Anatoly Stolyarchuk Architectural Studio is designing a house that inadvertently prevails over the surrounding buildings, yet still tries to peacefully coexist with the surrounding environment, taking it to a next level.
The Precious Space
Evolution Design and T+T Architects reported about the completion of the interior design project of Sberbank headquarters on the Kutuzovsky Avenue. In the center of the atrium, hovers the “Diamant” meeting room; everything looks like a chest full of treasures, including the ones of a hi-tech kind.
Big Little Victory
In a small-sized school located in Domodedovo in Moscow metropolitan area, ASADOV_ architects did a skillful job of tackling the constraints presented by the modest budget and strict spatial limitations – they designed sunlit classrooms, comfortable lounges, and even a multi-height atrium with an amphitheater, which became the center of school life.
The Social Biology of Landscape
The list of new typologies of public spaces and public projects has been expanded yet again — thanks to Wowhaus. This time around, this company came up with a groundbreaking by Russian standards approach to creating a place where people and animals can communicate.
Watched by the Angels from up Above
Held in the General Staff building of the Hermitage Museum, the anniversary exhibition of “Studio 44” is ambitious and diverse. The exhibition was designed to give a comprehensive showcase of the company’s architecture in a whole number of ways: through video, models, drawings, installations, and finally, through a real-life project, the Enfilade, which the exhibition opens up, intensifies, and makes work the way it was originally intended.
A New Version of the Old City
The house at Malaya Ordynka, 19, fits in perfectly with the lineup of the street, looking even as if it straightened the street up a little, setting a new tone for it – a tone of texture, glitter, “sunny” warmth, and, at the same time, reserved balance of everything that makes the architecture of an expensive modern house.
Stepan Liphart: “Standing your ground is the right thing to do”
A descendant of German industrialists, “Jophan’s son”, and an architect, speaks about how studying architectural orders tempers one’s character, and how a team of just a few people can design grand-scale housing projects to be built in the center of Saint Petersburg. Also: Santa Claus appearing in a Stalin high-rise, an arch portal to the outer space, mannerism painting, and the palaces of Paris – all covered in an interview with Stepan Liphart.
Honey and Copper
In the Moscow area, the architect Roman Leonidov designed the “Cool House” residence, very much in the spirit of Frank Lloyd Wright, spreading it parallel to the ground, and accentuating the horizontal lines in it. The color composition is based on juxtaposition of warm wood of a honey hue and cold copper blue.
The Ring on the Saisara Lake
The building of the Philharmonic Hall and the Theater of Yakut Epos, standing on the shore of the sacred lake, is inscribed into an epic circle and contains three volumes, reminiscent of the traditional national housing. The roof is akin to the Alaas – a Yakut village standing around a lake. In spite of its rich conceptual agenda, the project remains volumetrically abstract, and keeps up a light form, making the most of its transparency, multiple layers, and reflections.
Architecture of Evanescence
On the Vernadskogo Avenue, next to the metro station, appeared a high-rise landmark that transformed the entire area: designed by UNK Project, the “Academic” business center uncovered, in the form of its architecture, the meanings of the local place names.