По-русски

We and they. News of November

The last month of dawn, has stood out with especially rich crop on delivery of premiums, two of which are absolutely new, at once have loudly declared themselves. The second main theme of the month became the discussion of projects of a Gazprom tower - on December, 1st the winner have been declared.

author pht

Written by:
Julia Tarabarina

04 December 2006
mainImg

The rewarding of winners of premium ARX awards, referred to without superfluous modesty « key event in the field of architecture and constructions » has passed in great pomposity. From such reckless frankness in business of self-eulogy all a little bit shivered, but obediently waited for great event. Also it is necessary to recognize, as a whole the premium has gone right. First, in nominees of the premium it was possible to call many recognized architects who get together in few places now, except for Arx-Moscow. Given up the place somewhere young, and somewhere - to not Moscow colleagues, venerable architects last years have ceased to be appreciable, as though having sated with glory. It is not absolutely correct, because as a result that they do, becomes not so noticeably, as earlier. Perhaps, successful start of premium ARX awards will help to overcome this injustice.

Secondly, the decision of jury in the pleasant image has smoothed PR aplomb of action, having stopped on very quiet things: at once two nominations has won one wooden Yachts-clubs Totan Kuzembaev, having made obvious analogy and some kind of continuation to consecutive victories of “small forms” Brodsky on Arx-Moscow. Same building of Kuzembaev was chosen by two of three foreigners participated in jury, this concurrence clearly having expressed that exactly this, conditionally speaking, «kliazminskoe» the direction in modern Russian architecture for them is more interesting than the rest: no one can argue, it is really special creative product, something an average between concept and architecture. Winners of other nominations: the house in Tessinskij pereulok by S.Skuratov, Crete settlement by D. Aleksandrov, the town-planning concept of Ufa peninsula Raum architects - differ by thoughtful context on the verge of ecology, somewhere natural, somewhere cultural. 
 
If in ARX awards the international jury chose works of the recognized Russian architects, then in some days the rewarding of somewhat mirror took place - on behalf of Russian avant guarde handed over other premium, for the first time this year, the premium of a name of Jacob Chernihova from the same fund. Here not a figurine was handed over, but the solid sum in ? 50 000 (and the general fund twice is more), not venerable, but young and promising, and not Russian, but foreign - is more true international, but from Russians Boris Bernaskoni who has brought the tablet last day has dared to participate only. Awarded not for the concrete work, but for creative credo, finding among 55 nominees the most headed in the future, corresponding not to the letter, but spirit of avant guarde. As those have recognized the urbanists-theorists working, in particular, for administration of the European Union and for the Albanian capital, architects of group DOGMA. Architects represent obvious alternative to modern searches of new in the refined complex bends counted on a computer - they despise style refined, think in scale of cities, buildings for simplicity represent in the form of cubes, speak by manifests - looking directly before themselves, drop the perfected phrases, probably, fragments of dogma. Anyway their loss from the formalized searches of the present is obvious; and avaricious images of their tablets even more then avant guarde, also remind most of all Leda - from here, probably, the name « city of new Jacobins». On the other hand, such theorized urbanism well corresponds to slogans of the present Venetian Biennial, devoted to problems of cities on which DOGMA represented the project of the ideal city of Vema in the Italian pavilion; they have not been noticed on Biennial, probably, just because of utopianism.

Not Utopias, but real business was awarded on Biennial. The Danes successfully cooperating with Chinese in sphere of ecology. Capital of Colombia Bogota which like Munhauzen with success has pulled out itself from problems with own hand, have named « a beacon of hope » for all other cities. Not so much beautiful exhibition design was estimated, but the maintenance - the present exhibition of achievements. As in Russia urbanistic successes now are not present, and there is only a fact of uncontrollable growth of one big city so there was nothing to count for. The graceful decision - to show the Russian urbanism in the form of memoirs on its consequences presented in poetical installations of Brodsky, it was pleasant for those who understands, and for the rest, most likely, it was not clear - this time on Biennial estimated not the language of arts, but figures. Though one beautiful exposition have awarded, Japanese.

Besides two absolutely new and loud premiums, in Moscow have handed over already become for four years habitual «Arhip» from magazine Salon, the premium for interiors and private houses. This year traditionally qualitative works of winners had an easy strike of nervousness - asymmetric windows, shifts - whether a style, whether the general mood of private architecture. The winner of the main nomination « the Individual house » architect Dmitry Gejchenko could not come on rewarding - in the summer he had been arrested at the Ukrainian customs for a harmless pack of medicines, not so long ago have released under a subscription not to leave and in the middle of December he was going to be judged.

The turn of very different premiums not connected with trade unions has recovered an architectural life in general and November in particular, but the main sensation has concentrated not here. During the whole November everyone who could, discussed projects of a skyscraper "Gazprom-city", exposed in Academies of arts in Petersburg. The press was flooded with clauses against a skyscraper, it is impossible to spoil the unique in the country beautiful city, strictly speaking. Have called some press conferences, there were youth associations, protest actions. In the answer have received assurances that projects - only sketches and nothing is decided jet.

Movement in protest is very active, though is non-uniform. Its the first, the most nice, the part, conditionally speaking, intellectual, is presented by Michael Piotrovsky and the truth inherits D.S.Lihacheva's ideas, already defended Peter from one skyscraper, that was growth below and not gazprom’s, it was not planed as a symbol of the statement above city of a very large and influential company and in this respect positions of a skyscraper of the ninetieth were rather weaker. Closer by the end of the month this movement, at last, has found support of foreign colleagues in the form of the letter of lord Norvicha and Kolin Ameri, Englishmen, representatives of the World fund of protection of monuments; clause in Times has followed.

The second part of resistance - trade-union, and though they act for one business, the performance of the unions of architects does not leave the insult that the Russian architects were have not involved in designing.

The opinions concerning the projects of foreign stars also dispatch – the director of the Museum of architecture David Sakrisjan has named all of them bad and slipshod, but has not explained why. Piotrovsky opposite, has recognized projects to be good, having divided the quality of architecture and that damage which it will put to city if will appear in that place where it is planned. Somewhere here exists the output - why not to construct a good skyscraper « from a star » somewhere in the suburb of the city, at the same time having recycled the area? If, certainly Gazprom is ready to go on the compromise.

If to look at projects generally it would be desirable to agree with Piotrovsky. Remaining within the limits of not most refined genre, "star" have offered various enough decisions. One law is observed: from six invited, five were unconditional stars of the first size, and the sixth project was also foreign, but « with greater Russian participation » - RMJM. It is also a workshop of not the last size, but not with such world glory, as the others - the seventh among the British architectural companies. It participated in construction of the Scottish parliament known for very delicate attitude to historical building, but not on the first roles. But it works for Dubai, it is not a secret, that for the Russian officials and businessmen this place is almost an ideal of happiness.

If to look at projects the small difference is felt at once. Five "stars", everyone in own way, have tried to brighten up the intrusion of the giant into city. Nuvel has built "Aurora", it is not the first building in the form of the ship designed by him ; Libeskind - an arch of the General Staff, having tried to open a view on Smolnyi Cathedral by Rastrelli; Fuksas - a spike, whether Admiralties, whether Petropavlovka. Koolhas «cut away» the volume by cubic niches, having tried to retire the massiveness of a building, the tower by Hertzoga and De Meron is bent as if it is ashamed for it to stand on this place. In vain spoke, that our scandal has not reached the foreigners, either all of them knew, or felt - all five present "stars" have anyhow expressed their confusion to what they do, interfering in « a heavenly line ».

Only one project has appeared to be alien doubts and meditations. It represents a pure embodiment of an emblem of Gazprom, a gas candle, the size even higher the one was announced for 20 meters. It is very expensive, technologically complex sculpture of a torch - the cleanest embodiment of the order for an arrogant symbol of gas. Whether it was necessary to doubt, what project would be choosen. What about the public, declaring the results, Valentine Matvienko has told, that petersburgers should be happy, and Alexey Miller has suggested the public to be consoled whith a skating rink which at the same time will be constructed in the territory of Okhta. It was on the 1st of  December.

The autumn crop of awards is collected. Serious events in professional sphere in December are not expected, but development of scandal with a Petersburg tower is probable. 

zooming
zooming
zooming
zooming
zooming
zooming
zooming


04 December 2006

author pht

Written by:

Julia Tarabarina
comments powered by HyperComments
Headlines now
​Dynamics of the Avenue
On Leningrad Avenue, not far away from the Sokol metro station, the construction of the A-Class business center Alcon II has been completed. ADM architects designed the main façade as three volumetric ribbons, as if the busy traffic of the avenue “shook” the matter sending large waves through it.
​Steamer at the Pier
An apartment hotel that looks like a ship with wide decks has been designed for a land plot on a lake shore in Moscow’s South Tushino. This “steamer” house, overlooking the lake and the river port, does indeed look as if it were ready to sail away.
The Magic of Rhythm or Ornament as a Theme
Designed by Sergey Tchoban, the housing complex Veren Place in St. Petersburg is the perfect example of inserting a new building into a historical city, and one the cases of implementing the strategy that the architect presented a few years ago in the book, which he coauthored with Vladimir Sedov, called “30:70. Architecture as a Balance of Forces”.
​Walking on Water
In the nearest future, the Marc Chagall Embankment will be turned into Moscow’s largest riverside park with green promenades, cycling and jogging trails, a spa center on water, a water garden, and sculptural pavilions designed in the spirit of the Russian avant-garde artists of the 1920, and, first of all, Chagall himself. In this issue, we are covering the second-stage project.
​Architectural Laboratory
A-Len has developed and patented the “Perfect Apartments” program, which totally eliminates “bad” apartment layouts. In this article, we are sharing how this program came around, what it is about, who can benefit from it, and how.
​“Architectural Archaeology of the Narkomfin Building”: the Recap
One of the most important events of 2020 has been the completion of the long-awaited restoration of the monument of Soviet avant-garde architecture – the Narkomfin Building, the progenitor of the typology of social housing in this country. The house retained its residential function as the main one, alongside with a number of artifacts and restoration clearances turned into living museum exhibits.
​LIFE on the Setun River
The area in the valley of the Setun River near the Vereiskaya Street got two new blocks of the “LIFE-Kutuzovsky” housing complex, designed by ADM architects. The two new blocks have a retail boulevard of their own, and a small riverside park.
​Celestial Tectonics
Three towers on a podium over the Ramenka River are the new dominant elements on the edge of a Soviet “microdistrict”. Their scale is quite modern: the height is 176 m – almost a skyscraper; the facades are made of glass and steel. Their graceful proportions are emphasized by a strict white grid, and the volumetric composition picks up the diagonal “grid of coordinates” that was once outlined in the southwest of Moscow by the architects of the 1970’s and 1980’s.
Clouds over the Railroad
In the stead of former warehouses near “Lyubertsy-1” station, a new housing complex has been built, which peacefully coexists with the railroad, with the flyover bridge, and with the diverse surrounding scenery, not only dominating over the latter, but improving it.
​Towers in a Forest
The authors of the housing complex “In the Heart of Pushkino” were faced with a difficult task: to preserve the already existing urban forest, at the same time building on it a compound of rather high density. This is how three towers at the edge of the forest appeared with highly developed public spaces in their podiums and graceful “tucks” in the crowning part of the 18-story volumes.
​The Towers of “Sputnik”
Six towers, which make up a large housing complex standing on the bank of the Moskva River at the very start of the Novorizhskoe Highway, provide the answers to a whole number of marketing requirements and meets a whole number of restrictions, offering a simple rhythm and a laconic formula for the houses that the developer preferred to see as “flashy”.
​The Starting Point
In this article, we are reviewing two retro projects: one is 20 years old, the other is 25. One of them is Saint Petersburg’s first-ever townhouse complex; the other became the first example of a high-end residential complex on Krestovsky Island. Both were designed and built by Evgeny Gerasimov and Partners.
The Path to New Ornamentation
The high-end residential complex “Aristocrat” situated next to a pine park at the start of the Rublev Highway presents a new stage of development of Moscow’s decorative historicist architecture: expensively decorated, yet largely based on light-colored tones, and masterfully using the romantic veneer of majolica inserts.
​Renovation: the Far East Style
The competition project of renovating two central city blocks of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, developed by UNK project, won the nomination “Architectural and planning solutions of city construction”.
​The Contact
The Istituto Centrale per la Grafica in Rome presents Sergei Tchoban’s exhibition “Imprint of the future. Destiny of Piranesi’s City”. The exhibition includes four etchings, based on Roman architectural views of the XVIII century complemented by futuristic insertions, as well as a lot of drawings that investigate the same topic, at times quite expressively. The exhibition poses questions, but does not seem to give any answers. Since going to Rome is pretty problematic now, let’s at least examine the pictures.
​In Search of Visual Clarity
In this article, we are reviewing a discussion devoted to the question of designing city space elements, which is quite complicated for the Russian expanses of land. The discussion was organized by the Genplan Institute of Moscow at the ArchMoscow convention in Gostiny Dvor.
​The City of the Sun
Jointly designed by Sergey Tchoban and Vladimir Plotkin, the VTB Arena Park complex can arguably be considered the perfect experiment on solving the centuries-old controversy between traditional architecture and modernism. The framework of the design code, combined with the creative character of the plastique-based dialogue between the buildings, formed an all-but-perfect fragment of the city fabric.
​...The Other Was Just Railroad Gin*
In their project of the third stage of “Ligovsky City” housing complex, located in the industrial “gray” belt of Saint Petersburg, the KCAP & Orange Architects & A-Len consortium set before themselves a task of keeping up the genius loci by preserving the contours of the railroad and likening the volumes of residential buildings to railroad containers, stacked up at the goods unloading station.
​Lions on Glass
While reconstructing the facades of Building 4 of Moscow Hospital #23, SPEECH architects applied a technique, already known from Saint Petersburg projects by Sergey Tchoban – cassettes with elements of classical architecture printed on glass. The project was developed gratis, as a help to the hospital.
Park of Sentiments
The project of “Romantic Park Tuchkov Buyan”, which was developed by the consortium of Studio 44 and WEST 8, and has won an international competition, combines sculptural landscape design and wooden structures, variety of spatial features and an eventful agenda, designed for diverse audience, with a beautiful and complex passeist idea of a palace park, meant to evoke thoughts and feelings.
​Architecture as an Educational Tool
The concept of a charity school “Tochka Budushchego” (“Point of the Future”) in Irkutsk is based on cutting-edge educational programs, and is designed, among other things, for adapting orphaned children for independent life. An important role is played by the architecture of the building: its structure and different types of interconnected spaces.
​The Gallery Approach
In this article, we are covering the concept of a Central District Clinic for 240 patients, designed by Ginzburg Architects, which won at a competition organized by the Architects Union and the Healthcare Ministry.
Health Constructor
In this issue, we are publishing the concept of a standard clinic designed by UNK Project, which took second place in the competition organized by the Union of Architects of Russia in collaboration with the Healthcare Ministry.
From Foundation to Teaspoon
Based on the taste of their friendly clients, the architects Olga Budennaya and Roman Leonidov designed and built a house in the Moscow metropolitan area playing Art Nouveau. At the same time, they enriched the typology of a private house with modern functions of a garage loft and a children’s art studio.
Continuation and Development
The second “office” stage of Comcity, the most popular business park of the “New Moscow” area, continues the underground street of the already existing part of the complex, responding to its architectural identity.
​The Flying One
Expected to become an analogue of Moscow’s Skolkovo, the project of the High Park campus at Saint Petersburg’s ITMO University, designed by Studio 44, mesmerizes us with its sheer scale and the passion that the architects poured into it. Its core – the academic center – is interpreted as an avant-garde composition inspired by Piazza del Campo with a bell tower; the park is reminiscent of the “rays” of the main streets of Saint Petersburg, and, if watched from a birds-eye view, the whole complex looks like a motherboard with at least four processors on it. The design of the academic building even displays a few features of a sports arena. The project has a lot of meanings and allusions about it; all of them are united by plastique energy that the hadron collider itself could be jealous of.
​The Aperture Effect
For a housing complex built in the town of Pushkino in the Moscow metropolitan area, KPLN Architects designed facades that adjust the stream of light by using the wall geometry.
​A Comfortable City in Itself
The project that we are about to cover is seemingly impossible amidst human anthills, chaotically interspersed with old semi-neglected dachas. Meanwhile, the housing complex built on the Comcity business part does offer a comfortable environment of decent city: not excessively high-rise and moderately private as a version of the perfect modern urbanist solution.
Moving on the Edge
The housing complex “Litsa” (“Faces”) on Moscow’s Khodynka Field is one of the new grand-scale buildings that complement the construction around it. This particular building skillfully tackles the scale, subjugating it to the silhouette and the pattern; it also makes the most of the combination of a challenging land site and formidable square footage requirements, packing a whole number of features within one volume, so the house becomes an analogue of a city. And, to cap it all, it looks like a family that securely protects the children playing in the yard from... well, from everything, really.
Visual Stability Agent
A comparatively small house standing on the border of the Bolshevik Factory combines two diametrically opposite features: expensive materials and decorative character of Art Deco, and a wide-spaced, even somewhat brutal, facade grid that highlights a laminated attic.
The Faraday Cage
The project of the boutique apartment complex in the 1st Truzhenikov Lane is the architects’ attempt to squeeze a considerable volume into a tiny spot of land, at the same time making it look graceful and respectable. What came to their rescue was metal, stone, and curvilinear glass.
Color and Line
The new successful techniques developed by A.Len for designing a kindergarten under budget constraints: the mosaic of irregular windows and working with color.
The Union of Art and Technology
His interest for architecture of the 1930’s is pretty much the guiding star for Stepan Liphart. In his project of the “Amo” house on St. Petersburg’s Vasilyevsky Island, the architect based himself on Moscow Art Deco - aesthetically intricate and decorated in scratch-work technique. As a bonus, he developed the city block typology as an organic structure.
The Countdown
The project that Evgeniy Gerasimov and Partners developed for Moscow’s Leningrad Avenue: the tallest building in the company’s portfolio, continuing the tradition of Moscow’s Stalin architecture.
White Town
In the project that they developed for a southern region of Russia, OSA Architects use multilayered facades that create an image of seaside resort architecture, and, in the vein of the latest trends of today, mix up different social groups that the residents belong to.
​Just a Mirror for the Sun
The house that Sergey Skuratov designed in Nikolovorobinsky Alley is thought out down to the last detail. It adapts three historical facades, interprets a feeling of a complex city, is composed of many layers, and catches plenty of sunlight, from sunrises to sunsets. The architect himself believes that the main role of this house is creating a background for another nearby project of his, Art House in the Tessinsky Alley.
​Part of the Whole
On June 5, the winners of Moscow Architectural Award were announced. The winners list includes the project of a school in Troitsk for 2,100 students, with its own astronomy dome, IT testing ground, museum, and a greenhouse on the roof.
Pedagogical Architecture
Yet another project of a private school, in which Archimatika realizes the concept of aesthetic education and introduces a new tradition: combining Scandinavian and Soviet experience, turning to works of art, and implementing sustainable technologies.
​Rational Arrangement
In this article, we are examining a complex of buildings and interiors of the first stage of the project that has recently become extremely popular – the Kommunarka clinic.
​Parallel Universe
In the “Parallel House” residence that he designed in the Moscow metropolitan area, the architect Roman Leonidov created a dramatic sculptural composition from totally basic shapes – parallelepipeds, whose collision turned into an exciting show.
​Breakwater
In the Istra district of Moscow metropolitan area, the tandem of 4izmerenie and ARS-ST designed a sports complex – a monovolume that has the shape of a chamfered parallelepiped with a pointed “nose” like a ship’s bow.
​Stairway to Heaven
The project of a hotel in the settlement of Yantarny is an example of a new recreational complex typology, and a new format that unites the hotel, the business, and the cultural functions. All of this is complemented by 100% integration with nature.
​Cape of Good Hope
In this issue, we are showing all the seven projects that participated in a closed-door competition to create a concept for the headquarters of Gazprom Neft, as well as provide expert opinions on those projects.