Конкурс приурочен к празднованию 90-летия Японского института ландшафтной архитектуры. Организаторы предлагают участникам представить, каким станет Токио еще через девяносто лет. Сохранятся ли здесь парки или исчезнут в связи со стремительным ростом населения города и развитием современных технологий. Помимо визуальной концепции, конкурсантам необходимо разработать поэтапный сценарий развития городской среды Токио с сегодняшнего дня до 2105 года.
The Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture (JILA) will be celebrating its 90th anniversary in May 2015, and is pleased to host an international competition for design proposals envisioning future Tokyo with/without parks in 2105, 90 years from today.
The competition invites students and young practitioners in design, planning, research, and related fields to rethink the raison d’etre of the park, one of the greatest urban inventions for modern society, and to propose innovative visions for future Tokyo with/without parks.
“There will no longer be a park in a century after city”
This is the title of an essay by Kiyoshi Inoshita in 1928. At that time Inoshita was the manager of the Department of Parks at the Tokyo City Government and one of the best practitioners in landscape architecture in Japan. He was right in the middle of creating a number of urban parks in Tokyo, as the city was in the process of reconstruction from the 1923 Great Kanto Earthquake.
Considering his career and practice as a great park designer, Inoshita’s argument in the essay seems paradoxical. However, he believed that parks would no longer be needed if we could realize a future society where critical urban problems including public sanitation and overpopulation were solved by highly developed technologies.
In Inoshita’s essay, “100 years later” meant 2028. Yes, we are almost there, but we still do have urban parks. Why do parks still exist in the city? How do they function and for whom? Do parks need to be everlasting fixtures in our city fabric? Is there any possibility that parks will be replaced by newly invented urban infrastructures?