International Tropical Architecture Design Competition 2017
ITAD – студенческий архитектурный конкурс, который оценивает проекты, разработанные для тропического и субтропического климата. В этом году участникам предстоит спроектировать здание с нулевым потреблением энергии, которое отвечало бы требованиям современных быстрорастущих городов. Внимание следует уделить возможности участия жильцов или владельцев здания в обеспечении его эко-устойчивости. Постройка должна иметь не менее 6 этажей.
80 percent of the largest cities are vulnerable to severe impacts from natural disasters and all cities face new impacts caused by climate change. Over the last decade, natural disasters affected more than 220 million people and caused economic damage of USD $100 million per year.
As climate continues to change and the adverse impacts of disasters increase in cities, there is an imminent need for urban cities to be resilient. Urban resilience is the capacity of individuals, communities, institutions, businesses and systems within a city to survive, adapt,and grow no matter what kind of chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience.
Urban cities are complex with highly interdependent systems, where its people and enterprises are dependent on infrastructure networks, communication systems etc. for their well-being. Investing in building up cities’ resilience contributes to long-term sustainability for future generations.
In a built-up urban environment where land space is limited, green buildings are vital to sustainability. According to United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), buildings use about 40% of global energy, 25% of global water, 40% of global resources, and they emit approximately 1/3 of Green House Gases (GHG) emissions. Through effective design and incorporation of technology, developments such as Zero Energy buildings have great potential to reduce its carbon footprint for greater climate resilience. They produce enough energy to run by itself, thereby reducing its reliance on limited resources.
This year’s competition seeks innovative, impactful and practical design solutions to integrate Zero Energy buildings in an urban city of participant’s choice, with due consideration to combat global challenges in areas such as energy resilience, environmental sustainability and rapid urbanisation. The buildings and the communities which they house should promote sustainability and urban resilience in times of natural disasters and socio-economic challenges. Considerations should be given to the cohesive integration of the building in the community and how occupants/users can be influenced/engaged to play an active role towards the sustainability of the building. There is no restriction on building typology, but it has to be a medium-rise (between 6-12 storey) or a high-rise (above 13 storey) building.