Университетский городок – одна из визитных карточек Лиссабона. Он успел значительно разрастись с момента своего основания, что привело к недостатку общественных пространств, мест для прогулок, спортивных площадок. Участникам конкурса необходимо предложить свое видение современного университетского кампуса, функциональные возможности которого выйдут за рамки образовательного процесса. Здесь должны появиться дополнительные функции, полезные не только студентам и сотрудникам университета, но также местным жителям и гостям города.
Университет Лиссабона. Юридический факультет. Фото: Trickstar. Источник: wikipedia.org. Лицензия CC BY-SA 3.0
The main campus of the City of Lisbon University is based at a site called “Cidade Universitária,” meaning “university city,” that was first envisaged in the 1930’s.
The plan was designed to accommodate the main academic buildings of the University of Lisbon, namely the law, medicine and humanities schools. Since this initial layout and construction, there has been a gradual process of growth to accommodate various other buildings, most of them part of the University of Lisbon, but not exclusively.
The main campus has increasingly grown to become part of the city and has become more lively and stronger as a centre for research. However, this expansion has meant that the site presents a certain lack of fluidity, walkability, comfort, and interconnection between faculties, sports facilities and outdoor environments.
Hardscapes, carparks, arid, plant-less patios, and a high concentration of obstacles to pedestrians dominate the campus environment. Spaces of encounter at an intimate scale are scarce, and the siting of the academic buildings has created space between buildings that is neither comfortable nor inviting for people. Students and staff seem to concentrate around indoor environments, faculty cafes, and the very immediate entrances of some buildings, denouncing a lack of affordability of the space for walking, outdoor activities and physical exercise — crucial actions for stress relief and well-being during the stressful life phase of degree completion. Moreover, there are very few spaces common to all academic faculties and used by students across the campus ,with the exception of a common canteen, the rectory, and the national library that borders the campus. Yet again, the connection between these common facilities and the heart of the campus is not inviting for the pedestrian, so most faculties operate as self-sufficient facilities.
The Portuguese climate and car-dominated culture influence how students, university staff, and visitors use and interact with the university environment. The Alameda, meaning “alley” or “axis,” is the central lawn strip surrounded by the original faculty buildings; it acts as a representational or symbolic space yet lacks real purpose or designated use. Surrounded by roadways, the Alameda’s expansive scale and lack of planting or manmade shade make it an uninviting space. These characteristics seem to be typical of other outdoor spaces throughout the university campus, where cars are given priority over pedestrians, trees or man-made shade structures. These features are important to provide shade and cooling during the hot summer months, and outdoor protection during Lisbon’s rainy winter months.
Nowadays the status and branding image of an University is strongly built around the concept of an exciting and attractive campus that appeals to students, researchers, and public and private investors. In view of this we believe it is important to invest in the improvement of specific aspects of the outdoor environment at the University of Lisbon, even if only in a theoretical context. The Lx Campus Ideas Competition aims at envisaging how Lisbon’s “Cidade Universitária” campus can provide additional opportunities in the daily life and well-being of its students, staff members, neighbouring residents, visitors, and general citizens.