A public park for the 21st century: A celebration of the work of Joseph Paxton
Конкурс приурочен к 150-летию со дня смерти Джозефа Пакстона, архитектора и ландшафтного дизайнера, создателя проектов первых публичных парков Беркенхеда и Ливерпуля. Сегодня участникам состязания предлагается пересмотреть концепцию городских парков в Великобритании. При этом необходимо учесть не только социальный и экономический факторы, но также необходимость устойчивого развития городов и поддержания биологического разнообразия. Вдохновение конкурсантам предлагается черпать в проектах и идеях Пакстона.
Joseph Paxton was the designer of some of the earliest public parks in the world, in Birkenhead and Liverpool. As such, he is one of the most influential figures for the landscape profession today. As a way of celebrating his life and legacy, the Landscape Institute North West would like to invite design teams to conceive and envisage a public park for the 21st century.
The first public parks represented a radical step towards the democratisation of industrial cities. They were funded by and for the people and were one of the earliest responses of Victorian England to rampant industrialisation and urbanisation. The idea of generous ‘unprogrammed’ greenspace in dense urban areas was a bold one and had an enormous impact on the future development of cities in the UK and around the world.
Joseph Paxton, who died 150 years ago this year, was one of the most dynamic, inventive and ambitious men of his era. He became Head Gardener at Chatsworth in Derbyshire at a very young age and later moved into engineering, park design, publishing and politics. He embraced new ideas and technologies. His designs for Princes Park in Liverpool (1842) and later Birkenhead Park (1847) are acknowledged as two of the earliest public parks and were hugely influential on the later development of parks around the world, including the iconic Central Park, New York.
We believe the time is right for a complete re-examination of the public park in the UK, placing an emphasis not just on their heritage and conservation – an attitude alien to the forward-looking Victorian mind - but their potential. How could they contribute better, not only to the social and recreational life of our urban areas, but also to their environmental sustainability and biodiversity? How can they be designed to be more easily managed? How can a wider range of people be encouraged back into our parks? How can they be converted from a perceived drain on scarce resources into economically viable and self-sustaining systems? How, in short, can we revitalise and reclaim urban parks as a multi-functional resource at the heart of all our communities? This competition asks entrants to send their ideas for parks for the future, using Paxton’s methods/
approach/ideas to inspire and inform you proposals.