Благоустройство плавучих деревень на озере Тонлесап в Камбодже
Озеро Тонлесап – уникальный заповедник дикой природы. На его территории в плавучих домах проживает более миллиона человек. Сегодня район находится под угрозой из-за сильного загрязнения окружающей среды, а жители деревень страдают от эпидемических заболеваний. Конкурс направлен на поиск решений по защите природы и человека в этой местности. Участникам необходимо предложить идеи мобильных зданий и сооружений, которые могут способствовать развитию здравоохранения, образовательной системы и исследовательской деятельности в регионе.
The aim of this competition is to design a structure, or series of structures, within the Tonle Sap Lake. These need to be transient so that they can move freely around the water and service the floating villages. It is up to each participant to interpret what this means. Can the design move independently or does it need to be towed? Perhaps it is modular or transportable in pieces and easily assembled on site where required?
The structure(s) is intended to embody three primary roles:
One of the biggest immediate concerns for the Lake´s population is heath related issues. For this reason, a priority is to establish a network of medical aid that can cater for the remote lifestyles of the 1.2 million inhabitants on the lake. The primary role of the structure is to act as ´frontline´ health care facility for the floating villages and villagers. The concept is to bring medical aid to remote locations currently cut off from the main support chains. How this is done is (again) up to you. Should the proposed structure assume the role of screening clinic linked to larger hospitals on the mainland, or should it be a hospital in itself?
Medical aid is of vital importance in containing epidemics, but to truly solve problems one needs to work on prevention. One of the biggest assets one has in regards is knowledge, and knowledge is brought forth by research. For this reason, the secondary objective for the proposed structure(s) is to act as a research centre tasked to monitor the wellbeing of the lake’s natural and human population. Research should focus on ecology, but again it can be as specific or as general as you see fit. Remember, however, that some of the biggest threats concerning the lake’s wellbeing relate to pollution and sanitary (medical) issues. On the contrary, the lakes biggest assets can be regarded as natural and architectural (floating villages). Should research focused solely on the negatives, or should it also study the positives?
Medical aid fights the problematic directly, research helps establish trends and monitor situations, but to truly spread pro-active change one needs to empower local populations to make small changes which have in themselves a profound impact. Today, the threat manifests itself as a vicious cycle. Consider this: a human lives on the lake, which he relies on for sustenance. He regularly pollutes the lake through his own faeces or third party wastes due to lack of understanding in regards to the concept of ecology. In doing so, the fish in the lake are exposed to rising levels of pollution. This causes them to perish or worse: become toxic. The human, however, continues to rely on that very fish for living. He catches and eats the fish. In doing so, the human is slowly poisoning himself. He continues to pollute the lake further through more faeces and waste… and thus the cycle begins again! This all goes to dangerously impact the water toxicity as well (not just the fish) which humans regularly use to clean themselves, cook with and drink. Water is a great transmitter of disease. Eventually, the human falls sick or dies and epidemics begin. Of course this example is highly oversimplified, but one can begin to understand the threat to local populations as they continue to poisons the very same environment they relies on for primal survival. This cycle can be stopped when and if people understand the impact they have on their immediate environment and – perhaps more importantly – on themselves and their children! This is why the third role of the proposed structure(s) is educational: providing a platform where the local population can be taught basic sanitary and ecological principles that they can adapt to their own lifestyle, culture and context. Ultimately, this allows local inhabitants not only to preserve their own distinctive way of life, but also become better-equipped guardians of their unique habitat.